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RIGANA 



PUBLISHED BY THE 




AT BROOKLYN, N. Y. 



VOL, III. "APRIL 1887 to MARCH 1888. 



-♦-•-♦- 



EDITOR : 

Rev. Geo. D. Hulst, 
15 himrod street, 

liUOOKl.VN, N. V. 



asst. editor: 

Chris. H. Roberts, 

11 west 123kd street, 

New York. 



XAMA^t^^ 



\^^\\^^ 



AmeriqAna 




¥0L. in, 



BROOKLYN, IIPRIL, 1887. 



NO. L 



By the Retiring Editor. 

When, two years ago, I took Editorial charge of Enhmologka 
Americana, it was without any l^nowledge or expectation that before the 
end of the year I should leave Brooklyn, the city of its publication. In 
the summer of 1885 I was appointed to the position of Assistant Curator 
of Entomology in the U. S. National Museum, and it was considered that 
it would still be possible to continue to control the publication, notwith- 
standing the necessary change of residence. It was at that time and for 
some time afterward, possible for me to get to Brooklyn for a few dap 
every month or two, and the disadvantages resulting from a residence of 
the Editor outside the city of publication, were reduced to a minimum. 
Nevertheless some difificulties arose which induced the Editor to ask for 
an assistant, and Mr. Geo. D. Hulst was elected to that position by the 
Society. Since the summer of 1886 it has been impossible for me to get 
to Brooklyn, except at rare intervals, and despite the best efibrts of all 
concerned it was found impossible to get the numbers out as promptly as 
theretofore. The loss of time in sending proofs twice to Washington for 
correction, and the consequent tendency on the part of the printer to run 
in notes on short pages on his own proof reading, resulted in some an- 
noying errors." — all of which, and some other reasons not necessary to 
enumerate, induced me to resign my position with the end of Vol. II, 
and to decline a re-election. It is not without regret that I resign the 
privilege of editorial communication with the Entomological World ; but 
the good of the Journal in my opinion required it. Nevertheless, as a 
contributor I shall hope to keep up my interest in the Journal and its 
success shall be, as before, one of my most earnest efforts. It would be 
in poor taste for me to praise mv own work, but I cannot refrain from a 

Entomologica Americana. Vol. hi. 1 April, 1887. 



lieeling of satisfaction at the results of my efforts during the past years, 
and I take this opportunity of most sincerely thanking those who have bv 
their aid, their contributions and their advice, aided me in making the 
journal a success. 

As to my successor and whilom assistant, he is not unknown to the 
readers of "Ent. Am." and he will, no doubt, succeed even better than 1 
did in raising the character and value of the Journal. 1 bespeak for him 
the same aid from the friends of the Journal that was so liberally ac 
corded me. •• John B. Smith. 



By the Incoming Editor. 

In assuming the duties and responsibilities of my office, I have no 
policy to unfold or promises to make. It is a serious undertaking to try 
to fill the place of my predecessor, one of our ablest Entomologists and 
as well one of our best Systematists,' but circumstances have induced 
him to retire, and the Brooklyn Ent. Society has chosen me to take his 
place. I shall try to do my duty to it, and to the Science, in which its 
members are interested ; I shall be abundantly satisfied if the Journal 
during the year just begun maintains the character and standing which it 
has always had under the leadership which has just ended. I beg the 
assistance of those who are interested in Entomology and ask them to 
make it to a proper e-xtent their medium of communicating facts and dis- 
coveries in the Science to the Entomological World at large. 



Antenna! Structure of the genus Cressonia. 

By John B. Smith. 

In several communications to the Brooklyn Ent. Society and to the 
Ent. Society of Washington I called attention to the distinctive character 
of the antenna.' of the Satumiidae and Ceratocampidae, and in a Revision of 
the former family m the Proc. U. S. N. Mus. for 1886, I pointed out 
more fully of what this peculiarity consists and its systematic value. 
Herrich-Schaffer was the first so far as I can find, who noticed the 
character of the pectinations in this group in his "Europaische Schmetter- 
linge", but he there considers it valueless for systematic purposes. Recently, 
in examining a specimen of Cressonia Juglandis, I found to my surprise, 
that the antenna.^ here are in the (^ exactly as in the Satumiidae. I had 
carefully examined the great majority of Bombycid genera and found the 
pectinations single, and the re-currence of the doubly bi-pectinate antenna:^ 



— 3— 

in this Sphingid genus was therefore unexpected. No other American 
species is so distinguished, and I cannot find a note of any other species 
so distinguished, from other countries. 

In describing the genus, Messrs. Grote and Robinson (Proc. Ent. 
Soc. Phil. V, 1 86) stated that the antennae were "doubly bi-pectinated" 
in the (^, simple in the Q, failing however to remark on the anomalous 
nature of this structure. In venation this species is typically spkingid, 
and its larva of the true sphinx type. The tongue in the imago is entirely 
obsolete, the feet are subequal in length, the frenulum wanting in the 9' 
very minute in the (^, the loop wanting on the primaries : these structures 
being essentially Bombycid. 

This structure can hardly be explained in anv wav, unless we con- 
sider it an example of reversion — considering the Salurniids as the more 
ancient type, ami the tvpical Sphinges as more recent than the Smerinthids, 



Catocala marmorata, Ediv. 
This insect, one of the most beautiful, as well as one of the largest 
of its genus, for many years was known only in isolated examples. The 
type came from Yreka, Cal. Then it was taken here and there, in from 
one to four or five specimens. In West Farms, by Mr. x\ngus; in New 
Jersey, by Mr. Doll; in Covington, Ky. , by Mr. Dury; in Ills., by Prof 
French; in P^vansville, Ind., by Mr. Evans, as well as other places, but 
everywhere very rarely. A year or two since however its true home was 
found; INIr. P>anck (if Brooklyn, while travelling through Kentucky, heard 
of a local collector, and after the manner of the "brethren of the net'" 
visited him to see who he was, and what he had. Imagine his surprise 
to find that this collector, unknown to fame, had C. marmorata by the 
scores. Our wide awake Brooklynite came to us showing box after box 
<:)f these regal insects ! By a misfortune many were broken, but we saw 
enough to excite our wonder. The collector reported, that it was very 
common in his vicinity. Geo. D. Hulst. 
-<^«-^ 

Notice to Subscribers. 

It has been our custom in the past to send the first two numbei-s of 
Entomologica Americana to all subscribers to the preceding volume. 
We will follow this custom this year also, but No. 3 of the current 
volume will be sent only to those who have renewed their subscriptions. 
We call the attention of all to this and ask them to remit as soon as 
convenient to the Treasurer. If the address of any subscriber be incorrect, 
he will confer a favor bv sendino: his corrected address to the Editor. 



— 4— 

SYNOPSES OF CERAMBYCIDiE. 
By Chas. W. Leng, B. S. 

(Continued from p. 200, vol. II.) 

Our most variable and widely distributed species. Black or brown 
with white or yellow pubescence on thorax and elytra. The thoracic 
pubescence may be either in the form of anterior and posterior marginal 
bands more or less interrupted, or lateral blotches more or less extended. 
The elytra ahvays have bands as shown in our ligure, but they may be 
broken into dots or the lines waved throughout their entire length or 
again they may be nearly concealed by a generous sprinkling of hair 
over and between them. These variations in color have caused an ex- 
tensive synonymy and although no varieties actually seem to exist in 
nature I would suggest that ior convenience in cabinet arrangement two 
names be retained : fuscus Kirby, for the form with the sides of thorax 
entirely covered with pubescent blotches and the elytral bands wavy, and 
interruptus Lap c^ Gory, for the form with the bands greatly obscured by 
the sprinkling of white hair. Such sj)ecimens will always be noted by 
the collector as distinct and less confusion will be caused by retaining the 
names than by omitting them 

X. annosus Say. J. A. P., V, 2, 1S27, p. 277. 

Lenytth 9—15 mm. = .36 -.60 ins. Hab. -VIo., Cal., Mont., Tex., Me., N. H. 

Black with white pubescence. The apical and intermediate 
bands are fairly distinct, the others entirely obscured by the sprinkled 
white hair. This sj)ecies is more slender than iindulatus and naultcus, and 
that will serve to distinguish old or poorly marked specimens. Fresh 
specimens are easily known by the uniform white pubescence on the 
black ground. It appears to be rather rare. 

X. nauticus Mann. Bull. Mosc, 1843, II, p. 305; i^rcviiiiirtts Ilald, Trans. 
Am. Phil., X, 1847, p. 40; Lee. J- A. P., scr. 2, II, p. 27. 

Length 11 — 14 "im. = .44— .56 ins. Hab. W. T., Cal., Mont.. Or. 
Brown, with }ellowish-brown bands and interspersed pubescence, the 
bands always more or less confused. The bands are ahvays more angulate 
than in undulatus, certain forms of which this species strongly resembles. 
Beneath the segments are never distinctly banded with yellow, as is usual 
in undulaiiis. X. gramineus does not differ in any wa}- from nauticus. I 
have indicated in the synoptic table the most interesting feature in this 
species, the tendency to form transverse rugae on the pronotum like 
Neoclytus or a tubercle at the side. 

NEOCLYTUS, Thorn. 
This genus is again sharply defined by the transverse ridges of the 
pronotum, which are not elsewhere found, except as above stated in an 



— 5— 

occasional specimen of A", nanticus. The usual number is five, the anterior 
being the most elevated. There are frequently other ridges at the sides 
as well as the row down the middle, and there is a tendency to coalesce, 
which in two species is carried to the extreme, and the row oi' transverse 
ridges becomes one broad longitudinal ridge, rugose at top. The form 
of the ridges and the femoral species, and the form of elytral tip, which 
seems verv constant in this genus, serve to divide the species as follows : 

Middle and posterior femora spinose at apex. 

Thorax with a longitudinal elevated ridge, rugose at apex. anteniiK filiform. 
Elytra truncate, spinose: thorax with apical basal and middle pubescent bands, 

scutellaris. 

Elytra truncate, spinose; thorax with apical and basal bands only luscus. 

Thorax with a middle and two lateral rows of transverse rugse, almost coalesced; 

antennae thickened externally; elytra shortly acuminate irroratus. 

Thorax with a few distinct transverse rugae; antennae filitorm or thickened on 
middle joints; elytra obliquely truncate, spinose. 
Thoracic ridges distributed over entire dorsal surface, thorax spinose at sides: 

pubescence white, in arcuate bands devastator. 

Thoracic ridges arranged in median row; pubescence yellow in straight bands 

only erythrocephalus. 

Femora not spinose; antennae filiform. 

Thorax with a few feebly elevated but distinct transverse rugie in median row; 
sides of thorax simply punctured. 

Elytra transversely truncate approximatus. 

Elytra shortly acuminate balteatus. 

Elytra separately rounded interruptus. 

Thorax with many transverse riigfe at middle and sides, strongly elevaied but 
more or less confused. 
Elytra rounded at tip. 

Elytral bands forming two oval marks conjunctus. 

Elytral bands irregular (see figure) ascendens. 

Elytral bands forming one oval and two oblique bands capraea. 

Elytra truncate at tip. 

Bands angulate or arcuate. 

Thorax wider than long muricatulus. 

Thorax longer than wide longipes. 

Bands straight, transverse torquatus. 

Of these species it may be noted ^h.'aX ascendens, approximatus, balteatus 
and interruptus are known only by specimens in the cabmets of Dr. Horn 
or the late Dr Leconte. The species do not vary in marking to the extent 
noted in Xylotrechus. 

N. angulatus Fab. Ent. Syst., I, 2, p. 335: Chev., Mon., 1862, p. 531; 
rhomhifcr Oliv., Ent., IV, 70, p. 46, t. 4, f. 51; Lap & Gory, Mon., p. 17, t. 4, f. 19; 
Lee, J. A. P., ser. 2, II, p. 26; Hopci Lap & Gory, Mon., p. 18, t. 5, f. 20; Lee, 
1. c, p. 28. 

Length 11 — 15 mm. = .44 — .60 ins. Hab. Jamaica, Cuba, Georgia, N. Y. 



— 6— 

I have not been able to see this insect and am therefore unable to in- 
clude it in the synopsis. It is described as under : 

"Reddish brown, thorax longer than wide with tine short transverse rugae at 
"middle and two at sides somewhat longer, the sides subspinose; elytra truncate and 
"externally spinose, with the suture, basal margin, an oblique line from humerus to 
"suture and a small spot at middle, whitish or luteous pubescent, or with the lines 
"reduced to dots." 

The posterior thighs are described as spinose by Dr. Leconte in 
rhombifer, not in Hopei. It is a West Indian species and apparently rare 
in collections here. 

N. scutellaris Oliv. Encycl. Meth., V, 1790, p. 266: Ent. TV, 70, p. 51, t. 5, 
f. 52; Lap & Gory, Mon., p. 53, t. Ii, f. 62; ilc^aits Melsh., i. litt. ; Hald., Trans. 
Am. Phil., X, p. 40. 

Length 7 — 16 mm. = .28 — .64 ins. Hah. La., Ga., N. C, Va., Tex., Pa., Ohio, 
N. Y., Kans., Neb. 

Differs from the next but slightly ; the band of thorax is however 
always distinct, the thorax more narrowed in front, and the elytra more 
strongly armed at tip, generally bispinose. 

N. luscus Fab. Ent. Syst. Suppl., p. 152; Syst. El., II, p. 347; Lap & Gory, 
Mon., p. 27, t. 6, f. 32; Lee, J. A. P., ser. 2, II, p. 26; acitlcattis Dej., Cat., 3d ed., 
p. 356; humeralis Newn., Ent. Mag., V, p. 394; iiiaculostts (jmol., ed. Linn., I, 4, 
p. 1854; mucronatus Fab., Syst. Ent., p. 193; OHv., 1. c, IV, 70, p. 38, t. 3, f. 34; 
tricolor Megerle, i. litt. 

Length 7 — 19 mm. := .28 — .76 ins. Hab. Pa., Ga., La., Ohio, Tex., Va., Mo., 
Can., Or. 

Reddish brown, posterior two-thirds of elytra and parts of thorax 
often darker. This and the above have the markings fairly constant but 
sometimes partly obliterated. 

N, irroratus Lee. J. A. P., IV, i, 1858, p. 26; luorosus Chev., Mon., i860, 
p. 501; Dej., Cat., 3d ed., p. 356. 

Length ic — 18 mm. := .40 — .72 ins. Hab. Texas. 

Very distinct by the characters named in the table. Dark brown 
with sparse whitish pubescence. C'hevrolat has based a new genus upon 
its characters which, as it stands alone in our fauna, it seems unnecessary 
to use. The clubbed antennx' are partly approached by other si)ecies. 

N. devastator Lap & Gory, Mon., p. 17, t. 4, f. 18, bis.; Chev., Mon., 1862, 
p. 531; aranfiformis Sturm, Cat., 1826, p. 121; cordifc-r Dej., Cat., 3d ed., p. 357; 
campitllipes Schiipp, Dej. Cat., 1. c; corthurnattis Khig, Dej. Cat., 1. c; rufcscciis 
Lap & Gory, Mon., p. 16, t. 4, f. 18. 

Length 5 — 16 mm. =^ .20 — .64 ins. Hab. Florida. 

This species has been taken in great number at Key West and Indian 
River, Fla. , also in Cuba. Color reddish brown with white pubescence. 
Thorax sometimes black and white markings sometimes partly obliterated. 

N. erythrocephalus Fab. Ent. Syst., I, 2, p. 335; Lap & Gory, Mon., p. 20, 
5, f. 23; Hald., Trans. Am. Phil., X, p. 39; acuminatitsTdih., Spec. Ins., I, p. 234; 



—7— 

am/>u/aior Sturm, Cat., 1826, p. I2i; az/tc-riaiitus Gmel., ed. Linn., I, 4, p. 1854; 
aspericollis Germ. Ins. Spec. Nov., p. 517. 

Length 5 — 18 mm. ^ .20 — .72 ins. Hab. N. H., Mass., Can., N. Y., La., Pa., 
Va., Del., N. C, N. J., Tex., Iowa, Ga., Kans., Neb. 

I have included this species with those having spinose femora and 
elytra, although in small specimens the spines are very small. The anterior 
ridge of pronotum very prominent in large specimens is also scarcely 
visible in small ones. Color reddish brown, except beneath and elytra 
behind first band more or less black. Elytra bands yellow. 

N. approximatus Lee. Proc. Ac. Phil., 1862, p. 42. 
Length 10 mm. = .56 ins. Hab. Kansas. 

I have seen only one specimen in Dr. Horn's collection ; reddish 
brown with yellow bands. 

N. balteatus Lee. S. M. C, 1873, p. 201. 

Length 14 mm. = .56 ins. Hab. Oregon. 

This I have not seen. The color is described by Dr. Leconte as 
fusco piceus with yellow markings. The sketch we owe to Dr. Horn's 
kindness. 

N. interruptus Lee. S. M. C , 1873, p. 201. 

Length 10 mm. = .40 ins. Hab. California. 
I have seen one specimen in Dr. Horn's collection, reddish brown 
with }'ellow markings. 

The three species above named though closely resembling each other 
and erythrocephalus, appear to be very distinct. They appear also to be 
equally rare. 

N. conjunctus Lee. Ent. Rept., 1857, p. 61. 

Length 8 — 16 mm. = .32 — .64 ins. Hab. Cal., Or. 

Black with yellow or white bands. In a large series I find no var- 
iation except in size. 

N. capraea Say. J. A. P., Ill, 1823, p. 424; Am. Ent., Ill, t. 53; Lee., J. A. 
P., ser. 2, II, p. 26; clevatus Lap & Gory, Mon., p. 32, t. 7, f. 40; gibbicollis Lap 
and Gory, Mon., p. 24, t. 6, f. 28. 

Length 12 — 20 mm. = .48 — .80 ins. Hab. Ark., Pa., Mass., La., Va., Kans., 
Mo., N. Y., Miss., Neb., Texas. 

Black with bands of yellow or occasionally white. The thorax is 
usually entirely black, but in two specimens before me, from Texas, the 
quadrate spaces between the thoracic ridges are entirely clothed with 
silvery white hair. 

N. ascendens Lee. Bull. Geol. and Geog. Surv., IV, 1878, p. 462. 

Length 8' mm. = .34 ins. Hab. Colorado. 

This species I have not seen and our figure is copied from a sketch, 
made by Dr. Horn, of the only specimen known in Dr. Leconte's col- 
lection. It is described as elongate and similar to muricatiihcs in form and 
sculpture, but thorax less nniricate and more coarsely punctured toward 



— 8— 

sides. Elytra marked as in figure, and the posterior femora extending to 
tip of elytra. 

N. muricatulus Kiiby. Fn. Bor. Am., IV, p. 177; Icucozoniis Lap & CI or y, 
Mon., p. 90, t. 17, f. 105. 

Length 7 — 10 mm. = .28— .40 ins. Hah. N. H., Cal., Utah, Wyo., H. 13. T., 
-Vlass., Can., Va., Cal., Me., La. 

Black or brown with white markings, very constant in arrangement. 
This species varies somewhat in the form of the thora.x which is usually 
nearly quadrate, a little wider than long, but sometimes very much wider. 

N. longipes Kirby. Fn. Bor. Am., IV, 1837, p. 176. 
Length 9 — -11 mm. == .36 — .44 ms. Hab. Texas, Va., Can. 

Black with white markings as in our figure, but sometimes partly 
obliterated. This species runs very close to the preceding, is however 
more slender, especially in the form of the thorax, the legs are longer, 
and the tip of the elytra tends more to the acuminate torm. The base 
of the elytra bears very much more white hair. 

N, torquatus Lee. S. M. C, No. 264, 1873, p. 200. 

Length ']\ — 12 mm. = .3c — .48 ins. Hab. Texas. 

Black with yellow bands. Might be confused with ery/hrocephalus, 
but is easily known by the transverse }ellow band at middle uf i)rolhorax. 
The anterior femora are finely dentate beneath, nut very obviously in 
small specimens. 

EURYSCELIS, C/u'7'. 

This genus was erected by Chevrolat for a few species with twelve 
jointed antennae, one of which has occured in the United States. 

E. suturalis Oliv. Fnt., IV, 1795, 7o> P- ^2, t. 7, f. 91: Lap & Cory, Men., 
p. 15, t. 4, f. 16; Chev., Mon., 1862, p. 530; /oiii^'-pc-s Dej. Cat., 3d eel, p. 357. 

Length 6> — 11 mm. = .26 — .44 ins. Ilab. -St. lOomingo., N. V., Tex. 
I have two specimens before me, one from New York and one from 
Texas. Light brown with white pubescence. The thorax is carinate, 
like Neoclytus and the femora spinose. 

CLYTANTHUS, Thotii. 

This genus, which has neither the frontal carina nor thoracic ridges 
is separated from Clyliis by the narrow episterna of the metathorax. 
The two species difier greatly in the elytral marking which are described 
below. 

C. ruricola Oliv. Ent., IV, 70, p. 65, t. 8, f. 96; Lap & Gory, Mon., p. 56, 
t. II, f. 65; Lee., J. A. P., ser. 2, II, p. 27; capreolus Dej. Cat., 3d ed., p. 356; 
hamatus Say, J. A. P., Ill, 1823, p. 423; Am. Ent., Ill, t. 53. 

Length 7 — 12 mm. = .28 — .48 ins. Hab. Canada to Virginia, Maine to Illinois. 

(TO BE CONTINUED.) 



Notes on some species of Geometridae. No. 3. 
By Rkv. Geo. D. Hilst. 

(Continued from p. 224, vo!. II.) 

Marmopteryx gibbicostata Walk. (C. B. M. Geom , p. 1388, 1S62.) 
I'liis sj)ecie.s j)iiblisl)ecl as Cidaria gMicos/afa is declared l)\- Dr, 
Packard, 5th Repl. Pealx Acad. Sci. , p. 8y, to be the same as Tcphrim^ 
sirigularia, Minot, which was described Proc. Post. Soc. N. H., XII. 
170, i%6() ■^s Anisopferyx <:frigulana. On p. 88, 5th Rept. Peab, Acad. 
Sci., Dr. Pacl^ard states LarcuJia costinoiahh Walk., C. E. M. Geom.. 
p. 1 70 1, 1862, is a synonym of the same species. In his Mon. (jeom. 
p. 250, 1876, Dr. Packard creates the genus J/</>'V>'i'ry/i/(V-r.r, but does nc)t 
correct the synonomy. This insect as noted by Dr. Packard was also 
afterwards described as Larrniia a'nciformi?; by Dr. Har\ey. .^o it has 
been described four times, antl referred to five genera! 

Thamnonoma marcessaria (Jtien. (Phal, II, 92, 1857.) 
This species was afterwards re-described bv Guenee as '/rphritia lor- 
»H(i)iaria, Phal. II, loi. 

Caripeta augustiorafia Wnlk. (C. B. M. Geom., p. 1524, 1862,) 
My material in this genus is not very large, numbering onl_\ y spe- 
cimens of C. augustioraria, C latiorayui and C. siiboclirearia, (jil., of 
which latter I have the types. I have also two specimens oi C. cFqualiaria. 
(Irt. , for comparison. Four specimens from Mr. W. W. Hill of Albany. 
X. Y., taken in Lewis Co., N. V. , vary widely among themselves. Two 
are orange ochreous, two are chestnut brown, two ha\"e the central band 
broad and continuous across the wing, one has it almost, another en- 
tirely divided. The hind wings vary also from orange ochreous to brown. 
' ir are unicolorous light ochreous. My impression is from what material 
1 have, that these 4 species above are only varietal forms, which may in 
places become races. But the amount of my material will hardly war- 
rant any such reference at present. The females all seem to be more 
diffusely marked than the males. 

Fidonia fimetaria Grt. and Rob, (Tr. Am. Ent. Soc, III, 182.) 
This species, very common in Texas and Arizona, was re-desci'ibed 
])}• Mr. Grote from Arizona specimens as F. partitaria (Can. Ent., XV., 
130). In the types of this last si)ecies the males are exactly the same as 
those of F. fimetaria, while the females are somewhat lighter. 

Fidonia stalachtaria Streck. (Rept. Siirv. Dcpt. Mo., p. 1863, p!. 2, 1'. 6, 1878,) 
This was re-described by Mr. Grote as F. alternaiia (Can. P>nt. . 
XV, 27); there is no difference of even varietal value between the two. 

Stenaspilates meskearia Pack. (Mon. Geom., p. 213, pi. 13, f. 50,) 
Of these species I have already written (P^nt. Am., II, 141-142). 

ENTOMOLoaicA Americana. Vol. hi. 2 Apeil, 1887. 



lO— 

Chloraspilates bicoloraria Pack. (Moii. Gconi., p. 212, pi. 13, f. 40, 1S76.) 
Described by iMr. (jrote (Pap., II, 80, 1882,) as C. arizonaria. 
Having his types before mc I can see no reason for considering ii 
distinct. Tlie only difference noted is the discal ringlet. Ur. Packard 
had only i ^^ to describe from, antl it happened it did not have 
the discal ringlet evident. In a considerable series of specimens from 
Texas and Arizona the majority have the annulate discal spot, the Texan 
specimens rather more prominently than those from Arizona;- it is as a 
rule much less marked in the (^ than in the 9- "^^ the very best, Mr. 
Grote s name stands on a very frail basis as a variety, not good enough 
however to warrant recognition in my opinion. 

Aspilates liberaria Walk. (C. Ii. M. (leoni . p. 239, i860.) 
This species was described by ]Mr. Walker under the genus Apicia. 
and without knowledge of its habitat. Later (C. B. j\I. Geom., p. 889. 
1S61), he described it again as Macaria intcgraria. This same species 
Dr. Packartl (C)th Kept. Peab. Acad. Sci., p. 44, 1S74,) described as 
Aspilates linlitcraria. In his Mon. (}eom., p. 297, Dr. Packard recog- 
nizes that his species is the same as \\'alker"s Macana intcgraria, but does 
not change his own name in the descripticm, p. 209; afterwards Mr. 
Goodell, writing to the Can. Ent. (vol. X, p. 40), says that Dr. Packard 
lias for him identified specimens o{ Untneraria as \V'alker's A. liberaria. 
How the Doctor came to this knowledge is not stated, but I think on 
the basis of it we are warrantetl in considering the three s})ecies one and 
the same. Dr. Packard figures A. liberaria, pi. 2, f 54, and thus prob- 
-ably had a colored drawing of Walker's type. 

Aspilates coloraria Fab. (Sup. Sys. Knt., 96, 97, 1798.) 
This insect is extraordinarily variable in appearance, as indeed all 
our species of .-^iiyti/Z^/t'^ seem to be. Dr. Packard places the following 
as synonyms : (/(Tr.s\S(7-/-/ir/ Hiibn., cruen/aria \\\\.\k., and sp/iLero»iacaria 
Harvey. In remarks under this species (.Mon. Geom.) he says: "this 
species is so much like A. dissimilaria, that I am inclined to regard it al- 
most as a melanized form of that species. ' With a large number of, 
specimens to compare, I am certain that the two are forms of the same 
species. The name will of course stand A. coloraria. A number more 
of Mr. Walker's species will also be rated as synonyms or varieties; how 
many I tlo not know, but without doubt the following are: A. atro- 
pimctaria, C. 13. JM. C}eoni., \\ 1673, 1862, and A. olemisaria, C". B. M. 
Geom., p. 1675, 1862. 

Gorytodes uncanaria Ciiieii. (I'hal. II, 180, 1857.) 
This species is subject to considerable variation of the cross lines. 
Plalcea californiaria H. Sch., has been regarded as a synonym, I think 



— li- 
very rightly; and having the types before me, I also so consider (). per- 
.sonarid Wy. Edw. , the same species. 

Gorytodes trilinearia Pack. (Proc. Bost. Soc. N, H., XVI, 24, 1874.) 
Having ]Mr. Grotes type of (7. dulcearia, (B'kl. Bull., Ill, 46, 1880,) 
l)efore me, I am not able to separate it from Dr. Packard's species above. 
< irote's type has considerable of an ochreous coloring, but all males have 
more or less of that tint; the females of the species are lighter colored, 
with more diffuse markings, and with little or no ochreous tendency. 

Lepiodes scolopacinaria (Jnen. (Phal, II, 359, 360.) 
This insect has since the time of Guenee remained unidentified in 
American collections ; after a careful study of the description of the 
genus, I have come to the conclusion that it can be none other than 
Tornos, Morrison ; and after a like study of the species, I feel certain that 
( juenee's insect is the species known as rubiginosarius Morrison, Proc. 
Bost. Soc N. H., XVI, 218, 1875, typical form. Lepidopterists have 
undoubtedly been misled by the fact that Guenee placed the genus just 
after Etipithccia. Mr. Morrison in describing, placed the insect among 
the Nociuidce. 

Lepiodes escaria t"<rt. (Can. Ent., XIV, 186, 1882.) 
I have before me the types of all of Mr. Grote's later species, viz. : 
/,. escaria, interruptaria, ochro/uscaria, eupithcciaria zn^di pygmcolan'a, and 
these in thirty or forty specimens I have compared carefully. As a 
result, I am forced to the conclusion that L. pygmeolaria is a synonym of 
/. escaria, differing in nothing but size. This variation is very great, 
from 19 to 31 mm., but the specimens before me lie indiscriminately 
l)etween the two extremes. 

Lepiodes interruptaria Grt. (Can, Ent., XIV, 185, 1882.) 
This seems to be a good species, but the interrupted cross lines are 
not specific, as there is every intergradation. The outer cross line seems 
however to be much more oblique than in L. escaria, and the fore- 
wings are with a more rounded inner angle, and the inner margin very 
much more rounded. L. ochro/uscaria I consider a not very strongly 
marked color variety of this species. 

Lepiodes approximaria Pack. (Mon. Geom , p. 215, pi. 9, f. 40, 1876.) 

Of this I consider L. it? fianaiaria Gri., (Can. Ent., IX, 90, 1877), 
a synonym. There is, so far as I am able to determine, no difference 
whatever between the two, save something more of a chocolate tint to 
Dr. Packard's types. 



12 — 

Chionobas semidea, Say. 
V)\ A. G. Weeks. |r. 

So liltlc has been said regarding the collecting of our rare mountain 
l)utterny, Chionohjs semidea, that a few words in that respect, noting the 
spots on Mt. Washington, where the insect Hies, may prove of value to 
some of your readers. 

C. semidea is not fouml below the timber line, but inhabits the rocky 
barren ground, five thousand feet above sea level. Those taken by me 
were found eight hundred to twelve hundred feet below the summit. 
none being seen above or below this line. 

I recommend the ascent from the Crawford House, by the bridle path 
over INIts. Clinton, Pleasant, Franklin, and Monroe, a distance of eight or 
nine miles. After passing Mt. Monroe, a level area comes into view, form- 
ing a part of Mt. Washington, and about one thousand feet below the 
summit. This space is one to two miles long, running north and south, 
bordering Tuckerman's Ravine, and called as it reaches the southern clifts, 
Boott's Spur. The butterflies were scattered over this "field", but most 
commonly in the line of the path and along the summit slope to the 
cliffs. As one ascends towards the summit they become scarce, and 
finally tlisappear altogether about two huntired feet above the level ground. 
Walking around the summit on the westerly side, none were seen until 
anodier comparatively level area was reached, extending from the railroad, 
track easterly to the cliffs overlooking the ravine, called the Gulf of 
Mexico. Here a number were found, but they were not as plentiful as 
on Boon's S{)ur. But few more were found outside of these two spots. 

In its flight, C. semidea resembles closely our small moths, when 
roused from their hiding places during the day. Rarely raising more than 
two or three feet, they drop clumsily into the grass or among the stones, 
perhaps twent\- feet awav. When they rise from the ground the wintl 
usually takes them and carries thcin out of sight, rendering collecting 
hard and disappointing. Although clumsy and sluggish in the use of 
their wings, they are not so with their legs, and move about with a quick 
jerky motion. 

Although these butterflies do not gather in swarms, they nevertheless 
seem to seek companionship, and, one being started, another may be 
found some five to ten feet away. 

They do not slop on flowers or on grass blades. When at rest they 
either remain on the side of boulders or tucked away under the grass, 
from which it takes them some time to free themselves. 

They were not seen flitting about as do their brethren in the valleys. 
None were seen on the wing unless aroused by some one approaching. 



— 13— 

A few Corrections to Henshaw's Check List. 
By E. a. Schwarz. 
Calosoma tepidum Lee, is not a variety of 6yv//1'////;/ but a distinct 
species. 

Tachys nigriceps Dej. , is to be stridden off, = Perigona ni'gri- 
ceps, Dej. 

Agabus parallelus Lee, is considered by Dr. Sliarp as syno- 
n\mous witli A. scriatus and, I tliink, quite correctly so. 

Agabus congener Payk. and A. ambiguus Say (ovoideus 
Lee). Tliis nomenclature adopied by Mr. Henshaw leads to confusion 
and is neither in accordance with that given by Dr. Sharp, nor with Dr. 
Horn's subsequent remarks (Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. , X, p. 278). The 
two species should stand as follows : 

A. congener Payk. 
ainbigims Say. 
A. confinis Gyllli. 

oToich'iis, Crotch. 
Moreover, A. conjinis should be inserted immediately before in/tis- 
ca/i/s Aub. , with which it forms a well-defined group, characterized by 
the acute ridge on the prosternal process (cf Sharp, On Aquat. Carniv. 
Col., p. 520). 

Scydmaenus cautus Lee. This name appears first in Dr. Le- 
conte's List (Smithsn. ^lisc. Coll., 140), but has never. been backed by a 
description, and is therefore to be stricken ofi". 

Gymnusa variegata Kiesenw., is to be added after G. breincollis. 
Ptilium fungi Lee, appears twice in the List, once ^s Natio'sella 
and a second time as Piiliiim. The latter reference should be stricken oft. 
Ptenidium Ulkei Matth. This is the species formerly known to 
us as aiomaroides Mots. With the literature at my command I fail to 
find a description of Motschulsky's species, but if it is described the name 
has preference over IMatthew's name. If it is only a MS. species, it 
should be dropped from the List. 

Ptenidium ? lineatum Lee I think it was for this species that 
the genus Micridhim was introduced in the 2nd edition of the "Classifi- 
cation.'" 

Cybocephalus unicolor Mots. If this name is to be retained at 
all it should at least be transferred to the genus Cercyon in accordance 
with the author's own opinion, regarding the lost type of his species (cf 
]\Iannerheim, 3ter Beitrag zur Kaferfauna etc., p. no). 

Cis bicarinatus INIann., read C. hiarmaius. This is one of those 
typographical errors which are likely to be perpetuated in future editions 
of the List. 



— 14— 

Anthonomus signatus Say, is synonymous with A. musciilus 
Say (cf. Dr Riley, Rep. of llic Comm. ofAgric. , 1885, p. 281). 

Kncalus decipiens Lee. Tlie genus Enculus is a synonym of 
Prociorus, and tlie species sliould be referred to the latter genus (cf Dr, 
Leconte, Proc. Am. Philos, Soc, XVll, p, 620), Leconle's rectilication 
was entirely overlooked in the 2d editicn of the "Classification", ([). 4S2), 

Pseudobaris albilata Lee, read albilatiis. Leconte had originally 
given the correct name; the error was introduced by Mr. Austin in his 
Supplement to Crotch's Check List. The name Liopus quercil'Mch, might 
also advantageously be changed to quercus. 

Quite a large number of species more recently described by European 
authors are not referred to in I\Ir. Henshaw s List, but as most of these 
species will- — so far as I am able to judge — -only swell the number of 
synonyms, their enumeration is better deferred to a paper on Synonymy, 
which I hope, will ere long be written by a more competent hand than 
mine. 



Ecpanthera reducta, Groie. 
By David Bruce, Brockport, N. Y. 

I captured a female example of this species in Platte Canon, CoL, 
last July— it was flying in the sunshine over low plants, I carefully pre- 
served it alive and was pleased to find next morning that it had deposited 
a small batch of eggs; these were firmly attached to the bottom of the box 
and arranged in very regular rows side by side; these resembled tiny 
pearls, being beautifully opalescent; in two days they turned lead colored, 
but still preserving the same pearly luster; they hatched on the eight and 
ninth day after. 

The larva; when first hatched were brownish black; after moulting 
the hairs on the three last segments were longer than the others and 
slightly tinged with light brown at the tips, giving a hoary appearance; 
at the third moult the final change in color took place, and the larvae, 
(which hitherto could hardly be distinguished from Arclia Saundersii of 
the same age), presented an entirely diff"erent appearance and in markings 
were unlike any other larva I ever saw; length, when walking extended, 
from li^ to 2 inches, the sexes being easily distinguished by the su])erior 
size of the females, those that produced male imagos being ^ inch shorter 
than the others; head and to]) of next segment pitchy black, feet and 
naked parts of body a livid purplish flesh color; from the usual verrucosa 
warts on each segment arose spreading tufts of stiff glossy hairs, longer 
and more spreading than those on the larvae of P. Isabella; the hairs form- 



—15— 

ing the posterior side of each tuft are cinnamon brown, the front hairs of 
each tuft being brownish black, thus giving a peculiar annulated appear- 
ance and making the larva resemble the tail of a "coon"' in miniature. — 
These lar\ae are apparently gregarious when j'oung, and are nocturnal 
feeders They all crept under leaves, and reposed side by side during 
the day. I fed them on Polygonum and Plantain, but they would eat 
almost any low plant; when about half grown they ceased to feed and hid 
under leaves and moss for several weeks, occasionally coming up at 
night and wandering about, but not eating. I placed them in my "Win- 
dow Garden" in December; after a few days they commenced feeding on 
duckweed and Dandelion, and finally a few went to pupa, emerging as 
imago 32 days after. Some of the larvae are still feeding a little, and are 
large and healthy. The pupa; are rather more pointed than those of the 
genus Arciia, and the anal spine is slightly flattened and bristly; the larval 
skin is firmly attached and envelops the abdominal segments of the pupa 
more than is usually the case. Not the slightest indication of a web or co- 
coon is formed. 



A Field Note. 

An overflowing brook drove all the Cicitidela sexguftala from a good 
localit}- in Maiden, Mass., and since that time (June 28th), only one or 
two specimens have been seen. 

I noticed them first, resting a short distance outside the town on a 
sandy roadway, and when I disturbed them all flew in a certain direction 
and were soon lost to sight. 

There is a strange scarcity — I should say absolute want — of other 
species of this genus here; since early in the season I have seen but two 
species — C. purpurea ■And C. puncJulaia— ^.nd on\y one specimen of the 
latter ; this is the more remarkable because Cicmdelce were very 
common here last year, and this season they are plenty in adjoining 
towns. 

There is a most unusual scarcity of all Coleopterous insects in this 
particular locality and I can see no reason why there should be, for food 
plants are plenty and everything seems to warrant a prolific insect life. 

There must be a cause for this seeming extinction of local species ; 
but I cannot find any adequate reason for the continued exclusion of in- 
sects from a small area while all around within a few miles species are as 
common as ever. 

The Diptera are very scarce, not only in Maiden and other towns 
near Boston, but throughout all eastern Massachusetts, as far as I have 
collected. 



— 16— 

As far as I have noticed, the Lepidoptera are also very scarce here, 
at least even the more common species have been rarely seen by me, but 
as an offset for the lack of species of other orders the Hymenoptera are 
very jilentiful. 

At one place, north of the town, where a swampy field is full of wild 
plants, scores of species could be seen flying from flower to flower in such 
variety that I was greatly tempted recently, to collect them, instead of 
continuing in ni}- vain search for beetles, L, E. Hood. 



Minot has found that even a small piece of the skin of a larva will 
serve to identify it. In many of them the color of the skin is caused by 
pigment which may permeate the entire chitinous substance or be confined 
to the outer cuticular layer, where it is arranged, in combination with 
the sculpture of the surface, into pretty microsco{)ic patterns, which are 
different in every species. The larvae were taken from alcohol, boiled in 
concentrated potash and the chitinous layer mounted m balsam. In 
Danais archippus the dark brown transverse bands ot the mature larva are 
caused by the coloration of the cuticle; but the color is not evenly dif- 
fused, and is confined to small, sharply defined spaces which are elevated 
in the center, so that the whole has a hilly appearance. A transverse sec- 
tion showed that the coloring matter was contained in a very thin layer of 
lamellae upon the base of colorless chitin. In Cynthia lavmia the fields 
are also papillose but grouped in small spots. In Vanessa antiopa the skin 
is evenly papillose ; in Grapla intcn'ogafiotiis \;iy'\^h\y so. In Linictiiiis 
disipptis dark papillae are scattered among the colorless majority. In 
Grapta comma the papilla; are acute and somewhat spiniform and very 
close together, In Papilio pJiihnior this is exaggerated, so as to cause the 
appearance of a thick fur. In Hcliconia charilonia the paj)illx' are more 
sparse, but unusually thick and convex in profile, while usually they are 
concave, A remarkable decrease in the number of papilkv is found in 
Eupioieta claudia, while in Agraulis vanilLv they are more numerous but 
smaller. In Papilio ajax there are neatly formed pointed papillae of variable 
sizes, evenly spread over the surface. In Anisota stigma they form small 
hillocks without distinct apices. In Dataiia ministra as well as in Cimbex 
ainericana the rounded hillock like form of the colored spaces gives a reti- 
culated appearance. Minot believes, that these modifications of the cuticle 
have some connection with unknown sensory organs, and that he has dis- 
covered a valuable aid to the construction.of a natural system, 

(Compare Charles Sedgwick Minot, Archiv fi'ir mikroskoj)ische Ana- 
tomic, Band 28, .'^eite37 — 48, t. 7. — Knt. Nachrichten, XIII, 29. 

John B, Smith, 



— 17— 

Euerythra trimaculata, neiv species. 
\\\ joHX I). Smith. 

Head and thorax white, orbits of eyes and tlie vestiture of palpi l5rit;ht red. Ab- 
domen wliite, the segments ringetl with bright red of variable width. In the ^ the 
red is sometimes very faint orange covered with white scales. In the (^' on the con- 
trary the predominating color is sometimes red and it appears white banded. A row 
of black dorsal spots, which are however often wanting. Primaries with an umber 
l)rovvn or blackish fascia of variable width near the base — broadest at costa, outwardly 
oblique to thesubmedian interspace and there usually terminated— occasionally there 
is a narrower prolongation inwardly oblique to the internal vein ; another short band 
of similar color from the costa near apex inwardly, oblique to vein 5. A short upright 
band from the inner margin near anal angle, to vein 2. In some specimens a double 
spot at the end of the discal cell. The veins where they cross the brown bands are 
marked with yellow scales. Secondaries pure white, immaculate. Beneath, the 
markings of primaries are faintly reproduced. Secondaries occasionally with a discal 
spot. Anterior coxte bright orange red, inside of anterior femora and tibiae brown. 
Else underside v\-hite. 

Expands i — 1.25 inches = 26 — 33 mm. Hab. Texas. 

This species has been heretofore confounded with phasma Harv. , 
which has the "Fore wings white, crossed b}' a broad irregtilar blackish 
band from base to extremity of veins 3 and 4 where it stains the other- 
wise white fringes. '' No trace of this band exists in the present species. 
The ornamentation is similar in pattern and the present form has been 
considered as one with the markings incomplete. In addition to the 
color characters it offers others of a structural nature, to which I will draw- 
attention in a subsequent article. ' 



Notes and News. 

Mr. A. G. Butler writes, that while going over their Noctuidifi recently, 
he caught sight of two specimens oi' A^olnAs, right in the middle of the 
I'hastriidcB and described by Walker (Cat. Lep. Het., 2)^^ Suppl., pi. 3, 
p. 795) ^sEras/ria pustulata. It at once struck him that they were identical 
with Arg^'i'ophyes nigrofasciata, and he kindly sent us the note. 

Xola nigrofasciata was described by Zeller in the Verb. k. k. Zool.- 
Bot. Ges. , XXII, p. 454, pi. II, f. I (1872), was first referred by Grote 
(Buf. Bui., II, 152), Xo Ra'.selia and afterward (Can. Ent. , IX, 237), to 
Argyrophyes. Walker's specific name has of course undoubted priority 

and the species must be known in future as A. pustulata Wlk. 

* _ * 

The following is part of a letter from I\Ir. A. G. Butler to the former 
Editor. 

"In Rev. G. D. Hulst's article on Geometridae (p. 222, Vol. II), I am 
glad to note what he says about the use of the Hiibnerian "Tentamen"' 
names ; I strongly object to their adoption, on the following grounds : 

Entomologica Amebicana. Vol. m. 3 April, 1887. 



b 



— 1»— 

I. — There is na proof that the 'Tentamen' was ever pubhshed; even 
if Hiibner distributed copies amongst his friends, that would not con- 
stitute pubhcation, 

2. — There were no descriptions of any of the genera published at thr 
time, and a name witiiout even the form of a description is worthless, 
because — 

3. — There is no proof tliat the species in Hiibner's collection, to- 
which a 'Tentamen' generic name was given, was iLlenlical with the spe- 
cies now recognized under the same name. 

In the "Verzeichniss', on the other hand Hiibner did make some at- 
tempt — feeble indeed, but still an attempt — to describe his genera; he 
usuallj referred to figures or descriptions of his species and, lastlr, his 
names have been largely adopted and redescribed in detail. 

In my opinion my friend Mr. Scudrier never made a greater mistake 
than in dragging to the light that horrible 'Tentamen', a thing less valuable 
than a bookseller's auction catalogue, yet wovshippcd (as though it had 
been a long lost Bible recovered) by a certain class of Antiquarian Ento- 
mologists." 

* * 

* 

In the Berliner Ent, Zeitschrift for 1886, there are some interesting 
notes, some of which we reproduce : 

In the meeting of Oct. nth, Mr. Honrath reports from Mr. Ricardo 
Rohde, that in Paraguay there exists a spider, immense colonies of which 
web over entire groups of trees. In these nets beetles the size of D. 
Iwnules were caught, and even moderate sized birds caught in the net are 
hopelessly lost. ■ 

In the meeting of Nov. Sth, there were exhibited some specimens of 
Silvanus surinameiisis, and the question of the food of the larva; and 
beetles was discussed. It seems yet undecided whether- they are grain or 
animal feeders, and both sides adduce proofs for their convictions. In 
the Ent, Div. of the Dept. of Agriculture it has been dehnitely proved 
that they are grain feeders, for a number of the beetles were confined with 
perfectly clean- grain in a tight jar. The beetles and their progeny ate it 
all up. On the other hand this does not prove that they do not also enjoy 
animal food such as eggs and larvae of other insects, and conflicting ob- 
servations may be reconcilable in that way. 

In the meedng of Nov. 15th, Mr. Honrath explained how he mended 
butterflies. When a feeler is lost or broken, he carefully bores out the 
point of insertion with a fine pin, puts in a trifle of fish glue and puts the 
feeler into the opening thus made. Denuded spots on a wing can be 
covered with a thin coat of Gum tragacanth, and similar scales from an- 
other specimen of the same species can be dusted on. 



—19— 

The method is ingenious and the results no doubt very neat; — 
but once upon a time I puzzled lor some time over a somewhat aberrant 
specimen which had serrated anlennce, was a female and evidently be- 
longed to a genus where the females had simple antennce, and it looked 
common enough, too, I put it aside, and only some time afterward it 
struck me that the corespondent from whom I had received it, often 
mended insects. Sure enough, careful inspection proved that the antenna^ 
were pasted on and belonged to a (j^ of some entirely diflferent genus. It 
makes a collection look well to have insects artificially perfect, but it 
renders its study difficult, for one must always look carefully to see which 
is nature and which is art. John B. Smith. 

Book Notice. 

Die Formiciden der Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerica. Von Dr. Gustax 
Mayr. Verb. k. k. ZooL-Bot. Ges. in Wien. 1886, pp. 419 — 468. 

This pamphlet of 48 pages is the most important work on this group 
of American Insects that has ever been issued, and puts it within the 
po.wer of the American Student to at least discover what is known, and to 
obtain a general idea of the classification of this family. Unfortunately 
there are no comprehensive synopses or — except in three instances — 
synopses of species, and the work is thus not so useful as it might be, 
nor are all the species described which would have greatly enhanced the 
value of the paper. It is a smiou} mical, annotated and descriptive list, 
and as such is a model. The order of genera and the number of species 
in each, is as follows : 

Camponoius, 8 ; Colobopsis, i ; JMynnecocyshis, i ; Pali gems, i ; 
Formica, 7 {ciliaia w. sp. ); Lashis, 6; Brachymyrmex, i ; Prenolepsis, 4; 
Iridnmyrmex, I ; . Dorymyrmex, i ; Liomelopum, i ; Tapinonia, 2 ; Doh- 
choderus, 4 {pustulatus n. sp. ), a table of workers being here given; 
Odoniomachus, 2 ; Proceratiurn, 3 ; Discothyrea, i ; Ponera, 2 ; Lobopelta, 
I [sepientfionalis n. sp.); Arnblypona, i ; Ecilon, 8, (subsulcaiian n. sp. ); 
AHa, 2 ; Aphcenogasfer, 9, with table of workers {brczu'comis, lamelUdeiis, 
albisetosa, Andrei and Pergafidei new species); Pogono/nyrmex, 5; Afyr- 
mica, 4 ; Leptothorax, 5, with table of workers {/ortinodis n. sp. ); Tetra- 
moriiim, 2 ; SteJiamma, i, {iieoarcticum n. sp. ); Myrmecina, i ; Mono- 
morium, 2 ; Pheidole, 6, {comtimiala, n. sp. ); Solenopsis, 4, {debilis n. sp. ); 
Cranasiogasler, 4, [Asht?ieadi n. sp. ); Pseiidovynna, i ; Slriaiiigenys, 2. 

There are therefore 107 species distributed in 34 genera, and of these 
species there are 14 not heretofore described. It is almost certain that 
this list does not begin to represent the Anierican Formicid fauna, and 
there is plenty of chance for the enterprising collector and student. 



--20 — 

• SOCIETY NEWS, 

Brooklyn Entomological Society. — At tl^c mniuhly nicctini;, ^';u•ch ist, 14 
tiicmbers where picsciU. A donation of 130 spccimais of Coleoptera was made to the 
Cabinet by Mr. Bcutenmiieller. Dr. C. S. McKnight and F. H. Chittenden were 
elected members of the Society. The Librarian presented a copy of projxised rules 
and rej^ulations respecting the use of books in the library, which were adopted. Elec- 
tion for Editor of Entomologica Americana being in order, a letter from Mr. J. B. Smith 
was read, declining, on account of residence in Washington, D. C, to be a candidate 
for re-election. On proceding to ballot, Geo. I). Ilulst was unanimously elected 
Editor, and Chris. H. Roberts Assistant Editor for the ensuing year. Mr. Hulst re- 
ported from the Executive Committee that an offer had been made to the Society by 
Mr. A. C. Weelcs to collect and mount 6500 specimens of the local insect fauna in 
Coleoptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, and Neuroptera, not more than four specimens, 
of a species, on condition, that the Society furnish the pins, card points mounted on 
pins, and name labels; Mr. Hulst further reported that the offer had l>een accepted by 
the Executive Committee, 

A paper was read by Mr. Weeks giving the life history of 'faraclw d.'Lcta Walk. 
The larva, which was curiously striped, somewhat resembled the larva ai Alyphi octo- 
inaciilata and was found feeding on the leaves of the Swamp Rose Mallow (Hibiscus 
Moscheutos L. ), early in September. It pupated in a cocoon, and emerged tlie next 
year. 

Mr. Weeks also read a jxiper upon the effect of the weather ujx)n the emerging 
of imagines from pupse and of then- ability to control the time of their emergence; the 
paper evoked considerable discussion and disagreement from the author's views. 



Entomological Society of Washington. Meeting held March 3rd, 1887. — 
A communicatioi -by Mr. J. 1). Sherman, Jr., was read entitled "Notes for the year 
l886" and recoi-jiing the capture or mode of occurence of a numtjer of Coleoptera in 
the vicinity of I'eekskill, N. Y. 

Mr. Smith called attention to the peculiar antennal structure of Crrssaiiin Jug- 
landis which remarkably resembles that of the Sattiriiiida- in the double bi-]>ectinations. 
He also showed that two distinct species had been heretofore confounded under the 
name £"«<ri'///^'«/'/w.y///<?, and pointed out the distinctive features of the two forms. 
He also stated that a careful comparison of the large scries of Cixliimorpha in the 
Museum collection proved the specific distinctness of most of the forms heretofore 
classed as varieties of Lecoiitci. 

Mr. Schwarz exhibited specimens of Xylclwrus pyri and X. obcsiis and j^ointed 
out that in spite of their different ajjpearance they might be the sexes of one anil the 
same species. 

Mr. Schwarz gave a list of the Scalylids foimd by him on J^jiuis inops in the vi- 
cinity of Washington. The list enumerates 18 species but the mode of work of many 
of these still remains unknown. Among the less common species is Pityophlhorus 
(nillus, the galleries of which were exhibited and explained by Mr. Schwarz. The 
female beetle constructs under the bark a rather large, more or less oval central cham- 
ber from which from 3 to 5 long and slightly undulated galleries lead off in various 
directions but usually more or less up- or downward. The eggs are deposited singly 
at rather large intervals in the.se galleries. The greatly curving larval galleries do not 
present any particular features but are rather shorter than in allied species. Ail these 
galleries arc more within the bark itself than in the outermost- layers of wood. 





AmerigAna 



VOL III. 



BROOKLYN, MM, 1887. 



NO. 2. 



Notes upon certain Pyralidae. 
By G?:o. D. Hulst. 

In the Transactions of tlie American Entomol. Society, Vol. XIII. 
1*1'- 145-168, I published under the title "Descriptions of new species 
o{ Pyrahd(£'\ 89 species in that family. The descriptions were in man}' 
cases based upon single specimens, and in a few cases upon very indif- 
ferent material. Moreover at that time a very large portion of the material 
was the property of other persons, so that I was unable to make the 
examinations generally necessary for determination. I als > fell into an 
unfortunate misinterpretation of some statements of opimon by one, 
whose judgment was by me so highly regarded that I did not consider it 
necessary to verify it, and this led to more than one error. Almost as 
soon as the descriptions were published, I became the possessor of the 
types of nearly all m\' species. I was thus able to give more complete 
study, and ^yith further comparisons I became convinced that I had re- 
described a number of species. I withheld the publishing of these till 
I could make still further comparisons, which, upon a recent visit to 
Prof. F'ernald, I was able to do. I took all the types in my possession, 
with me, and together we went over them, and compared them with his 
material. He verified in the greater part my own conclusions, and 
through his superior knowledge, pointed out errors that had escaped me. 
As a result of our mutual study, I note the folU)wing : 
Chaktcla geniDialis ^ Choreittes hjerkaudrlln, Tliim. 

• Botis niomtlalis = B. iniistilinealis, Pack. 

■ Botis pcrgilvalis 1= B. coloradcnsis, Clrt. 

' Botis giilosalis = B. iiiagistralis i\xX. 

Entomologica Americana. Vol. hi. 4 May, 1887. 



2 2 

< Rot is ttxorculalis = Steinmatophora nica/is, drt. 

* Bo/ is saitiisa/is = Homopliysa eripa/is, (Irt. 

. Ho/is h-i'a/is = Acrospila gastralis, Clu^ii., from St. I)<)niintjo. 

» Rot is bflltilalis = B. diffissa, Cj. ^ R., variety. 

^ Scoparia iiinguidalis = .S'. cntiiriilia, S. & \'., variety. 

< Stenurgcs floridalis = .V. dcsignalis. (luen., from the West Indies. 

- Zinckcnia pLrfuscalis = Pilocrosis raiiu-nlalis^ Led., trom the West Indies. 

« 'fori palpus talcolalis = Tetralopha dilhicitella, (Irt. 

» Cramhtts re/oUilis = C. zeclliis. Fern. 

• Crajiihus Iwntisculalis = C. plejadcllus, Zinck. 

Thi.s is as far as we are willing at the present time to as.sert positively. 
It may be found that other changes will have to l)e made, as there un- 
doubtedly will l)e through the whole family. There are nearly loo spe- 
cies of Mr. Walker unitlentified, the types of which are in the British 
Museum collection. 

There are also a considerable number of the species of Guenee and 
l.ederer still undetermined. As almost all the material of these describ- 
ers was from the East, their names will probably not much afiiect my o\\ n 
species. 

A Hint to Rearers of Lepidoptera. 

Some time since my friend Mr. ."^eib of Newark, N. J., was so 
fortunate as to obtain very many eggs o[ Sphmx lusa'tiosa, and a number 
of larvai of Smerinthus Asiylus. Many went into the pupae state and were 
in that condition kept in a cool cellar through the winter ; when there 
was no longer danger of frosts the pupa; were placed in the open air. No 
imagines emerged, however. Two years ago, I had the same experience 
with Smermthus Astylus and Darapsa versicolor. I'he pupae being kept 
m a cool cellar and removed when spring opened, to the open air. All 
died and in the pupce e.xamined afterwards the imagines were found fully 
developed and ready to emerge. It seems the simple change of condidon 
was suflicient to destroy, though there was never enough of dryness tcj 
work by itself any mischief Having since kept the same insects under 
the same conditions but without change of atmosphere there has been al- 
most no mortality among the pupx'. Mr. Hulst informs me that he has 
had a pupa o{ Darapsa versicolor hatch out in June where the larvae had 
escaped and pupated out of reach in die slide of folding doors, although 
the room had been heated all winter with a hot air furnace. 

In all cases it seems the pupae do best when left undisturbed in their 
cocoons and when not exposed to varying conditions of atmosphere. 

Jacob Doll. 



—23— 

SYNOPSES OF CERAMBYCIDiE. 

By Chas. W. Leng, B. S. 

(Continued from p. 8, vol. III.) 

C. albofasciatus Lap & Gory. Mon., p. 96, t. 12, f. 113. 

Length 10 mm = .40 ins. Hab. Pa., Ohio, 

C. ruri.oh is black, legs, except tip of femora, and antennae rufo- 
testaceous, banded as follows : thorax entirely margined ; elytra with 
scutellum entirely yellow, a short transverse band behind the base, a 
deeply sinuate band running at an angle with the suture to about the 
middle of the elytra and then bending upward and outward to the mar- 
gin (this band is often broken), and an oblique arcuate band behind the 
middle. 

C. albofasciatus has the thorax always black, otherwise it varies con- 
.siderably in color from red to black. The bands which are formed of 
.short white hairs are onh' on the elytra ; a short oblique line before the 
middle and a long arcuate band behind the middle. The apex is also 
ck)thed with white pubescence. This species is also much flatter than 
ruricola. An interesting note upon its varieties by Dr. Hamilton will be 
found in Can. Knt. , June 1886. It was bred from Cjrajje and Hickor}- 
by him. 

MICROCLYTUS, Lee. 

M. gazellula Hald. Trans. Am. Phil., X, 1847, p. 42; Proc. Acad. Phil., IV, 
p. 372 ; Lacord Gen. Col., IX, 1869, p. 89, not 3; gihhulus Lee, Agass. Lake Sup., 
1850, p. 234; nigcr Lee, J. A. P., ser. 2, II, p. 29. 

Length 6 — 7 mm. = .24 — .28 ins. Hab. Middle States to Canada, L. Sup. 
A small insect, piceous or reddish brown with the thorax above and 
the elytra, except about the middle of the suture, black and rather closely 
punctured. The legs and antennae always paler. Elytral markings com- 
posed of long white hairs arranged as follows : an oblique line from the 
scutellum, a very short transverse or slightly arcuate line about the middle 
quite distinct from the next, a broader band immediately behind and 
nearlv transverse, a blotch covering the entire apical eighth of the elytra. 
The antennae are as long as the insect (^, about f 9- The tip of the 
elytra is very slightly truncate (^, or separately rounded 9- 

This species is the first of the group Anaglypti in all of which the 
elytra are gibbous or elevated in a lump at base. In Microclyius the ele- 
vation is slight, only a little rounded lump and does not extend obliquely 
towards the margin as in Cyriophorus. 

CYRTOPHORUS, Lee. 

C. verrucosus Oliv. Encycl. Meth. VII, 1792, p. 458; Ent. IV, 1795, p. 67, 
t. 8, f. 98 ; Lee. J. A. P., ser. 2, II, p. 29. 

Length 6- — 10 mm. ^ .24 — .40 ins. Hab. Middle and Eastern States and Canada, 
N. C, S. C, Ga. 



--24— 

Black, or partlv rufous. EUual bands fdllowing the same arranj^e- 
ment as in Mirrac/v/us bul com{)osed of sliort hairs and narrow and the 
short transverse band more or less united with the next. The insect is 
sometimes confusetl in collections with the prccedinc; but the s})ine of 3rd 
antenna! joint at once ilistin,<;uisiics it. The 4lh and 5th joints sometimes 
bear shorter spines also. The basal elevation of the elytra is very con- 
spicuous, rising abruptly in front and descending graduallv behind until it 
(hsappcars near the middle of the outer margin. 

TILLOMORPHA, /-l/aiic/i. 
T. geminata llald. Trans. Am I'liiL, X, 1847. p. 42: (/n/^/iai/iis l.^i:., ].\.V . 
NCT. 2, II, 1S50, p. 29. 

Length 6 — 8 mm. = .24 — 32 ins. Hub. Mass., N. V., N. J., Pa., (la. 

Black, or partly rufous, marked with lines of white pubescence. Legs^ 
nearly testaceous. The elevation of the elytra is well marked, rising gra- 
tlually in front and running obliquely as in Cyrtophorus but terminated 
sharply behind and the arrangement of the bands causes a deceptive appear- 
ance ol a channel immediately behind it. The white pubescence is almost 
silver in color and brightness and arrangetl as follows : two longituchnal 
lines on the thorax, obliterated in front, two oblique parallel lines on the 
elytra, close together and immediately behind the elevation, and the apical 
third except the extreme tip. The lounded eye of.tiii^ species has been 
described before 

EUDERCES, Lfc. 

The four species of this genus are very easily known by the ivory 
bands of the elytra. They may be thus separated : 
SYXOPSIS OF EUDERCES. 
Klytra \vitli one ol)iit]uc ivory fascia ; thorax striate. 

F^yc nearly divided, the two parts connected by a thin correous line ; prothora.x 

uniformly rounded at the sides picipes. 

Eye completely divided ; prothorax distinctly depressed each side near the anterior 

mart^in and subangulate at sides pini. 

Klytra with one exactly transverse ivory fascia : prothorax punctate, not striate ; eye 

completely divided Reichei. 

Klytra with two transverse parallel ivory fascia? parallelus. 

Eu. picipes Fab. Mant. Ins., T, p. 157 ; Oliv., Ent. 70, p. 57, t. 4, f. 43, a.b. : 
Lap & Clory, Mon., p. 107, t. 20, f. 127 ; Lcc , J. A. P., ser. 2, II, p. 30. 

Length 5 — 9 mm. ^ .20 — .36 ins. Hab Dakota, Wise, 111., CJa., Tex., Mo.. 
Mass., N. v., N. J., Canada, Md., I'a., Iowa, La. 

Eu. pini Oliv. Knt., IV, 1795, 7°' P- 7'' ^- ^' f- '°5' -i-^-; Lee, J. A. P., ser. 
2, II, 1852, p. 158 ; piniadea Fab., Syst. Kb, 11, j). 353 ; Lap & Gory, Men., p. 109, 
t. 20, f. 129 ; Ilald., Trans. Am. Phil., X, p. 41 ; testaceipcs Hald., 1. c. 

Length 6^ — 9 mm. =. .26 — .36 ins. Hab. Tex., Md., (la., Kans., N. J., Can., La. 

(TO HK CONTI.NlEn.) 



—25— 

Ne^v Species of Callimorpha. 

By John B. Smith. 
C. lactate ii. sp. 

Head and collar yellow ; palpi black tipped ; antennLie black. Thorax white, 
immaculate. Abdomen yellow, immaculate. Beneath, thorax and legs yellow, anterior 
tibia and tarsi, and middle tarsi blackish outwardly. Primaries a very pale creamy 
white, immaculate. Secondaries yellow, immaculate. Beneath yellow, immaculate. 

Expands 2.25 inches = 55 — 56 mm. 

Hab. Texas. 

I have seen several of these collections as immactilate forms oi clyme?te, 
corresponding to ihc /ulvicosta form oUeconiei, and possibly it may be so. 
^\x\. fulvicosta is a distinct species from lecontei, and I believe the present 
form distinct from clyinene. At the worst the name will stand for a good 
variety, though I scarcely believe it such. 

C. suffusa n. sp. 

Lecoiitei -xuct. rcversa Stretch. Ent. Am., i, 104 (in part). 

Head yellow ; palpi black tipped; antenna:; black. Collar yellow with a small 
blackish spot each side of the middle, which is sometimes wanting. Thorax white, 
patagire black margined anteriorly ; a broad blackish dorsal stripe. Abdomen white, 
with a row of small, dorsal dark spots, rarely forming a complete line, and often en- 
tirely wanting. Beneath, legs yellow, anterior coxae with a black spot, tibioe dark 
outwardly, fore and median tarsi blackish. Primaries white ; a broad brown costal 
margin nearly to the apex ; a broad brown internal margin from base to anal angle ; 
outer margin also black margined from apex to near the anal angle ; rarely the mar- 
gins are connected so that the wing is completely dark margined. An oblicjue dark 
band from anal angle to costa about \ from base. From the middle of this band runs 
another, to outer margin below apex. From this, close to its inception, a short band 
runs to costa ; at its outer third another spur is sent off, also to the costa, forming thus 
a series of three white spots below costa, and beyond the first oblique band, and a 
larger, somewhat triangular spot near the outer margin its broad base near the anal 
angle. This maculation varies in that the dark veins sometimes divide the marginal 
spot ; or, on the contrary, the dark bands become attenuated, and some of the spots 
become more or less confluent. Rarely the maculation is almost, but never quite, ob- 
solete. The distinctive feature, which is always noticeable is in the oblique band, 
which in this species reaches the costa about two-fifths from base, and the white patch 
on the disk is therefore very obtusely angled on the costa. Secondaries white, imma- 
culate, rarely with a dusky spot near anal angle. Beneath white, maculation of pri- 
maries faintly reproduced. 

Expands 1.75 — 2 inches = 43 — 50 mm. 

Hab. Can. to Texas. Atlantic States west to Kansas. 

In maculation this sjjecies is the exact counterpart of clyniene, and 
the size also is nearly the same. The ground color is however always 
white, and there are other structural features which I will elsewhere call 
particular attention to. 

This is one of the forms usually named lecontei, and is the form pro- 



— 26 — 

tluced by the larva, described by Mr. Saunders in Can. Ent. I, 20, and 
figured by Stretch in his Zyg. and Bomb., pi. IX, f. 4, as typical of 
leconlei. 

Canadian Entomologists have very generally contended that there 
were several species confused under the term leconlei. Mr. Caulfield i-ays 
in the i6th Rept. Ent. Soc. Ont. , p. T,'i : "I am satisfied however that 
breeding the larva will in time prove that we have three white winged 
species — Leconlei, contigua, and the smaller form which now does duty as 
Lecofiiei." Mr Caulfield is right, but he also mistakes the type o{ leconlei 
which is the smaller, darker form, while, what he calls leconlei h the spe- 
cies here described as new. 

Mr. Stretch has also mistaken the type o{ leconlei, considering it the 
same as mililaris Harr. , from which it diffei"s throughout, and he describes 
as C. 7-eversa (Ent. Am. I, 104), three distinct species including the 
present form, conligua, and the typical leconlei. I have therefore cited his 
name as a synonym, the description having no type. 

In a paper for the Proc. U. S. Nat'l Mus. I have monographed the 
genus and carefully pointed out the differences between the species. 



I^DiTOR " Entomologica Americana. " 

I notice in your "Society News", April Number, it is stated that 
"Mr. Weeks read a paper upon the effect of the weather upon the 
einerging of insects from pupae, and their ability to control the time of 
emergence. '' 

In connection with this, I wish to relate an experience, which seems 
to me very much out of the line of what is ordinary. 

Last month, that is early in March, I found a cocoon of Allacus 
Cecropia, in an e.\j)osed part of a field, on a day when the weather was 
extremely cold, about 2 to 4 degrees above zero. I placed the cocoon in 
a box in a warm room about 7 o'clock in the evening. The next morning 
the perfect insect emerged. There is no doubt that the insect came from 
this particular cocoon. 

In the same box I have some Prometheus cocoons, which have re- 
mained there since March 1886. At that time I found 40 or 50 cocoons. 
About 25 of them came out by the loth of June, 1886. After that, none 
emerged until December, since which 2 or 3 have emerged each month. 
Those that are left seem to be alive and well. J. H. Werum. 



Catocala badia, G. &f R. 

The note on p. 3 on C niarmorata Edw. , I can parallel with another 
on C badia, an insect more common, but withal very rare. A friend, 
new in the work of collecting, was visited by me, and I spoke of the iin- 
usualh- large series of C. hadia G. & R. , which he had in his otherwise 
quite deficient collection. He told me he had obtained these on a visit 
to a country place near Darien, Conn. He there had his first experience 
in "sugaring." C badia came in great quantities to the "sugar." He 
took a score or so of specimens, then knocked them away as a nuisance, 
for he found they would not give Diasteria erechtea, Mamestra arctica 
and such like any chance, and his collecting was a comparative failure be- 
cause C. badia was so plentiful ! G. D. Hulst. 



Note on Dytiscus. 

There has been some doubt of the occurrence o{ Dyfiscus hybridus in 
this vicinity (New York), a collector of great experience having informed 
me it was restricted to the Lake region. I want to state that I found 
last September in a little pond on Staten Island, 5 males and 2 females 
(smooth). Not a single specmien o{ /ascivenlris was obtained from the 
same pond, and only two verticalis were found in company with it. In 
addition to the diagnosis of Crotch as to form of body, form and sculpture 
of thorax, inner line of yellow elytral margin unbroken, Mr. Sharp 
points out a difference in the hind coxal plates, which are sub-parallel, 
while m /asaveniris they are divergent, the side angles nearly right. The 
prosternal carina is more compressed. In these two characters verticalis 
is intermediate. The color of the thoracic apex and base as well as of 
the underside, is very variable, even in living specimens. 

The size of these three species Crotch gives as follows : verticalis 1.25 
to 1.30 inches ; /ascivenlris 1.25 inches (should be 1.025); hybridus 1.8 
inches (should be 1.08). This may be of interest to local collectors who 
have no access to Sharp's monograph. M. L. Linell. 



Catalogue of the described species of South American 
SYRPHIDiE. 

Additions and Corrections. 
By S. W. Williston. 
Baron Osten-Sacken has kindly communicated to me the following 
list of additions and corrections to my Catalogue of South American 
Syrphidaj, recently published in the Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. , xiii, 308. 
They were obtained from comparison with a catalogue of extra-European 
Diptera compiled by him, which it is very much to be desired that he 



— 28— 

will soon pubTish. Such a general catalogue of tlie Diptera of the world, 
l)repare(l by so conscientious an authority as IJaron Osten-Sacken, could 
not help but be of the greatest service to all students of the order, if for 
no other reason than that of the literature. Five of the species given be- 
low were ones omitted accidentall}' by nie in the arrangement of the MSS. , 
or by the printer; others were overlookeil, or were in works to which 1 
hatl no clews. I believe that the list, with these additions, is now es- 
sentiall}- complete. Mr. V. v. Roeder informs me that Xylola larulea 
Rondani. is the same as Stcrphus aii/enna/is I'liil., which must thus give 
place to the earlier name. 

ADDI770NS. 

Microdon cyaneus Perty, Delectus, etc. — Brazil. 

fiilgc'HS Wiedemann, Auss. zw. Ins., ii, 82 ; Williston, Synopsis, il : 
Macquart, Dipt. Exot., ler Suppl., 122. — N. and S. America. 
Syrphiis alhitarsis, excavatus and alhivctttris Rondani, Dipt. Osculati. — S. America. 

octogitttatiis Jaennickc, Neue Exot. Dipt., 90. — Chili. 

similis Blanchard, in Gay's Hist. fis. y pol. de Chile, vii, 410 ; I'hilippi. 
Yerh. Zool.-Bot. Gesellsch., xv, 745. — Chili. 
I'lialacroinyia ardita Wicdemaim, Auss. zw. Ins., ii, 204 {Volucc'lla) ; Rondani. 

Esame, etc., 5 (id.); Mik, Wien. Ent. Ztg. 1883, 284. — S. America. 
revDwccra mctalloritm and fiih'oluciis Walker, Dipt. Saund., 252. — Brazil. 
Jiristalis dc'conis Perty, Delectus, etc. — Brazil. 

inversus Wiedemann, Auss. zw. Ins., ii, 161. — Surinam. 

fiiscipennis Macquart. Dipt. Exot., ler Suppl., 128, pi. xi, fig. 5. — Surinam. 

pygnuEus Macquart, Dipt. Exot., ii, 2, 54. — Surinam. 

funescens Rondani, Dipt. Osculati, 4. — Rio Negro. 
Ih'lophilits chilcnsis (Walker?) Guerin, Iconogr., 545, pi. xcix, f. 2. — Chili. 

Also the four following from the Galapagos Islands should be in- 
(.luded in the South American fauna. 

Syrphiis alboniaciilatus Smith, Proc. Zool. Soc, Lend., 1877, 84. 

agonis Walker, List, etc., iii, 588. 

splendfiis Thomson, Eugenics Resa, 501. 
Baccha facialis Thomson, Eugenies Re.sa, 504. 

CORRECTIONS. 
Mic7-odo)i conopsoidt's should be stricken out ; it is Mixogaster couopsoidcs wrongl)- 

placed. 
Microdon anguslus Macq. Suppl. i, is not the same as .)/. angustiis Macci., .Sup])l. iii. 
Pipiza atirantipcs Bigot is from Chili, not Brazil. 
/'. lugtibris Jaenn. should read 96, not 4. 
l'"or I'o/ncella polorans read plorans. 
Syrphus clegans should have been printed in italics and indented ; it is a synonym 

of distingucndus. 
Dolichogyna nigripcs Bigot, is 1883, not 1884. 
SlilhosoDia iiigritur-i'is, not nigricornis. 



— 29— 

Observations on some CAPSIDi'E with descriptions 

of a few new^ species. 

By p. R. Uhler. 

(No. 2.) 



Div. CYLLECORARIA. 
Pilophorus, Hahn. 

This genus was separated by Halin in his Icones ad Monog. Cim. 
I, No. 23, to contain a European species the Capsus hifasciaius Fab., 
which is also a synonym of Ciniex clavatus Linn. Since then two other 
species have been recognized, and all three have been placed in another 
genus {Camaronotus) by Fieber, in his Europaischen Hemiptera. Still 
later, Douglas and Scott in their British Hemiptera have gone so far as 
to base a family upon this genus, to which they have given the name 
Camaronotidce. North America is not less well provided with represen- 
tives of this genus than is Europe, and unless we are mistaken in the value 
of the characters employed to separate them, the United States has more 
species than the old world. Dr. O. M. Renter has recently studied the 
European forms of the Capsiihe, and with a larger amount of material 
than has been before any previous Hemipterist. Accordingly, with a wider 
view than any of his predecessors, he has deemed it more accurate to 
arrange this Pilophorus, in company with Mimocoris, Myrmicommus, 
Cremnocephalus, Ethelastia, Systellonotus, Lcemocoris, Era/icon's, etc. , 
in a division Pilophoraria. 

The genus Pilophorus has such a different facies from any of our 
other known Capsidce that it would seem to be recognizable at once by 
the shape and adjustment of the head alone. The Ant-like form of the 
body, especially in the nymph, together with its habit of rapidly coursing 
over the bark of trees renders it liable to be mistaken for one of the small 
red or brown Formicida;. Our American species differ much in the width 
of the body, the females being more robust than the males, but they are 
all more or less spindle-shaped, contracted across the basal half of the 
hemelytra. They have a broad head which curves back beyond the sides 
of the swollen pronotum, sits close against it, is of a conical form, scooped 
out behind and below there is a high carina connecting the eyes, and the 
face is very sloping anteriorly. The males usually have a more parallel- 
sided prothorax than the females. 

I. P. confusus Kirsclib. Rhyncliot, Wieshatlen, p. 133, 9. 

I'his species agrees almost exactly with the insect so named by 
Kirschbaum, of which I have several examples received direct from Meyer- 
Diir of Bergdorf, Switzerland, and which were determined by him to be 
the true P. coji/usus. 

Entomologica Americana. Vol. hi. 5 May, 1887, 



—so— 

In the Atlantic re,<,Mon this insect lives upon willow bushes, and is 
sometimes rather common in September. It is next to the smallest spe- 
cies of the genus thus far discovered in North America, and will no doubt 
prove to be extensively distributed on this continent when it becomes 
more sufficiently known. 

2. P. amcEnus, new sp. 

Piccou?, opaque, higlily jiolished beneath ; aspect of /'. /lifd.uia/its Fal)., l)ut 
with a narrower pronotum which differs but very little in the two sexes ; with the 
second joint of antennre more strongly and abruptly clavate on the apical one-third. 
Head long and broad, including tlie eyes about as wide as the base of the )>ronotum, 
face obsoietely shagreened, transversely wrinkled, vertex with an impressed longitud- 
inal line running from the middle of occipital ridge, and each side of this a shorter 
diagonal impression connected inwardly with a depressed point. Rostrum pale rufo- 
piceous, darker at base, reaching to the middle coxk Q, but a little longer in the 
male ; antennae long, reddish yellow to beyond the middle of the second joint, that 
joint longer than the head and pronotum united, the last two joints slender whitish, 
the apical one a little dusky near the tip. Pronotum blackish-piceous, more or less 
dull, sub-cylindrical, trapezoidal comparatively narrow, obsoietely scabrous and 
wrinkled, but sinuated on the sides posteriorly, which is caused by the great prominence 
of the postero -lateral angles ; middle line impressed, proceeding from an indentation 
in front ; posterior-margin distinctly concave, and in front of this the surface convexly 
elevated ; pleural flaps transversely wrinkled. Sternum and pleural pieces highly 
polished, coxce piceous, anterior wide in the middle, posterior pair broadly white at 
tip ; femora and tibite piceous, the fo'iner usually paler at base. Hemelytra cin- 
namon tulvous, piceous across the apical third and including the cuneus, corium with 
a slender silvery band extending half-way across the middle, a band of the same color 
forming the basal boundary of the piceous part, and at the inner corner of the cuneus 
a silvery dot ; membrane dusky with a darker spot at base. Scutellum black, tumid, 
polished, minutely scabrous, the tip much depressed. Venter piceous black, highly 
polished, a little rufescent when recently excluded. 

Length to tip of membrane 4^ — 52 mm.; to tip ol venter 3-j —4', mm. Width of 
base of pronotum ij mm. 

This species closely resembles the P. ii/lfsc/a/us Fab., Mantissa Ins. 
II, 305, 264; of which/'. c/'f!/iii///o/)/fri/s K'wi^chh., is a synonym. 

Our knowledge of the distribution of this species is as yet very inade- 
quate. It sometimes abounds on Pine trees in late June and July in 
Maryland. When fully matured some specimens have a faint bronze 
tinge upon the surface of the pronotum, which is not apparent in others. 
Possibly this peculiarity is due to the influence of the heat generated in 
their bodies at the period of mateing. 

3. P. Walshii, new sp. 

Tliis form has been held back for a long lime in the ho[)e that other 
specimens may be secured to enable a wider comparison with the 
European species. 

It is in reality much smaller than the P. clavatus Linn., to which it 



—31— 

seems the most nearl}- allied. Its figure, however, appears broader, the 
general color is a dark cinnamon fulvous, more or less piceous upon the 
disk of the pronotum. 

Head lufo-fiilvous, the face obsoletely transversely wrinkled, having a few im- 
pressed points scattered over the surface ; base of vertex with a slightly raised deltoid 
spot ; eyes projecting a little wider than the front ot the pronotum, but decidedly 
most prominent in the male ; antennae slender, of medium length, rufo-fulvous ; with 
the apical one-third of second joint fuscous, that joint graduated a little thicker to- 
wards the tip, and about as long as the pronotum and eye united ; third and fourth 
joints together shorter than the second, dusky, white at base, the third a little longer 
than the fourth ; rostrum rufous, reaching to the middle coxse. Pronotum trapezoidal, 
moderately convex, wide, the lateral margins diagonal, slightly sinuated, but a little 
more sinuated in the male. Legs, pectus, and basal half of venter pale rufo-fulvous, 
the apical half of the latter piceous ; coxre more or less white. Scutellum dusky, 
moderately tumid, a little scabrous, fulvous at tip. Corium and clavus cinnamon 
fulvous, sometimes darker, the former with a very slender silvery band beyond the 
base, a second similar, dislocated one behind the middle and a silvery dot at the inner 
angle of the cuneus ; the cuneus and a polished spot near the apex of corium pale 
piceous ; the membrane dusky. 

Length to tip of membrane 3 — 3i^mm.; to end of abdomen 23 mm. Width of 
base of pronotum i mm. 

This form appears more flat above than is common to the species in 
this division of the genus. 

Several specimens were kindly sent to me by the late B. D. Walsh, 
who collected them in the neighborhood of Rock Island, 111. 

Pamillia, new genus. 

Form ol Pilophoriis, but more close set and with a thicker abdomen. 
Head deeper and more convex, face narrower and more nearly vertical; 
occiput with a carina between the eyes ; antenna? exceptionally thick, of 
nearly equal thickness throughout, the second joint as long as the eye and 
pronotum vmited, third and fourth together about as long as the second, 
and both contracted at base, the fourth shortest, conical at tip. Pronotum 
trapeziform, about as wide as long, very convex, deeply sinuated each 
side, which causes the posterior angles to prominently project laterally. 
Hemelytra much widened behind the middle as far as the tip, the outer 
margin of corium broadly curved, widely reflexed ; the cuneus wide and 
short, acute at tip, feebly incised at base. Legs stout, the hind pair long, 
and all the tarsi slender. 

P. Behrensii, new sp. 

Chestnut brown, moderately polished, more robust and wider posteriorly than 
the average species of Pilophoriis. The pronotum also proportionately wider, with 
the lateral margins oblique, concave, and the disk more generally convex. Head 
convex, shorter, and less compressed than in Pilophorus^ polished, very minutely 
scabrous, transversely obsoletely wrinkled, depressed across the base, the middle line 



—32— 

feebly impressed ; eyes pale, more prominent laterally in the male than in the lemale: 
antennie very stout, all the joints of nearly equal thickness, the second joii* about as 
long as the eye and pronotum united, the third and fourth short, both contracted at 
base, the fourth shortest almost at tip ; rostrum pale rufopiceous, reaching to tip ol 
the middle coxa:. Scutellum paler brown, yellowish at tip, moderately convex, 
transversely impressed before the base. Legs piceo-fulvous, a little embrowned at 
the points of articulation, the posterior acetabular flap white. Pleural ])ieces fulvous, 
polished. Plemelytra pale fuscous invested with erect hoary pubescen.e ; the clavus 
fulvous, a little embrowned at base, corium witli a triangular white spot at base, a 
pale costal margin and a white oblique band across the liroad apex : cuneus short, 
triangular, fuscous, margined cxterii)rly and at tip with wliite ; membrane dusky, 
darker at base, venter piceous, sericeous pubescent, fulvous in the basal angle. 

Length to tip of membrane 4 mm.; to end of venter 3 J mm. Width of base of 
pronotum a little less than l mm. 

Two specimens collected in the neighboiliood of San Francisco, were 
kindly given to me by Mr. James Behrens, to whom I desire to dedicate 
this species as a slight recognition of the many services he has done in 
several branches of Entomology. 

The thick texture of the integuments, besides the exceptionally stout 
antennit, and bent hemelytra, will abundantly se{)arate this species from 
all its allies thus far recognized. 

Diommatus, new genus. 

General outline oblong elliptical. Head viewed from above nearly 
triangular, the face almost vertical, moderately tumid in front, longitudi- 
nally indented and excavated above. Superior cheeks short, tapering 
towards the tip, inferior cheeks wide, oblong, prominent, blunt at tip. 
Occipital edge carinate. Eyes large, prominent almost spherical {(^), 
vertical sub-oval Q. Tylus short, very prominent, cylindrico-convex ; 
curved beneath. Antennce about as long as the wing-cover, slender, the 
joints gradually decreasing in thickness from the basal to the third one ; 
the basal stout, abruptly contracted at base, but little longer than the 
apical one, the latter being of the same thickness as the third, the second 
long, cylindrical, equal to the third and fourth united. Rostrum slender, 
the basal joint a little longer than the throat. Pronotum trapezoidal, 
nearly flat, shorter than the width at base, the callosities prominent, and 
breaking the continuity of the oblique, blunt lateral margin. Scutellum 
moderately convex, bluntly acuminate at tip. Hemelytra long and nar- 
row, thin, pubescent, the cuneus long, slender and acute at tip, with the 
outer margin nearly straight, the inner margin concave, and the base very 
slightly incised. The membrane also long, with the principal cell long 
and rather narrow. Legs long, slender, the posterior femora stout, com- 
pres.sed, curved ; posterior tarsal joints moderately long, the basal and 
middle joint subequal, the apical one longest. Abdomen narrow and not 
distinctly contracted at base. 



—33— 

D. congrex, new sp. 

Pale green, shining, feeble, pubescent. Mead polished, with either a fuscous 
circle, or piceous spot overlapping the lylus, between the eyes. Eyes dark brown. 
Occipital collar ivory-yellow. Antenna; very minutely pubescent, testaceous, more 
or less infuscated, especially towards the base, the basal joint highly polished. Rost- 
rum scarcely reaching to the middle coxre, piceous at tip. Pronotum usually with 
two gradually widening black vittae each side, or with nearly the whole of the 
posterior lobe and most of (he anterior lobe infuscated ; the surface feebly convex, 
transversely wrinkled, obsoletely punctate, minutely sericeous pubescent ; the anterior 
angles rounded, the posterior ones nearly rectangular. Scutellum either wholly in- 
fuscated, or with a black vitta each side, transversely wrinkled, minutely pubescent. 
Legs pale green, the femora remotely bristly, having a few coarse punctures ; the 
tarsi and tips of femora piceous. Corium pale greenish or whitish, the clavus and a 
broad vitta, continued on the inner side and along the cuneus, blackish ; membrane 
blackish-fuliginous, pale next the cuneus and on the vein of the cell. 

Length to the tip of venter, (^ 3^, 9 4a 'ii'"-; to tip of wing-covers 5 — 6 mm. 
Width of pronotum l^ mm. 

It is a common insect in Eastern Massachusetts ; and it has also 
been taken in Maine, Canada and Illinois. 

Mr. E P. Van Duzee has kindly sent to me specimens from Lan- 
caster, N. Y. , collected on the first of July. 

Bolteria, new genus. 

Closely related to Labops ; form broad and nearly flat. Head broad 
nearly vertical in front, vertex very short and transverse, depressed, 
with a high carina between the back part of the eyes ; front shield- 
shaped, tumid, pushed up so as to be all between the eyes ; the eyes 
large, vertical, reniform, projecting sideways beyond and almost in 
contact with the pronotum ; antennae seated beneath and a little before 
the lower end of the eyes : tylus almost flat, the jugum is large, triang- 
ular and reaching a little more than half way down the tylus ; superior 
cheeks long, elliptical, swollen, the inferior ones small, depressed, trian- 
gular ; rostrum abruptly reduced in size beyond the basal joint, that joint 
very broad, compressed, reaching almost to the tip of the cuneus, the 
basal joint long, stout, contracted at base, the second joint a little less 
stout, cylindrical, longer than the clavus, third and fourth shorter, not 
much thinner than the second, hardly setaceous. Pronotum transverse, 
sloping forwards, almost flat, the sides oblique, decurved, abruptly con- 
tracted beneath and with the carinate edge obliterated, anterior margin a 
little shorter than the basal ; callosities small, transverse, long elliptical, 
widely separated. . ^ri'.Vel'lu'.'T' almost flat, with a transverse linear im- 
pre.ion at base. Corium n-de towards the tip, with the costal margin 
very mouc.c^.ci; v-uived ; cuneus wide at base, acute at tip, concave on 
the inner margin, the incisure at base deep ; membrane with the basal 



—34— 

iireole very wide and long, the inner areole very distinct, about one-third 
as wide at lip as the preceding. Middle joint of tarsi very short, the basal 
and apical ones long, nearly equal. 

B. amicta, new sp. 

Ivory yellow, or pale fulvous ; form much like that of Gcocoris hillatus Say. 
Head smootli, an oblong spot in each any;le at base ot vertex, a crescent each side 
bounding the convexity of the face, transverse ridges of the front placed each side of 
a depressed longitudinal line, three spots above the tylus, middle Ime of the latter, 
and margins of all the segments of the cheeks rufous ; sockets of the antennae, basal 
joint of the same, and basal joint of the rostrum dark piceous. Base of vertex with 
an impression along the front of the carina, and tliis connects with the longitudinal 
indentation each side, and next below which is an arcuated, impressed, scabrous line 
bounding each side of the front ; basal carina almost straight, the occipital area 
piceous, triangularly excavated each side ; antenna rather slender, excepting the 
basal joint, dusky, ]ialer at tip, the second joint of ecjual thickness throughout, much 
thinner than the basal one, and about as long as the eye and pronotum taken to- 
gether ; rostrum pale piceous beyond the basal joint, leaching over the tip of the 
posterior coxte O, but extending upon the base of the last ventral segment (^'. Pro- 
notum polished, a little narrower in front than at base, ivory-yellow, roughly un- 
evenly punctate, piceous on the collum, posterior margin, and on the lateral margin 
at base ; fore part of the disk fulvous each side. Margins of the pleural segments, 
and more or less of the coxa\ rufous. Scutellum ivory-yellow, piceous across the 
base, polished, minutely wrinkled. Corium feebly polished, opaque, obsoletely 
punctate, margined exteriorly and interiorly and with a gradually widening curved 
streak running back to a wavy broad band at tij), piceous ; clavus more coarsely 
punctate, margined on both sides with piceous ; cuiieus ivory-yellow, broadly piceous 
at tip and slenderly so on the exterior margm ; membrane dusky, paler at base, the 
nervules of the areoles pale yellow, and the areoles dusky next the tip. Legs dull 
testaceous, more or less piceous on the femora and tip ot tibia;, tarsi dark piecous. 
Venter highly polished, the sutures, incisures, ovipositor, and genitalia rufo-piceous 
or rufous. 

Length to tip of venter 4 mm.; to tip of membrane 42 "5 nim. 

Mr. Boiler collected several specimens in New Mexico and kindly 
gave me a pair of both sexes. 

Dh. PLAGIOGNATHARIA. 

Psallus delicatus, new sp. 

Rosy pink or testaceous tins^ed with dull brown ; moderately robust, polished. 

Head almost vertical ; face convex, smooth along the nn'ddle, and each side of this 

with a crescent composed of short fuscous transverse lines, the middle line of vertex 

obsoletely impressed ; tylus short, prominent, tinged with pale piceous ; antennre 

testaceous, dusky on the last two joints, sometimes the basal and second joints pale 

piceous ; basal shorter than the head, the second a 'J°^'j^"!^er than the pronotum ; 

tips of the cheeks and base and tip of the rostrum i n(^."iii„ ,V- ' ''"" latter rcach- 
• „ , • 1 , , ■-/"C'a"y P'ceous, uJo hasa- , 

mg upon the posterior coxa ; eyes dark blown, ncuriy .*.v..] », »vea 

beneath where bending upon the throat. Pronotum polished, convex, transverse, re- 
motely very obscurely punctate ; the lateral margins carinate-reflexed, oblique, 
hardly sinuated ; the callosities generally fuscous in the surrounding depressed lines; 



—35— 

the proplcural flap deeply depressed beneath the cariiiate margin, and broadly in- 
dented above the coxre. Legs dull testaceous, the spines black, and the posterior 
femora marked with lines of brown dots. Scutellum highly polished, moderately 
convex, obsoletely minutely rugulose, entire, subacuminate at tip. Hemelytra wide, 
minutely, remotely pubescent, darker upon the disk than upon the margins, the 
clavus rather coarsely punctate, the corium obsoletely punctate, but a little coarsely 
so at base ; the costal margin feebly curved, sharply reflexed, pale, becoming gradu- 
ally wider behind, and at the outer angle jutting beyond the base of cuneus ; the 
cuneus pale across the base and upon the margins, the tips acute ; nervules of mem- 
brane pale, the membrane sometimes clouded at base and tip. Venter dusky from 
base to ju^t before the last segment, excepting the connexivum, the edges of the seg- 
ments testaceous. Sternum sometimes with a dark band across the middle. 

Length to tip of venter 2 J- — 3 mm.; to tip hemelytra 3 — 3| mm. Width of base 
of pronotum ii — jLmm. 

The dark variety of this species has been captured in the highlands 
of Georgia. 



Notes on certain North American species of the group 
called by M. Guenee 'Acronycta'. 

By a. G. Butler, L. L. S., L. Z. S. 

I propose, from time to time, whilst incorporating the Grote and 
Zeller collections with the series in the British Museum to publish a few 
critical notes on the various types or co-types in our possession : the fol- 
lowing notes, which are not based upon on my individual judgment alone, 
but are supported by the opinion of a co-worker, are I believe absolutely 
correct. 

When Messrs. Grote, Robinson and Riley e.xamined our collections 
they neither had time or opportunity to examine the whole of the speci- 
mens in the British Museum, Grote and Zeller collections side by side 
(i. e. placmg the types together upon one piece of pith and critically com- 
paring both surfaces) and therefore it was not to be expected that their 
published notes should be final. 

A. brumosa, Guen. 

We possess the types labelled bv M. Guenee from W. Doubleday's 
collection : one of them — the type of the species — is labelled simply 'Acr. 
Brumosa, Gn.'\ it agrees perfectly with the type o^ Apaiela pcrsuasa Har- 
vev, in Cjrote's collection ; th other specimen is labelled 'variety Acron. 
Brumosa, Gn' and agrees wi. i the type o{ Acronycta ajflicta, Grote. 

The A. brumosa of Grote's collection is therefore not Guenee's species 
but is =1 A. verillii, Grote, =^ fusciata. Walk., = impressa, Walk., as 
pointed out by Grote. 



L 



--36- 

A. hamamelis, (iuen. 
A specimen, labelled by M. Guenee, of this species evidently re- 
presents a dark form of his A. darcscens (one of the types of which we 
also possess, as noted by him). A. clarescens is the 'A. hamamelis of 
(jrote's collection and therefore quite distinct from A. clarescens ofGrote, 
which belongs to another groii]) in which the dagger mark is well defined. 

Acronycta noctivaga, Chote. 
The A. longa of Walker is a s\nonym of this species antl quite 
distinct from Guenee's insect of which, unhappily, we do not possess the 
type but which appears to be a form oi A. hrtimosa =z pcrstiasa. 

Acronycta subochrea, G. & R. 

I cannot distinguish this from the type o{ A. implcta, Walk., which, 
although broken, is in perfectly recognizable condition. 

Acronycta hilus, (hole. 
This appears to me to be a small form of A. modica. Walk. ; it is 
however paler on the under surface and on the upper surface shows more 
rufous-brown in the discoidal spots of primaries. I am not usually re- 
garded as a lumper of species, but I should certainly hesitate to consider 
it distinct ; it may be. 



Notes on Preceding Paper. 
By John B. Smith. 

Acronvc/a hilus, Grt. , does not seem to be described ; no description 
is known to me at least. I wrote Mr. Butler on the subject asking whether 
he knew of a description ; his reply is : "With regard to A. hilus, Grote, 
1 know of no description of the species, but as Grote had so labelled one 
of his specimens I concluded that he did know of it, and that you, in 
America, would be likely to know of it also." 

Modica, Walker, has been dropped from our Lists by Mr. Grote. 
Mr. Butler says further on this subject in the letter above quoted : "I am 
very doubtful about the identity of^. exulis [qy. c.vilis ?] with J. modica; 
it is possible that they are distinct and, in any case, they represent at least 
two well marked types of one species ; at the same time Grote did not 
possess A. modica and the pattern of the two forms is identical : A. exulis 
is smaller, has paler primaries with a little more brown suffusion within 
end of discal cell ; but the two specimens from Grote s collection differ in 
tint of primaries, the type being paler than the second example ; therefore 
I say that I would not myself venture to separate it as a species." 

Mr. Butler's letter leaves it in doubt what relation hilus and exulis 
bear to each other ; both seem to be hardlv distinct from modica. 



—37 — 

NORTH AMERICAN PYRALID^. 

By Prof. C. H. Fekxalu. 

(Mass. Ack, Coli.ece, Amhkr.st, Mass.) 



Crambus bolterellus, ii, sp. 

Expanse of wings, 22 mm. 

Palpi, head and thorax, pale ochre yellow, the palpi being touched with fusco^l^ 
1)11 the outer side. The patagi* are overlaid with lead colored scales. 

Fore wings white, broadly edged with fuscous along the costa. Behind this edging 
there is a stripe extending from the basal fourth of the cell to the apex, of a dull leaden 
color and the remaining intervenular spaces are also of the color. An oblique reddish 
))rown line crosses the whig a little beyond the end of the cell, with a slight inward 
angle near vein 2, and a pronounced outward angle beyond the entl of the cell. A 
second line crosses the wing rather more than half way from the last to the outer 
margin, of similar size and color and similarly angulated below the costa but following 
the outline of the outer margin, below the angle. A row of six or seven black points 
lest on the intervenular spaces at the end of the wing. Fringes pale silvery metallic. 
Hind wings sordid white with a fine, pale fuscous terminal line which does not reach 
to the anal angle. Fringes white. Abdomen pale fuscous, darker beneath. Legs and 
luiderside of fore wings, pale fuscous. Underside of hind wings somewhat lighter. 

Received from Te.xas by Mr. A. Bolter, for whom I take i^^reat 
])leasure in naming this .specie.s. 

Crambus multilinellus, n. sp. 

Expanse of wings, 26 mm. 

Palpi, head and thorax, dull ochre yellow. 

Fore wings, bright ochre yellow. A costal white stripe extends nearly to the 
ajiex leaving the extreme edge of the costa fuscous, and a median white stripe extends 
from the base of the wing along the lower part of the cell out as far as the subterminal 
line, the outer part of which is separated by an oblique line. The band of yello\\- 
between the two white stripes is edged on each side with a fine line of black and 
metallic lead colored scales, and there are similar lines along the invenular spaces. 
-\11 these lines terminate just before reaching the subterminal line. Three or four 
oblique yellow lines, edged on their outer side with white, cross the outer part of the 
costal white stripe, the third of which is overlaid with metallic lead coloretl scales and 
runs down near the outer margin of the wing where it bends and runs to the hinder 
margin nearly parallel with the outer margin. This is the subterminal line. There is 
u terminal row of five black points and the fringes are pale metallic lead colored. 

Hind wings and fringes, white. Abdomen above and beneath, underside of the 
body and the legs are dull ochre yellow. Throat and underside of the paljii, white. 
Habitat. — Florida. 

Crambus behrensellus, n. sp. 

Expanse of wings, 23 mm. 

Palpi, head, thorax and fore wings, dull ochre yellow and sprinkled with darker, 
brownish yellow scales. These scales are arranged on the fore wings so as to form 
two ill defined close bands ; the first starting from the middle of the costa extends out 
to the end of the cell where it forms an acute angle and then extends across the wing 
to the middle of the hinder margin. The second band starts from the outer fourth of the 
Entomologica Americana. Vol, in. 6 May, 1887. 



-38- 

ros(;i und runs in a sfnu'hu- ilircctioii to the- other l)Ut does not form so acute an angle. 
There is a terminal row of seven black points, and the fnnges are dull golden metallic. 
The hind wings, abdomen above and beneath, underside of the body, legs and 
underside of all the wings are fuscous. 

The ven;iti(in of this species is (|uilc rcniarkai)le and w hen I take u]> 
tlie structural study of these insects I may find it neces.sary to i)lace this 
species in a new i;enus. 

Habitat. — CaHfornia. 

1 have nametl this insect for ^Mr. Janies liein-ens. wiio collected and 
sent it to me with many other e.xceetlingly interesting things, for which 1 
leel a keen sense of my obligations to that gentleman. 

1 am also under obligations to Lord Walsingham for comj)aring 
these species with the C'raml)icke in the British Museum. 

Scirpophaga fasciella, n. sp. 

K.\].ianse of wings, from 14 to 18 mm. 

I'alpi and face, reddish brown. Head, thorax and fore wings, snow white and 
somewhat silky, the latter crossed by two orange yellow bands nearly parallel with 
the outer margin, the first near the middle of the wing and not reaching to the costa, 
the second towards the outer margin and extending entirely across the wing. At the 
end of the cell between the two bands and equally distant from each is a prominent 
spot of the same color, and in some specimens there is a more or less complete orange 
yellow terminal line. Fringes snow white and silky. 

Mind wings white, with the bands of the fore wings continued in part across the 
hind wings and showing more or less distinctly across the outer part of veins 2, 3 and 
4, and also near the origin of vein 2 and at the anal angle. These marks are often 
more or less obliterated. Fringes white. .\l)donien above and beneath, underside of 
the body and wings, middle and hind legs, white ; fore legs fuscous and the basal 
part of the costal edge of the fore wings is fuscous in some examples. 
Habitat. — Florida. 

Scirpophaga flavicostella, n. sp. 

Expanse of wings, from 12 to 16 nmi. 

I'alpi and face, reddish brown. Head, thorax, abdomen and wings, above and 
beneath, snow white. The fore wings are crossed by two pale ochre yellow bands 
nearly ])arallel with the outer margin. The first band crosses the wing a little before 
the middle and has an outward angle on the median vein and an inward angle on the 
Ibid. The basal part of the costa from the thorax out to this band is also yellow. 
The outer l)and which crosses the wing on its outer fourth, is connected l)y a cross 
band to the outer margin a little above the middle and has an inward angle on vein 4, 
which nearly coimects with a quadrate spot of the same color which rests on the end 
of the cell. These cross bands are continued across to hind wings but more or less 
broken, especially the inner one, and the outer one is connected with the outer margin 
as on the fore wings. .All the wings have the terminal line yellow, and all these yellow 
bands and spots are edged with scattered scales of a dark brown color. The basal part 
of the third segment of the abdomen has a yellowish spot on the upper side. The fore 
legs are marked with reddish brown \\hile the other legs are white. 

Habitat. — Florida. 



—39— 

A Voice from the "Wilderness ! 

Key West, Fla., April 15, 1887. 
"Dear Mr. Smith : 

I yesterda\' made my first excursion on this Island, and find that 
collecting is very troublesome here. I'he whole Island is covered 
with a dense brush, composed of numerous species, mostly entirely 
unknown to me, but all being of the hardest and heaviest wood, 
so that my knife and chisel are entirely powerless to cut out the numerous 
insects which live in the branches. This brush is liberally interspersed 
with immense Cac/us plants so as to be impenetrable in most places. In 
spite of these unfavorable conditions I see that a great many interesting 
tilings can be found, and 7//0S/ of the small species I have found are en- 
tirely new to me. Of the large beetles found by Ashmead and Morrison, 
I have seen nothing so far except A^eoclyliis devastator, Elaphidion sp. , 
and the holes made by one of those gigantic Prionids. Chrysobothris 
chalcophoroides, collected by Morrison, seems to be plentiful, but it is so 
wild that I have not yet secured a single specimen. * * * * I have not seen 
a single Noctuid yet, but this section of the country with its numerous 
evergreen shrubs (not Conifers), appears to be an Eldorado for leaf- 
mining Tineids. The weather is very pleasant, the heat by no means 
unbearable, though I of course got frightfully sun-burnt on my first ex- 
cursion. There is fortunatel}' not a drop of fresh water on this Island, 
but lager-beer is 20 Cents per glass." 

Poor Mr. Schwarz ! for it is Mr. E. A. Schwarz that writes me as 
above. The want of water seems bearable for it is unhealthy, but other 
beverages to be so scare — that is a misfortune ! 

Mr. Schwarz writes further that he has discovered a beautiful new 
Thysandes in Fig, (T. ficus Schw. MSS. ), and a \\q\v Pityophthorus (nian- 
zanitcB '$>q\vw . MSS.), in the bark of "Manzanita," and no doubt other 
novelties will be discovered by this careful and industrious collector. 

Mr. Palm and Mr. Beutenmiiller of our Society are also on a col- 
lecting trip in Florida, and no doubt will turn up some fine species. 

J. B. Smith. 
— ♦ • ^ — 

Book Notice. 

The Hawk Moths of North America, by A. Radcliffe Grote, A. M., 8vo., 
pp. 63, Bremen, 1886. Price >i.oo. 

By the kindness of the Author, we are in possession of the above 
work, which, in view of its Author and subject, ought to have more 
than a passing interest to American Lepidopterists. 

The present work is very neatly printed upon good paper and con- 
sists in summary of three parts : I St, On Collecting and Preserving for 



the Cabinet ; 2n(l, The Si)ecies of N. A. Hawk Moths, aiul jrd, A con- 
cluding Essay, entitled L'Envoi. The first part gives directions as its 
title makes known. The classification follows largely that adopted by 
Prof Fernakl in his ''Sphingidae of New England." Two new genera 
are described, Deilonche, for Chcrocampa h'lsa Einn., antl A/rei/s, for 
Sphinx plebeius Fabr. The secontl part concliules with a discussion of 
descent, distribution, anil a list of genera of fooil plants. The thinl i)arl 
consists in part of remarks upon the authors past work and ideas upon 
the Eepidoptera. antl ft)r the rest of an excursus into the neighboring realm 
of poetry. The poetical, which indeed colors the whole work, antl inter- 
pentrates the hard scientific descriptions, gives a delightsomeness to the 
book rarely found in such works. One unfortunate addiuon Mr. (irote 
has made which is evidenced even in the title of the work — viz. : the in- 
troduction of so-called "common names." For once the poet has gotten 
the better of the scientist, and the poet has made a mistake. For "Hawk 
Moths" and its like are rhyme only ; "Sphinx" is the poem and is science 
as well. — Mr. Grote in his exile does not seem to have kept up thoroughly 
with American Eiterature as he makes no reference in his Bibliography to 
Mr. J. B. Smith's masterly Synopsis of the Genera of the Sjjhingida; of 
North America, for which Prof. Fernakl expresses such high regard. 



The next meeting of the Am. Ass'n for the Adv. of Sci., will 
be held in the City of New York, on Wednesday, August lo, 1887. 
A special effort will be made to have full antl interesting meetings of 
the Entomological Club on this occasion. 

Society News. 

Tlie Brooklyn Entomological Society met in its Rooms, April 5th, 14 
members present. 

The report of the retiring Editor, Mr. J. 15. Smitii was read, showing lliat Ento- 
mologica Americana is not yet able to pay its ow n way, as from it a large deficit 
falls upon the Society. The report further gave a resume of Mr. Smith's connection 
with the Society, and the great benefit which had come to him through it. 

Notice was given of the fact that the A. A. A. S. was to hold its next meeting in 
New York, beginning Aug. 10, 1887. On vote, the President was authorized to ap- 
point a Committee of five members to make arrangements for the suitable reception 
and entertainment of visiting Entomologists. 

A pleasant feature of the evening was the reception of a large photograph giving 
in a group six of the prominent Entomologists of the Pacific Coast. A vote of thanks 
was rendered to the donors. It was a pleasant thing to the Society to see that among 
these were two of its own members in former times, one of them one of the original 
members of the Society. 

The rest of the evening was spent in a discussion upon the genus Acroiivcfa, with 
a bearing upon its classification, and also upon the species of the genus, specimens of 
which had been brought for comparison and identification by the members. 





Americana 



VOL. III. 



BROOKLYN, JUNE, 1887, 



NO. 3. 



Some New Bombycidae. 
By Edw. L. Graef. 

Alypia gracilenta n. sp. 

Allied to A. octojiiaculata ; its wings are Iiowever narrower, longer, and con- 
siderably more pointed toward the apex. Head black ; eyes brown, margined 
with sulphur yellow ; palpi and antennre black. Thorax black ; tegulse sulphur 
yellow ; abdomen black, slightly sprinkled with yellow on middle segment. Legs 
black, tibiae entirely, femora only outwardly, orange. Anterior wings black with 
steel blue scales, especially marked near the uase. Yellow patches much as in A. 
octoinaailata excepting the one on the primaries near the base is more kidney shaped, 
while in A. odomaciilata it is semispherical with the base toward the interior margin. 
The costal nervure is very much enlarged towards the middle of the anterior wings, 
and is here margined with sulphur yellow. Secondaries black, with the pale yellowish 
patches placed as in A. octoinaailata except that the one near the base is much smaller 
and does not reach the inner margin. Bslow, all the markings reproduced. 

Expands ig inches. 

Described from 3 9 9 ^'"*^"^ Texas. Collection of E. L. Graef 

This species can be readily separated from A. odomaailata by its 
narrower, and more pointed wings, and the greater length of the abdomen ; 
A. octo?)iaculala (^ has a dorsal stripe of sulphur yellow, extending along 
its entire abdomen, widening towards the anal extremity, while in A. 
gracilenta the abdomen is entirely black with a few, hardly noticeable 
yellow scales on middle segment ; also by the yellow patch in the middle 
of costal nervure. 

Harrisina nigrina n. sp. 

This species in shape and size closely resembles H. amtriama, but 
can be at once recognized by the absence of the orange prothorax. The 
entire insect dull black, the abdomen with a bluish lustre. 

Expands \ inch. 

I 9 from Texas. Collection of E. L. Gri^ef. 

Entomologica Americana. Vol in. 7 .June, 1887. 



—42— 

Crocota diminutiva n. sp. 

This is the smallest of all known C/'ocoIlB ; in color it is ofa brilliant, 
uniform, orange above, and below, the primaries somewhat paler, and 
devoid of all markings whatsoever. Eyes brown. 
Expands | inch. 
I (^ and I 9 ^^'om Texas. Collection of E. L. Graef. 

Crocota opelloides n. sp. 

Shape and size of C. opclla. Primaries immaculate dull grayish orange, except 
the costa, which is of a bright orange. Some slight indications of orange in the di-- 
coidal cell. Eyes brown ; collar orange ; thorax and tegulit S^ray orange as pri- 
maries. Secondaries bright orange ; immaculate. Helow, all the wings pale orange. 

Expands i J inches. 
I (^ and I 9 ^''oi'ii Texas. Collection of E. L. Graef. 

Crocota intermedia n. sp. 

This species stands intermediate between C. ostenta and C. trcaiii, but more 
closely allied to the latter. Head, thorax and primaries immaculate, light olive 
brown. Collar orange. Secondaries orange, with a broad black V)order extending 
two-thirds the expanse of the wing. Abdomen black. B^Iow, all the wings orange, 
with a broad black border on the margins. 

Expands i inch. 
I (^ from Texas. Collection of E. L. Graef 

It would almost seem out of place to add to the many already described 
species of Crocota^ but the threes pecies here enumerated are so well defined 
and unique, that I do not doubt they are good species. C. ostenta, treatii, 
and intermedia, although my specimens are easily recognizable, still may 
prove to be identical. If this should be the case, it would only be another 
proof of the worthlessness of specilic separation based on the maculations 
of the secondaries in the Arctiidce to which I have already referred in an 
article on Arctia figurata (Bull. B'klyn Ent. Soc. , vol. I, p. 4). 

Euchaetes immaculata n. sp. 

All the wings pure immaculate white al:)Ove and below. Head, antennx' and 
thorax white ; eyes brown, slightly fringed with crimson. Abdomen light crimson 
with a white line along the dorsum. Below, white ; legs white. 

Expands \^^ inch. 
I 9 f''0"i Florida. Collection of E. L. Graef 
This species can be easily separated from its nearest congener, E. 
elegans, by its white antennce and white line on abdomen. It is larger 
and its anteriors more pointed. 

Euchaetes murina Stretch, in MS?* 

All the wings light slate color, the veins on primaries lighter near the discal 

* This species vyas originally described by Mr. R. H. Stretch in MS., but as I 
never saw his description and his new work on the Arctiida is so long delayed, I be- 
lieve I am securing him ]:)riority by describing the species here, and crediting him 
with its discovery. 



—43— 

region. Head and tliorax liglit slate color ; collar light crimson ; eyes and antennre 
black ; abdomen light crimson ; below, slate color. All the wings below uniform 
slate color. 

Expands }■§ inch. 

2 (^(^ and I 9 '''O"^ Texas. Collection of E. L. Graef. 

This species is nearest to E. cgletietisis, but is a much slighter insect. 
In color it is darker, and it lacks the black abdominal spots, as also the 
white anal tuft so conspicuous in E. eglencnsis. 

Euchaetes scepsiformis n. sp. 

All the wings iinilo' m dark blackish gray, the secondaries transparent from the 
base to middle of the wing. Head, antennse and thorax dark gray; eyes black; 
collar slightly scaled with crimson ; from this along the shoulder to beneath the base 
of primaries a band of white. I-egs dark gray, coxae of first pair crimson. Abdomen 
bright crimson with black dorsal and subdorsal spots ; beneath dark gray. 

Expands i^ inch. 

5 (^(^ from Texas. Collection of E. L. Graef 

This is a well marked species, and easily distinguished from any of 
its congeners. It is a robust insect, and the semi-transparent secondaries 
remind one of the genus Scepsis. 

Spilosoma nigroflava n. sp. 

Primaries, cream white with markings of black placed as follows : four lateral 
black dashes, the first and largest near the inner angle along and almost touching the 
interior margin ; the other three above this, equi-distant from each other and gradually 
Hearing the exterior margin. Two small black dashes in apical region, below which 
are two dots of same color. In middle area a heavy black dash extending along the 
costa below which outwardly are two dots of black, then, below, a heavy dash of black, 
somewhat of the shape of an Irregular arrow-head, the point directed toward the 
base of wing. Below this two spots, the lower the larger, succeeded below again by 
a heavy dash of black resting on the interior margin. A small dash of black in the 
basal region and a few slight spots of same color at the base. Thorax, same color as 
primaries ; tegula; bordered inwardly with black, outwardly with pale yellow. Head 
white ; eyes shining slate color ; antennce white above, and black beneath. Legs 
white, edged with black outwardly at the joints ; tarsi black. Abdomen white, with 
five large black dorsal spots, with a like number of smaller ones at the sides ; between 
these rows of spots the abdomen is light yellow ; below, white. Secondaries im- 
maculate, snow white. Beneath, the whole insect is white, the markings on primaries 
reproduced. 

Expands i^- inch. 

I 9 from Texas. Collection of E. L. Graef 

This species has somewhat the appearance of Sei'rarc/ta clio, but while 
the latter species has the black markings in continuous lateral stripes, 
these are in 6". 7iigroJiava disconnected. It is a beautiful insect, and quite 
distinct. 



—44— 

SYNOPSES OF CERAMBYCID^. 

By Chas. W. Lkn(;, H. S. 

(Continued from p. 24, vol. 111.) 

These iwo species have been much confused. Both vary in color 
from entire!}- black to nearly entirely rufous, the tip of the elytra remaining 
black in all I have seen. There is usually in pint an oblique line of silvery 
})ubescence but it is (rarely) scarcely visible and though usually absent in 
picipes it is sometimes indicated. The thorax of picipes scarcely shows a 
sign of the lateral depressions forward which are conspicuous in //«/, 
making the subangulate form more pronounced and finally the difference 
in the eyes is conclusive. Dr. Leconte mentions that thesubbasal elevation 
I if the elytra is more prominent in pini but [Kiorly developed specimens 
occur in both species in which the diff"erence is not appreciable. 

Eu. spiniconiis Q\\Q\ . , {elegans \j\\>), has occured in Me.xico near 
the boundary and is easily known by the long spine of the 3d joint of 
antenna?. 

Eu. Reichei Lee. S. M. C, No. 264, 1873, p. 202. 

Length 4 to 5 mm. = .16 to .20 ins. Hab. Texas, Illinois. 
Easily distinguished by the direction of ihe ivory band. The pio- 
thora.x also is punctured not longitudinally striate as in the other species. 

Eu. parallelus Lee. 1. c. 

Length 5 mm. = .20 ins. Hab. Lower CahTornia. 
The anterior ivory band extends from the suture to the outer third, 

the hinder one is entire. This species I have not seen. 

* * 

* 

Since writing the note on ^A' cj'//»7YAV?'w<////.v (Ent. Am., vol. Ill, p. 7) 
I have seen several specimens of that species in Mr. Henry Ulke's collec- 
tion — all identical with Dr. Horn's specimens. Chas. W. Lexg. 



Mr. Leng (Ent. Am., vol. HI, p. 6) says oi Neoclyhis scutellaris : 
"the [middle] band of thora.x is always distinct." I have seen specimens 
in which it must have been totally lost by abrasion if it ever existed. The 
form of the scutellum is characteristic and readily separates it from X. 
luscus, from which in this case it would otherwise be undistinguishable. 
In the latter it is transverse oval ; in the former elongate triangular with 
the apex rounded — characters I have not seen mentioned in the literature 
of the species. A" scutellaris is comparatively rare in the North, and a 
form of .V luscus with a red interrupted fascia occupying the same j)Osi- 
tion is put for it in exchange. This fascia, however, is one of integumental 
coloration, and not a line of pubescence, as in N. scutellaris * 

John Hamilto.v. 

* Dr. Hamilton is quite right, though the eharacter is not very apparent without 
eareiul eomparison ol both species. Ass'T Eu. 



—45— 

New Genus and Species of POLYDESMIDiE. 

By Charles H. Bollman. 

In examining the material of this family in the Museum of the 
Indiana University and my own collection, I have found the following 
new species. The types are deposited in the Museum of the Indiana 
Universit\'. 

Cenus T. POLYDESMUS, Latreille. 

I. Polydesmus nitidus, sp. nov. 

Dark shining brown, beneath hghter, lateral plates reddish-brown ; antenna; 
dark. Moderately slender and depressed, acuminate anteriorly and posteriorly, but 
not so much^ asm can<7(ie?zs is. Antennae exceeding the length of body, subclavate. 
First dorsal plate wide, angles a little produced, sides one-toothed ; posterior border 
with a row of fine, ciliated spines ; anterior row of scale barely distinguishable, middle 
row of four, large scales, posterior of three, small ones in the middle and two larger 
ones at both ends, anterior side scale small, other one (repugnatorial pore scale) large, 
elongate. Other dorsal plates with the scales distinct, anterior angles rounded, 
posterior produced, lateral margins 3 — 4 toothed, posterior border of anterior segments 
ciliated ; anterior border divided by the median dorsal line into two large scales, 
middle row consists of four scales, posterior of six, outer larger, anterior side scale 
large and swollen, repugnatorial pore scale large and elongate ; scales of last 
segments more elongate, marked with fine, irregular lines, the last row projecting 
behind . 

Feet long, strongly crassate in the male and the femur swollen above, in the fe- 
male somewhat crassate. (j copulation foot large, slender and curved ; apex beneath 
with several bunches of flat, spiny hairs, below this are four tubercles, the two lowest 
ones on the inner side largest, elongate, the last one pointing towards the coxae, pili- 
gerous pulvillus large, above which is a moderately long, topering branch and below 
a tubercle. 

Length of body 15 — 18 mm.; width 2.8 — 3.5 mm. 

Hab. Pensacola, Florida. 

I have examined 1 5 specimens of this species, collected by myself in 
the vicinity of swamps. This species is related to canadensis, but is 
easily distinguished by the long, slender tubercles of the male genitalia. 

Genus II. CHiETASPIS, gen. nov. 

Body slender, not much depressed, more convex than in Polydesmus, but not so 
much as in Scytonotus. 

Antennee with the third and sixth joints equal, the latter strongly swollen, second 
and fifth subequal, fourth equal to seventh and eighth. Segments 20 ; lateral plates 
distinct, but not as in Polydcsiints, slightly angled, serrate; dorsal plates smooth, ex- 
cepting a row of indistinct, setigerous tubercles along the anterior and posterior 
margins, no median, dorsal line ; last acuminate. Repugnatorial pore rather large, 
jjlaced on a moderately large and round tubercle, near the outer border of the 5> 7, 9i 
10, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 dorsal plates. Pairs of feet, (^ 30, 9 31. 



-46— 

This genus is related to Polydesmus and Scyionoius, but can be easily 
separated by the character of the dorsal plates. 

2. Chaetaspis albus, sp. nov. 

White throui^hout. Slender, small, slightly acuminate Ijefore. Antennae exceed- 
ing the width of body, subclavate. First dorsal plate large, semicircular, angles not 
produced, provided with five rows of hairs. Other dorsal plate with the posterior 
angles a little produced, lateral margins with 3 — 4 setigerous teeth ; rows of hairs 2 
to 3. Feet rather long, r^ Qrassate, Q slightly crassate. r/" copulation foot erect, 
not as in ]\ilydcsmus ; composed of two pieces, the outer curving outwards and then 
inwards, so that the ends almost touch over the median line of body, rather robust, 
somewhat flattened, the end apparently divided into three pieces — ^a small lobe, fol- 
lowed by a long and slender one with the end turned sharply downwards and this by 
a large, flat bifid piece ; inner piece narrow and thin, sickle shaped, the end curv- 
ing up between the branched lobe of the outer piece ; coxa" with a few long hairs. 
Seventh dorsal plate enlarged. 

Length of body 6 — 7.5 mm.; width .3 — .5 mm. 
Hab. Bloomington, Indiana. 

I have examined 4 9 9 ^"<^ 3 <^S'- ^^ seems to be more underground 
in its habits than the other species of this family known to me, I have al- 
ways found it under logs buried rather deep in the ground. I thought 
at first this may be the young of some other Polydesjnidce, but having 
found several males and taken a pair in the act of copulation, I have de- 
cided that it must belong to a new genus. 



Genus III. SCYTONOTUS, Koch. 

3. Scytonotus cavernarus, s]:). nov. 

Allied to nodiilosiis Koch. Pure white throughout. Slender, somewhat depressed, 
acuminate anteriorly. Antenna; exceeding the width of body, clavate. First dorsal 
plate elliptical, angles sharp ; scales arranged in five, transverse series, anterior row 
sharp, setigerous, all covered with fine granulations. Other dorsal plates with all the 
lateral sides sharply and deeply four or five toothed, scales arranged in four rows, the 
posterior row more or less setigerous, on the posterior segments the anterior row is not 
very distinct. Repugnatorial pore scale large and swollen. Legs moderately long 
and slender. 

Length of body 11 nun.; width 1.5 mm. 

Hab. Mayfield's Cave, Bloomington, Indiana. 

This species is described from one female found crawling on the floor 
of the above cave, in October, 1886. As already stated, this species is 
more nearly related to nodulosus, but as granulatus is the only species 
found so far in the vicinity of Bloomington, I suppose it is descended 
from pranulahis. 



—47— 

Food Plants of Geometridae with other Notes* 

By David Bruce, Brockport, N. Y. 

In the following list of food plants there is this distinction to be 
made; ist, there are given the natural food plants of the larvae, that is, 
the plants I have found the lar\3e feeding upon in a wild state, and 2nd, 
there are given the plants I have fed to the lar\-iE raised from eggs laid by 
captured females, which may or may not be the food plant in nature ; 
these latter are marked "bred" in the list following, I may add that I 
usually find the larvie of the GeometridiB are best dislodged from young 
trees by a sudden smart blow with a heavy club. Sweeping with a net in 
the evening is the way I have found best results with those species that 
feed on low plants. I have followed Grote's Check List in names and 
numbers. 

1. C. cicmataria. Double brooded ; fed in large numbers upon the 
Elm, and raised in fine variety. Bred, (Pyrrhopappus, Clematis). 

2. C. transversata. Raised from larva; beaten from most forest trees, 
though not from Oaks, which do not grow in my vicinity. (Clethra, 
Myrica, Geranium. ) 

13. T. crocallata. One larva on Spice Bush. Bred. (Sumach, 
Chestnut). 

18. M. inaJomaria. Found moth emerging from a pupa in a crevice 
in bark of Cottonwood near Denver, Col. Very common in that locality 
on trunks of Cottonwoods, and at light. 

23. C. confusaria. Larva swept from Wild Clover by roadside. 

27. E. alniaria. Bred from the t%^, and found many larvae on Elm. 
The eggs are laid in a band, and look like a small tape worm. The pupa 
is m a thin web in a leaf A large Elm in my door yard was full of the 
larvae every year. (Universal feeder. ) 

28. E. subsignaria. Elm and Maple. (Feeds on all trees.) 

29. S. kentaria. This moth flies at the end of April and beginning 
of May. The eggs are green, turning to reddish brown, hatching in 14 
days. The larvae fed on Maple, and the moth emerged in July. It is 
thus double brooded. Bred. I have beaten the larvae from Beech and 
found one full fed on Basswood. (Birch.) 

31. A htibnerata. Raised from the egg on Maple. Bred. 

40. E. hilinearia. I found a larva on Choke Cherry near Denver, 
Col, which produced this moth. I have not been successful with this 
genus [Endropia). I have tried to rear many of the species from the 
eggs, but the larvae would not feed. 

52. T. fervidaria. Larvae found on most forest trees, Beech, Birch, 
Cherry, Elm, etc. 



-48- 

53- T. etidropiaria. Beaten from Hornbeam. (Oak.) 

55. M. viargaritata. Hornbeam and Birch. One of the first lar\ce 
to be found in the Spring. (Oak, Willow, etc.) 

56. A. pidveraria. Beech and Maple. (Willow, Hazel). 

63. A. crocataria. Wild and cultivated Currant, and the yellow 
flowering Ribes in gardens. (Strawberry. ) 

64. N. filijnentaria. Wild Currant and Gooseberry, also Maple and 
other trees. (Strawberrw "i 

70. P. fcrvidaria. Maple. I picked a larva from Ash also. It did 
not feed after, but buried in the moss, and pupated. Imago appeared 
in 3 weeks. 

71. P. phlugosaria. Beaten from Wild Cherry. 

q-^. H. amicaria. Beaten from Beech, Hornbeam, Birch, Alder. 
Have also frequently beaten the pup?e from the trees into my net. 
(Hypericum.) 

99. E. chloroleucaria. Larvae common on Strawberry and Black 
Raspberry in my garden. • 

loi. D. abortivaria. Have tried manv times to rear this from the 
eggs without success. The larva fed a little on Wild Cherry, but did not 
thrive. (Grape is the food plant given by Saunders and French.) 
* 103 or 104.' I have raised an Ephyra from the Wax Myrtle growing 
in a bog near my home. I think it is E. pendulinaria (The food plants 
o{ E. pendulinaria are given by others as Birch and Sweet Fern.) 

105. A. ossularia. Raised several times from a larva obtained from 
sweeping a bank at night. Ate Strawberry leaves in confinement. (Galium. ) 

113. A. insularia. Fed larva from egg on Galium. Bred. (Celastrus. ) 

127. A. enniicleata. Raised larva from t%g on Galium. Bred. 
(Rhe.xia.) 

155. C. amorata. Raised from a short pinkish larva found on trunk 
of Hemlock. 

156. S. pustiilaria. Larva common on Maple. Two brooded. 
164. C. vestaliata. Larva beaten from Hornbeam. 

171. .S". bisignaia. Larva beaten from Birch. 

204. M. strigiilaria. Raised from larvae swept from Boneset (.') in 
July. When I visited the place in August the moths were flying or sitting 
on the leaves, with the wings closed like Butterflies, by thousands. 

213. T. wauaria. Larva on Wild Currant and Gooseberry. 

214. T. subcessaria. Larva on Wild Currant and Gooseberry. 

222. L. defluata. Raised from long larva swept from coarse grass, 
etc. , on edge of woods. 

225. E. ribearia. Larva on the yellow Ribes in the garden. (Wild 
Currant, Gooseberry.) 



—49 — 

235- I'- notatai-ia. Raised from larva found on trunk of Hemlock. 
Also beaten from Tamarack. 

239. H. gralaria. Larva on Chickueed, also bred from eggs on 
Polygonum aviculare. 

• 240. C. catenaria. Larva on Blackberry. (Oak, Myrica. Carex. ) 
257. E. spi7tataria. Raised from an undetermined plant near Denver, 

C"ol. Larva rather short and stout, clay color with darker markings- 
Imago emerged in two weeks. I then visited the spot and found the moth 
pretty common.\ 

V 262. C. pulchraria. Raised from larva; beaten from lamarack ver\' 
early in Spring. (Pine.) 

274. C. umbrosaria. Beaten from Horse-Chestnut and Elm. 
* 278. C. pampmaria. Larva beaten and bred from Ash, Elm, anil 
-Maple. 

' 282. C. crepuscular ia. Larva; live on most forest trees. (Elm, 

]\L\ple, etc. ) ; 

285. 7'. canadaria. Larva beaten from Tamarack and Myrica. 
( Hemlock. Spruce. ) 

291. P. subatwnaria. Larva beaten from Spruce Fir. (Pine, Poplar. ) 

293. P. dtpliviaria. Larva beaten from Beech, Alder, and Basswood. 
( Spruce. ) 

294. Biston ursarius. Larva found on Elm. 

296. E. cognataria. Larva beaten from Elm, Ash, and Basswood. 
Bred from the egg on cultivated Plum. (Spiraea, Birch, Chestnut, Maple, 
Willow, Honey Locust, Melilotus. ) 

- 300. H. tiliaria. Common on all trees in spring. 

301. P. strigataria. Larva beaten from Birch, IVLiple and Elm, 
The larva hides in holes in the bark by day. (Rose.) 

• 304, 305, 306. A. vernata, A. auhwmala, and C. boreaia. Larva 
found on Apple, Elm, and Maple. (Cherry, Ash.) 

316. B. albovittata. Raised from a long, thin larva, found on the 
llowers of Hypericum. 

• 321. Z. verrniia. Larva found on Amelanchier canadensis. 

325. 7! indubitata. Raised from stout rough larva on Barberry in 
garden. (Plum, Crataegus, Rhamnus. ) 

329. H. nndiilata. Raised from larva that webs the ends of the 
twigs of the Wild Cherry, and lives gregariously in the web. (Willow.) 

330. P. latinipta. Larva raised from the Q^g, fed on Pol\gonum 
aviculare. Bred. 

332. A. vasillata. Larva beaten from Wild Rose in June. The 
moth is common on bloom of Sallow in early spring. 
334. R. i-uficillata. Larva beaten from Birch. 

Entomologica Americana. Vol ni. 8 June, 1887. 



— 50— 

53^- •^- inl('i'nii'iUata{}'). Bred from the et,'g an Elm, wliich is I 
think the natural food plant, as I find the moth on the trunks of Elms. 
This is the first of its genus to appear in spring, appearing at Sallow with 
the Taeniocampse, etc. 

339. R. lacusirala. Larva found on wild anti cultivated Raspberry. 
The larva however will eat anything. 

346. O. ferrugata. Raised from larva found on Smartweed. Bred 
from the egg on Poh'gonum aviculare. Very pretty and variable as bred. 
(Nepeta glechoma. ) 

347. O. designa/a. Larva found on Peppergrass, also on Radish in 
the garden. (Cabbage, Water Cress.) 

356. P. iiivcrsilineaia. Larva common on Grape and Ampelopsis ; 
it is long and slender and in color varies from yellow to brown. 

358. P. kslnia. Raised from larva found on cultivated Bean, but 
it would not eat after capture. (Birch, Willow.) 

366. P. truncahi. Raised from larva beaten from Alder. I found 
larvce, which seemed to be exactly the same, on Willow, but did not 
raise them. 

367. H. tn/asciaia. Raised from a short thick larva found in a web 
in a Willow leaf at Denver, Col. (Alder. 1 

371. E. periineaia. Beaten from Beech and Birch. 

373. P fliiviata. Raised from a larva found on Elm. (Polygonum.) 

376. P. 77iiiUiferala Raised from the (t^,% on Polygonum aviculare. 
Bred. 

390. E. miserulaia. Beaten from Tamarack. I have found this 
larva, or something very like it, on Amelanchier canadensis, and the moth 
is common about its flowers in spring. (Juniper, Fruit of the Currant.) 

393. E. absynlhiala. Found in plenty by sweeping or searching 
the flowers of Golden Rod, etc., by night. (Flowers of Senecio, 
Artemisia, etc.) 

Note by the Editor. 

The above list of food plants was sent to me, in answer to a request 
made for private purposes. I have thought it too important a paper to be 
kept from the public, and so, with as little change as possible, have pub- 
lished it. To each species I have added in parentheses other food plants 
upon which the larva are known to feed. Thus all the food plants known 
to me of the species given above, are placed together before the reader. 
There are of course many species not given in this list, of which the food 
plants are known. Before giving these, I solicit from Entomologists any 
information they may have of the food plants of the Geometridce , that at 
some time in the future I may give not only additions to the above, but 
as complete a list as possible. 



—51 — 

Notes on certain Psychidae, with descriptions of two new 

Bombycidae. 

Bv A. S. Packard. 
From material kindly given me by Messrs. Graef, Hulst and Edwards, 
I have been able to review the characters of our two true Psychids, and to 
add another fine species from Texas to our fauna. I also offer a description 
of a verv prettv Lithosia from Northern Maine, and of a small Cochlidian 
from Texas. 

Psyche carbonaria n. sp. 

2 c5^c^. This is the largest species yet known from this country, the wiiigs ex- 
paneling a fifth of an incli more than those of P. confederata. The head and thorax 
are very hairy ; front of head wide, much as in P. confederata, and the eyes of the 
same proportional size. Antennce with long pectinations. Wings uniformly smoky 
black, not quite so black and thickly scaled as in P. confederata. They are slightly 
narrower than in that species ; the costa of both pairs not so full, and the apex of the 
primaries is more pointed. The venation of the fore wings differs from that of Z'. 
confederata, besides other less important respects in the 4th median venule,* the 
origin of which is in common with the 3rd, and not widely detached from it as in P. 
confederata. In the hind wings the costal vein sends off backwards a slight spur to- 
wards the costal edge, and there is an oblique veinlet, connecting the costal and sub- 
costal veins and situated on the inner fourth of the wing ; beyond this the costal does 
not unite with the subcostal on the apical fourth of the wing, as is the case in P. con- 
federata. There are other differences which can be only described by aid of a figuie. 
The male genitals are longer, slenderer, and more pointed than in P. confederata. 

Expanse of wings, 21 —22 mm.; length of body, 8-9 mm. 

Two males from Texas. Collection of Mr. Edward L. Graef; one 
of these by the kindness of the author retained in my own collection. 

Note on Platceceticus gloverh Pack. It will be remembered that this 
genus and species was described in my "Guide" from the drawings of the 
late T. Glover. Having been favored witli several specimens from Crescent 
City, Fla. , received through the kindness of Mr. H. G. Hubbard, I have 
been able to compare this species with Psyche confedtrata, with which it 
might at first sight be confounded. But by a study of the venation it is 
evident that the two moths belong to different genera. Besides minor 
differences Platceceticus differs from Psyche in having, so to speak, two 
independent venules arising from near the middle of the discal space, i.e. 
besides the usual four median venules, and five (the 5th in Psyche forming 
the "independent'') subcostal venules there is an extra independent venule 
* The author here wishes to protest, with Westwood, against the custom instituted 
by Herrich-Schaefer and followed by other German and American writers, of counting 
the branches beginning at the anal angle from i to 12. To do so is irrational and un- 
scientific. As is well known, there are at least 5 main veins, of which the subcostal ai^d 
median are always branched. As heretofore we count the first branch to be thrown off 
from the main stem as venule i, and so on. To count only the branches without reference 
to the main stems, would be as unscientific as to count the fingers of our hands 
from I to 10. 



not present in Psyche or in 'J'hyridopteryx. In the hind wings, however, 
there are the same number of veins as in Psyche confederata and carbonaria. 
Phitocceticus however not only differs in the venation, but has larger 
eyes, while the front of the head is narrower than m Psyche. The species 
may be dislinguishetl from /*. confederata by the shape of the wings; 
moreover the body and the wings are much paler, being mouse- 
brown, (while P. confederata is black), with the scales less numerous or 
thinner, and the genital plates are longer, narrower, and more pointed. 
Moreover the pectinations of the antenna? are shorter. The wings expand 
1 8 mm., and the body is 7 mm. in length. Specimens in alcohol of the 
larva, pupa and female are very desirable for a complete history of the genus. 

Lithosia rubropicta ii. sp. 

I ''J. P'ront of the head as l)road as long: palj)i iiuite long, brown, scarlet 
beneath on the basal joint. Head brown, with a scarlet occipital stripe passing around 
the underside of the head. Fore wings dark brown, without any mai'kings, except 
that the costa is edged with scarlet on the basal two-thirds. Hind winga scarlet on 
the basal half; the outer half dark brown, concolorous with the fore wings. Abdomen 
deep scarlet above and on the sides, with a dorsal row of seven brown median spots ; 
beneath dark brown. Underside of the fore wings with the costa more broadly edged 
with scarlet than above ; hind wings as above. 

Expanse of wings, 28 mm.; length of Ijody, 9 mm. 

Of this fine species 1 captured a single specimen on the shores of the 
Rangeley lakes, Maine, in July. It is quite unlike any other Lithosian 
we have, as observed to me by Mr. Henry Edward?. It is a true Lithosia, 
with the outer edge of the fore wings quite oblique, the wings being 
broader and more triangular than in Hypoprepia or Anatolmis. The hind 
wings are much rounder and fore wings wider than in /.. casta or the 
other known American species. It is certainly a very beautiful addition 
to our lepidopterous fauna. 

Lithacodia graefii n. sp. 

I (3 . Hody and fore wings deep ochreous ; hind wings yellow, unspotted. Fore 
wings with a linear brown line, beginning on the middle of the hind edge, crossing 
the wing obliquely outwards and forming a broad loop not reaching the costa, re- 
turning by a course not quite parallel with the outer edge and endnig at the inner 
angle. On the underside this line does not re-appear ; both wings are more ochreous 
than above. 

Expanse of wings, 12 mm.; length of Irady, 5 mm. Texas. 

This little species, the smallest of the genus, is congeneric with L. 
fasciola and L. flexuosa, being closely allied to the latter species, but 
differing in the direction of the dark line on the fore wings, and in its 
smaller size. 

I am indebted to Mr. Edward L. Graef, for the privilege of describing 
this species, represented by three specimens in his collection, one of 
which he kindly gave me. On showing it to Mr. H. Edwards he regarded 
it as undescribed. 



—53— 

On the Life-History of Lygseus turcicus, Fah. 
By C. H. T. Townsend. 

As far as known to me, the habits of this insect have not heretofore 
been much investigated. The imagines are common here during July 
and August, but until lately I had not observed the species closely enough 
to discover it in its early stages. 

Mr. Uhler, in his paper on the Hemiptera Heteroptera of the Harris 
Collection (Proceedings B. S. N. H., vol. XIX, p. 365-446), gives the 
following after the name Lygceus turcicus Fab. 

"No. 21, Harris' Collection. 'On Asckpias synaca, July 10, 1822. 
Larvae on Asclepias, Oct. 15, 1832. North Cannon, Mich., T. E. Wet- 
more.' Westfieid, Mass., Dr. S. Shurtleff. " 

Thus it seems that the larvae were observed as early as 1832, and in 
this State (Mich.). The township of Cannon is in Kent County, im- 
mediately north-east of Grand Rapids township, with which it joins corners. 

In regard to the food habits of either the larvae or the perfect bugs of 
this species I have never seen anything published, except a short statement 
by Glover, and one or two similar ones by others, having no doubt the 
statement of the author named for their authority. In his paper on the 
Heteroptera, presented in the Report of the U. S. Entomologist for 1875 
(Report U. S. Com. Agric. , 1875, p. 1 14-140), Glover states that L. 
turcicus "has been observed once or twice preying on the small caterpil- 
lars feediiig on the Asclepias, or milkweed." An allied species, Oncopeltus 
fasciatus Dallas, is given on the next page as "having been found in great 
abundance in Maryland on flowers of the Asclepias in company with cater- 
pillars oi Euchetes egle," adding that "it probably feeds also upon them." 
In his paper on Insects frequenting the Cotton plant (Agricultural Report, 
1855, p. 64-119), Glover also states that a nearly allied bug, supposed 
to be a species oi Lygceus, the larvae of which he found in injured cotton 
shoots, was seen to kill and suck the juices from members of his own 
species, and also to suck the sap from the cotton plant. It seems that 
the food habits of the Lygceidcs and Pyrrhocoridce have not been much 
inquired into (with the exception of two species, the chinch-bug and the 
cotton-stainer), a few notes like the preceding concerning some of the 
species being all I find upon the subject. 

Z. turcicus is seldom found here on any other plant than A. tuberosa, 
though sometimes on A. syriaca. The only exceptions to its Asclepias- 
habit, that have ever come under my observation are three instances, an 
individual being taken each time on rag-weed, a tall weed, and a flower- 
ing-almond ; and these I think were accidental occurrences. The 
earliest date at which I have taken the species is March 3, (1882), when 



\ 



—54— 

a specimen was taken flying ; the latest, Oct. 23, (1886), when a nymph 
was taken on the ground in a iield. The earHest occurence of the insect 
on i\\Q Asck'pias that I have recorded is June 22, (1886). Thus it ranges 
on the plant here from June to September. A specimen was taken April 
25, (1886), in a crack in a rotten slump ; no doubt the species hibernates 
in sheltered places (probably in the imago), as this and other early occur- 
rences would show. Some flicts would tend to show that it may oc- 
casionally winter in the nymph slate as well as in the imago, as the late 
occurrence of the larvae taken at North Cannon, Mich., Oct. 15, 1832, 
also the nymph taken here, Oct. 23, (1886), and as will be shown further 
on, the female taken Oct. 8, (1886), which contained 13 eggs. Some 
further observations on the subject will be needed however before deciding. 

Inasmuch as this species is so confined to the Asclepias, it has long 
been my opinion that in their early stages as well as in the imago they 
suck the juices of this plant. This is a direct inference ; for if they fed on 
other insects, why should they be so confined to this one plant, more 
especially as I have never noticed any Euchetes, or other larvae to speak 
of, on the Asclepias here.^ With this idea in view I observed the species 
quite closely last season (1886) and was well rewarded. 

On August 14, while watching a nymph that I had just discovered 
on a green seed-pod of ^. iuberosa, I perceived it insert its rostrum slowly 
and nearly its whole length, into the pod and suck the juice therefrom. 
Most of the insects were at this time on the pods. The same day I ob- 
served the perfect bugs, both se.xes, do the same thing, even puncturing 
yellowed pods as well as the green ones. The same was again observed 
on August 2ist and 26th, numbers of the imagines puncturing the seed- 
pods. Some of the specimens e.Kamined were found to contain a con- 
siderable amount of green fluid in the alimentray canal, which was no 
doubt the juice they had been extracting from the pods. They are seldom 
found on the leaves after the pods are well formed. The natural food of 
L. turcicus is undoubtedly the juice of the stems and pods of the Asclepias, 
though occasionally they suck the juices of insects as do many nearly allied 
species. As they are so constant on the Asclepias, it is not likely that 
they will seriously injure or even attack any cultivated plants. 

During the season I examined many of the specimens that came in 
my way, to ascertain if possible something of the breeding-habits. The 
following are the results : 

The only date of the species being in coitu that I have recorded is 
August 13th. 

July 28th. — Of four specimens taken on leaves and flowers of ^. 
Iuberosa, three were males, while the fourth was a female and contained 
29 yellowish-tinted eggs. 



—55— 

August 4th. — Took on a leaf of the flowering-ahiiond a female, 
which contained 24 eggs. 

August 1 2th. — Took two on green seed-pods uf A. iuhcrosa, both of 
which proved to be males. 

August ijlh.-— On green seed-pods of A. tuberosa took a pair /;/ 
coitu, and a single individual. Of the two in coitu the female contained 
35 eggs. The single one, which was also a female, contained 26 eggs. 

August 14th. — Of twenty taken on A. tuberosa, ten were males and 
ten females. Of the 10 females, one contained 6 and another 10 eggs, 
while the remaining eight were destitute of eggs. 

August 1 6th. — Took a female on rag- weed. It contained 16 eggs. 

August 2 1st. — Took on A ///<5'tvf5a eleven specimens, of which three 
were males and eight females. Of the eight females, none contained eggs. 

August 26th. — Took on a weed a specimen which proved to be a 
male. 

September loth. — An imago taken on a full grown seed-pod of A. 
syriaca. I regret to say that I neglected ascertaining the sex. 

October 8th. — A female taken running on one of the boards of an 
old fence. It contained 13 eggs. This was somewhat unexpected, as I 
had supposed the laying lime to be over at this date, and mdicates that 
the species may sometimes winter in the nymph state. 

Nymphs were taken on green seed-pods of A. tuberosa August 13th 
and 14th, and one on the soil of a potato-field, October 23rd. 
^ ■ ^ 

In a recent article in Science, by Le Metayer de Guichainville, pere 
et fils, we learn in six columns of type that we have here in America a 
species of Org)'ia, which is very destructive and which is not the antiqua 
of Europe. It may however be the leucostigma of Abbot and Smith, 
though this is not certain. We learn also something of the life-history and 
are comforted by the assurance that it will be completed by the authors, 
while we are astounded to hear that no one seems to know anything of 
this insect in this country. 

A grosser specimen of ignorance it is impossible to imagine. The 
authors know nothing whatever of the literature of American Entomo- 
logy, nor apparently of American Entomologists. That Science should 
have printed such an article is more than passing strange and does not 
speak well for the editors who should have known that this subject of 
O. leucostigma has been treated of by Riley, Lintner, Packard, Thomas 
and many others — that all stages have been figured again and again and 
that Le Metayer de Guichainville, pere et fils, should have been advised 
to study their subject before printing. John B. Smith. 



-56- 

Notes on Apion, with Description of a New Species. 
By John B. Smith. 

In the Trans. Am. Ent. Soc, XI, 41-68, I gave a synopsis of the 
North American ApionincB. In the genus Apion, I based my first section of 
the genus on the presence of a distinct tubercle on the inner side of the 
anterior femora, and found four species so distinguished, agreeing also 
in the elongate cylindrical thorax and generally graceful form. The 
second section contained a much greater number of species, many of 
which agreed in general form with those of section I. Collections made 
by Mr. Ulke make it certain that the femoral tubercle is a male character, 
and that all of the species of the first section are males of some of the 
.second. I have no excuses to make for my mistake in describing the 
two sexes under different names. Nothing was known of such a sec- 
ondary sexual structure in the genus, and I am not the only one that 
has made a similar blunder. As near as it is possible to make out now 
the synonymy is as follows : 

A. erraticum Sm. (^ — A. estriatum Sm. 9- 
A. obsoletum Sm. (^ — ^. ovale Sm. 9- 
A. erythrocerum Sm. (^ = A. cribricolle Tec. 9- 
Leconte's name has priority. 

A. robustum Sm. (^ = A. obesum Sm. 9- 

Except in the case of cribricolle where Dr. Lecontes previously de- 
scribed species displaces my name, I have retained the name proposed 
for the males. Large collections seen and received since the publication 
of the synopsis have discovered several new species, and have also dis- 
closed an unexpected amount of variation which may interfere somewhat 
with the scheme proposed by me. It is likely that other sexual characters 
w^ill be discovered which will afford a sounder basis for a division of the 
genus. One prominent form is new and merits description. 
A. lividum n. sp. 

Belongs to group ventricosiint of Section IV and nearest in form to turlniUiituni 
Smith. Color, a uniform rather pale red brown, differing thus, at once not only from 
all the species of the group, but from all others in the genus. The head is punctured 
between the eyes ; the latter black, distinct, but hardly prominent ; rostrum some- 
what dilated near base. Thorax closely and distinctly punctured ; a larger linear 
fovea at base, sides slightly arcuate. Elytra deeply striate, the strire distinctly and 
deeply punctured, intervals narrow, convex, smooth. — Length i mm. — Hab. Florida. 

Two specimens in my own collection, several with jMr. Ulke. There 
will be no diflficulty in recognizing this species, as it is unique in the genus. 

Collectors would do a great deal to aid in straightening out this famih- 
if they would carefully mount all specimens taken in copula on the same 
pin, and note the fact that they were so taken. This, systematically done, 
would often save such blunders and avoid a cumbrous synonomy. 



3/ — 

Book Notices. 

Systema Geometrarum zonae temperatioris septentrionalis. — Systematischc 
Bearbcitung der Spanner der Nordlichcn ( Jemiissigten Zone, von C. Freih. v. 
Giimppenberg. ister Theil mit 3 Tafcln. Nova Acta der Ksl. Leop. Carol. 
Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher. Band 49, Nr. 4, Halle, 1887, Seite 
229 — 400, Taf. 8 — ID. 

It is generally unfair to pass judgment upon a work when only in 
part completed. But the above work is one of so great importance that 
some ])articular mention ought to be made of its publication, even in 
part. JMoreover its aims, its })lans, its argument and its synopses are 
included in the 172 pp. already issued, so that it seems one ought with- 
out unfairness to be able to summarize the intention and accomplish- 
ment of the author. 

The work as may be gleaned from its title is an ambitious one. It 
endeavors to cover in some respects the whole field of the family of the 
Geometridae of the Northern temperate Zone ; it treats of descent, clima- 
tic variation, influence and distribution ; it discusses classification and 
nomenclature ; it gives finally a Synopsis of Genera and a systematic 
descrij^tion of Genera and Species. It aims to be to the North temperate 
Zone verv much what Dr. Packard's great work was to the Geometrid 
Fauna of our own country. 

In the discussion of descent, variation, and distribution there is 
nothing that specially claims our attention. So far as it touches our 
fauna it is only a following of Dr. Packard's views given in his Mono- 
graph. 

The author's vievvs upon classification are novel and radical, and they 
are expressed with a point and frankness which leaves no doubt as to his 
meaning. His argument is that the systems of the past are artificial, un- 
scientific, and worthless. He endeavors to show by arguments as 
well as by the confession of the authors, that the systems of Herrich- 
Schaeffer and Lederer, based on venation cannot be received by students. 
He endeavoi's also to show that the systems of Guenee and Packard 
founded more especially upon the structure of head, body and appen- 
dages, are no less valueless. 

After all this iconoclasm the author proceeds to unfold what he 
calls the Natural System. As the corner stones of his structure he lays 
down the following : 

1st. — The one who .seeks by examination to determine an insect 
unknown to him, must use means as simple as possible, and nothing 
shall have standing with him wliich is ascertained only by dissectitm, 
bv means of the microscope or Ijy the mutilation of the insect. 

Entomoixxiica Americana. Vol in. '.* Junk. 1HM7. 



-58- 

2nd. — One must in his observations take account only of distinctions 
which are possessed by every species of the same genus and every speci- 
men of the same species as well as in both sexes if the female is perfectly 
developed. 

As based upon these laws venation, head and palpal structure, the 
legs and their armature are none to be reckoned in generic determination. 
Classification practically rests ist— upon the visible and evident shape of 
the wings, and 2nd — upon the method of the design of the markings of 
the wings. For the first account is taken of the various edges, whether 
rounded, angulale, straight or concave — ^of the various angles, whether 
sharp or rounded ; for the second account is taken of the number of cross 
lines upon the fore and hmd wings, and their shaping in lines, bands, 
points, &c. 

Following this, the author gives his rules cif nomenclature, &c. , 
tables of the altitude and geographical distribution of species. These are 
followed by a synopsis of genera and a general description and systematic 
arrangement of species. The three plates given so far with the work are 
intended to place before the eye the author's ideas oi influences, cold, 
heat, elevation, plant life, &c., which in the North temperate Zone have 
affected and which now to an extent modify its Geonietrid P'auna. 

With regard to the System of the author, after a tletailcd examination 
we, fail to see how it can be called more natural or less artificial than 
systems based upon venation or the structure of the various jjarts of the 
body. We fail to see either right or reason in forbidding for the deter- 
mination of genera the use of structural distinctions which are ascertained 
only by use of the microscope. We fail to see anything of exactness 
gained by using for determination things so variable as wing shape, 
or so wonderfully changeable as the design of the markings upon the 
wings. We fail to see that this latter which is unsafe for specific deter- 
mination, can be used in any way as a basis for generic distinction. The 
system seems to be the outgrowth of a feeling we have often realized, viz. : 
that the systems of the past are unsatisfutory, and to an extent artificial. 
But we would not think it either ralioiial or necessary to cast away all 
the past has done, because we find its work incomplete or disappointing. 

Some of the innovations of the author we are inclined to endorse. 
Among the number we note the Latinizing and correct spelling of generic 
names, as Fuboea for pAibvja, Marmoropteryx for Marmopleryx, Loxo- 
gramma for Lozogramma, etc. 

The author in his Bibliography m.ikes no reference to the BiiUeliii of 
llie Brookl. Fnt. Soc, Entomologica .Xincricana, Papilio, the Canadian 
Entomologist, or anv works i.ssueil b\- our Government, except Dr. 
Packard's Monoi;ia])li. Dr. Packard's work seems to have l>een the sole 



—59— 

means ol knowledge used b}' ihc iuuIk ir in his work. It does not appear that 
he had any personal knowledge of the insects of our fauna, or of the fact 
that since the publishing of Dr. Packard's Monograph above 185 species 
have been described by various authors or have been found in our faunal 
limits. The author will without doubt be informed upon these matters 
in time to incorporate the most of them in his work, but it is a serious 
drawback to the value of the work in the eyes of American Students and 
gives a suspicion that sufficient personal investigation and study has not 
been given to that fauna which includes nearly one-third of the species of 
which he treats. 

However in its system of classification the work is a very notable 
one and in that respect will rank among the few great works upon this 
f.imily of the Lepidoptera, even though the system must be ccuidemned. 

Geo. D. Hulst. 

* * 

Synopsis of the North American Syrphidae, by Samuel W. VVilliston, M. D., 
Ph. D. Bull. U. S, Nat'l Mus., No. 31. 8". pp. I to XXX, and i 10335, pi. XII. 
Washington, 1886. 

This Bulletin has just been distributed, and is by all odds the most 
valuable recent contribution to American Dipterology. It contains first 
a "Classification,'' in which a synoptic table of the subfamilies and genera 
are given, and second, "Descriptions," in which all the genera and species 
are carefully described, the .synonomy and bibliography given and all in- 
formation on the species collated. 

The best praise that can be given this book, is to say that no intelli- 
gent student can fail to identify his specimens from it. More such works 
would quickly increase the number of students and consequent knowledge 
of the order. John B. Smith. 

Editor Extomologka Americana. 

Dear Sir : — There are lew beetles, or indeed insects of any order 
more beautiful than are the Bitprestids of the genus Brachys. We have 
just reared in our Laboratory two species, B. ovata Web., and B. cerosa 
Mels. The former was taken last October in leaves of the Poplar (Popu- 
lus tremuloides) and the latter in leaves of Oak. The larvae were mining 
under the epidermis, and were like all the larvae of this genus. The head 
is prominent, and the borer or miner tapers gradually to the pointed 
posterior end. The B. ovata came forth as a mature beetle the last week 
(jf April, while B. cerosa came forth from the pupa state to-day, May 9th. 

Last year, 1886, -peach trees in portions of Michigan were seriously 
injured by a Longicorn borer. The twigs were cut off so as to nearly destroy 
some of the trees. The beetles are just now emerging from twigs kept over 
winter in the Laboratory. They prove to be Elaphidion farallelum Newm. 

A. j. Cook. 



L 



— 6o— 

The current numbers of the 'Entomologische Nachrichten' contain 
interesting reading. First Dr. Kraatz "goes for" Dr. Kolbe, proves 
him an ignoramus and himself the exact contrary. Then Dr. Kolbe 
proves Dr. Kraatz an exceedingly bad man, unworthy the confidence of 
his fellows, and that he not only knows nothing, but never did know 
anything. As said, it is interesting reading — and all this because these 
two gentlemen are not agreed as to the value of the genus Orinocarabus 
and of the position of some of the species. John B. Smith. 



Society News. 

The Brooklyn Entomological Society met in its rooms Tuesday Evcninij;, 
May 3rd. The President reported the following Committee to represent the Society 
in the Meetings of the A. A. A. S. to be held in New York, August loth, — Henry 
Edwards, Ed. L. Graef, Chas. S. Lcng, G. W. J. Angcll and Geo. U. Ilulst. 

Mr. Weeks read a paper ujion various melhotls of ])rescrving dujilicates of 
» Coleont'jra. 

In response to a question by one of the members opinions were given as to the 
best method of collecting Coleoptera when off on a distant collecting trip. The large 
majority favored the collecting of all Beetles in pure alcohol rather than in any 
other way. 

Ent. See. Washington, April 7th, 1887. — Mr. E. A. Schwarz read a paper, 
"In Mcmoriam of Thomas Say." He showed two photographs of tlie monument 
erected to his memory at New Harmony, Ind., and a copy of the inscriptions on it. 
After describing the life of Thomas Say, Mr. Schwarz feelingly remarked, that the 
importance of Say's work had never been duly recognized by the Scientific Societies 
of Philadelphia to M'hich he belonged and of one of which he was one of the founders. 

Mr. Smith read a short paper on specific characters in the genus Arctia, finding 
the pattern of maculation con.stant and reliable for specific distinction when the ten- 
dency or direction of variation was understood. He gave a rough outline of a scheme 
to distinguish the species. 

Mr. Ulke made some remarks on exchanging and dealing in Insects, criticising 
to tendency to use numbers instead of names, as a source of many erroneous deter- 
minations, as an error in a single figure would sometimes put the specimen in an alto- 
gether different family. 

May 6th, 1887. — Mr. Smith gave some notes on the Snier'nithiuiC — first giving a 
brief history of the modifications and subdivisions of the original <j^cn\\9< Siiicrhithiis 
until to-day we have seven genera for eight species. He called attention to the un- 
certainty which writers seemed to labor under as to the real limits of genera, and 
pointed out a series of characters which will. In- believes, jirove satisfactory in separat- 
ing the forms now known to us. 

Dr. Marx gave sonic brief notes on his recent studies in ScorpionidtC, ami also on 
the effects of their poison on the human system. Mr. Lugger and Mr. Sm;tJ. made 
some remarks on the latter subject. 

Mr. Howard recorded the presence of Ilydropsyclu- in all stages of growth at this 
season, and also the presence of great swarms of Siiiiitliurn larvoe. 

Mr. Lugger read a note on an Entomological curiosity.* 

* Which will be printed in lull. 




Americana 



VOL. III. 



BROOKLYN, JULY, 1887. 



NO. 4. 



The Scolopendridae of the United States. 

By Lucien M. Underwood, Ph. D. 

Through the kindness of the curators of the U. S. National Museum 
I have had the opportunity to study its collection of Myriapoda^ which 
though not a large one is especially rich in the larger centipedes of this 
country. Recent studies by Kohlrausch- and Meinert-^ have greatly 
modified the subject of specific determination in this family and have 
reduced many of the species described by Newport, Wood, Koch, 
Saussure and Porath so that an extensive array of synonyms stands as 
the result of their labors. Characters now known to be individual have 
been relied on hitherto as specific, and the study of larger numbers of 
specimens has made in some instances sweeping reductions. As an ex- 
ample forty specific names now stand as synonyms of Scolopendra 
morsita7is. ■* 



1 There is a division among Zoologists as to the orthography of this word. The 
orthography Myriapoda used above is in accordance with the usage of Newport, 
Gervais, Lucas, Wood, Meinert, L. Koch, C. Koch, Bergsoe, Porath (eariier papers), 
Pahnberg, Ryder, Sager, Cope, Fanzago, Saussure, Humbert, Haase and De Borre. 
The form Myriopoda is used by Karsch, Latzel, Packard, Stuxberg, Butler, Harger, 
Peters and Porath (later papers). 

2 Gattungen und Arten der Scolopendriden, in Archhi fur NatitrgescJnchti, 
i88i, 50—132. 

3 Myriapoda Musei Cantabrigensis, Part I Chilopoda, in Proceedings American 
Phil ical Society, XXI, 1 6 1 — 233 ( 1 885 ) . 

■* Cf the 38 species of 5'r^/i3/£';/(/ra described by Newport in his classic (Trans. 
Linn. Society, 1844) only eight have not yet been reduced to synonyms. Of the 25 
species described by Wood, nineteen are not now regarded as valid species and not one 
of the other six h ! been identified a second time. In the h'ght of these facts it is 
the part of wisdc. 10 move slowly in the description of new specie'^. 

Entomologica Americana. Vol hi. 10 July, 1887. 



—62 — 

The Scolopendridae may be readily distinguished from all other 
Chilopoda in the possession of either 21 or 23 pairs of legs. The body 
segments being so similar the essential characters are drawn from the 
head and its appendages, the first body segment (basilar segment), and 
the last segment with its so-called anal legs ; other characters are drawn 
from the spiracles, the armature of the femoral joints and of the tarsi; 
sexual characters have never been used in classification. A vast amount 
of work must be done in studying the early stages of not only this family 
but all other families of the Myriapoda before specific lines may be re- 
garded as settled. 

The reported occurrence t)f a tropical genus in the Southern States 
necessitates an enlargement of the s}-noptic table given in the first volume 
of this journal. ^' 

The genera may be distinguished as follows : 

A. —With 23 pairs of legs, all 5 -j-joiiitvil ; ocelli wanting; ; atiteniire i7Jointed. . . 

Scolopocryptops Newp. 
With 2 1 pairs of legs B 

B. — With nine pairs of siaiplj stiymata " C 

With ten pairs of sti^Mi.ata, whi.h are inclosed in a deepened, wrinkled, gill- 
like integument ; ant-nnre 17 -21-jointed Branchiostoma Newp. 

C— Ocelli four each side of head ; cephalic segment overlapping the first dorsal. . . 

Scolopendra L. 

Ocelli inconspicuous or wanting D 

1). — Last dorsal scutum enlarged ; prosternal teeth present ; labrum one toothed. . 

Opisthemega Wood. 

Last dorsal scutum not larger than the others ; prosternal teeth wanting ; 

labrum 3— 5 -toothed Cryptops Leach. 

In the following enumeration of species those represented in the 
National Museum are marked with an asterisk ; localities from whence 
species are represented in the same collection are followed by a point of 
exclamation. 

L SCOLOPOCRYPTOPS Newp. 
Seven nominal species have been described which are here reduced 
to three, and it is possible that two of these are separated by characters 
that will not prove constant. 

The species may be thus distinguished : 
A. — Anal legs (except the femoral joint) more or less densely pubescent; prosternal 
teeth present lanatipes Wood. 

' The North American Myriapoda, Entomologica Americana, I, 141 — 151, 
(1885). 

6 In the common Scolopeodra heros these stigmata appear as horizontal slit-like 
openings above the legs on the 3rd, 5tli, 8th, loth, 12th, 14th, i6th, i8th and 20th 
body segments. In Branchiostoma the 7th segment bears stigmata in addition to 
those above named. 



-63- 

Anal legs glabrous, armed witli two spines, one within, one l)eneatli B 

B. — Head suborbicular ; prosternal teeth wanting, the margin straight or obscurely- 
sinuous *sexspinosus Newp. 

Head subovate ; prosternal teeth two ; last 17 dorsal scuta margi led ; animal 
smaller Georgicus iMein. 

DISTRIBUTIOX AS\D SYNONYMY. 

Californica Humb. et Sauss. = lanatipes Wood. 

Georgicus Meinert. Proc. Am. Phil. Soc. XXI, 180 (1885I. — Georgia. 

gracilis Wood = lanatipes Wood. 

lanatipes Wood. Jour. Phila. Acad. V, 39 (1862); Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. XIII, 
175 (1865). — California. 

sexspinosus (Say) Newp. Trans. Li, ni. Soc, XIX, 407 (1845) — "Eastern 
U. S." {Wood); Illinois! Washington, D. C. ! N. Y., Pa., Iowa. Va., W. Va., 
.Md., Mass., Ohio, Ky., Cal. 

spinicauda Wood = sexspinosus Xjwp. 

Scolopendropis helvola Koch = ? sexspinosus Newp. 

II. BRANCHIOSTOMA Newp. 

Only one species is reported from the United States by Saussure and 
Humbert. '^ 

B. celer Humb. et Sauss. Revue et Mag. de Zool. 1870, 202.— Carolina, 
Jamaica, Nicaragua. 

III. SCOLOPENDRA L., Newp. 

Numerous species of this cosmopolitan genus have been described 
from the United States, but the number is here reduced to seven, with 
an additional species which cannot be recognized from its description 
and must stand until its type (supposed to be in Paris) can be re-studied. 

The species may be distinguished as follows ; (full descriptions of the 
species will be found in Meinert, /. c, 190, et seq.): 

A. — First body-segment with a well marked transverse groove B 

First body-segment not grooved . D 

B. — First tarsal joint of anal legs armed with a spur ; antennce 23— 30-jointed. . .C 
First tarsal joint of anal legs unarmed ; antennse 1 7 -jointed ; anal legs short, 

thick, armed with 11 — 12 spines, the angular process simple or bifid 

Woodii Mein. 
C. — Species large (100 — 150 mm. long in adults); prosternal teeth large ; anal legs 

wdth 17 — 25 spines ; antennte 24 — 30-jointed *heros Girard. 

Species smaller (60 mm. long); prosternal teeth small ; anal legs very short, 

armed with 10 — 17 spines ; antennre 23 — 24-jointed *viridis Say. 

D. — Femora of penultimate legs spinulose distally ; femora of anal legs armed with 
40 — 60 spines, the angular process with 6 — 8 or more ; antennre 17-jointed . . 

*crudelis Koch. 



'■ Mission Scientifique au Mexique etc. 6ieme partie : Etudes sur les Myriapodes, 
p. 192. This work contains a valuable catalogue of American Myriapods, which w-as 
nearly complete at the date of publication, 1872. 



-64- 

Femora of penultimate legs not spinulose ; spines of anal femora less numerous 

! E 

E. -Femora ol anal legs armed with 10—14 spines (4 — 6 within, 6—9 beneath, ar- 
ranged in a triple series) ; the angular process with 3—4 spines; antennce 

17— 22-jointed * morsitans I,. 

Femora of anal legs with 2—5 spines, the angular process simple or bifid ; an- 
tennae 17 — 20-jointed F 

F.— Spines of anal femora 4—5, always two beneath *subspinipes Leach. 

Spines ot anal femora only 2, both within *De Haanii Ihandt. 

DISTRIBUTION AND SYNONYMY. 

bispinipes Wood = De Haanii Brandt. 

byssina Wood ^ subspinipes Leach. 

Californica Humb. et Saiiss. = vio7-5itans L. 

castaneiceps Wood = luros Girard. 

Copeiana Wood := heros Girard. 

crudelis Koch. Syst. der Myriapoden, 170 (1S47); Die Myriapoden, II, 36, 
t. Lxxvii, Lxxviii (1863).- Florida, Tortugas ! Key West ! Hayti. 

De Haanii Brandt. Recueil, 59 (1841). — California ; tropical regions generally. 

heros Girard in Marcy's Exp. Red River, App. F., 243(1853). — Florida! 
Louisiana! Texas! Kansas! New Mexicd! Arizona! Utah! Mexico! Ga., Ala., Ky., 
Neb., Cal., Panama, Guatemala, Porto Rico. The report by Meinert (/. c.) of a 
specimen from Westfield, N. V., must have arisen from an error in the label ! 

incequidens Gervais. Apteres, IV, 277 (1847). — New York. Tiiis species is as 
yet unidentified ; the type is supposed to be in Paris. 

inaequidens Wood = IVoodii Mein. 

longipes Wood = crudelis Koch. 

marginata Say ^ morsitans L. 

morsitans L., Kohlrausch. Archiv f. Naturg., 1881, 104. — West Indies I 
Surinam ! Florida, "Southern States" (Wood); tropical regions generally. 

pachypus Kohlrausch = f heros Girard. 

parva Wood = viridis Say. 

pernix Kohlradsch = ? heros Girard. 

polymorpha Wood = heros Girard. 

punctiventris Newp. = viridis Say. 

subspinipes Leach., Kohlrausch. Archiv f. Naturg. 1881, 96.— West Indies ! 
Surinam ! Florida ; tropical and subtropical regions generally. 

viridis Say. Proc. Phila. Acad. II, no (1821). — Lookout Mountain, Tenn. ! 
Tortugas, Fla. ! Georgia! 

Woodii Meinert. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. XXI, 198 (18S5).— Va., N. €., 
S. C. [Meinert); Illinois ( /-F(^(7(/). 

IV OPISTHEMEGA Wood. 

The species are thus characterized : 
A. — Femora of anal legs armed with a spine at the internal superior angle ; antenn;^ 

16— 17-jointed, distally pubescent *spinicauda Wood. 

Femora of anal legs unarmed ; antenna^ 17 — i8-jointed B 

1). Antenna' (except first four joints) pubescent ; anal legs very short and stout . . 

crassipes Mein. 
.Vntenniie not pul)escent ; anal legs short, punctate *postica Wood. 



-65- 

DISTRIBUTION. 

crassipes Meinert. Proc. Am. Phil. Soc. XXI, 209 (1885).— Va,, Ky., Fla, 
postica Wood. Jour. Phila. Acad. V, 35 (1862); Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. XIII, 

169 (1S65). — North Carolina, Virginia. 

spinicauda Wood. Jour, Phila. Acad. V, 36 (1862); Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 

XIII, 170 (1865). —Pennsylvania, Illinois. 

V. CRYPTOPS Leach. 

The species of this genus have scarcely been collected in this country. 
Up to the time of Wood's principal publication in 1865 two species had 
been described, neither of which were known to him. Wood described 
a third species in 1867 and Meinert a fourth in 1885. C. hyalina sent by 
Mr. Bollman is all I have seen. If the descriptions can be depended 
on they ought to be distinguished by the following table : 

A. — Antennae 19-jointed asperipes Wood . 

Antennae 17-jointed B 

B Third joint of anal legs armed with five spines hyalina Say. 

Anal legs unarmed C 

C. — Antennse elongate, moniliform, the segments nearly equal, mostly smooth. . . . 

Milbertii Gervais. 

Antennse short, thickened at base, densely hirsute sulcatus Mein. 

DISTRIBUTION AND SYNONYMY. 

asperipes Wood. Proc. Phila. Acad. 1867, 130.— Virginia, 
hyalina Say. Jour. Phila. Acad. II, in (1821). Collected Writings (LeconteV 
Ed.) II, 30. — Georgia, Florida, Indiana. 

Milbertii Gervais. Apteres, IV, 592 (1847). — New Jersey. 

postica Say = TheMops postica Newp.^ 

sexspinosa Say ^=. Scolopocryptops sexspinosa Newp. 

sulcatus Meinert. Proc. Am. Phil. Soc. XXI, 211 (1885). — Kentucky. 



" The genus Theatops has had a strange history and after all its vicissitudes may 
as well be consigned to oblivion. It was first described by Say (1821) as Cryptops 
postica from Georgia and East Florida. Newport in 1844 established the genus 
Theatops on type specimens sent by Say to Leach and deposited by him in the British 
Museum. Newport says "it approaches Cryptops, but differs from that genus in the 
distinctness of the ocelli and in the possession of the labial teeth." Gervais in the 4th 
volume of Apteres (1847) re-unites it to Cryptops and yet adds: "On devra tres- 
probablement la reunie aux veritable Scolopendres." Wood in 1862 and later in 186^ 
quotes Newport's description, stating that he never saw a specimen of it. Latzel 
(1880) in the first part of his "Myriopoden der Oesterreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchic"' 
makes it a probable synonym of Scolopendra, while Kohlrausch (1881) enumerates it 
as a valid species of Theatops in his "Gattungen luid Arten der Scolopendriden." It 
thus appears that Say and Newport are all who saw specimens and their statements 
are opposed to each other in regard to the position of the eyes. It will probably never 
appear again ; at least is it not necessary to include it in future lists. 



—66— 

Larva of Sisyrosea inornata, Grt. and Roh. 
By Geo. D. Hulst. 

In September, 1886, I found a curious and very beautiful caterpillar 
on Barberry (Myrica cerifera), at Shelter Island, N, Y. It fed in con- 
finement until the latter part of October, when it went into a close oval 
Gocoon, The cocoon in shape and color was apparently identical with 
those common to the Limacodes, The cocoon was kept in a warm room, 
and the imago emerged May 2 7ih, 1887, as Sisyrosea inornata^ G. & R. 
The larva is of an oval shape, the longitudinal diameter being about twice 
the lateral diameter. It is very remarkably flattened, its perpendicular 
depth being not more than one-third its width. It has thus very much 
the shape of the fish known along the coast as the "flounder," The head 
is strongly bifid, projecting forward over the mouth parts, and is edged 
Avith pink. Dorsal space running the width of the head, slightly spread- 
ing at anal extremely, edged with a yellowish raised line, and having a 
slightly raised line in middle. Also a raised cross space on each segment, 
the enclosed spaces between the lines having each a lighter spot. On the 
Sth and 10th segments the cross space is bright red. From the dorsal 
space the sides slope gradually to the extreme lateral edge, which is very 
narrow. There is on this sloping portion a longitudinal raised line, and 
the raised cross lines on each segment are continued to the edge, thus 
forming enclosed spaces somewhat square in shape, and so the whole 
surface has under a lens a strongly groined appearance. There is a small 
tuft of hairs on each segment, just beyond the dorsal space, and another 
on each segment at the extreme edge. These latter are flattened, spread- 
ing, each tuft on a projecting tubercle, are dull white In color, and give to 
the margins a lace-like fringe. The tubercles at end and on sides are 
pink. Like the most of the family the hairs are probably poisonous. 

I found the larva some _vears since in New Jersey, feeding on Wild 
Cherry, but it did not reach the imago stage. 

The imago emerged by the pupa breaking open a circular cap at the 
end of cocoon. The pupal skin was left protruding from the cocoon. 



The Transactions of the Ent. Soc. Lend., 1886, which have just come to hand, 
contain a very timely article by Dr. Sharp "On some proposed transfers of names of 
genera," (pp. 181 — 188). The article is too long to reprint, and too concise to ab- 
stract, but it treats of the priority question, and as to its enforcement in regard to 
genera. The article is a very good one, and to be commended to those who, fol- 
lowing out their idea of what the law of priority demands, would create confusion 
worse confounded in our collections and lists. And the difficulty is, too, that as soon 
as we had familiarized ourselves with one change, another would come along, prove 
definitely or to his own satisfaction that a particular species could not be the type of a 
certain species, but some other must be, and so on. John B. Smith. 



-67- 

Observations tDn North American CAPSIDiE with 
Descriptions of New Species, 

By R R. Uhler, 

(No. 3.) 

Div, MIRARIA. 

TERATOCORIS, Fieb. 

I. T. herbaticus, new sp. 

Pale greenish yellow, or straw color, moderately polished, minutely pub'escent : 
the head shorter and wider than in the next related genera ; the body much narrower 
sn the male than in the female. Vertex broadly depressed behind, with the occiput 
raised uito a ti^ansverse cui-ved ridge, which rests intimately against and a little over 
the front of pronotum •, the middle hne impressed only near the base. Male with a 
narrow black vitta extending from behind the tylus to the tip of scutellum. Eyes 
pale brownish, more prominent in the male than in the female. Antennae about as 
long as the entire body to the tip of the wing-covers, moderately dusky, gradually 
becoming more slender towards the tip, the second joint longest, the third longer than 
the fourth. Rostrum reaching to the middle coxse, pale piceous at base and tip-. 

Pronotum trapezoidal, moderately flat, the sides slightly excurved behind the 
middle, the anterior portion of the lateral margin strongly reflexed, the posterior 
margin distinctly sinuated, with the postero-lateral angles callous and prominent, the 
surface rugulose, coarsely punctate behind the discal prominence, posterior lobe de- 
pressed ; anterior submargin resembling a wide collum with an impression in the 
middle ; and the males have a dark streak in the suture of the anterior angle. Legs 
minutely hairy, tinged with brown around the knees and on the tarsi, and the femora 
marked with a few dark points. Scutellum moderately convex, widely uncovered at 
base, the tip smooth, prominent, cylindrico-convex. Hemelytra narrow and almost 
parallel sided in the males, but wider exteriorly, more curved, and with the costal 
margin more reflexed in the females ; the surface obsoletely wrinkled and obscurely 
punctate, and sometimes a little dusky on the inner margin of corium and on the base 
of the elsewhere colorless membrane. The corium, clavus and membrane of the fe- 
male are shorter than in the male and the surface of the two former is more coarsely 
and distinctly scabrous. Venter of male much narrower than the wing-covers ; of 
the female almost as wide as the wing-covers ; the male genital segment is set with 
stout-erect bristles, and the appendage of the sinistral side is composed of a long com- 
pressed basal strap to which is attached a longer curved corneous tapering hook. 

Length to end of venter (^ t,\ — 3^, (^ 4—44 mm. To tip of membrane (^ 4 to 
42' 9 41 111"''' Width of base of pronotum I — l^ mm. 

Specimens of the male are in the collection of the United States 
National Museum, which were obtained in the vicinity of Ungava Bay. 
Labrador, and presented to that institution by L. M. Turner. In m\- 
own collection is a mutilated female (alcoholic), which was taken near 
Hopedale, Labrador, by Dr. Packard, who kindly gave it to me. It 
seems likely that this species is closely related to T. hyperbo7-eus Sahib. , 
which is found in Lapland ; but in the absence of specimens for com- 
parison it is impossible to decide with certainty. 



—68— 

2, T. discolor, new sp. 

Form of a narrow Nabis ; fuscous or rufo-fuscous, with the hemelj'tra, sides o4 
pronotum, base of coxce and disk of venter pale testaceous. Head moderately 
wide, dull, dark fuscous or piceous including the eyes, base of antennae, and 
base of the rostrum ; vertex and face concurrently convex ; eyes nearly globular, very 
prominent ; antenni^e somewhat longer than the body with the wing-covers, pale 
rufous, a little dusky towards the tip, the basal joint stout, a little bent, rather shorter 
than the pronotum, the second joint nearly as long as the clavus, the third much 
shorter, about as long as the basal and longer than the fourth ; rostrum reaching to 
the middle coxte, fuscous at base and piceous at tip. Pronotum campanulate, dull 
fuscous, with two indistinct yellow spots behind the head, scabrous, more coarsely 
punctate on the posterior lobe, anterior lobe sub-cylindrical, plane above, almost as 
long as the intermediate lol^e, the latter tumid, transversely indented on the middle, 
the posterior lobe a little longer, somewhat flattened, broadly and deeply indented 
each side next the middle lobe, with the lateral margins more Ijroadly reflexed, and 
poslero-lateral angles produced ; posterior maigin arcuated. Legs long, pale dull 
rufous, darker on the knees and tarsi, paler at base of femora. Scutellum moderately 
flat, dull piceous, wuh a smooth tubercle at tip. Hemelytra minutely pubescent, 
pale testaceous, tinged a little with dus-ky upon the nervures and clavus, in pale spe- 
cimens the discal and inner portions are rosy ; membrane whitish, the nervure dusky. 
Prosternum and a broad vitta each side extending along the sides to the tip of venter 
fusco-rufous ; the edge of the connexicum ivory yellow. The red vittfe of the venter 
are sometimes expanded so as to cover the sides and leave only the disk and margins 
testaceous. 

Length to tip of hemelytra 5| —6, to end of venter 4\ — 4I mm. Width of base 
of pronotum i — i^ mm. O. 

Old and thoroughly matured specimens have the dark parts of the 
pronotum and underside of the body black, and this causes the two yellow 
spots behind the head to appear very distinct. Only females have thus 
far been brought to notice. 

One specimen from near St. Louis, taken in May ; another from the 
vicinity of Boston, and a third is in the National I\Iuseum at Washington, 
which was captured near Garland, Colorado, on June iSth. 

Div. PHYTOCORARIA, Reuter. 

MELINNA, new genus. 

Oval, or oblong-oval ; closely related to Me^-^accelum Fieber, but having the head 
set closely into the thorax, and without the neck-like contraction behind the eyes. 
Head short, nearly vertical, a little sloping forwards, with the eyes vertical, globoso- 
ovate, occupying most of the side of the head, and curving upon the gula in the male, 
a little less prominent in the female. Tylus almost vertical, a little curved beneath • 
superior cheeks short, wide, blunt, tumid, inferior cheeks bluntly triangular. Vertex 
longitudinally impressed. Antennaj cylindrical, stout, the two apical joints scarcely 
thinner than the preceding one, basal joint a little thickened apically, the second as 
long as from the front of the eyes to the base of the pronotum, third and fourth un- 
ited, not quite as long as the second, thp fourth shorter than the third, acuminate at 
tip. Rostrum moderately stout, the basal joint thick, short, barely reaching upon 



-69- 

the prosternum. Pronotum trapezoidal, shorter than wide, convex ; almost bald, 
rapidly tapering towards the head, a little narrower there in the male, the lateral 
margins rounded down, particularly in front, posterior margin curved, bent down. 
Scutellum almost flat, sub-equilateral. Femora normal, the posterior pair curved ; 
basal joint of tarsi shortest, the apical one nearly as long as the other two united. 
Hemelytra nearly parallel-sided, very feebly curved and widened before the apex ; 
claval incisure distinct, but not deep, the clavus short and wide, very feebly incurved 
on the outer margin, but strongly cxcurved on the inner one. 

1. M. modesta, new sp. 

Dark brown, or paler chestnut brown, tinged with rutous when freshly excluded. 
Long, narrow oval, narrowest headwards, moderately polished, more pubescent 
upon the hemelytra than upon the head and pronotum. Surface of the head a little 
rough, remotely pubescent ; the antennae delicately sericeous pubescent, the second 
joint in the male a very little thickened apically. Rostrum pale piceous, darker at 
tip, reaching to the posterior coxoe. Pronotum moderately polished, coarsely un- 
evenly punctate, remotely pubescent, most convex across the base ; sternum and 
coxae pale yellowish brown. The legs pale brownish, more piceous upon the femora 
and tarsi. Scutellum remotely pubescent, somewhat scabrous, coarsely punctate. 
Corium dull, closely yellowish pubescent, (often with an oblong yellowish spot at 
base), moderately scabrous, minutely remotely punctate ; in some specimens with a 
whitish transverse streak at the incisure next the cuneus ; membrane paler smoke 
brown ; wings almost hyaline, with the nervures dark brown. Venter highly polished, 
smoke brown, or rufo-piceous. 

Length to tip of venter (J' 3I- mm., O 4 mm., to tip of membrane r^,' 4, $ 42 mm. 
Width of base of pronotum about it mm. 

This is often a common insect upon Pine trees in the vicinity of 
Baltimore, and it occurs from the latter part of June until near the middle 
of July. Later it may be found during the month of October. Most 
likely it mav be found at intervals throughout the summer and autumn, 
since specimens have been taken in Pennsylvania and New York in the 
month of August. I have also captured it during July and August in 
Eastern Massachusetts. Mr. J. Petit has sent specimens from Grimsby, 
Canada ; others were kindly collected for me near Rock Island, 111., by 
the late Mr. B. D. Walsh ; and recently I have received a pair from Mr. 
E. P. Van Duzee, which were taken in August, at Lancaster, N. Y. Dr. 
Asa Fitch obtained a specimen in Washington County, N. Y. , and it is the 
Phytocoris carbonariiis of his collection. 

2. M. fasciata. 

This is the Megaccelum fasciaium Uhler, published in Hayden's Bull. 
U. S. Geog. Surv. Territ. , VIII, p. 421. 

Since the above description was published I have taken specimens of 
this species from the Alder in Eastern Massachusetts. 

3. M. pumila, new sp. 

Yov\-t\ oi M. fasdata. Chestnut brown or dark tawny, finely yellowish pubes- 
cent ; head, venter, and cuneus generally rufous, but in old specimens dark brown. 
Entomologica Ameeican.\. Vol. hi. 11 Jcly, 1887. 



— 70— 

Head moderately polished, obsoletely wrinkled and punctate, remotely pubescent, 
unevenly indented on back of vertex ; gula, rostrum, sternum and legs yellow, but 
posterior femora more or less piceo-rufous. Antennae flavo-testaceous, minutely 
hairy, the apical joint and tip of the third one commonly pale piceous. Rostrum 
reaching to the tip of the intermediate coxae, with the apex piceous. Pronotum trans- 
verse, moderately convex, closely set with fulvous pubescence, rugulose and obsoletely 
punctate, color sometimes tawny across the base. Scutellum rather flat, finely ru:^u- 
lose and obsoletely punctate basally, the apex smoother, pale tawny. Hemelytra 
finely yellowish pubescent, moderately polished, obsoletely punctate, usually paler 
on the costal margin and inner edge ; quneus broad, deeply incised, acute at tip, the 
inner edge concave and the outer margin convex, with the surface hi,;^hly polished, 
obsoletely rugulose ; membrane very pale fuliginous, with the basal edge white and 
the cell nervule dusky. Pectus broadly vittate with piceous on each side. Venter 
highly polished, paler along the middle and tip. 

Length to tip of venter 3 — 3* mm., to tip of membrane 4— 4| mm. Width ot 
base of pronotum I — 1| mm. 

In IMaryland this species occurs abundantly in June and July, upon 
Cralcegus, and I have also found specimens upon Willows as late as the 
middle of October. Specimens have also been collected near Chicago, 
and at Rock Island, III, by B. D. Walsh. Others have been sent to me 
from Waco, Texas, by Mr. Belfrage, and I have captured a few others in 
Eastern Massachusetts. 

MEGACCELUM, Fieb. 

I. M. grossum, new sp. 

Elliptical, dark brown, opaque, but conspicuously polished upon the pronotum. 
Head rounded, dull brown, paler before, incised on the middle line, indistinctly 
pubescent, the front with transverse ribs of dark brown, between which the surface 
is minutely shagreened, tylus and lower part of the cheeks piceous-rufous, highly 
polished, constriction at base of head piceous, polished ; rostrum stout, reaching 
upon the fourth ventral segment, piceous, commonly paler at the incisures, the basal 
joint extendi;ig to the tip of the prosiernal scutum ; antennae stout and long, pale 
yellow, flecked with brown, the apical joint entirely brown,' and about two-thirds as 
long as the third joint ; eyes brownish black, having the posterior canthus bordered 
with yellow. Pronotum moderately convex, a little wider than long, piceous brown, 
the sides rapidly obliquely narrowing anteriorly, the outer margin widely reflexed, pale, 
smooth, a little sinuated ; posterior lobe uneven, coarsely, remotely, in part con- 
fiuently punctate, the callosities prominent, convex, minutely punctate and scabrous; 
posterior margin moderately curved, the edge ivory yellow, humeral angles almost 
acutely promment ; pro-pleura polished, anteriorly minutely scabrous, posteriorly 
coarsely remotely punctate. Sternum, trochanters, tips of coxae, and middle line of 
venter testaceous, more or less tinged with rutous. l^egs pale piceous, with a band 
of yellow near the tip of all the tibiae. Scutellum dark brown, yellow at tip, minutely 
transversely wrinkled. Corium pale brown or fulvo-testaceous, sometimes pale 
clouded with brown ; the costal margin whitish, broadly recurved. Clavus and inner 
submargin of the corium with lines of coarse punctures, the disk of the latter with 
obsolete remote small punctures ; cuneus rufous brown at base interiorly and at tip. 



—71 — 

margined on both sides with wliite ; meml)rane dusky, with the nervule darker, often 
with a whitish spot next the base and near the tip adjoining the cuneus. Abdomen 
dull above, polished beneath, dark piceous on the sides of venter, often tinged with 
rulcus. 

Length to tip of venter (;/' 6i-, Q 8 mm., to tip of membrane yi — 9 mm. 
The male in this species has the eyes very prominent and the face 
correspondingly narrow, forming a decided contrast to the wider and 
more close-set female. 

It is sometimes moderately common on Pine bushes in INIaryland, 
Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts, during the month of July. Specimens 
have also been sent to me from Texas and Florida. 

2. M. pusillum, new sp. 

Rather narrower than the Af. hi/Ia/itm H.-Schi. of Europe. Pale tawny, or 
delicate rufo-testaceous. Head moderately rounded ; face diagonally, obsoletely 
wrinkled each side of the middle impressed line ; eyes brownish black ; antennae 
testaceous, a little sprinkled with red on the basal joint, and more or less red on the 
tips of the second and third joints, the apical joint nearly as long as the third, fuscous; 
rostrum reaching to the middle of the venter, yellowish, the basal joint red, the 
apical one piceous. Pronotum transverse, moderately convex, unevenly moderately 
coarsely punctate, the edge a little raised and white all around ; callosities less convex 
than in A/, grossuni, minutely scabrous ; lateral margin a little sinuated, the posterior 
margin moderately convex, the posterior angles nearly rectangular, with the hiuneri • 
very feebly prominent. Scutellum convexly tumid, feebly wrinkled, indented behind, 
acuminate at tip, tawny, or rufous. Legs honey yellow, the femora and tibiae mora 
or less tinged with rufous. Pro-pleura yellowish, coarsely punctate ; sternum, coxae, 
trochanters bright yellow. Hemelytra pale yellowish testaceous, thin, obsloetely and 
remotely punctate, costal margin abruptly reflexed, ivory yellow ; base of corium 
rufescent, the apex with a broad dark red band which is protracted in a slender line 
across the base of cuneus ; cuneus deeply incised at base, the apex margined with red, 
and the inner edge ivory white to beyond the middle ; membrane a little dusky, the 
nervule much darker. Venter polished, rufous each side and on the incisures of the 
segments. 

Length to tip of venter ^ 5 mm., to tip of memVjrane 6 mm. Width of base ot 
pronotum 2 mm. 

Collected in Arizona by Mr. H. K. Morrison. Thus far, I have 
exammed only females. These have agreed almost exactly in color, size 
and form, and are about as narrow as the males of the precedmg 
species. 

3. M. mundum, new sp. 

Form similar to that of the preceding species, pale fulvous, or bright yellow, 
tinged beneath more or less with rufous. Head with a very distinct neck in both 
sexes, and also with the eyes quite prominent in both. Face almost vertical, distinctly 
depressed in the male, moderately convex in the female, scabrous, opaque, transversely 
wrinkled in both sexes, and with the middle line deeply impressed as far as the col- 
luni ; antennae stout, yellow, the basal joint rufescent, set with long erect bristles, the 
apical one infuscated and not much shorter than the third ; rostrum rufo-testaceus. 



— 72 — 

reaching to near the tip of the posterior coxae, the basal joint not extending to the 
tip of the prosternal scutum. Pronotum moderately convex, dark piceous, polished, 
coarsely but not deeply punctate, transversely rugulose, the sides very oblique and 
not distinctly sinuated, the callosities much more elevated in the female than in the 
male ; posterior angles almost acute, bent under in one female, the humeri acutely 
prominent, pro-pleura coarsely punctate, piceous above. Entire underside of body 
yellowish testaceous, rufous, or rufo-piceous on the sides. Legs fulvo-testaceous, 
sprinkled with red on the femora. Scutellum piceous, tumidly convex, feeble rugu- 
lose, longitudinally indented, and conspicuously impressed next the tip, the tip acute. 
Hemelytra with a piceous band across the tip of the corium, and including the base 
and apex of the cuneus ; claval sutures distinctly coarsely punctate, the surface of 
corium remotely olisoletely punctate, membrane faintly brown, with the nervule 
darker. 

Length to end of venter i^' 4, Q 5i mm., to tip of membrane ^ 4^. '^6 mm. : 
width of base of pronotum rf l^, O nearly 2 mm. 

Specimens of this species were sent to me from Eastern Georgia by 
Mr. H. K. Morrison, and I have examined others from various parts of 
Florida. Mr. Bolter kindly gave me a 9 specimen which he captured 
near Enterprise, Fla. , in the month of March. 



Larva of Aplodes rubrolineana, Pack. 
By Geo. D. Hulst. 

The larva of this Geometer I found feeding on Bayberry, (Myrica 
cerifera), in September 18S7 (.'), at the east end of Long Island. 

It was in general color chocolate brown, with a reddish brown line 
on dorsum. Head with eyes rounded, but deeply channeled between, 
both in front and on summit. Segments deeply indented between. On 
each segment, just below dorsum, on each side, was a projection, most 
prominent on anal segment. Below these, just above spiracles, are very 
large projections, pointed, turned forward a little, becoming obsolete on 
anal segment. A reddish ochreous sub-stigmatal line, \vith a furcation on 
each segment, running up in front of lateral projections. Body rounded 
below; legs 10 in number, light chocolate in color, the anal ones rather 
ochreous from the extension upon them of the sublateral line. The 
whole body, projections, head, eyes, and legs strongly rugose. 

The larva was, in superficial appearance, very much like the larva 
given in Dr. Packard's Monograph of [he GeofNc'/ri</a;, plate XIII, fig. 23. 

The pupa was formed in a very slight cocoon of a few strands of 
silk, partly drawing together a leaf It was dull light green in color, and 
having been kept in a warm room all winter, the imago emerged early in 
March, 1887. 



—73— 

Studies on the North American PROCTOTRUPID/E, 

with Descriptions of New Species from Florida. 

(PART I.) 

By William H. Ashjiead, 

Jacksonville, Florida. 



The Hymenoplerous family Prociolrupidu\ is an extensive one, 
comprising, for the most part, parasitic species of minute size, all of the 
greatest economic importance, their natural food being *the eggs and 
and larvai of the more destructive insect pests, and to the husbandman 
their services are invaluable. 

The species composing the subfamily Be/hvlin.e, seem to confine 
their attacks to Lepidopterous larvse belonging to the family Teneidce ; 
the CeraphrofihicB, principally to Dipterous and Hymenopterous larvai, 
although species in the genera Lygocerus, Megaspilns , and Ceraphron 
are found parasitic in plant-lice, belonging to the Homopterous family 
Aphididce in the bodies of which they live and undergo their trans- 
formations. 

The species in the subfamily Scelionin.e are almost entirely it'g'g 
parasites : Scelio is a parasite in grasshopper eggs; Telias and allied genera 
in the eggs of moths and butterflies ; while Telenomus, Hadroiiotus and 
Prosacantha live parasitically in the eggs of various bugs {Hemiptcrd). 

The extensive subfamily Plalygasteririoe, comprises numerous genera 
and species, generally of the smallest size, and of a black color, all of 
which are found parasitic in Dipterous larvae, belonging principally to 
the families Cecidoviyidce and Tiptdidcr. 

The Diapriinu' destroy fungus eating Diplera ; while the subfamil}' 
MyrmariuLE, among which are the smallest Hymenopters known, are 
^^g parasites. The}- have been reared from the eggs of moths, butter- 
flies and sawflies, and a few of the species are parasitic on scale insects, 
belonging to the Homopterous family Coccidce. 

Thus we see, the study of these little insects is of the greatest eco- 
nomic importance, and the species and their habits ought to be made 
known as soon as possible, so that when practicable, they may be reared 
in quantities, colonized, distributed and utilized for the destruction of 
insect pests and the benefit of man. 

In the following memoir, I have brought together, arranging them 
as far as possible in their proper genera, all the described species known 
to me to occur in our fauna North of Mexico, and give descriptions of 
such of those in my collection that appear to be new or unknown to 
science, reared or collected by me. during se\-eral }'ears -study of the 
fa mil v. 



— 74— 

Subfemily HELORINiE. 

I. HELORUS Lalreille. 

1 I. Helorus paradoxus Vrow {Copelzis paradoxus Vvov.) Petite faune En t. dii 

C, II, p. 539-40. 

Hah. — Cap Rouge, Canada. 

Subfamily DRYININ^. 

II. DRYINUS Latreille. 

2 I. Dryinus atriventris Cress. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. IV, p. 193. 

Ilab. — Te.xas. 

3 2. Dryinus bifasciatus Say. Leconte's Ed. Say's Works, I, p. 384. 

Hal).— Indiana. 

4 3. Dryinus alatus Cress. [Gonnlopiis alaliis Cv.) Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. IV, 

P- 193- 

Hat). — Texas. 

III. GONATOPUS Lynn-h. 

5 I. Gonatopus decipieus Prov. Add. et Corr. a la Faune Ilym., p. 179. 

Hah. — Canatla. 
Ci 2. Gonatopus contortulus I'attt)n. Can. Ent. XI, p. 65. 
Hal). — Connecticut. 

IV. LABEO Haliday. 

7 I. Labeo incertus n. sp. 

v>. Length .08 inch. Black, polished. Occiput deeply concave. Antennae and 
pali)i, pale yellow. Mesothorax smooth without grooves; nietathorax rugulose. Legs, 
including coxre, pale yellow, middle and posterior temora and tibice brownish. Ab- 
dominal petiole, long, it with most of the abdomen testaceous. Wings hyaline, 
veins pale, the stigma large with a clear spot at base ; no stigmal vein. 
Hab. —Florida. 

V. CHELOGYMUS Haiiday. 
VI. ANTEON Jurine. 

8 1. Anteon tibialis Say. Leconte's Ed. .Say's Works II, p. 730. 

Hah. — Imiiana. 

VII. MYSTROPHORUS Foerster. 
VIII. APHELOPUS Dalman. 
U I. Aphelopus americanus n. sp. 

(^. Length .c6 inch. Black, subopaque, covered with tine, whitish pubescence. 
Head piuictate. Antenna;; long, scape brownish yellow, flagellum dark brown. Me- 
soscutum with two delicately indicated grooves and some sparse widely separated 
punctures. Legs, including coxte, pale yellow, the posterior femora and tibiae, along 
upper surface, and claws, brown. Abdomen black, shining. Wrings hyaline, veins 
jiale, two basal cells, stigma large, lunate, brown, stigmal vein as long as the 
stigma, pale. 

Hab. — Florida. 

This species approaches very closely to a European species in my 
collection, Aphelopus mclaleiictis Dalm., but the color of the legs, and 
wing veins easily distinguishes it. 



—75— 

SubUxmily EMBOLEMINiE, 

IX. EMBOLEMUS Westwood. 
ID I. Embolemus nasutus n. sp. 

c^. Length .08 inch. Robust, black, subopaque. Head finely jiunctate , 
ocelli prominent ; eyes large, arched, giving the insect a peculiar appearance, as the 
head is short, vertically-; the black mandibles are long, strongly curved, with a long 
tooth near tip. Antennre lo-jointed, black, pubescent, the first two joints short, third 
longest, following joints subequal. Abdomen sessile, black. Legs black, knees and 
tarsi, pale or whitish. Wings hyaline, veins hyaline, almost invisible ; there is one 
basal cell and a clear space in the stigma. 

Hab. — Florida. 

Described from one specimen taken in a low marsh. The mandible^ 
project shghtly in the form of a Httle snout, which suggests the name. 

X. PEDINONEMUS Foerster. 

Subfamily BETHYLINiE. 

XI. SCLEROCHROA Foerster. 

11 I. Sclerochroa gallicola n. sp. 

'^ . Length .07 inch. Smooth, polished, honey-yellow, including legs and an- 
tennce. The oblong head is smooth without ocelli ; the eyes small, round, placdl 
well forward near Ihe anterior corners. The antennae issue from the forward part of 
the head, just above the mouth, are 12-jointed and about as long as the head ; the 
first joint long, somewhat dilated, the second much shorter, while the following joints 
are very small, sub-moniliform. Abdomen, pointed ovate. No wings. 

Hab. — Florida. 

Described from one specimen, reared from cynipidous oak gall 
Andrictis foliatiis Ashm. 

12 2. Sclerochroa cynipsiphila n. sp. 

O. This species, in size and general appearance, exactly resembles the pre- 
ceding, but the head, thorax, and legs are reddish or rufo-testaceous ; the metathorax 
waxy-white, while the abdomen is black. 

Hab. — Florida. 

Described from one specimen, reared from cynipidous oak gall 
Holcaspis ovinivora Ashm. 

13 3. Sclerochoa macrogaster n. sp. 

2- Length .12 inch. This species, which was taken at large, differs from the 
others, in color and in its much larger and more elongated form. The head is black, 
polished ; antennje honey-yellow ; metathorax, knees, and tarsi honey-yellow ; legs 
and thorax rufo-piceous. The abdomen, which is about two and a half times longer 
than the thorax, is elongate, pointed ovate, black and polished, with a few hairs at tip. 

Hab. —Florida. 

Described from one specimen. This genus seems to be identical 
with genus Microps Haliday. 

XII. SIEROLA Cameron. 

14 I. Sierola maculipennis n. sp. 

O. Length ,08 inch. Black, polished. Mesothorax without grooves. Antennae 
and legs honey-yellow (antennte? 15-jointed). Wings hyaline, veins brown. The 



-76- 

radial cell is narrow, closed ; the stigma broad, tliick, with a clear spot at 1)ase : thi.- 
liasal nervure is strongly curved and thickened, in a dusky cloud ; there is another 
cloud at and below stigma and base of radial cell. 

Hab,— Florida. 

XIII. PERISEMUS Focrsta-. 
1.5 I. Perisemus fioridanus n. sp. 

(^, 5. Length .12 inch. Black, finely punctate. Head with some coarser, 
scattered punctures. The 12-jointed antenn;\:, palpi and legs, honey-yellow. All 
femora and middle and posterior tibia;, black. Wings hyaline, veins pale, stigma 
brown. The male is slightly smaller and the antenna; toward apjx browni>h. 

Hab.— Florida. 

This species approaches quite closely to a Etiropean species in m\ 
collection, Perisenms triareolatus Foerst. 
1(> 2. Perisemus mellipes n. sp. 

O. Length .13 inch. This species differs from /*. /?<7r/rt'rt««j in its larger size 
and the uniform dark honey-yellow legs. The antennae are infuscated toward tips : 
wings hyaline, stigma black. 

Hab. — Florida. 

XIV. GONIOZUS Foerster. 

17 I. Goniozus foveolatus n. sp. 

5. Length .12 inch. Black, finely punctate, with coarse, scattered fovea;. 
Antennse 13-jointed, honey-yellow. Legs black, the knees and tarsi honey-yellow. 
Wings hyaline, stigma black, basal cells, two. 

Hab. — Florida. 

18 2. Goniozus grandis n. sp. 

(^, §. Length .25 inch. Black, highly polished with a few coarse, scattered 
punctures. Antenna; and legs rufous. The head and thorax in certain lights have a 
bluish tinge. Wings subhyaJine, veins yellowish. The (J' differs from Q in having 
a much narrower head, longer, darker antenmv and clear hyaline wings. 

Hab. — Florida. 

XV. EPYRIS Westwood. 

19 I. Epyris analis Cress. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. IV, p. 193. 

riab. - Texas. 

20 2. Epyris laeviventris Cress. 1. c. p. 190. 

Hab. — Texas. 

21 3. Epyris rufipes Say. 

Bcthyliis riifipes Say. Leconte's Ed. .Say's Works, I, p. 221. 
Epyris rufipes Cress. 1. c. p. 194. 
Hab. — Missouri, Texas. 

XVI. ISOBRACHIUM Foerster. 

22 I. Isobrachium floridanum n. sp. 

0. Length .10 inch. Black, subopaque, finely punctate, sparsely pubescent. 
Antennae and legs feiTuginous, femora with a dark line above. Wings fusco-hyaline, 
pubescent ; veins brown ; stigma small. 

Hab. — Florida. 

This genus is distinguished from Perisemus and Goniozus h\ the 
basal vein not having a backward directed branch. 

(TO BE CO.NTINrED.) 




EXPLANATION OF FIGURES : 
Upper figure : I\Ientum and antenna of 

Soronia iindiuata Say. 

Lower figure : Mentum and antenna of 

Ainphotis I Ikei Lee. 



A New Species of Amphotis, 

By Hy. Ulke. 

The discovery of a new species of Ainphoiis induced not only a 
comparison of the two species now found in our country, but also of the 
two genera Soronia and Ampholis, which have been united by Dr. Horn 
under the name of the first genus. 

The separation of the two genera 
was chiefly based upon the difference 
in the antennal grooves, which are 
convergent in Soronia and parallel 
in Amphotis. 

Soronia undtdafa however repre- 
sents an intermediate form and makes 
this character less important. 

The structural characters which 
eventually may lead to the re- 
establishment of /Jw/>/io//5 are found 
in the mentum, antennae and elytra. 
The costate opaque elytra are so characteristic, that I recognized the 
genus at once — when I first discovered Amphotis tilkei — by the excellent 
figure given by Du Val. 

Amphotis schwarzii, n. sp. 

Elongate oval, light brown, opaque. Head densely punctured and sparsely 
covered with short yellow setae. Antennae less slender, club abrupt. Thorax twice 
as wide as the length at middle, narrowed in front, apex deeply emarginate, base bi- 
sinuate, sides arcuate, broadly explanate and the margin slightly reflexed, hind angles 
rectangular, densely punctured and sparsely covered with short yellow setae. Elytra 
as wide at the base as the thorax, humeral angles slightly dentiform, sides broadly 
reflexed, disc somewhat depressed, with a sutural, a short scutellar, fivediscal costae 
and two additional smaller ones between the fifth costa and the margin. The irregular 
coarse punctures of the intervals and the summits of the costae bear short yellow 
setae. The inflexed portion of the margin is more finely punctured. Body beneath 
is equably punctured, punctures with short yellow setae. — Length 5 — 6 mm. 

This species is very much like A. ulkei, but the uniform, pale brown 
color and the additional ridges in the inflexed portion of the elytral margm 
will at once distinguish it. 

I take great pleasure in dedicating this interesting addition to our 
fauna to my friend, Mr. E. A. Schwarz of Washington, who is so well 
known to every scientific Entomologist of the country. 

It would be interesting to know the habits of this new species. Mr. 
Schwarz collected it in numbers on the beach near Fortress Monroe, Va.. 
where they had been washed ashore. 

Entomologica Ameeicaka. Vol. hi. 12 July, 1887. 



-78- 

Since my first discovery oi Amphotis ulkei I have found it ever}" year, 
early in Spring, in the nests of a small black ant {Creffias/ogas/er lineolata 
Say), and only this year I collected them in numbers among Formica 
rtifa. The only species in Europe: Amphotis marginata Fab., is said to 
be found on flowers, Erichson however found them abundantly in the 
nests of Formica fuliginosa. 



Notes on Erebus odora, L. 

By H. T. Fernald, B. S. 

During a recent sojourn at Nassau, N. P., the capital of the Bahama 
Islands, I devoted a portion of my time to the study of the insect fauna 
of the island. 

At every turn strange and striking forms presented themselves, among 
which an occasional glimpse of a familiar species seemed like an unex- 
pected meeting with an old friend. 

This was particularly the case when on the morning of April 26lh of 
this year a large Erebus, unfortunately somewhat battered, was shown to 
me. I captured it with some difificulty as it apparently flew as well as at 
night. Just a month later, on the evening of May 26ih, I succeeded in 
obtaining a perfect specimen, and the next day a third was given to me. 

Alluding to their (to me) unusual abundance, in conversation with her 
Excellency, Mrs. Blake, to whom and to his Excellency, Governor H. E. 
Blake, I am indebted for very many favors, I learned that the "Black 
Witch" as \h.e Frebus is there called, is quite abundant at Nassau, a 
season rarely passing in which a collector might not obtain a number 
with ease. Indeed they are attracted to lights in houses and lly about 
like bats till caught or driven out. 

On inquiry as to the larva, Mrs. Blake stated that she had endeavored 
to obtain it to add to her series of paintings of the early stages of Bahaman 
Lepidoptera, but that she had thus far been unsuccessful. She had been 
informed by the natives, however, that the larva was very large, fed on the 
wild fig {Ficus trigonata), and was nocturnal in its habits, hiding in holes 
in the trunk during the day. She also stated that the moth was even 
more abundant in Jamaica than at Nassau. 

As the Erebus has such a powerful flight, its extended habitat (from 
Canada to Brazil) is not as remarkable as it would otherwise be, but the 
capture of fresh and perfect specimens at the extreme limits of this range 
would indicate that this species breeds, at least occasionally, in our North- 
ern States. 

If its food in the West Indies be indeed the fig, it may be safe to 
suggest that in our climate it would probably feed on some of the Urtica- 
cecB, that being the familv to which the fii; belomjs. 



—79— 

A New Genus and Species of Arctiidse, 

By John B. Smith. 

Among material received some time since from Texas, by a number 
of collectors as well as myself, were quite a number of specimens of a 
pretty species of a Lithosiiform appearance. Its characters prevent its 
association with any genus heretofore described. It resembles Emydia in' 
wing form, and Oaiogyna m tibial structure, while presenting peculiarities 
of venation and head structure, which effectually distinguish it from either. 
CERATHOSIA, n. gen. 

Body slender, graceful, untufted. Head distinct, rather prominent ; palpi slight, 
reaching the middle of the front, the terminal joint minute. Tongue moderate in 
length. Eyes hemispherical, prominent ; ocelli distinct. Antennae simple in both 
sexes. Front depressed, excavated, with a circular sharp, somewhat irregular rim ; in 
the centre of the depression is a cylindrical projection with a truncate and somewhat 
cup shaped tip. Thorax ovate, with smooth, scaly vestiture. Abdomen elongate, 
slender, cyhndric, smooth. Legs slender, smoothly scaled, increasing in length 
posteriorly. Anterior tibia shortest, rather stout, with a moderately long, curved 
spine at tip ; middle tibia with one pair, posterior with two pairs of spurs, not 
spinulose. 

Primaries narrow, elongate, subequal, outer margin slightly oblique, arquate: 
i2-veined ; accessory cell present ; internal vein not furcate at base ; veins 3, 4 and 
5 nearly equidistant from the end of the median ; 6 from lower margin of accessory 
cell, 7, 8 and 9 on a short stalk from the end of accessory cell, 8 to the apex, giving 
off g at about its middle ; 10 from upper angle of accessory cell. 

Secondaries large, rounded. Two internal veins : 2 from median at its outer 
third ; 3 and 4 on a short stalk from the end of the median ; 5 wanting ; 6 and 7 
from a short stalk at end of subcostal: the costal, (vein 8,) from the subcostal about J 
from base. 

Supra anal plate of rf triangular ; hook Somewhat irregular, thickened in the 
middle, with a pointed tip, but little curved. Side pieces subequal, with an obliquely 
curved tip. 

C. tricolor, n. sp. 

Head, thorax, and primaries above, glistening pure white, spotted with black ; 
secondaries and abdomen unilorm glistening clay yellow. 

Palpi black tipped ; tip of frontal projection also black ; a black spot at the inner 
base of antennae. Collar with a black dot each side of the middle ; thorax with four 
black spots, tvvo on each side of the middle ; patagiae with two black spots. 

Primaries with l)lack powderings along costa, forming an elongate costal patch 
at outer third, in which are three white costal dots. The black spots on primaries 
are rather irregularly arranged, and variable : there is a series along the median vem 
and another along the subcostal ; in some specimens there are two rather indistinct 
transverse bands formed. At outer fourth is usually a sinuate, narrow, black trans- 
verse line, often broken up into spots and sometimes not traceable as a line — there is 
some difference too in the form of the line when it is present. A series of intra venular 
spots parallel to and not far from outer margin always present : a series of terminal 
lunules : fringe white. Secondaries and abdomen immaculate. Beneath, secondaries 
and abdomen as above ; abdomen with a more or less complete series of narrow black 
spots on each side of the middle. Legs white, black marked. Tarsi black or brown, 



— 8o— 

ringed with white. Primaries yellow to near outer margin, where it is separated 
from the white terminal space by a broacl blackish shading which extends inward 
on the costa. A series of black terminal lunules. 

Expands, i — 1.37 inches = 25 — 35 mm. Hab. Texas. 
Many specimens from Texas, where it seems to be not uncommon. 
The species is very distinctly marked and easily recognized by the pure 
white, spotted primaries and yellow secondaries. It has the wing form of 
Utctheisa, and the genus may precede it in the lists. Types in my own 
collection. Others in the National Museum, Coll. Graef, Tepper, Hulst, 
Bolter, et al. 

Book Notices. 

Synopsis of the Families and Genera of the Hymenoptera of America, 
North of Mexico, tOL;ethL'r witli a Catalogue ot described species and Bibliograpliy. 
Compiled by E. T. Cresson. Part I. Families and Genera. Trans. Amer. Enlo. 
See. Phil. 1887. 

The above work, Part I of which is completed and before us, marks 
an era in the mapping out of another part of the great field of American 
Entomology. One by one Specialists are bringing facts, which are chaos 
to the ignorant, into order, by the ascertaining and publishing of the rela- 
tions and likenesses which reveal the "'unity in diversity'' of Nature. And 
of this task, no little portion is set before us in the above work. Mr. 
Cresson is the more worthy our thanks, as his labors have been in what 
is one of the most difficult of all suborders. With this work in the pos- 
session of the student, he can with little difficulty arrange his Hymenoptera 
in their proper families and genera. We can not too highly recommend 
its use to those whose taste leads them to collect and to strive after a 
?icientific knowledge of the Hymenoptera. Geo. D. Hulst. 

* * 

it 

On the classification of the Pterophondae, by E. Meyrick. Tr. Ent. Soc. 
London, 1886, p. i — 21. 

Mr. INIeyrick discusses the location of the family and says on this 
})oint : "My own conclusion is that the group constitutes a family of 
Pyralidina, of similar value with v\\q Bolydidie. and other allied families, 
and that it may be placed, together with the Tinesdidce and Oxychirotidcv. 
as I have elsewhere defined them, next the CrambidcB and Scoparicidce." 
A synoptic table of the known genera is given, and other new genera and 
species are described. 

No American forms are treated of, but the paper is nevertheless an 
interesting and valuable one to the American student of the groups. — J. B. S. 
^^^^ • 

Society News. 

Brooklyn Entomological Society, June 7th. Apart from the regular busi- 
ness, Mr. Wm. Beutenmueller gave an account of a collecting trip in Florida, from 
which he had just returned. He was located at Kisimmee and Enterprise. Collecting 
in the pine woods was very unremunerative. The hummocks gave much better re- 
sults, but it was evident that later in the season there would have been much greater 
success. Coleoptcra were much more plentiful than Lepidoptcra.— The next regular 
meeting will be in September, but the Piesident was requested to call a special meet- 
ing early in July, to arrange, if thought desirable, for the meeting of the A. A. A. S. 





Americana 



VOL. III. 



BROOKLYN, SUGUST, 1887. 



NO. 5. 



NEW NORTH AMERICAN MYRIAPODS. 

By Charles H. Bollman". 

The types of the fctllowing new species are deposited in the Museum 
of the University of Indiana. 

Subgenus PARAJULUS. 

I. Parajulus rugosus sp. nov. 

Brown, segments banded with dark gray po,tciiorly, black dorsal line and lateral 
row of spots distinct, vertex black, feet banded with brown. Moderately slender, rough, 
not pilose. Vertex wrinkled, median sulcus plain, setigerou^ foveokT; present. Eyes 
distinct, triangidar, almost trapezoidal ; ocelli 50 - 55, arranged ni 8 or 9 rows. Seg- 
ments 51 — 54. Sides of first segment only niarginate, other segments moderately 
striate beneath, with punctations and sho.t lin;s abovj. Last segment produced 
into a sharp, robust spine, projecting beyond the anal valves, which are scarcely 
marginate, anal scale large, obtuse, very sparsely piloie. Repugnatorial pore large, 
not touching the transverse suture, which is bent. Pairs of feet 96 — 104, exceeding 
the width of body. Male: mandibulary stripes strongly jiroduced beneath at the 
anterior angle. Coxre of the second pair of feet produced as in ivtprjssus. Genitalia ; 
anterior part of first plate shorter than posterior part, round, slightly bent outwards, 
pilose ; posterior part flat, angularly spatulate, presenting the broad side outwards ; 
anterior division of posterior plate curving, up around in front of anterior, end bifid, 
slightly margined beneath ; posterior part lanceolate, slender, about as long as 
anterior division. 

Length of body, q 35 mm., width 2.2 mm.; Q 40 mm., width 3 mm. 

Hab. - Monongahala City, Washington Co., Pennsylvania. 

In the plan of the male genitaha this species is related to elliplicus, 
but differs greatly from that species especially in the form of the posterior 
plate. 

This species is described from two males and two females, collected 
by Mr. Albert Gregg. 

EufoMOLOGiCA Americana. Vol. hi. 13 August, 1887. 



—82— 

2. Strongylazoma poeyi sp. nov. 

Dark ^ijrccn, lateral plates and leet pale. Robust, not smooth, shining. An- 
tenna; subclavate, longer than the width of body. First segment rather large, con- 
vex, scarcely punctate. Other segment punctate, transverse suture deep, not 
tuberculate. Lateral plates thick and obtuse, scarcely produced. Repugnatorial 
pore situated on the posterior third and slightly beneath, sunken. Male : genitalia 
long and slender, somewhat expanded and excavated towards the end, which is bifid. 

Length of body 27 mm., width 2.3 mm. 

Hab. — Havana, Cuba. 

This species is described from one male and one female, bt)th in a 
rather bad condition. I have named tliis species after its collector— Dr. 
Felipe Poey, — who also sent me in the same collection OrpJurneus brazi- 
liensis, Alecisiocephalus guildiugis, Scolopettdj-a ii//crna?is and Xeivpartia 
longitarsis. 

3. Geophilus salemensis sp. nov. 

Frontal plate present : anal pores moderate. Light red, hcatl, antenna;, la>t 
segment and feet orange. Robust, slightly attenuated anteriorly, more strongly 
posteriorly, moderately smooth, sparsely punctate and pilose. Prehensorial feet 
punctate and pilose ; sternum wider than long (8.6), anterior margin not produced ; 
coxte scarcely longer than wide (3,5:3), unarmed ; one small tooth. Cephalic plate 
longer than wide (7:5,5), suboval, sparsely punctate and pilose ; prebasal plate ex- 
posed ; basal plate about three times wider than long. Antenna; moderate, joints 
rather long, two preceeding the last not noticeably shortened. Dorsal plates plainly 
bisulcate ; anterior predorsal plates equal to posterior, median longest ; ventral plates 
with a median foveolse, sparsely punctate. Spiracles round, anterior large, median 
and posterior ."-mall. First pair of feet moderately short and slender, anterior and 
posterior subequal. Posterior coxa; moderately iiiHated, pilose, pores few and mostly 
concealed by the last ventral plate, which is wide, with the sides substraight and 
rapidly converging. Pairs of feet of male 51—54, last strongly crassate and densely 
pilose, armed ; female 54 -56, last slender, armed and pilose. 

Length of body 35 — 60 mm.; width i 2 mm. 

Hab.— Salejii, Indiana. 

I have examined live males ami four females of this species. It is 
more related to Geophilus ruheus Sa}'. 

4. Geophilus setiger sp. nov. 

Frontal plate absent ; anal pore large, concealed. Orange, head and antenna' 
brown. Slender, moderately attehuated posteriorly ; smooth, sparsely pilose. Pre- 
hensorial feet sparsely pilose, smooth, not punctate ; sternum wider than long (4.3), 
anterior margin not produced ; coxa' wider than long (2:1.5), unarmed ; one single 
acute tooth. Ce])halic jilate suboval, longer than wide (4:3.5), smooth, sparsely 
pilose; basal plate much wider than long (4:1.3), partly covered by cephalic plate. 
Antennas short, joints moderate, two preceeding last subequal. Dorsal plates distinctly 
bisulcate ; anterior predorsal plates short, median longer than posterior ; ventral 
plates with three longitudinal depressions. .Spiracles round, anterior scarcely en- 
larged, rest nearly ecpial. First pair of feet short, anterior and posterior subequal, 
former more robust. Posterior coxa; moderately inflated, pilose, pores few (5 — 6), 



-83- 

arranged along the ventral plate, which is wide with the side straight and strongly- 
converging. Pairs of feet of male 43, last moderately thickened, pilose and armed ; 
female 45, last rather slender, less pilose than male, armed. 

I..ength of body 18.5 — 21.5 mm.; width .7—1 mm. 

Hab. — Salem, Indiana. 
I have examined a male and a female. 

Subgenus ARCHILITHOBIUS. 

Lithobius holzingeri sp. nov. 

Chestnut brown, head dark, antenna; and feet paler. Robust, smooth, sparsely 
pilose ; head subrotund ; somewhat wider than long. Antennre moderately long, 
joints 20 — 28, long. Ocelli 15 — 20, arranged in 5 or 6 scies. Prosternal teeth 4. 
Coxal pores 3, 4, 7, 3 — 5, 6, 1,5, somewhat transverse, large. Spines of first pair 
of feet 2, 3, 2 ; penultimate 3, 3, 2 ; last I, 3, 2, O— I, 3, 3, 6. Posterior pair ot feet 
moderate, in the male the fifth joint is produced on the inner side into a short blunt 
pilose lobe. Claw of tlie female genitalia short, wide, tripartite: spines short and 
stout, subequal. 

Length of male 16 — 21 mm.; female 12 — 18 mm. 

Hab. — Winona, Minnesota. 

This species is related to irilobus, but is distinguished from il by the 
•greater number of antennial joints, coxal pores and the larger size. It is 
described from three males and nine females ; I have named it in honor 
of its collector, JMr. J. M. Holzinger. 



An Entomological Curiosity. • 
By O. Lugger. 

Once upon a time — about the year 1866 — I formed the acquaintance 
of a rather peculiar entomologist, in the city of Detroit, Mich. This col- 
lector, an Irish-man, had become aquainted with Mr. Andrews of Brook- 
lyn, who at that time was very anxious to bind together all American 
entomologists with a silken bond spun by the oak-feeding Yamai mm. 
Mr. Andrews' success was only limited, but Mr. O'M. proved himself 
otherwise. He was an unmarried man, a painter b\- trade, and was living 
in a small house in the suburbs of Detroit. This house consisted of two 
rooms and a garret, that is to say, it was intended to consist of these 
apartments ; they were never finished. Behind the house was a rather 
large garden, to furnish him and his mother who kept house (?) for him, 
all the necessary vegetable food, if — our friend had not found another use 
for this garden. All kinds of plants that would furnish food for caterpil- 
lars were there found in dense profusion, but nary a potato, tho' this fruit 
and the imported delicacy, salt-herring, were about the only food ever 
consumed inside the house ; however, an occasional loaf of bread brought 
variety into this bill of fare. 



k 



-84- 

Mr. 0"M. was the owner of a fine collection of butterflies ; he had 
arranged the specimens in a very unique fashion. Carefully leading you 
upstairs — and care was quite necessary — you would face a large case, 
about 4 feet long, 6 feet dee{) and 2 feet wide. There w^as a curtain over 
the glass ; after putting you upon a kind of spring-board in some way 
connected with the case, he would ]>ull the curtain, and your amazed 
eyes would see a wonderful sight. The background of the case showed 
-;a nicely painted landscape ; on the sides of the case were artificial trees 
of various kinds, m full foliage ; in the front of the case was a little pond 
lormed of glass. All the insects in this case were mounted in natural po- 
sitions, some were fastened to vcrv long and invisible fine steel- wires, and 
were flying (the spring-board giving motion to them); others were resting 
in various positions on leaf or trunk. The caterpillars were feeding in 
their proper positions, and there was not a leaf upon any of the plants 
that did not show the efiects of some insects upon them, such as leaf- 
miners, etc. All these leaves were cut out of paper, and they were all 
carefully painted from nature. Water-beetles and bugs were swimming 
in the pond — even the common house-fly could be seen, cleaning itself, 
of course, Gui/Zion /)i/dsof!U7.s and his ball had not been left t)ut in this 
picture of still-life. 

A further exploration of this garrett was somewhat dangerous, owing 
to several large nests of hornets, which Mr. O'lNf. had trained as watch- 
men, and quite successfully so, as a large bump on mv head could vouch 
for. Ilouse-painting occupying too much lime, and preventing Mr. O'M. 
horn feeding his various pets, the caterpillars, he had evolved a very good 
plan of making a living and raising butterflies at the same time. He had 
built liimseif a three \\ heeled handcart, upon which he had a photograph- 
ing outfit and breeding cages. According to an agreement I met him one 
fine morning outside the city to have a days collecting together ; he with 
an eye to business as well. After travelling several miles we came to a 
blacksmith's shop on the road, well shaded by some beautiful old oaks. 
A farmer and his wife wished to have their pictures taken. IMr. O'M. put 
them in a graceful position against the ivy-covered wall, fi.xed his camera, 
ami cried : "Steady.'' Then he went through the motion (.)f looking at 
a watch — which he did not possess. But just at this critical moment a 
beautiful Papilio tJioas hove in sight and — everything about the art of 
photography was forgotten, and j\Ir. 0"M. was in full chase after this 
prize. He succeeded in this but not in the picture. The worthy old 
couple stood like posts, and eventually obtained a photograph, but not a 
likeness. 



-S5- 

NOTES ON COLEOPTERA. 

By Frederick Blanchard. 

Dyschirius hispidus Lee. Besides the dislinctiuns given in the 
synoptic table in the Bulletin of the Brooklyn Ent. Soc. , vol. II, p. 17, 
this species is readily- known by having only the normal number of setir- 
gerous punctures on the ihora.x, namely, an anterior and a posterior one 
on each side, while in se/ost/s and pi/osus there are several intermediate 
ones. 4 — 5 in setosus ; the other I have not seen. 

Stenus. Lieut. Casey has said, — Revision of Stenini, p. 5, — that 
the tib;x' are unarmed in this genus, or group, as he prefers to consider 
it. Two exceptions have come under my notice; 

In Stenus strangulatus Casey, the hind femora of the (^ are 
each armed with an acute tooth inside near the base. The femora are 
also all stouter in the ,^. 

Again in Stenus erythropus Mels. , the (^ hind tibiie have each 
an obtuse tooth inside one-lourth from the apex. In this species the meso- 
sternum of the (^ is furnished with a tuft of long yellow hair. 

Stenus juno Fabr. This species also has in the (^ a mesosternal 
tuft of long hair as in erythropus, not observed by Lt. Casey, although 
mentioned by Fauvel, "Fauue Gallo-Rhcnane," III, 246. There is also 
a conspicuously longer and more dense pubescence on the basal half of 
the posterior femora of the (^ on the inner side not mentioned by either 
author. 

Hister repletus Lee. This species, which appears in the Henshaw 
List in the position originally given it by Maj. Leconte, should follow sub- 
opaciis, it belonging to the section Psiloscelis and conforming in habits 
with the other species, being found in the nests of a small black ant. 

Prionus laticollis Drury. The entire surface of the metasternum 
and of the hind co.xce in the (^ is clothed with a long pubescence which 
also extends more or less upon the mesosternum and its side pieces. In 
the 9 however the hairs are so short and inconspicuous as to give the 
under surface the appearance of being quite glabrous. In pocularis both 
Sexes are similarly clothed beneath with a long pubescence. Of the other 
species of the genus I can only say now, owing to the absence of speci- 
mens, that the 9 of calif ornicus and the 1^ of imcricornis are pubescent 
beneath, while the 9 oi palparis has the underside entirely glabrous. 

Prionus. ^ — At my request Dr. Horn has kindly sent me the follow- 
ing additional notes on the presence or absence of metasternal vestiture : 



—86^ 

In californicus (^•, the pubescence is moderately long over the whole 
metasternum. In the 9 '^ is sparser and shorter and usually there is a 
triangular median space naked. 

P. imbricornis 9 is entirely naked beneath. 

P. fissicornis (^ as in imbricornis, Q entirely naked hut with the 
metasternum more thickly punctulate than in imbricornia. 

P. palparis (^ with a shorter pubescence than has imbricornis, O as. 
in imbricornis. 

HomiPsthesis integer r^ has the pubescence very short The O is 
n'aked and quite smooth. 

H. emarginalus (^, has the pubescence much longer. The 9 is as 
in integer. 

In Tragosoma Harrisii hoi\i se.Nies are similarly hairy. 

Mecas inornata Say. Among three specimens given me many 
years ago as Stenostola satitrni7ia, from Texas, one was found to have the 
claws much more deeply cleft and with the inner divisions broafl, lobe- 
like and rounded and appro.ximate at tip instead of being moderately cleft 
with the inner divisions acute. While it is perhaps possible that an ex- 
tensive series may show this to be but an extreme variation, it is proposed 
that Say's name be used for this form and Leconte's name saturnina for 
the other until evidence occurs to show that they should be reunited. In 
examining the Leconte types recently with Dr. Horn it was found that 
the t3pe of saturnina was of the form referred to above under that name. 
The Leconte specimens o{ inornata averaged a somewhat larger size and 
where rather more ochreous in color. The pair of small denuded spots 
on the thorax were present and absent in specimens of both forms. Both 
sexes occurred of each. In comparing my own single specnnen of 
inornata, which is a 9) with saturnina, the elytra appeared to be some- 
what less punctured and with the punctures becoming obsolete at tip, 
while in saturnina the punctures, although finer, are distinct at tip. In 
my specimens the size would afford no criterion, they being all about the 
same. I\I. inornata is from Dak., Kans. , Tex. M. saturnina is' from 
Kans. , Tex. 

Magdalis armicollis Say. This and /^////r/a Say are retained as 
distinct in the Henshaw List. The latter name belongs to the (^ and the 
former to the 9 ^i^d both should be known as armicollis. The (^(^ are 
usually darker, either entirely brown, or with the head and thorax dark and 
the elytra pale, while the 9 9 ^ppear to be always pale above. The eves of 
the (^ are a little larger and more approximate above ; the antenna^ are a 
little longer, the scape passing back of the front margin of the eyes but in 
the 9 only barely reaching them ; the abdomen is somewhat flattened in 



-87- 

the (^ and Avilh a ratlier broatl, impunctured, glabrous, median viUa, 
bordered with erect hairs, extending from base to apex ; the last ventral is 
broadly emarginate and the sixth is frequently visible ; the pygidium is 
truncate. In the 9 the ventral segments are convex, punctured and 
pubescent and the last one and the pygidium are rounded. 

Anthonomus pusillus Lee, This species has occurred oc- 
casionally in sweeping grass and weeds in May and June in the vicinity 
of Lowell, jNIass. , and lately, June i6, it was found inconsiderable num- 
bers on the Hdianthevium canadense, or frost weed, growing in dry old 
fields. This was described from a single specimen from Texas, which 
was undoubtedly a male. The variation in size is very great, some females 
exceeding the smallest males six or eight times in bulk, so that unless the 
sexes happened to be taken at the same time they would hardly be recog- 
nized as belonging to the same species. The males are also generally 
darker colored than the females. The tooth of the front thighs is very 
strong, that of the middle moderate in size, that of the hind thighs very 
minute ; the tibia; are strongly bisinuate inside and the pygidium is con- 
vex and perpendicular and a little inflexed below as described of A. 
elegans. In both sexes there is a small acute tubercle on the inner side 
of the anterior coxae near the apex, but sometimes observed with difficulty 
in the more minute specimens on account of the scaly vestiture. 

It seems probable that this species breeds in the seed pods of Heli- 
anihemiim, but I have not been able to verify this.* Miariis hispidulus 
has been observed to breed in the seed capsales of Lobelia injiata. Larva, 
pupa and imagines, all having been taken from them. It, no doubt, 
breeds in other species oi Lobelia and here frequently occurs on the flow- 
ers of Z . spicata. 

Tychius lineellus Lee. This appears to have been described 
from females onlw In the (^ the beak is shorter, coarsely punctured and 
striate with a small smooth space above near the tip and with the antennae 
inserted far in front of the middle instead of at the middle as in the 9- 
The abdomen is impressed at base and the front tibiae are armed inside 
at about the middle with an acute tooth which is absent in the 9- 

Barinus cribricollis Lee. In the Bull. Cal. Acad. Sc. , II, 6, p. 
255, Lieut. Casey has defined the genus Barinus and he has also described 
Barvius squamnlineaiiis from an 111. specimen, sent to him by Mr. F. M. 
Webster. I have also what I take to be a similar specimen sent me by 
Mr. Webster from 111. Dr. Horn and myself have compared my speci- 
men with Dr. Leconte's types of .5'ar?/(?/'/ci« and have found it to agree 



* Since the foregoing was written, larvK, undoubtedly of this species, have 
been observed in the seed vessels. 



—88-- 

well with cribricolle. A little further examination showed that the species 
lulescens, albescens, lineare and hivillatiivi described bv Leconte under the 
genus Barikpton might also be placed in Mr. Casey's i>c\v genus, ihey 
having two connate claws instead of a single claw as in Barihpion proper. 
Dr. Horn has informed me later that in the type i){ albescens the claws arc 
extremely closely connate ; and furthermore that this species is not at all 
like //w(7r<' of which it appears as a synonym in the Henshaw List. He 
also suggests the possibility of alhescins and lulescens being respectively ^ 
and 9 of the same species. 



CALLIMORPHA. 

Will all collectors who may be in the position to do so, {ilease col- 
lect as long series of any species of this genus found in their locality as 
possible, with the view of getting at the range of variation. Also where 
that is possible, obtain eggs or larvx' in numbers, and raise them to 
maturity, preserving specimens of each stage, either blown or in alcohol. 
Eggs or larvse forwarded to the undersigned, will be carefully raised, and 
duly acknowledged. 

A study of the species of this genus recently made, the results of 
which will appear shortly in the Proc. U, S. Nat'l Museum, makes it 
probable that there are 9 species instead of three, as our lists now show. 
In order cither to prove, or disprove this conclusion, I beg my friends 
and correspondents in the U. S. and Canada to assist by supplying me 
with what notes or material they can. If larva; or eggs are sent, please 
send name of the food plant from which taken. John B. Smith, 

U. S. N;it'l Mas., Washingt., D. C. 



-*-•- 



Cockroaches ! ' 

In "The Entomologist " Vol. XX, p. 47, appears a notice of a book 
by Prof L. C. Miall li- Alfred Denny on "The Cockroach: An Intro- 
duction to the Study of Insects," and among the quotations from it we were 
interested in one from page 27, Uses : " Of the uses to which cockroaches 
have been put we have little to say. They constitute a popular remedy 
for dropsy in Russia ; and both cockroach-tea and cockroach-pills are 
known in medical practice in Philadelphia. Salted cockroaches are said 
to have an agreeable flavour, which is apparent in certain popular sauces !" 
May be some of our medical readers from Philadelphia will enlighten 
us as to the pardcular diseases for which these medicaments are used. 
Also what price they bring per thousand — though perhaps the writers of 
the book can give more information on that score, for it often happens 
that European works give startling information on American affairs of 
which we are here grossly ignorant. John B. Smith. 



-89- 

Apparently New Species of Mexican HETEROCERA. 

Ev Hknkv Idwards. 

(No. 5.) 

The species described in the following paper were collected (as in- 

tle^tl were the lest of the series) in the province of Vera Cruz by William 

Schaus, Esq., Jr., and as I find no reference to them in any books at 

mv disposal, I conclude them to be new, and so describe them. The 

four forms of Sphingidae have been compared by Mv. Schaus himself 

■with the collections in the B. Museum, and are undoubtedly unknown 

\o science. In all cases,- unless otherwise indicated, several specimens 

ha\-e been examined. 

Iain. SPHINGIDiE. 

ChcE.-ocampa turbata n. sp. 

RatliLT jxile fawn color in .the ground color of th'.' wings, primaries with a deep 
brown, strongly marked, and very characteristic ol)!ique stripe, running from the in^ 
ternal margin near the base, quite to the ape.x but becoaiing a little fainter as it reaches 
that posit.'on. This stripe i.s geminate, united at the internal margin. There is a 
small black discal spot, some darker fawn shades about the disk, and some waved 
dark fawn color submarginal lines. The secondaries have their .ground color a little 
paler than the primaries, with a broad median shade, of brown, and the margin 
moderately of the same color, becoming obsolete as it reaches the anal angle. Costal 
margin also shaded with brown. Beneath both wings, are yellowish fawn color, 
covered with numerous black irroralions, and blackish shades, the margins faintly in- 
dicated by browni-h bands There is a submarginal row of distinct black spots, 
common to both wings. Thorax above olivaceous fawn color, with the sides whitish. 
Abdomen wholly fawn color. Thorax, legs, and abdomen beneath, paler than above. 
Antennae with the shaft whitish above, pectinations fawn color. Head same color as the 
thorax, with the sides whitish. — No. 13. Exp. wings, 68 mm. Length of body, 40 mm. 
This apj)ears to be allied to C. fugax Bdv. 

Diludia lanuginosa n. sp. 

Primaries greenish drab, mottled with brown over the whole surface. There are 
indications of 5 slightly waved brown lines, the two nearest the base being only ap' 
parent at the costa, the remaining 3 being more distinct — the first slightly arcuate, 
and not reaching the internal margin, the second distinctly waved, becoming inwardly 
arcuate from median nervure to internal margin, the outer line more deeply toothed, 
and from it runs a slightly bent brown line quite to the apex. The fringe is pale 
drab, the intersections of the nervures marked with brown. Secondaries Very pale 
fawn-drab, with brown shade which resolves itself into three brownish slightly dent- 
ately-waved, bands, none of which reach the anal or abdominal margins. Underside 
of l)oth wings fawn-drab, with faint median band common to both wings. Ailtennre 
lawn-drab above, brownish beneath. Thorax concolorous with primaries. Abdomen 
olivaceous fawn color, grizzled with black and brown, a faint brown line at the junct- 
ion of each segment, and triangular brown patches along the sides of the 3 basal 
segments these gradually becoming lines upon the posterior segments. — No. 25. 

Exp. wings, 85 mm. Length of body, 42 mm. 

Protoparce dilucida n. sp. 

Of the group to which Carolina and Cestri belong, but much darker than these 
or any other species known to me. The ground color of the primaries appears to be 
Entomologioa Americana. Vol. hi. 14 August, 1887. 



— 90— 

sordid white, but it is almost lost in the heaviness of the markin<;s. These are blackish 
lirown, which color occupies the whole of the disk, enclosing a very distinct whitish 
discal spot. It is bounded also behind the middle by a waved blackish, band, c'(l_;t'd 
within by whitish, more especially towards the internal m;ir!:;in. Behind thi> band 
are some olivaceous shades, mixed with brownish, and liom it jiroeocds a deeply 
dentate black line, reachintr to the apex, and edged above with white. There is also 
a submarginal whitish dentate band cut by 3 black spots. The fringe is clear w lute, 
intersections of the nervules brownish black. Along the internal margin near the 
base is a whitish shade, edged with blackish, the whole surface of the win',^ being 
more or less flecked with blackish-brown scales. Secondaries blackish-brown, sordid 
white at base, and a rather narrow sordid white median band. Fringe clear white. 
Beneath both wings pale brown, with waved median pale band, surniomUed above 
with darker shade, which is dentate, and common to lioth wings. Distal while spot 
very distinct. Secondaries whitish at base along abdominal margin. .Aiiteni'a- 
white above, pale brown beneath. Head and thorax blackish-brown, speckl d wiih 
whitish, the sides clear white, and a whitish band along base of thorax. Abdomen 
above, grizzled, with white band at junction of the segments. Sides w itli 4 sidK]iia(li ate 
orange spots. The anal segments have tlieso spots represented l)y a few o:ang'' 
scales. Thorax and abdomen beneath clear white, feet and legs brown, banded 
with white. — No. 21. Exp. wuigs lOO mm. Length of body, 44 mm. 

Isognathus inclitus n. sp. 

Primaries l)lacki>h with gray shades. Base of the wing, and a large space along 
internal margin blackish, mottled with gray scales. Beyond thi i>a-e on costal half 
is a grayish space, enclosing 3 waved black lines. This space is limited by the 
median band which does not reach the internal margin, and from which proceed 
towards the inner margin two lines of alternate black and white following the course 
of the nervules to the extreme edge. Behind the median band on the costa is a sub- 
quadrate gray patch, beyond this a blackish shade, and this is followed by a broad 
oblique whitish shade, running from costa to near internal angle, through which the 
course of the nervules is marked by alternate black and white jxiints. The apical 
region is grayish, with a bright velvet-black patch about 10 miii. from the apex, and 
near the middle are two very conspicuous white teeth. The edge ot the wing is 
deeply notched, and is alternately gray and blackish. Secondaries bright orange, 
the margin very broadly blackish, not reaching the anal angle, and terminating in a 
geminate bluish gray band, which color also obtains slightly on the extreme margin. 
Underside of wings much paler brown with blacki.-.h irrorations. Half of the basal 
portion of primaries, and a still larger portion of the secondaries, pale orange at the 
base. There is a double waved darker band, common to both wings, but lost in the 
orange of the secondaries. Antennte, white above, Ijlackish beneath. Thorax black 
in front, grayish black on disk, with 4 black lines. Abdomen dull black, posterior 
edges of the segments and the sides sombre gray. Beneath thorax and abdomen 
grizzled. Exj). wings, 105 mm. Length ot body, 50 mm. 

This species is allied to /. Laura I^iitler, and /. rimosiis Gr. 

l"am. AGARISTIDiE. 

Eusemia Schausii n. sp. 

Rich velvety black. Collar, tb.orax beneath, and abdomen broadly at the sides 
bright orange. On the primaries is a basal streak of orange, extending to the ex- 
tremity of the cell, and an oblique sub-apical streak of the same color. In the middle 
of the secondaries is a broad streak of orange, almost a point at the base, but widen- 



—91— 

iiTj; out a)i<l extending:; nearly to tlie rnarLjin of tlie \vi g. Tliis is of a richer shade 
tlian the patches of the supeiior win^^s. Anal tuft black. The markings are re- 
jeated beneath. Exp. wings, 55 mm. 3 examples. — No. 59. 

This beautiful insect has ver}- much the system of coloration of the 
species of Jusiades. 

Kam. ZYG^qENIDiE, 

Triprocris basalis n. sp. 

llc-ad, ihoiax, abdomen, legs and upper surface of primaries l)right brassy 
greenisli Idack. .Secondaries with wide dull black margins, the discal area sordid 
white, seemingly somewhat transijarent. Under surface of both wings brassy black, 
the whitish patch less di-'tinct than al)t)ve. — No. 96. Lxp. wings, 25 mm. 

Ctenucha imitata n. sp. 

Head Idack, with the front orange, with black hairs intermixed. Collar, base 
of palpi, pectus, base of fCmora, lower side of abdomen, and the last segment above, 
bright orange. The lest of the body and wings dull brassy black. Lower wmgs 
dull black. — No. 99. Exp. wings, 36 nun. 

Nearly allied to C. ?)iodulaki Hy. Edw., but abundantly distinct. 

Ctenucha scepsiformis n. sp. 

Thoiax, abdomen, and lower wmgs, bluish black. Primaries dull Idack, with a 
yreenisli shade. Head with the front and base of antennae bright crimson. Base of 
palpi also crimson, the tips black. " Clypeus brassy. — No. 98. Exp. wings, 28 mm. 

With the aspect of Scepsis, and probably uniting that genus with 
Clenucha. It has ho\ve\er no vitreous space in the lower wings, 

Lycomorpha augusta n. sp. 

Wings a little wider than is usual in the species oi Lycomorpha, the antenna: are 
longer, and with deeper pectinations. It may thus form the type of a new genus. 

Head, antennae, thorax, abdomen and legs bright bluish black. Primaries very 
vivid crimson, with bluish black border, very broad apically, narrowing along post- 
erior margin, very narrow on interior margin, and a mere line on costa. Apex clear 
white. Below this the fiinge is dusky. Secondaries dull black, costal edge crimson, 
apex white, and fringe dusky. The markings are repeated on the lower side. 

Exp. wings, 35 mm. — No. 97. 
A very magnificent species. 

Fam. ARCTIIDiE. 
Euhalisidota lurida n. sp. 

Entire color very pale, testaceous, with a few faint darker clashes, obliquely 
from base to apex of primaries, and a dark shade on the middle abdominal segments 
of the (^ . The primaries are sharply produced at the apex in both sexes, and the 
lower wings are slightly hyaline. Antennae of the (^' dark testaceous, very long, and 
deeply pectinated — those of the 9 'H'C concolorous and simply serrate. 

Exp. wings, 52 mm. Length of body, 25 mm. — No. 67. 

Fam. BOMBYCIDiE. 

Bombyx habitus n. sp. 

Mouse color. Thorax whitish on the disk, and at the sides. Base of the prim- 
aries with a white blotch, interrupted by the ground color. The exterior line is also 
white, dentate from internal angle to behind the cell, where it is lost in a whitish 
cloud, containing a round mouse-colored spot. The space between this and the base 



—92— 

is darker than tlie r«st of the wing, especially on the costa. The posterior space is 
cloucled with white. Fringe coiicolorous. Hind wings paler than primaries, partic- 
ularly at the margin. . There is a slight olivaceous cast over the whole upper sur- 
face. Beneath, wholly mouse-drab, whitish along the internal margins of priniarie>. 
Keet and legs concolorous. Abdomen wiih faint traces of paler luuul. 

Exp. wings, 32 mm. i q • — No. 10. 

In color and general ai)i)earancc somewhat recalling the European 
B. popiili L. 

Apatelodes dififidens n. sp. 

O ■ Pale olivaceous drab, with all the marks and lines rather indistinct. There 
is on primaries an oblique line from near the base of costa to- near internal angle, 
terminating on a sinuo-dentate submarginal line which runs from costa to internal 
angle. Between these, there are on -costa two short dashes, an apical spot, and a 
distinct spot near base of internal margin. These marks are all light Ijrown. The 
sub-basal spot on internal margin is bordered outwardly with white, and there are 
olivaceous cloudings over the whole surface of the wing. The secondaiics arc pale 
drab, with a brown dash on the abdominal margni,. edged above and below with 
white. Underside has the apex of primaries dark brown with a white streak, and a 
pale submarginal line. The secondaries have the central portion much darker 
olivaceous brown, shading in the centre to dark brown, in the form of a broad streak, 
and limited by a broad and distinct submarginal pale line. Outside of this line the 
border has a yellowish tint. The abdominal margin is pale at the base. Thorax, 
antennce, legs and abdomen concolorous. O . In this sex, the whole of the markings 
above and below, are more pronounced and vivid in color. 

Exp. wings, Q 43 mm.; O 51 mm.- No. 72. 

Fam. NOCTUIDiE. 

Dipthera spissa n. sj). 

r; . Pruuaries very pale greenish yellow, with the black markings in very strong- 
contrast. The base is pale, and contains a minute black dot. T. a. line nidicated 
l)y a pale streak, suddenly dentate on internal margin, and almost obsolete on the 
costa. In front of the line is a dark shade. The t. p. line is oblique from the middle 
of internal margin, to about 5 mm. from apex, turning rather abruptly as it touches 
the costa, and surmounted by 3 pale oblique streaks. The median space is thickly 
clouded with black, leaving the orbicular mark very distinct. Submarginal lifie 
slightly dentate behind and also shaded with black. The posterior margin has deep 
teeth between the nervures. Fringe black, excej)t at the nervLires, where it is cut 
by the ground color. Secondaries smoky, darkest along, abdominal margin. Fringe 
flecked with white. Head yellowish. Thorax same as primaries, yellowish green, 
with black markings, those of the disk transverse, while the tegu'ae bear a hinate 
spot, open in the centre, and showing ground color. The abdomen is smoky above, 
yellowish at the tip and beneath. Lower side of wings smoky, with yellowish marks 
on co^ta, and posterior margin of primaries. Legs yellowish, ringed with black. 
Eyts and anteniiK; jet black. O. The markings of the primaries are much less pro- 
iiounced than in the other sex, and the secondaries and abdomen are clear white, 
the fringe marked with black. The underside also is yellowish white throughout, the 
black markings of primal ies being faintly shown. In one (^' specimen the ground 
I. ulor is clear white with the markings all brownish black, giving the insect a very 
c I liferent appearance. I cannot however regard it as other than a variety, which 
may be known as D. /'o/iii.x: n. var. -No. 87. Exp. wings, q 44mm.; O 58 mm. 



—93— 

Parorgyia Parallela Grole and its Variations. 

By Otto Seifert. New York. 

' While hunting for Xoctuidue at nigiit from July 8th to 13th (Green 
County, Catskills), about ,12 '■'Parorgyia" caterpillars were found on the 
trunks of Oak trees ; two more specimens were found during the day-time 
concealed under stones at the foot of Oaks ; between all these not the 
slightest difference was discernible. They pupated from July 13th to 17th, 
save two, which had been infested by some species o'i Microgaster. The 
first imago {(^) appeared July 2Sth, all the rest during the first week of 
August (4 cf (j^, 7 9 9)- ^^^^ difference in the coloration of the moths 
was very remaikable, some (^ (^ and 9 9 t)cing the t^'.pical Parorgyia 
paral/eli G\oic, others {(^(^ and 9 9) kicking altogether the charact- 
eristic dark brown line along submedian vein. 

On August 1st a fine typical female and a male without, the dark line 
were confined in a large gauze-gage, they copulated during the night and 
remained so till noon. About 250 eggs in two very regular triangular 
patches were deposited by August 3rd ; they are smooth, apple-shaped, 
of a whitish-green color and were glued to the leaf by a silver}-, shinmg 
mass, intermixed with a few hairs. August lolh the eggs turned more 
opaque, the slight excavation on the top of the egg seemed deeper with _a 
dark spot forming in the middle, and August 12th, early in the morning, 
they commenced to hatch. The young larva; ate their egg-shells. ■; 

August 15th. Length 6f caterpillars when crawlmg, about -^^ of an 
inch. They arrange themselves wliil,e feeding in a semi-circle, wholly de- 
nuding the leaves of their epidermis ; disturbed, thev suspend themselves 
on a fine silken cord,, and so drop down. During the day-time they con^ 
ceal themselves oil the underside of the leaves. They are whitish, head 
dark brown, mouth parts yellowish ; all segments with 8 fleshy, hair- 
bearing protuberances or warts arranged as dorsal, supra-stigmatal, sub- 
stigmalal and pedal hnes, the substigmatal warts giving rise tQ very long 
hair, spreading like a fringe. * The protuberances on all segments are 
light brown, variegated with, pale yellow, except on 3rd and 8th seg- 
ments, where dorsal warts are whitish. On first segment the two infra- 
stigmatal warts are of about twice the size of the others, fleshy and pro- 
jecting forward, tipped with black and bearing long brushes of hair. These 
Itrushes on first segment -and the corresponding ones on anal ring are pro- 
jecting and of about the size of the larva. Venter whitish, transparent, 
showing the line of intestines. 

First moult, August iSlh. Length, when moving, 5*,^ of an inch. 
Ground color greenish-white, also ventral area. Supra-stigmatal warts 
yellowish-brown from their base, giving this area the appearance of a 



—94— 

broad brownish line, broken by the segment joints. The t\vo long ])ro- 
jecting brushes on first segment and the less prominent ones on anal seg- 
ment are black, while almost all the hair of the larva is of its own pali; 
color. All the hair is. very soft and beautifully feathered in different 
patterns. The joint between first and second segment has dorsalh- a slate- 
colored patch. Dorsal warts on first segment have brown tips, those on 
second and third are plain ; on fourth segment the dorsal warts bear dense, 
even, slate-colored hair-tufis, these dark hairs being a little longer than 
the light hair on adjoining warts. Warts on 5lh, 6th and 7th segments 
tipped with brown, on 8th segment whitish, on ylh, loth, nth and 12th 
segments the brown color prevailing. On 9111 and on icth segments, I 
between the dorsal warts, appears a small, pearl-like, yellowish-white ex- 
crescence, which the larva is able to retract. — Having been fed only on 
different species of Oak leaves before this, Wild Clienv, Heach ami Birch 
leaves Mere given, to all of which they took, but preferred Oak to all others. 

Second moult, August 22nd. Length, about ^f'^J of an inch, when 
crawling. Larvae look very different after this moult, most so on 4th and 
1 1 th segments, where on dorsal warts dense, brush-shaped, dark-brown 
hair-tufts arise. The spreading whitish hair on sub-stigmatal warts very 
much developed ; 9th, loth and iith segments light brown. 

Third moult, August 27th. Growth of caterpillars comparatively very 
slow ; length, ^L of an inch. Groundcolor dorsally and laterally dark 
slate with narrow, subdorsal whitish line ; stigmatal area and underside 
light olive-green. Hair on sub-stigmatal warts whitish ; on dorsal and 
supra-stigmatal warts mouse-gray. The two projecting brushes on ist 
segment, a few long projecting hairs on anal ring, and dorsally on 4th and 
nth segments a very dense hair-tuft, slightly overreaching the gray hair, 
are of a deep, black color. From 4th to 8lh segment the vestiture is 
densest and richest. 

Fourth moult, September ist. Length about ^ inch. Apppearance 
of larvae very little changed. Underside olive-green, legs and pro-legs 
lighter, also stigmatal area of a lighter shade. 

Fifth moult, September 5th. Length about |- of an inch. No material 
change took place. Dorsal tufts on 5lh and 6th segments and the front 
of dorsal tufts on 7th segment profusely mi.xed with black hair, single 
dark hairs interspersed on all tufts. After every nn:)uh the hair appears 
richer and more feathery, giving the resting insect an almost rounded ap- 
pearance. The larvae, when disturbed, roll themselves up. 

Sixth moult, September loth. None of the caterpillars reaching one 
inch in length (measured from head to anal segment always), but they 
look almost ^ inch wide with the fringe-like hair. 

Seventh moult, September i Stli. The full grown larvae before pupating 



—95— 

measure from i (^) to i^- (9) inch. Head shining, dark brown, rather 
hairy, mouth-parts Ht^hter. Ground color dark slate, almost black, 
velvety ; stigmatal region light yellowish-gray, almost the color of vestiture; 
this color spreads in line lines across segment-joints ; stigmata whitish, 
ventral area almost black; legs whitish, rather hairy. The hair of the 
larva is mouse-gray, feathered and soft. On 2nd and 3rd, but far more 
so on 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th segments, the dorsal protuberances are ridge- 
like, enlarged but low, and the hair-tufts arising from these large bases 
cover the dorsal region of the resting insect entirely ; when moving, only 
the joints are visible. Supra-stigmatal warts on first segment without the 
feathery hair, the small warts bearing some plain, spreading hairs, on all 
01 her segments tliese warts are ornamented besides with bushy rounded 
tufts of feathery hair. Infra-stigmatal protuberance with longer, bushy, 
fringe-like, spreading tufls ; pedal line of warts similarly provided. The 
slender black brushes on ist segments, which project from the centre of 
infra-stigmatal tufts are of about ^ the length of larva and composed of 
differently feathered hair ; corresponding to these are a few single black 
hairs on anal segment. The black, dense tuft on dorsal warts on 4th 
segment slightly overreaching the surrounding hair ; dorsal tufts on 5th, 
6th and 7lh segments mixed with dark hair. On i ith segment the rounded 
black tuft arismg from the two warts is still higher. The vestiture on 9th 
and loth segments is more scant and the larva-skin always visible. The 
amber-colored, cylindrical excrescences between the dorsal warts on these 
segments are scarcely ^ the length of the adjoining hair. The larva, when 
resting, bends the head down, and as the vestiture on the next segments 
IS richest and longest, the insect gets an almost hunched appearance. 

The larvae commenced to form their cocoons September 26th, about 
two-thirds went into the pupa state by Sept. 30th ; all the rest but one or 
two had spun by Oct. 5th. They mostly spin at night ; having covered 
the resting place first with a fine web, they form a very fine net-work,, into 
which they twist all their own hair. The cocoon is thin, easily torn, and 
of an almost regular, oval shape. The empty larva-skin, stripped of all 
its hair often adheres like a tail to the cocoon, which by the peculiarity of 
the hair of which it is formed and a few spun threads, is securely fastened 
to sheltered places on stones or wood. The pupa itself is about |- (,^) 
to I inch ( 9 ) long, rather stout, ending in a spine with which it is fastened 
to the cocoon. The color is light yellow-brown, wing-cases and stigmata 
dark brown ; thoracic region, the segment joints and cremaster are brown. 
All the warts, even the pedal line, seem to be retained on the abdominal 
segments as mmutely granulated patches, covered with short hair. The 
six dorsal warts on 5th, 6th and 7th segments are represented by six ro- 
sette-shaped, lichen-like formations of yellowish-gray color, the two warts 



-96- 

on each segment almost confluent with an oval ])atcli. The clu'tin cover 
is ven- fragile. 

First imago appeared Oct. 2 2ncl ; by November ist mostly rf (j^ 
emerged; after this time 9 9 predominated. Nov. zSth the last perfect 
insect appeared : they generally left the pupa shell after sunset. The 
majority of the darker shaded variety appeared first. Altogether 53 (^ (^ 
and 44 9 9 ^vere the result of this brood, while about 50 larvae hiber- 
nated. These stopped feeding after fifth moult ; neither artificial heat nor 
the choicest food could induce them to quit their lethargic state. They 
were transferred Sept. 22nd to a common llower-pot upt)n damp moss and 
covered with Oak-leaves, then placed outside the window-sill, protected 
against rain, snow and the sun by a loosely fitting tin-cover. The}' 
gregariously gathered on underside of the leaves and so passed the winter. 

Of the many interesting facts which the rearing of this s})ecies reveal;i, 
the most curious is the variation in the coloration of llie imagines. They 
appear in almost equal numbers in two well defined ft)rms, including both 
sexes, but most striking in the 9 individuals. 

Exp. (^ 1.25 to 1.55 ; 9 I-50 to 1.90. 

Those specimens belonging to the typical form (9) (Grote, Proc. 
Ent. Soc. Phil., VI), are all easily recognized. They only vary among them- 
selves in the more or less profuse brown clouding, the lighter or darker 
shade of this brown color on primaries and the intensitv of markings. 

The aberrant form is entirely destitute o'i the black longitudinal stripe, 
which in the typical specimens runs from the base of the wing to beyond 
the t. p. line, also of the black scales on median^nervure and fourth median 
nervule. The median space is free from all brown clouding, it is "olivac- 
eous-cinereous," often lighter, and always "sparsely sprinkled with black 
scales"; the whitish, more or less prominent discal space, with a more or 
less distinct reniform ringlet. Outside t. p. line a part of the brown cloud- 
ings is left in the form of a pale brown, narrowing, very variable shade, 
which is margined exteriorly by a broader or narrower whitish band, fol- 
lowing the brown shade in all its irregularities. Hind-wings like typical 
form or paler, discal spot and band often visible. Underneath, band and 
discal dots often very plain ; often spots obsolete, and bands only indi- 
cated by a dark dash from costa. The males are of a darker and brighter 
"olivaceous.cinereous" color, hind, wings dark gray. In whitish discal 
spot on primaries the brown, mostly reniform ringlet always present. 
Markings the same as in 9- Underneath dots and bands very distinctly 
marked, though often irregular ; sometimes subterminal band is followed 
by a more indistinct one, or by a row of blunt spots. 'I"he males of both 
forms taken as a whole look more uniform, since the typical form has no 
perceptible brown clouding within median space, and the characteristic 
black stripe along sub-median vein is less striking on the darker ground 
color. Nevertheless, they are as variable as the females : .entirely pale 
specimens with faint markings very rare. 



—97— 

Studies on the North American PROCTOTRUPID^E. 

with Descriptions of New Species from Florida. 

(PART I.) 

By William H. Ashmead, 

Jacksonville, Hi)rithi. 

(Coiitinutd from p. 76, vol. IIL) 



XVII. BETHYLUS Latreillc. 
2:'. I. Bethylus armiferus Say. Lecoute's Ed. Say'^ Works, I, )i. 383. 

Hab. —Indiana. 
2i 2. Bethylus celluris Say. 1. c. II, p. 726. 

Hah. —Indiana, Florida (Ashm.). 
2") 3. Bethylus musculus Say. 1. c. p. 726. 

Hab.- —Indiana. 
•_<') 4. Bethylus pedatus Say. 1. c. p. 727. 

Hab. — Indiana. 
1^7 5. Bethylus centratus Say. 1. c. p. 727. 

Hab. — Indiana. 
28 6. Bethylus prolongatus Prov. Petite Faune Ent. du Can., II, p. 563, 

Hab --Canada. 
^M 7. Bethylus formicoides Piov. Add. et Corr. a la Faune Hymn., p. 177. 

Hab. — Canada. 

XVIII. ATELEOPTERUS Foerster. 
:'.U I. Ateleopterus nubilipennis n. sp. 

Q. Length .12 inch. Tin's species resembles a Gonioziis \ it is black, finely 
punctate and shining, but without the coarser, scattered punctation so common in 
that genus. The antenn;i; are 13-jointed, first joint and the legs brownish yellow, 
Hagellum dark brown. The abdomen is pointed ovate, wings dark fuscous, and 
without a marginal or a stigmal vein. 

Hab. Florida. 

XIX. HOLOPEDINA Foerster. 
:'>1 I. Holopedina nubilipennis n. sp. 

5. Length .07 inch. Rufo-testaceous ; eyes brown; antenna' i2-jointed, in- 
luscated. Middle of femora and tibiae, and abdomen towards tip, dusky. Winge 
darkj'uscous, without a marginal or a stigmal vein ; but there is one basal cell. 

Hab. — P'lorida. 

Subfamily CERAPHRONIN^. 

XX. SYNARSIS Foerster. 

XXI. LAGYNODES Foerster, 

XXII. CERAPHRON Jurine. 
;!'2 \*. Ceraphron macroneurus n. sp. 

rf . Lengtli .04 inch. Black, shining. Antenna; stout, scape half as long as 
flagellum, brownish yellow, flagellum dark brown. Legs and abdomen yellow. Wings 
Entomologica Americana. Vol. ui. 15 AuGtJST, 1887. 



-98- 

1) valine, the stigma l)i own, not lartje, from whicli issues a very loni^ stignial vein, 
lorming a narrow radical cell open only at tip. 
Hab. — Florida. 
A single .specimen was raised from an a[)his on lion wood. 

XXIII. TRICHOSTERESIS I-oerster. 

'^3 I. Trichosteresis floridanus n. sp. 

In stature similar to Trichosteresis clandestinus Foe'rst. Black, finely, con- 
lluently punctate. Head and thorax sparsely pubescent. Antenniie lo-jointed, black, 
terminal joint longer than the preceding one. Legs black, knees honey-yellow, tarsi 
white. Wings hyaline, not pubescent, the large stigma and stigmal vein pale. 

I lab. — Florida. 

XXIV. LYGOCERUS Foer>tcr. 
;U I. Lygocerus armatus Say. 

i\rap/iron armatus Say. Lecontc's Ed. Say's Works, II, }>. 724. 
Hab. — Indiana. 
:i) 2. Lygocerus stigmatus Sny. 

Ceraphro)! stiii'/iiatiis Say. 1. c. p. 724. 
Hab. - Intliana. 
3(j 3. Lygocerus floridanus Ashmead. 

Chdiroceriis florida/ttis Ashm. Trans. Am. Fnt. Mo. Pioc. 1 88 1, p. 3J. 
Hab. — Florida. 

XXV. ATRITOMUS Foerstcr. 

37 I. Atritomus rufiventris n. sp. 

O. Length .10 inch. Robust, black. Antenniu pale yellow, scape short, 
slightly broadened. Mesothorax smooth, without grooves. Legs pale brown, posterior 
femora above infuscated. Abdomen rufous, blackish above towards tip. Wings 
hyaline, stigma thick, l>road, with a short stigmal vein, nearly parallel with costal 
edge. 

Hub. — Florida. 

XXVI. MEGASPILUS We^twoud. 

38 I. Megaspilus luceus i'lov. Petite Faune Ent. du C, II, p. 808. 

Hab.- Canada. 

39 2. Megaspilus hyalinipennis n. sp. 

O. Length .oS inch. Robust, black, pubescent. Eyes pubescent : antenna." lO- 
jointed, fililorm, dark brown, pubescent, first two joints rather short, third and fol- 
lowing joints much longer. Legs light brown, the femora and tibi;v obfuscated. 
Wings hyaline, stigma large but pale, with a long stigmal vein. 

Hab. — Florida. 

Siibnimily PROCTOTRUPINiE. 
XXVII. PROCTOTRUPES Latreille. 

40 I. Proctotrupes caudatus Say. Leconte's Ed. Say's Works, I, p. 221. 

Hab.— North West Territory. 

41 2. Proctotrupes obsoletus Say. 1. c. II, p. 725. 

Hab. — Indiana, Canada. 



—99— 

42 3- Proctotrupes abruptus Say. 1. c. p. 725, 

Hab. — Indiana, Canada. 

43 4. Proctotrupes pallidus Say. 

Codrus pallidits Say. 1. c. p. 725. 
I lab. - Indiana. 

44 5. Proctotrupes flavipes Piov. Petite Faune Ent. du C, II, p. 562. 

Ma!). — Canada. 

45 6. Proctotrupes rufigaster Prov. I. c, p. 561. 

Hal). —Canada. 

46 7. Proctotrupes crenulatus Patton. Can. Ent., XI, p. 64. 

Hab. — Connecticut. 

47 8. Proctotrupes melliventris n. sp. 

Q . Length .18 inch. Stature and form of/', obsoletiis Say. Head, thorax and 
antennas, black. Metathorax, rugosely punctate with a slight median carina. Legs 
and abdomen, honey-yellow. Wings lusco-hyaline, a darker colored cloud beneath 
stigma. 

Hab. — Florida. 

Subfamily SCELIONIN^. 
XXVIII. THORON Haliday. 

48 I. Thoron pallipes n. sp. 

Q. Length .08 inch. Similar to Thoronmetalliais YI-aX., but smaller. Black, 
polished. Antennal scape, pedicel and legs, pale yellowish brown, funicle joints and 
the large inarticulate club, dark brown, third funicle joint, very small. Wings 
liyaline, veins brown, stigmal vein hardly developed, postmarginal vein wanting. 

Hab.— Florida. 

XXIX. B^US Haliday. 

XXX. ACOLUS Foerster. 

49 I. Aeolus rubriclavus n. sp. 

O. Length .14 inch. Testaceus. Eyes, ocelli and flagellum, red-brown; first 
flagellar joint slightly shorter than pedicel, following three joints very short, club 
thickened, inarticulate, but apparently composed of six closely joined joints. Disk 
of metathorax convex, black. Abdomen pointed, fusiform, dusky at tip, first seg- 
ment longitudinally striate. 

Hab.— Florida. 
Described from one specimen taken on Ocean Beach at San Pablo. 

XXXI. BiEONEURA Foerster. 

50 I. Baeoneura cinctiventris n. sp. 

O. Length .08 inch. Slender pale brownish yellow. Eyes, the large inarticu- 
late antennal club, the disk of metathorax and broad bands at base of second, third 
and last abdominal segments, brown. Wing hyaline. Legs, pale brownish yellow, 
the femora and tibife slightly dusky in middle above. 

Hab. — Florida. 

51 2. Baeoneura floridana n. sp. 

(^, 5- Length .14 to .15 inch. A slender, greatly elongated species. Black 
rugoso-punctate and pubescent. Antennaa dark brown, scape paler, the first funicle 



— roo — 

joint is longer than the p«clicc1, (^ filiform, O eiidiii;^ in six-Jointed club I-egs- 
brownish yellow. The slender, greatly elongated alxJonien, which extends consider- 
ably beyond the tips of wings when folded, is over thrice as long as the thorax, 
strongly carinate along lateral nvirgtns, and the first and second segments are longi- 
tudinally striate. Wings hyaline, the marginal and postiiiarginal veins are very long, 
the stignial sliort. 

Hab. — -Florida. 

XXXII. XENOMERUS Walker. 
hi I. Xenomerus rubicola n. sp. 

(^ . Length .10 inch, Black, head polished ; antenna; filiform with long hairs, 
scape short brownish-yellow. Thorax finely punctate, pubescent, with two grooves. 
Scutellimi convex, rounded behind. Abdomen about as long as the thorax, some- 
what narrow. Legs : femora excepting tips, black, tibite pale yellowish. Wings 
hyaline, veins pale, the marginal vein is very long, the stigmal long, curved upwards, 
while the postmarginal is also long, one-third longer than the stigma. 

Hab. — Florida. 

Described from one Sj)ecimeii reared from a di^jLcrcrus larva, living 
in the stems of the black berr}- Riibus villosiis. 

XXXIIL TELEAS Latreille. 

~u^ I. Teleas sphingis Ashmead. 
Hab. — Florida, 
This species was described in my work for the Department of Agri- 
culture last summer. 

54 2. Teleas orgyiae Fitch. 

Telenoinns orgyiic Fitch. Eighth Report N. V. Stat. Ag. Soc. p. 679, 
Hab. — New York. 

55 3. Teleas dolichocerus n. sp. 

rf. Length .04 inch. Black, polished. Legs pale brown. W'ings hyaline. 
Antennae 12-jointed, long, reaching beyond tip of abdomen, dark brown, the fourth 
joint is nearly as long as the scape, fifth as long as pedicel, following joints subequal. 

Hab. — Florida. 
5(3 4. Teleas infuscatipes n. sp, 

1^, O. Length .04 inch. Black, polished, sparsely pubescent. Legs brown 
with femora and tibice obfuscated in middle. Antennae in (^ long, filiform, third 
joint incrassated, <J antenna; ending in 4-jointed club, joints broader than long, 

Hab. — Florida. 

XXXIV. PROSACANTHA Nees. 
57 I. Prosacantha americana n. sp. 

Q. Length .06 inch. Robust, black, finely pubescent. Head and thorax 
evenly, coarsely punctate. Antennre including scape, black, club 4-jointed. Meta- 
thorax with a spine. Legs ruious, all coxae black. Wings hyaline, veins pale, the 
marginal vein is not long and the stigmal vein is very short, almost punctiform. 

Hab.— Florida. 

(TO BE CONTINUED.) 




¥0L. III. 



BROOKLYN, SEPTEMBER, 188?. 



NO. 



Proceedings of the Entom. Club of the A. A. A. S. at the 
New York Meeting, August, 1887. 

Durinp; the meeting the following were present at some or all the 
meetings of the Club : i'rof. J. H. Coinstock, Pies.; Mr. J. B. Smith, 
^'ec'y. ; nnd Messrs. C. V. Rilc}-, |. A. L nlner, A. J. Cook, Geo. D. 
Hulst, E. L. Grnef, Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Basseit, Geo. Dimmock, J. H. 
Kmerton, G. W. J. Angeli, P. R. Hoy, Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Southwick, 
Wm. Saunders, J. G. Morris, A. S. Fuller, VVm. Beutenmiiller, F. B. 
Cliiltcnden, Mr. and Mrs. E. W. Claypole, Dr. IMaury, Mr. E. C. M. 
Rf.nd, and several others who failed to register. 

Tucsdiiy. August gill, iS8j. — Club called to order at 2:30 P. M. 
P.of. Goinstock, the President, in the cliair, 15 ] crsons present. In the 
absence of the Secretai}', JNIr. Reed. Mr. J. B. Smith of Washington was 
elected Secretary //-r; ieui. Prof! Coirstock then read his annual address, 
giving a history of the vaiious svsiems ofclassilication t>f Insects since the 
time of Linnaeus, and es])ecially dwelling on the more recent subdivisions 
of some orders by Brauer and Packard. li^ explained the difficulties in 
the way of too minute suljdivision, and the pecidiar associations caused 
by the wide definitions of our oKlcr authors. 

He exhibited tabular statements of the various classifications, and 
diagrams of some of the structural differences upon which some of the 
systems were based. 

Finallv, he said, it left him somewhat undecided, and al a loss, with 
a decided disinclination to accept all the sul)di\isions proposed.* 

* As the substance of tin's address is to appear at an early date in the initial 
numbers ol' a new Introductory work of Entomology it is not printed l.cre. 

Entomoi.ogica Amekicana. Vol hi. Ifi SEPTEMnEit. 18K7. 



■^ 



— 102 — 

Prof. C. V. Riley, ominenting on the atitli-ess, said the paper was an 
impuilant one, and he fully realized tlie difficulties in coining to a final 
ami salisfaclory conclusion. For his pari he liked the old cla>sificaiioiis, 
based on the irophi and pterostic chaiacleis. Tiiey had the merit of being 
well defined and easily limited. He did ne)t believe in the creation of 
numerous orders, but would rather consider diem aberrant gioups or 
sub-orders, if necessary. Classification however for some lime to come 
must be a matter of opinion. Many classifications have been proposed 
since that of Linnaeus, have IkuI their day, and havj lieen forgoiieii. He 
had ihe highest respect for \a: bram-r, but did not entirely agree widi 
him. He did not ilimk too much stress ought to be given to d.e adoles- 
cent states, which, more than anytliing. were subject to indepemlent 
changes b}- the environment. 'I here was difficulty in recognizing the 
Dermoptera as belonging to the Orthoftera, but he believeil they .'•hould 
be considered rather as a sub-order than an order. He did not feel bke 
placing the Thrifndo' for instance on an equality with, say xXxt Heiniptera, 
ami did not believe in the creation of orders with few species or genera ■ 
— he would rather consider them as aberrant members of a class. Classi- 
fication after all is only a means to an end, and whatever may be ultimately 
ado])ted, embryology will give many important guides in qucstidiiable 
cases, and will inodiA' our views of the relationship of species. 

]\Ir. |. 1). Smith saitl he was glad Prof Comstock had chosen the 
subject he diii, for he had long wished that the gist t^f Brauer's classifica- 
tion could be presented in an accessible form to American students, and 
Prof Comslock's paper did that to jiome extent. He agreetl thoroughly 
with Prof Riley in his estimate of the value of the adolescent stages. In 
the Lepidoptera for instance the larvae of A/ypia, Psychomorpha and Eu- 
dryas are scarcely distinguishable, while the imagoes certainly belong to 
different families. He thought it required considerable courage often, to 
carry out consistently the idea of giving value to structure, irrespective of 
number of species or genera. In the Coleoptera only they have consist- 
ently based families on structure, whether there was one species or 
thousands. 

Prof Comstock stated that at the standing committee meetings he 
hail announced the luuir of meeting of the Club at 9 A. M.. and asked 
the pleasure of the meeting as to further dates. Affer some discussion it 
was decided to meet at 9 A. M. on the loth, and to decide at that time 
on future dates. 

Under the call of papers, Mr. Smith read from printed proofs a paper 
on the species of G////w«;-/>/;rt, prepared for the U. S. Nat'l. Mus. Proc. , 
illustrated by blackboard sketches. He made 9 species of the American 



— 103 — 

forms instead three as heretofore recognized, and pointed out the differ- 
ences between them, making the pattern of maculation the criterion of 
iiis species. 

Mr. Graef expressed his dissent from Mr. Smith's views, and sliowul 
how in his opinion the maculation could be so modified as to produce 
the different forms. 

Prof. Riley commenting on Mr. Smith's paper said that he did not 
agree with him at all. He thought that there was but a single white 
species and possibly there may be three rather well marked species, with 
three moderately well marked larval forms. He said that in variation 
not only color changes but sometimes the pattern does, also. Especially 
i> this true in forms that have more than a single brood annuall}'. He 
instanced cases in the 7'i rj-ici<Lc, wheie lorms apf)ear, so different in 
pattern that theie seems no possible connecticju between them, but bred 
from the same hatch o I eggs. 

Mr. Hulst also expressed his dissent from Mr. Smith's views. He 
thought that the variability of other species in x.\\& Arcfiidce was well estab- 
lished by breeding, and it should be at least considered probable that 
other sjjecies in the same group varied as much. He had taken speci- 
mens numerously, and ii seemed to him that he had taken forms from the 
lightest to the darkest undtr such circumstances as to make it very cer- 
tain they were one species. 

Mr. Smith replied bricl]\-, admitting the possibility that the white 
forms may be albino forms of dark species but again emphasizing the 
differences in pattern as indicative of specific value. 

Mr. Hulst stated that .Mr. Bruce had taken an insect in New York 
which Mr, Edwards after examination said must be new and allied to 
Stirarc/id. Before dying the moth had laid some eggo, ami larva; hatch- 
ing from them seemed rather unlike anvtliing known to Mr. Bruce — he 
took them with him to Colorado, where the}- completed their iransfojma- 
tion, giving forth Spi/o.soiia virginica. 

Prof Riley said in addition to his previous statements that species 
sometimes varv in certain definite directions. He also called attention to 
the fact that Mr. Smith had described a new species o^ Eiieryf/u-a, while 
that same form had been bred from the same larva with iT. phasma. 

On behalf of the Brooklyn Ent. Soc. Mr. Angell wclcc)med the mem- 
bers to the city, and anounced that arrangements had been made to join 
the Botanists in their excursion to Highlands in N. |. and distributed 
tickets and circulars giving date and place of starting. 

(^n motion of Dr. ^Morris the meeting adjourned until Wednesday 
August loth, at y A. M. 



— 104 — 

Aug-us/ lolh. — Club met al y:20 A. M , 14 nicii.bvrs prcsciu, Pnif. 
Coiiistuck in the chair. The inimiics of the {)ixv;o'js nieeiini); weic read 
and appnu'etl, and the officers for the next meeting were elected a-; fol- 
lows : President, I\Ir. J. V>. vSmiili, Washington, D. C. ; Vice-President, 
Prof J. A. Lmtncr, Albanv, \. V.; Secretary. Prof A. J. Cooke, Lansing, 
Mich. It was then resolved to meet again, innnediatcly after the ad- 
journment o( Section F on Thursday. 

Prof. Comstock appointed ^Messrs. Smith, Cnok and Hulst a 
committee to obtain papers and prepare programmes lor liie meetings of 
the Club. 

Mr. Hassett asked whether an}- one could tell linn positively how 
many broods of the Curiant Worm there are annually. 

Prof. Cook said in Michigan ihcre are iv.ti; Dr. Morris said two 
near Baltimore ; Prof. Riley said probably three in the South — this is not 
certain, for the insect is rareh injuiious diere, and attracis less attention, 
he believes that from information iie has reccivetl, but that norlhwarcllv 
where it is injurious, there are t\\o broods only. Prof Coinstock said 
the\' have two broods. 

Mr. Ba.ssett said that until recently he had believed llie same, but 
last Summer a friend brought him every few days eggs and larvae in all 
stages throughout the season — whereat he was very much surprised and 
thought it indicated more than two generations. 

Prof Riley replied that this was true — they did appear in that way 
but that was merely a difference in the time required for development, 
some running through their transfoimations much more rapidly than 
others. There are however only two well marked broods which overlap 
and leave probably none (-)r only a short interval between tliem. 

Prof. Cook confirmcil this statement. They have in Laboratory ex- 
periments carried over the pupa> of the spring brood until the following 
Summer, and in the same way the Cotidling moth has lieen carried over. 

Prof Cook asked for information regarding the whereabouts of the 
early broods of the Hessian fly- — stating that he failed to account for the 
large numbers there appeared, by what he found in Volunteer wheat, and 
that he hatl f^nind them nowhere else. 

Prof. Riley said the subject is too large a one for discussion in the 
few minutes l)efore adjournment and proposed an adjournment of the 
matter, to which Prof Cook agreed. 

Mr. Angell on behalf of Mr. E. L. Graef invited the members to an 
informal recepdon at his house in Brooklyn. 

The meeting then adjourned to Thursday, after the adjournment of 
the BioloKfical Section. 



— 105 — 

77ji/rsi/(7v, August I ith. — Club met pursuanl to adjournment, i8 
persons present, Prof. Comstock in the cliair. 

I\Ir. Saunders of Ottawa gave a brief review of what had been done 
recently in the way of establishing Experiment Stations in Canada, at 
which Entomology in its relations to Agriculture formed one of the sub- 
jects of Experiment. Five Stations are proposed — a central station at 
Ottawa, a 2nd in the INIaritirae Provinces, a 3rd, in Manitoba, a 4th in 
the N. W. Terrilory and the 5th in British Columbia. At the Central 
Station an Entomologist — Mr. Fletcher — has been appointed, and a col- 
lection of Insects of all the sections will be formed there. It is intended 
also that Pulle'iins be issued several limes in the course of the year to 
interest the public in the work and demonstrate its general utility. He 
1 ad been travelling ^bout a great deal during the past year and had done 
little Entomological work ; but he had noticed this Spring near Ottawa 
the larva of Vanessa antiopa in immense numbers, stripping willows. It 
is not usually common with them. In Nova Scotia he saw Safynis alope 
and iie/hcle in great numbers, with all sorts of intergrades between. He 
also found the potato beetle there, which appears in this section for the 
first time. The growers there follow the old fashioned plan of knocking 
them into a pan with a slick. 

Dr. r.Iorris stated that Cn'ocerus asparaga had reached them at 
Baltimore and proved very destructive. 

Mr. Saunders said it was not yet found in Canada. 

Prof. Comstock said he had found it as far West as Geneva, N. Y. 
The insect seems to have started from Long Island. 

Prof Cook Slid that the method of knocking the potato beetles from 
the plants with a stick, is both old and new, for one of the largest growers 
of potatoes in his section of the country had returned to it after trying all 
kinds of poisons. He claimed it was cheaper for him to destroy them in that 
way and while Prof. Cook did not understand how this could be possible, 
yet this farmer claims it is so and follows out his belief. 

Mr. Saunders said that in the Maritime Provinces, Nova Scotia and 
New Brunswick, he found the larch saw-fly (Nematus erichsofiii), ex- 
tremely abundant and destructive. 

Mr. E. C. M. Rand of New York exhibited some specimens ofCo- 
leoptera taken from a mummy, and suggested they might be of interest, 
as perhaps old types. The mummy dated back at least as far as 1200 
B. C. , and he explained the number of wrappers and method of covering, 
and stated that channels had been made in the wrappers, and in these 
some of the beetles were found. 



— ro6 — 

^'arious suggestions were made bv the gentlenun present I)iu none 
cared to make positive identifications.* 

Prof. Claypole explained the use of Gasoline for collecting put poses. 
He finds that it acts more rapidly than Cyanide and is more certain of 
effect than chloroform. For Museum pe^is there is nothing superior. 
It does not hurt the insects in any wav and he has no hesitation in >ub- 
merging his choicest species in it. To rid a l)adly infested case he sub- 
merges it entirely' in Gasoline for a few minutes A few drops wi.l kill a 
Cecropia instantly. He also exhibited an insect case used by him which 
he claims superior to any equally cheap contrivance. It consists of a 
bt)x frame into which a glass top is pcrmanenll) fixed. The Ixntom is 
corked, or not as desired ; is filled with insects, and then screwed to 
the frame. 

Prof. Cook said he has tried Gasoline and found ii much less' rapid 
and certain than Cyanide well prepared. He does not believe in it at all. 

Mr. Smith objected to Prof Claypole's case that it was too incon- 
venient to use as to get at an insect meant unscrewing the buitom and 
replacing it. A collection so ])rescrved was useless except {o\ the most 
superficial comparisons. 

Prof. Comstock explained a contrivance to watch the early stages of 
Hymenoptera nesting in stems. He look a nuinl)er of slender glass 
tubes covering them with an outer sheet of a dark paper, antl hung them 
on bushes frequented by such bees. He exhibited several of these tubes 
in which bees had nested, containing larva? in various stages of develop- 
ment. The whole life history can thus be watched with very little 
trouble. 

Mr. Smith read a {)aper on the specific characters in the genus 
A rctia. * * 

The date of the first meeting for next year was then discussed, ex- 
perience having shown that the first meeting as now held, on the day pre- 
ceding the general meeting of the Ass'n, was generally poorly attentied, 
and the Presidents' address read to empty benches. 

After some discussion is was resolved to have the first meeting of the 
Club in future at 9 A. M. of the first day of the meeting of the Ass'n. 



* The specimens were lianded ine at I'rof. Riley's request for comparison and 
determination. Ah-. Schwarz kindly took the work off my hands, and makes the 
specimens: Aitt/irenus variiis (one l)roken specimen); Conpretes s'^. (two broken winti;- 
cases); Gibbiitm scotias (several specimens); Lasiodi:riita scrricorm (one specimen 
[but this was the form most numerous in the wrappings] ) ; Alpliilobiiis sp. ? (one 
broken wing-case); 'JriboHtmi fcrrugiiiKiii [\ <~\>QQ\miiw); ? Caicar^^. (one wing-case). 

** Pul)Iished in full in Knt. .\m. \'i)l. Ill, p. 109-II2. 



— 107--- 

Dr. INIaurv of Goshen stated that the larva of Agrotis mcssoria and 
a Wire-Worm liad done great injury to the Onion Crop in his vicinity, 
and asked \\ hether any serviceable remedy had been discovered. 

Prof. Riley referred him to the recent Reports of the U. S. Depart- 
ment (.)f Agriculture, where all the known remedies as applied to this 
species were tieaieii in detail. 

On motion of Prof Cook the Club adjourned to 9 A. M., Friday, 
August I 2ih, 

Friday, August I2lh. — The Club met pursuant to adjournment. 
Prof. Comstock m the chair. Prof Riley gave a short history of the dis- 
covery of the 9 o^ PhcTtgodes. To his idea they represent the most 
thoroughly undeveloped 9 that we have any knowledge of He knows 
of no instance in which it is so difficult to distinguish between the beetle 
and the larva than in these cases. He showed figures of the various 
forms of O 9 and larva2 known to him. Between the 4th and 5th seg- 
ments, and on all the others to the last, there are spiracular openings, 
which seem to be glands of some kinds, since they have no internal 
opening. What they are, he cannot tell. Another point is, that the in- 
sect probably requires only one year to go through its transformations, 
and the reason it has been so seldom found, is that it is subterranean, 
feeding on Iiiliis and Po/ydesiiius and only comes to the surface when it 
has attained the atlult form. The natural history oi Phengodes and Zar- 
hipes is yet very incomplete. Of the 9 '^he imago and the small larva as 
well as the (i%% is known, but no young of the (^.* 

Prof Riley also spoke on Pronuba and its connection with the pol- 
lination of Yucca. He has published nothing on the subject since the 
paper in the Proc. A. A. A. S. , but he has experimented annually since 
then and he emphasizes the fact that Pronuba is the only creature that 
does and can fertilize the plant. One interesting fact : — while in the be- 
ginning he was led to believe, and in fact suggested, that many of the 
actions of the moth were selfish and unconscious, he is now convinced 
it has no reason save the desire to propagate. ^It does not derive any 
benefit from the liquor, Trealease showed there was no nectarine in the 
stigmatic liquor. What there is of that nature is secreted and empties 
outside of the flowers. His own observations confirm all Trealease has 
published. Of the insects found on the flowers Chaidiognathus with its 
snout-like mouth would seem well fitted for possible fertilization, but it 
gets its food outside of the pistil. Pronuba gets the pollen in a lump 
and tiusts it in. He finds that it is possible to fertilize the flowers artifici- 

* Prof. Riley read a communication on the same subject before the Biological 
Section of the Association, in wliich details of the discovery of the ^ were given. A 
complete paper on the subject is also in course of preparation by Prof. Riley. 



I 



— io8— 

ally — but it is difficult to do so and get good fruit. It is always more or 
less imperfect. Pronuba always succeeds. It makes two or ihicc punct- 
ures, and gets all around the tube, bringing the pollen into contact with 
every part of it. There are from 4 — 500 Yuccas in the Dep't Grounds 
where he passes daily, and duiing the entire sca^-on l;c (ound but a si'liiaiy 
bee on two successive mornings ami none of the others in the Dcp'i ob- 
served any. This bee was not inside, but tried to get at the nectar from 
the outside of the flower. 

a\Ir. Bassett asked wheiher this is ever repeated — whether a flower is 
visited by more than one moth. Prof. Riley thought not — but it may be. 
He has no direct evidence on that point. 

He also spoke of a new species o{ Lecauium fouutl on the Austiian 
pine, in Wisconsin, of which the males were numerous. The moles of 
this species have been heretofore found very rarel\' and o)l many they arc 
entirely unknown. In France the (^ (;f Lecaniinn hesperidiiui has been 
found in the body of the Q which it ne\er leaves. It is a vtr} much de- 
graded form. 

Prof. Riley quoted IMoniez's observations on this species as given in 
the Ent. INIo. Mag. for July 1SS7, showing the (.Icvjlopment (.jf the (^ 
and the bearing of the discovery on the qucsiion of parthtnogentsis. He 
remarked upon the fact that discoveries aie often made in wiilely difterent 
localities by observers, of the same facts, instancing several cases where 
at about the same time males of this genus have been discoxered. j\Ir. 
Koebele has in California reareti the males of two different species having 
wings and other distinctively male characters. 

He also said that he finds Crioa:n's asparagi c\\.cx\i^\\\^ South — it has 
been found at Falls Church, Fairfax Co., Va. 

The present year there has been a most remarkable swarming of 
Apatura cellis in the Southern States. These migrations generally take 
place in the Fall, but this was in the Spring. The only way of accounting 
for it is that the conditions where unusualh- favorable for their hiberna- 
nation and development. 

Prof. Cook said thev have manv I'litca filaniciilosa and he has found 
bees on them vcr}" abundantly. So far as he knows they have not the 
Pronuba in Michigan. 

He had not noticed particularlv what part of the flowers the bees 
visited. 

Prof. Rilc\' .said that in Colorado on a species of JT/av? he discovered 
a most remarkable species o[ Pronuba, flat-bodieil with dusky wings, look- 
ing almost like a cross between a saw-fly and a Phryganid. 

(TO BE CONTINUED.) 



— 109 — 

What Makes a Species in the Genus Arctia.* 

By John B. Smith. 

IMr. Stretch has asked this question, not so long ago, and answered 
it in a manner eminently unsatisfactory to himself and to others. He, 
however, gave in great detail a list of features which are not sufficient to 
make a species ; including in this category maculation or color of second- 
aries, of abdomen, and of primaries to some extent. Messrs. Hulst and 
Neumoegen have discussed the question of specific identity of some forms 
recently, and they have not agreed in result at all. 

In arranging the Nat'l. Museum material, I followed the order of Mr. 
Grote's List, and while putting in the species tried to discover the reason 
for the sequence adopted — without much success I must say. It appeared 
to me then, that a better scheme was possible — ^something like that pro- 
posed by IMr. Stretch in his book on the Zygaenidce and Bombycid^. I 
think too, that I found an answer to Mr. Stretch's question, which will 
decide many cases, and that is, that specific characters are found in modi- 
fications of the pattern of markings of the primaries. The secondaries 
may be indifferently red or yellow, sometimes black — the body may be 
maculate or immaculate, withf)Ut affecting the species ; but the pattern 
of markings of primaries remains constant. The markings may vary 
verv largely in completer.ess, but some peculiarity — the specific character — 
sticks. I will now say however that I have ik>i examined the species in any 
wa}" except as to maculation, and while I am confident that other and belter 
characters wid yet be discovered, yet still they will, I am equally confident, 
confirm the conclusions reached from a careful study of the maculation. 

According to pattern of maculation the first series in the genus would 
be that in which all the veins are marked with yellow or white. All of 
these species have toward the outer portion t)f the wing a ^ shaped mark. 
Virgiincida and qucnselln iWfitr at once from all the others of the group 
by lacking the transverse line at the back of this W. All the others have 
this line in more or less perfection. Virgimcttla is large, broad winged, 
with vellow^ secondaries. Qtiensellii i?, ^iwaW., narrower winged, with gray 
secondaries. The synonomy of the latter is involved. The species have 
the pale lines narrow, as is also the pale margin. 

The next point of difference in maculation which will serve as a 

basis of further subdivision is in the cross bands. Usually there are two 

of these, sometimes three and they are very variable in extent and in 

completeness. Yet, variable as they are, they aff'ord a safe character — so 

far as my observations go at least. In the first series none of these cross 

bands ever go below the submedian pale streak. If a line is partly ob- 

* Read before the Ent. Club A. A. A. S., August, 1887, reprinted as part of the- 
Proceedings of that Club. — Ed. 

Entomologica Americana. Vol, hi. 17 September, 1887. 



solete, it is the lower part that is first lost and the upper portion is present. 
In no case are all the transverse lines entirely wanting. 

In the second series some one of the transverse lines always comes 
below the siibmedian pale streak. This is invariable. Sometimes the 
outer two lines join at the streak and a single spur crosses the line to the 
margin or at least to the internal vein. The basal band when present, 
also crosses this streak. If a line is partly wanting, it is the upper por- 
tion, while the lower portion is distinct. In all specimens I have seen, 
some one of the lines, usually the outer, is distinct. 

To the first section containing species in which the transverse l)ands 
do not cross the streak, belong reclilmea, atma, with the variety perse- 
phone, virgo and saundersii, and possibly some of the species unknown 
to me — for I want to say right here that I have made no attempt to classify 
the species not known to me either autoptically or through a figure ; this 
paper being intended to be suggestive merely. 

Redilinea differs from all of these in having the transverse line rigid, 
and even — resembling /^7//ra very strongly indeed in the heavier macu- 
lation, and differing only in the pale veins. 

The other species all have the transverse lines more or less irregular 
and bent, never rigid, and except the outer they are quite generally more 
or less wanting. 

Virgo is the largest of these species, with red underwings, and with 
the latter maculate outwardly and basally. 

Parthenice, \ht saundersii oiVix. Grote, is very closely allied, but 
smaller, and so far as I have found, without the basal maculation of 
secondaries, the outer spots being closely as in virgo. I believe with Mr. 
Hulst that Kirby's species referred to this smaller form and not to virgo. 
Mr. Stretch's intermedia is not a synonym of this species as Mr. Grote 
classes it, but belongs to the next section. 

Virgo appears very rarely with yellow secondaries. Anna has black 
secondaries, while its variety, persephone, has them yellow with black 
outer margin, sometimes broken into spots, and connecting with the black 
form by an infinite series of variations. Though first described, anna is 
much the rarer form. 

The second of the sections, with the transverse band coming below 
the longitudinal stripe contains iniermedia, of which sirelchii Grt. , is a 
synon}'m, da/iurica, edzvardsii, ac/iaia, and possibly complicata. 

Intermedia is the largest of these, and rather a larger-winged Rum in 
appearance, with a few outer spots on the red secondaries. Stretchii is 
the form in which the basal band is distinct, but in a large series of Texan 
specimens this feature is seen to be a very gradually evanescent character, 
all sorts of intergrades being found. In fact, the form figured bv Stretch 



— Ill — 

as intermedia shows an indication of the basal band. Dahiirica and ed- 
wardsii d.xQ. identical, and differ notably in the very uneven, rather tremu- 
lous — if such a term is allowable — transverse lines. The secondaries are 
more profusely spotted. Aihaia is a more robust, shorter winged form, 
with more rigid. lines, the secondaries with a strong tendency to become 
yellow, the black markings heavy, basal as well as outer, and sometimes 
suffusing the entire wing. 

The other species known to me, in which the veins are all pale, are 
arge and michabo, easily distinguished by the broadly pale margins and 
the broad stripes — in fact in some forms of arge the pale markings be- 
come so broad, that the black is fragmentary, consisting of angular marks, 
and- it is not always easy to make out the pattern. Michabo may be a 
good sjiecies. It is much redder than any a7-ge I have seen, and the 
markings are not nearly so broad ; and, while in arge the tendency 
seems to be toward albinism, and reducing the black to fragments, 
michabo retains the pattern intact and the tendency is rather to melanism, 
the pale markings becoming more or less obsolete. On the other hand 
dione k. & S. , which Mr. Neumoegen has recently restored to rank as 
a species, is unquestionably a synonym o{ arge. A long series of Texan 
specimens, from the extreme of immaculate forms both as to body and 
secondaries and pallor of primaries, shows a regular and unbroken series 
to our more typical northern form. Mr. Neumoegen unfortunately had 
only the extreme Texan form and that certainly looks different at first 
sight, but with between 30 and 40 specimens, most of them from Texas, 
the gradation is easy and the relationship apparent. 

The remainder of the species known to me have the veins not pale, 
the median vein only being som^imes discolored. The same type of macu- 
lation exists as in the previrxfs group, and the same divisions are possible. 

The first series is thatMn which the markings are usually complete, 
well defined, and the transverse markings — the second band at least — 
come below the submedian streak. 

The species are first : incormpta, mexicaiia, geneura, ncvadeiisis. 
arizonensis, behrii, and autheola, which are probably all one, or at most 
two species, to which also some of those not known to me may be refer- 
able; and second, superba and bolanderi, which appear to be good 
species. Bolanderi has very much the markings of incorrupia, but has an 
additional band nearer to base of wing, which I have seen in none of the 
preceding species. In superba, all the markings are very narrow and fine. 

In the first series above enumerated there is great variation in the 
ground color, some in the width or partial obsolescence of the bands, 
and a sexual difference in the color of the secondaries. I feel tolerably 
certain that there is only a single species, and not a very greatly \ariable 



I 



one al that. In the other groups of this section, ilie transverse Hnes 
never come below the submedian streak. Tliere are a few species here] 
and probably a number of others with which I am not acquainted. 

Phyllira is always easily distinguished by the rigidly oblique trans- 
verse lines, the two outer lines being nearly parallel. The W may be 
more or less obsolete and so may the inner cross band, but the rigidity 
of the lines is always traceable. 

Cervinoides is closely allictl, but is smaller. I know it only from 
Strecker's figure. 

Fignrata is always distinguishable U'om phyl/ira h\ the lack of rigidity 
m the transverse lines, the outer line being usually somewhat bent in the 
middle, and the two lines slant in opposite dn-ection=. The W is ni')re 
usually obsolete in this than in the phvl.'ira form nml thus we get 
F. pallida Strk. , in which it is wanturg entirely. The secondaries of this 
species have generallv a broad black margin, never brtiken up as in phvl- 
lira, and sometimes the secondaries become en'irely l^lack, and thus we 
get excelsa Neuni. 

Finally is a series of s[)ecies, closely allied in which there is no W 
but an X be\ond the middle. 

Tliese are celi.i, nais and dc.orala, the two latter at least of which, 
are forms of the same species, whether the first is, or not, I am not cer- 
tain — i)erhaps I have mistaken its type. At all events the pattern of 
maculation is ver\- distinct from that of the other species. I have no idea 
that the interval between this and \.\\c fhyllira series can be briiiged. There 
is a sharply defined sexual dilTerence in color and wing form in mis and 
the secondaries also vary considerably in maculation. Sometimes it is 
spotted onl\- — generallv in the males — at others there isa wideblack margin, 
often taking up half the wing — this is the tendency in the 9> ^^hich is 
also as a rule much redder than the (^. On the primaries the tendency 
is to an c^bliteratit^n of the outer x and attendant marks, leaving only the 
submedian stripe— and this variation is the only one shown by the species. 

The other species I do not know sufficiently to care about discussing 
them. I will again finally declaim the idea of making critical notes on 
the genus as a whole. ^ly only idea is to call attention to some charac- 
ters which do not seem to have been sufficiently emphasized heretofore, 
and to express my conviction that the species o{ Arclia are not nearly so 
variable as has been supposed and that every good species is capable of 
accurate definition. A goodly number of species have been described 
from single, somewhat aberrant examples, and the names hang on in the 
lists, though the species may have been recognized as synonyms long 
since — especially is that true of the atithcola group, in which Mr. Neu- 
moegen has done some judicious lumping recentl}'. 



—113- 

Notes upon some of Mr. Walker's Species of Geometridae. 

By Geo. D. Hulst. 

Not long since by the l^indness of Dr. Packard, I received from him 
for study, some 36 colored drawings, prepared for him in London, of 
types of American Gevme/ruIcB in the British Museum collection. Dr. 
Packard had these drawings when he prepared his Monograph, and some 
of Walker's species were thus made known to us, and these, with others 
not identified, were represented in his plates at the end of the Monograph. 
From a study of these drawings I make the following notes after com-, 
parison with material in my possession. 

Caberodes antidiscaria Walk. (C. B. M. Geom. p. 1513, 1862). 
I find, 1 have been mistaken in my determination of this species from 
the figure in Packard's Monograph ; and as a result I redescribed it, as 
Endrofia lenlaria . 'I'he species seems to be a good one. 

Endropia tiviaria Walk. (C. B. M. Geom. p. 250, i860), seems 
from the drawing to be a variation of E. oblusarin Hiibn. But the drawing 
does not seem in coloration to agree with the descriptitm of Walker. As 
it stands, however, 1 would call it a variety o{ E. oblusiria Hiibn. The 
description seems to be nearer than the drawing. 

Azelina rectisectaria H. Sch. (Aus. Schm., f 325). Under 
this name Herrich-Schaefter describes an insect from Brazil, which is, I 
think, the insect afterwards described as A. zalissaria by Walker. The 
colored drawing does not show this insect to be so pinkish as many 9 
specimens from Florida. Among my (^ (^ however I have specimens 
exactly agreeing with Mr. Walker's insect, except that they do not have 
pectinated antennce. But for this I would look upon it as a not very 
aberrant variety of ^. huhnerala, so far as the males go, but with tlie fe- 
males quite considerably differing. At any rate I would take Walker's 
zalissaria to be a synonym o{ rectisectaria H. Sch. 

Selenia alciphearia Walk. (C. B. M. Geom. p. 184, i860). 
This is not the insect represented by Dr. Packard's figure and descrip- 
tion, but is the same exactly with Selmia kentaria Grt. and Rob. So the 
latter name falls. Of the insect which Dr. Packard supposed to be S. 
alciphearia, I have never seen a counterpart ; but it is very close to the 
sprmg form of Walker's species, and that is what it possibly is. As with 
the European species the two broods very materially differ. 

Geometra inclusaria Walk. (C. B. M. Geom. p. 508, 1861.) 
This is without doubt the same as the insect afterwards described as 
Aploiles rubrolincata by Dr. Packard. The red edging to the wing is 
somewhat heavier in the more southern specimens. 



— 114 — 

Acidalia impauperata Walk. (C. B. ]M. Geam. p. 721. iSSi). 
This, from the description and drawing, I would not think to be ilisiinct 
from A. mduc/a/a, Guen. ]\Ir. Walker in the description says the median 
line runs through the discal point, but the drawing does not corrc>i)und 
with this description. 

Semiothisa sequiferaria Walk. (C. B. M, Geom. p. 886, 1S61). 
This is in my mind, beyond doubt, the same insect that was afterward 
named S. bisignaia Walk., and under which name it is now generally 
known. Dr. Packard says (Alon. Geom. p. 295), that Macarii p^stiiriui 
Walk., is described from a rubbed specimen of this same species. 

Acidalia tacturata Walk. (C. B. M. p. 721, 1S61). This spe- 
cies, I am strongly inclined to believe, is a varietal form of Ephvr.i peti- 
diiHnaria Guen. I have some specimens of the latter which duplicate it 
in every way but m the absence of the discal ringlet. But in view i)f the 
uncertainty, we let it remain as it has been. 

Napuca orciferaria Walk. (C. B. M. Geom. p. 1693, 1S62). 
For notes upon this species see Ph isiane aberrata Hv. Edw. abtive, Vol. 

n, p. 233. 

Tephrosia scitularia Walk. (C. B. ]\I. Geom. p. 406, 1S60), 
is very close to Cidaria cajubruaria, and it is quite likely that it is a s}n- 
onym of that species. But in view of the doubt w^e look upon it as a 
good species, till further co.uparisons are matle. 

Cidaria inclinataria Walk. (C. B. M. Geom. p. 1727, 1862), 
is in my opinion the insect afterwards described as Larenlia perlincata by 
Dr. Packard, (Proc. Bost. Soc. N, H., XVI, 19, 1874). It is figured by 
Dr. Packard (Mon. Geom. pi. 8, f. 25) as Epiniia perlincata. 

Eupithecia implicata Walk. (C. B. M. Geom. p. 1241, 1862). 
This, from the colored drawing, I would not hesitate to believe to be the 
insect afterwards called E. fuiserulala by Mr. Grote. 

Tephrosia abraxaria Walk. (C. B. M. Geom. p. 403, i860), 
is a S}nonym of Boannia cnpuscularia Treit. 

Anaitis continuata Walk. (C. B. M. Geom. p. 1445, 1862), 
is the same as yi«a//'/J' (Pr/Z/rz/rt Walk., (C. B. M. Geom p. 1740, 1862). 
Dr. Packard places the insect under Phasiane, and it is known in col- 
lections as Phasiane orillaia Walk. The latter will have to give way to 
the oilier name however, and the species be known as P/nisiatie con/itiuafa 
Walker. 

Selenia sesionaria is beyond doubt a synonym of Hypcrelis ami- 
caria H. Sch. [?ij'ssaria Guen.). As far as the returns are in, this species 
has been described eleven times, in five genera, being thus a good 



— 115 — 

third, with Caherodes confmaria Hiibn., in advance, described under four- 
teen names, in four genera, and Semiothisa granilata Guen. , leading, de- 
scril)ed uniier eighteen names, in six genera, and in three subfamilies! 
I speak of this not with any thought of disrespect towards the systema- 
tists of the past, but to bring out two points: ist, the extreme variability 
of the species, and 2nd, the extreme uncertainty of the place of a species 
under tlie different systems of classification. The three great systems of 
Herrich-Schaeffer, Lederer, and Guenee, very widely differ from each 
other. The same names are to a great extent used for genera by all, 
but in each case they often have very different meanings. And insects 
are tossed about according to the Author that is followed. If the new- 
system of Von Gumppenberg ever obtains a standing, it will very materially 
add to the confusion. As it is, one may put a Geometer in almost any 
of the older genera, and be sure he can find some systematist to quote as 
an authoritv for the reference. 



Synopsis of the North American Species of Lordotus. 

Bv D. \V. CoQUiLLETT, Los Angelcs, Gal. 

I — Sciitellum not giooved, lounded beliind 2. 

S:utelium with a deep, longitudinal groove i. canalis n. sp. 

2 — Pi!e of head, pleura, breast and legs largely white or yellow 3. 

Pile of head, pleura, breast, venter and legs wholly black ; legs black 

6. apicula n. sp. 

3 — Second antennal joint not over once and a half as long as wide; pile of body 

largely whitish 4. 

Second antennal joint twice as long as wide ; pile of body largely yellowish .... 

2. gibbus Lw. 

4 — Abdomen partly black pilose, wings destitute of brown clouds 5. 

Abdomen destitute of black pile, wings with several brown clouds 

3. planus O. S. 
5 — Abdomen with cross bands of white tomentum, the second and third segments 

with black pile ; legs black 4. miscellus n. sp. 

Abdomen destitute of white tomentum, second and third segments destitute of 
black pile ; legs yellowish 5. zona n. sp. 

I. Lordotus canalis n. sp. 

Wholly black, except legs and base of tarsi, which are yellowish. Front white 
tomentose and yellowish pilose, face yellowish white pilose. First two antennal joints 
mixed black and white pilose above, densely white pilose below. Occiput grayish 
pilose. Thorax grayish tomentose, pleura white pilose. Scutellum shining black, 
divided into two equal parts by a deep longitudinal groove. Abdomen grayish 
tomentose ; venter same. Legs whitish, tomentose, bristles black. Wings hyaline, 
the following spots brown : on prefurea, on vein at base of discal, and of fourth 
posterior cell, in apex of anal cell, on veins at apex of marguial cell, at base of 



— ii6— 

tliird submaii^iiial cell, near ajicx of ant -rior iM-anch of this vein, and of vein between 
first and second, and second and third posterior cells, also a larj^e one on veins at 
bases of first, second and third posterior cells. 

Length 5 mm. Cal. A single temale, in May. 

This species will doubtless require the formation of a new genus on 
account of the peculiar structure of the scutellum, but until the described 
species oi Lordotus become more numerous than at present, this species 
may remain in the latter genus, with which it agrees in all other impor- 
tant characters. 

2. Lordotus gibbus Lw. (Cent. IV, 53 ; syn. Adelidea Jlava Jaen. (Neue 
Exot. Dipt., 39.) 

Length 7 to 10 mm. Col., N. M., Cal., Mex. 

A single female from New Mexico. 

3. Lordotus planus O. S. (West. Dipt. 258.) 
Length 7 to 9 mm. Cal. 5 r^ r^ and 4 9 9' '" May. 

4. Lordotus miscellus n. pp. 

Wholly black. Front of female grayish pollinose and yellowish white pilose ; lace 
white pilose ; first two joints of antennre short, yelloAvish and black pilose above, 
longer white pilose below ; first antennal joint about two-thirds as long as the third, 
second joint about once and a fourth as long as wide, third joint longer than ths fir>t 
two taken together. Occiput white tomentose and pilose. Thorax yellowish tomen- 
tose and pilose in middle of dorsum, elsewhere the toaientum and pile is wliite ; 
pleura, breast and coxse white pilose. Scutellum white tomentose and white or yel- 
lowish pilose. Abdomen shining ; a white tomentose cross-band at base of each 
segment ; pile white, that on dorsum of the s.'cond, third and fourth segments in the 
female, and also on the fifth and sixth segments in the male, largely black or blackish : 
venter wholly white pilose in the female, that on the fifth anil sixth segments in the 
male largely black. Legs densely white tomentose ; first joint of tarsi usually white 
tomentose. Wings pure hyaline, costal cell yellowish. 

Length 5 to 8 mm. Cal. 5 ^(^ and 699, in Sept. 

5. Lordotus zona n. sp. 

Difters from iniscellus as follows : First joint of the antennae about three-fourths 
as long as the third, second joint about once and a half as long as wide, the third 
joint about as long as the first two taken together. Abdomen destitute of white 
tomentose cross-bands, black pile confined to the fourth and fifth segments, most 
abundant on the fourth. Apex of each ventral segment reddish. Legs wholly yel- 
lowish, not very densely tomentose. Base of first tarsal joint reddish, this joint 
not densely tomentose. Costal, first basal, and basal two-thirds of marginal cell, 
yellowish. 

Length 10 to 12 mm. Cal. 3 cTcJ', in Sept. 

6. Lordotus apicula n. sp. 

DifTers from miscellus in having the pile of the front in the female largely, of the 
antcnnre, face, palpi, pleura, breast, coxae and legs wholly black ; (pile and lomen" 
turn of thorax, scutellum and abdomen largely rubbed off in my specimen). 

Length 8 mm. Col. A single female (Morrison). 



— 117— 

Studies on the North American PROCTOTRUPIDiS, 

with Descriptions of New Species from Florida. 

(PART I.) 

By William H. Ashmead, 

Jacksonville, FlDiicla. 

(Conlinutd from p. lOo, vol. HI.) 



(XXXIY. PROSACANTKA Noes.) 
53 2. Prosacantha mandibularis n. sp. 

y. Length .07 inch. Kobu t, black. Thorax finely punctate and covered with 
tine pubescence, metathorax opined. -Head, smooth, polished. Antennae short, en- 
tirely black, the club stout, 4-jointed. Mandibles long, curved, with one long tooth 
near tip, tips and tooth black. PJeuraj and abdomen polished. Legs pale brown. 
Wings I'usco-hyaline, marginal vein but slightly developed ; there is no sligmal vein. 

Hal). — Florida. 

53 3. Prosacantha macrocera n. ^^^p. 

q' Length .07, O .10 inch. Black, subopaque, fine punctate, pubescent. Anten- 
na" in r^ i2-jointed, filiform, much longer than the body. Legs rufous, cb.xa; black 
at base ; abdomen short, broad. Wings dusky hyaline. 

Hab. ^Floiila. 

CO 4. Prosacantha fuscipennis n. ?p. 

Q. Length .eg inch. Black, subopaquc, punctate and pubescent. Head on 
vertex polished. Antenna; 12-jointed, long, black, scape rufous at base. Legs rufous. 
Abdomen longer than thoi-ax and head eomlnned narrowed at base, first and second 
segments striate. Melhathorax spined. Wings dark fuscous, veins black. 

Hab. — Florida. 

61 5. Prosacantha minutissima n. sp. 

O. Length .03 inch. Entirely black', polished. Legs red, femora pale at base. 
Abdomen slightly longer than the head and thorax combined. Metathorax spined. 
Wings sub-hyaline, the hind margins ot anterior wings with long cilia. 

Hab. — Florida. 

XXXV. TRISACANTHA n. g. 

This genus is easily distinguished from Prvsacaniha to wliich it is 
most closely allied by having three spines on the metathorax, and its 
polished, alutaceous surface. 

(^■■•2 I. Trisacantha americana n. sp. 

,. Length .10 inch. Black, smooth, polished. Antennae 12-jointed, filiform, 
lunger than body, pedicel annular, following jomlslong, cylindrical, the fourth joint 
shoi'ter than filth, other joints longer. Mesothorax without grooves. Scutellum 
hmate, convex. Metathorax with a large central spine, and and two shorter lateral 
ones. Legs red. Wings fusco-hyaline, veins as in typical Vrosacantlnrhwi with a 
veinlet projecting forward from tip of stigmal vein. 
Hab. — Florida. 
Entomologica Amkeican.\. Vol. hi. 18 SEi'TiMciiit 1H87. 



— ii8— 

XXXVI. TELENOMUS Ilaliday. 
(>;J I. Telenomus brochymenDO Ashm. Fla. Agric. IV, 1881, p. 193. 

Hah.— Florida. 
C4 2. Telenomus anasae Ashm. 
Mab. — Florida. 

Tliis species was reared from the eggs of squash-bug Aiiasa iristis in 
my work for the Department of Agriculture, last Summer. 

65 3. Telenomus stygicus Prov. . Add. et Corr. a la Faune Hym., p. 180. 
Hab.— Canada. 

XXXVII. ANTERIS Fojister. 
()f) I. Anteris elongata n. sp. 

Q . Length .18 inch. A greatly elongated form. Black ; head, thorax and ab- 
domen finely punctate, sparsely covered with a white pubescence. The i2-jointe(l, 
filiform antenna: and the legs are pale brown, the former being infuscated toward tips 
and hardly as long as head and thorax combined. Wings fiisco-hyaline, veins dark 
brown; the .'^ubmarginal vein is very long, marginal slightly longer than stigmal, 
while the postmarginal is very long. 
Hah.— Florida. 

XXXVIII. BARYCONUS Foerster. 

67 I. Baryconus floridanus n. sp. 

j ? Length .14 insh. Black, finely rugosely punctate, slightly pubescent. An- 
tenntc i2-jointed, filiform, scape brownish-yellow, fiagellum darker ; the pedicel is 
small, the first flagellar joint slightly longer than any of the others. The mesonotuni 
has two longitudinal grooves on its disk. Legs and co.xa; pale brown. The abdomen 
is slightly longer than the head and thorax combined and the lateral c'arina are pro- 
longed into two points projecting beyond tip of abdomen. Wings dusky-hyaline, 
with brown veins ; the marginal vein is very short, half the length ol stigmal and the 
postmarginal vein is long. 

Hab.— Florida. 

XXXIX. SPARASION Latreille. 

68 I. Sparasion famelicus Say. Leconte's Ed. Say's Works, II, p. 723. 
Ilab. — Indiana. 

XL. TRIMORUS Foerster. 

XLI. APEGUS F^oerster. 

XLII. GRYON Ilaliday. 

XLTII. HADRONOTUS Foerster. 

69 I. Hadronotus leptocorisae Howard. Hubbard's Ins. Affecting Orange Trees. 

I lab. --Florida. 

70 2. Hadronotus floridanus n. sp. 

O. Length .08 inch. Robust, black. Head and thorax coarsely punctate and 
sparsely covered with white pile. Antenna; slightly longer than head and thorax 
combined, scape pale brown, dusky at tip, flagcUum dark brown. Mesothorax not 
grooved ; mctathorax rugose. Legs, uniform brownish-yellow. Al)domen rather 
broadly rounded, punctate, second segment longest, first segment longitudinally 
striate. Wings hyaline, veins brown ; the marginal vein is slightly longer than half 
the length of the stigmal vein, and the postmarginal vein is long. 

Ilab. — F'lorida. 



— up- 
Described from three specimens. Its much largei size will at once 
distinguish it from H. L'piocorisLe How., which has been described as 
lia\ing been reared from the eggs of Leptocorisa tipuloides. This is a 
mistake, it should have been the eggs of Behis longipes L. var. bilobus 
Say, Mr. Hubbartl, having incorrectly identified, figured and described 
this species in his work referred to above. 

XLIV. SCELIO I.atreille. 

71 I. Scelio ovivora Riley. 

Cithiptetiobia cnn- ora Riiey. First Rep. U. S. Ent. Com. p. 306. 

Scelio faiiu'ticiis .^ay. Riley's Second Rep. U. S. Ent. Com. p. 270. 
Ilab. — Western States. 
Prof. Rile}-, in the ' ' Second Report U. S. Ent. Comm. " says this 
species is identical with Sparasion famclicus Say, a statement in which I 
cannot agree, for Sa)" in his description of Sparasion famelicus distinctly 
sa\s : ' ' hvo distant dorsal longitudinal impressed lines on thorax, " a feature 
not characteristic of the genus Scelio, and of the several species of Scelios 
in my collection, not one exhibits this character ; moreover, neither ir5 
Prof Rile\'s figure of oviiiora, nor in his description is this character given. 

72 2. Scelio hyalinipennis n. sp. 

3', O. Length .13 to .15 inch. Black or brown-black, rugoso-punctate. Face 
witli coarse grooves converging toward mouth. Antenna;, including scape, brown- 
black. Posterior angles of metathorax prominent, sub-acute. Legs rufous, the 
femora blackisli. Abdomen finely punctate and covered with fine pubescence, first 
segment campanulate, strigose, second segment more finely striate. Wings and veins 
hyahne, stigmal slightly tinged with brown. 

Hab. — Florida. 

73 3. Scelio fuscipennis n. sp. 

O. Length .14 inch. In stature and general appearance this species resemble.^ 
the preceding, but the wings are fuscous and the legs pale yellow-brown. It also re- 
sembles a European species, Scelio inermis Zett, but in that species the legs are black. 

Hab. — Florida. 

XLV. INDRIS Foerster. 

Note. — A species, belonging to the genus Goniozus Foerster, de- 
scribed by jMr. L. O. Howard m a note to " Hubbard's Insects Aifecting 
Orange Trees" [app. p. 217], was accidently overlooked by me in pre- 
paring a list of the subfamily Bethylince, and should be added to the two 
species described in Entom. Amer. , July, p. 76, as follows : 

3. Goniozus Hubbardi How. Hubbard's Ins. Aft. Orange Trees, app. p. 257. 
Hab. — Florida. 

I have had the pleasure of seeing Mr. Howard's type, in the collec- 
tion of the U. S. Department of Agriculture and it is very distinct from 
the other two forms in our fauna. Mr. Hubbard reared the species from 
a Tortricid [Platynota rostrana). 



T20 — 

Notes on American Lepidoptera» 
By a. G. BiTLER, F. L. S., F. Z. S. 

We have received the following notes from Mr. A. G. Butler of the 
British Museum. They are of very great interest to American students, 
and we are heartily thankful to ^Ir. Butler for recording his observations 
upon the Collections of American Lepidoptera under his care, 

" In the Zeller Cabinet I find six examples of a Lilhosid, which is the 
same as Repa cafm, Walk., the first specimen in the series bearing a ticket 
with the legend " Cleme7isia a/baia, Pack,', anil the fifih ' sennhme.'hr, Nord 
America.' We have thus the fact of the identity of Walker's and Packard' 
species made evident. Clvui a/d/'da, Walk., is .the small wither form 
the same species. " 

In another letter jMr. Butler says : "I am arranging our speci 

AWa. In the Grote collection I find thrc3 specimens of a species Ir 

as AT mimiscula, Zeller, and a fourth of the same thing exactly labelled 

N. fuscula, Grote : other specimens labelled -^f, fuscnh difier in being a 

little darker or lighter, but with a le.^s brown tint ; the pattern in all is 

identical." 

<-»-=?> 

Myriopoda or Myriapoda ? 

This word, as stated by Dr. Underwood (on p. 6i) is differently 
spelled by Zoologists. It was wnW^wBIyriafoda in the earlier editions of 
my " Guide to the Study of Insects," but on looking into the derivation 
of the word it seemed evident that the correct orthography was JMyrio- 
poda; so at considerable expense the plates of that book were changed 
and the spelling corrected. The word is derived from Myrios, thousand, 
■and. pons, podos, foot, hence the natural spelling is j\Iyrir>poda, rather 
than Myrirtpoda. I have submitted the point to a well known Greek 
scholar, and he agrees with this orth()gra|)hy. 

The word was spelled by Latreille Myriapoda and is so given in 
Agassiz' Nomenclature, but even if the appellation of a class is not cor- 
rectly spelled, whatever scruples we may feel at changing the c»riginal 
spelling of a generic or specific name, the most extreme purist should 
. not, I think, adhere to a wrong, or even slightly incorrect orthography 
in any of the comparatively few class or ordinal names in Zoology. 

A. S. P.ACKARD. 



Columbia, O., June, 1887. 
Editor E.vt. Am Dear Sir: — Would some reader of Ent. Am. be 
kind enough to advise me through your valuable Journal, of a way to suc- 
cessfully winter larvae of Caelodasys, Heterocampa, Cerura, &c. 

The larvx' of these moths complete their growth, change color and 
construct their cocoons in. the Fall, but do not pupate until Spring. 
I have found it very difficult to winter them. 

Yours respectfully. W. N. T.\i.i..\\r. 




Ameri 




YOL. III. 



BROOKLYN, OCTOBER, 1887. 



NO. 7. 



Proceedings of the Entom. Club of the A. A. A. S, at the 
New York Meeting, August, 1887. 

(Continued from p. io8, vol. III.) 



Prof. Lintner spoke of the alarming increase of the Larch Saw-Fly, 
Nematus erichsonii. He gave a history of the dates and places at which 
it had been heretofore observed, and the injury it had done. 

On July 7th it was reported to him from St Lawrence Co., N. Y.. 
where it appeared on three Tamaracks growing in a door-yard. About 
the loth of July they appeared in countless hosts completely covering the 
trees so that the end of a finger could not be placed on a branch of one 
of them without touching one or more of the worms. They also cov 
ered apple and maple trees and shrubbery but ate nothing but Tamarack. 

About the same time examples of the larva were received from Otsego 
Co. taken from the European Larch. The pupae were found after July 
1 2th under moss some little distance from the trees. It has done con- 
siderable damage also in Hamilton Countv in the Adirondack region. 
Every Tamarack for miles around was entirely stripped, and looked as 
though the fire had been through it. Dr. Packard says the attack is not 
fatal to the trees and near Lake Pleasant early in August he observed the 
Tamaracks putting out new buds. The larva were attacked by a Podisus 
allied to modestus, and the pupae were eaten by ants. In Europe the 
species seemed to be kept in check pretty well by its parasites and it has 
never been destructive there. 

Prof Riley said we can hardly hope with Dr. Packard that the at- 
tack will not be fatal to the trees. When he went over the ground in 
Maine with Dr. Packard this spring, many trees were already dead. 



Entomologica Americana. Vol. hi. 



October 1887. 



Club then adjourned to INIonday August 15th, at 9 A. M. 

In the evening a very pleasant party met at Mr. Graef's residence in 
Brooklyn where the evening was spent in examining Mr. Graef's collection 
and discussing the merits of the collation provided. 

Monday, August 15th. — Club met pursuant to adjournment, 8 mem- 
bers present. In the absence of Prof. Comstock, Prof. Lintner was elect- 
ed President />;'6» kvi. Mr Emerton read a paper by Prof. L. M. Under- 
wood on the literature of the North American Spiders, reviewing the 
work thus far done in the Arachnid(£.* 

Mr. Smith made some remarks on the paper mentioning the work 
being done by students of the group and that the U. S. National Museum 
was accumulating a very fair collection in the class. He also defended the 
practice of describing species as justifiable under some circumstances in 
stimulating or exciting interest and claims that nothing is so discouraging 
to beginners as a lot of material which is unnamed and unnamcable until 
some one monographs the whole. 

Mr. Emerton said that he intended to continue his work on the New 
England Spiders and will keep his types at least until the work is all 
done. He was opposed to hasty descriptions, and to hasty identification 
of old species where there is nothing to identify them by. He preferred to 
give a new name to an insect to identifying it with an old name unless he 
was perfectly sure of his identification. 

Dr. Hoy spoke on the peculiarities of the Lepidopterous Fauna of 
Racine, describing the location of the place and enumerating some of the 
Southern butterflies and moths that have been taken there — among them 
Terias me.xicana, Apaiura cellis, Argus labruscce, Dilophonota ello 2iX\A Ere- 
bus zenobui. 

Adjourned until Tuesday, August i6th, at 9 A. M. 

On the afternoon of the loth the Entomologists and Botanists joined 
in an Excursion by Steamer to Sandy Hook which proved an interesting 
and agreeable one. 

Tuesday, August i6th — Club met at 9 A. ]\I. 4 persons present. 
In the absence of the President, Prof Lintner was elected Chairman/>ro tern. 

It was resolved that the minutes of the meetings be published as 
usual in Ent. Am. and that the Secretary furnish an abstract for publica- 
tion in the proceedings of the A. A. S. S. 

Prof Lintner spoke on the larva of Haltica alleni, Harris — now 
known as H. bimarginata Say, which he found near Lake Pleasant skele- 
tonizing Alder, in great numbers, exhibited specimens of the larva and 



This paper will appear in lull in the American Naturalist. 



— 123 — 

pupce. The latter are found naked in Moss. It was yellow when found 
and not white as described by Dr. Packard. 

JMr. Angell stated that he had recently for the first time heard Poh- 
phylla stridulate. Mr. Dimmock said that Cerixa sometimes makes quite 
a loud stridulating noise. 

Some general remarks and questions concernmg captures at Sandy 
Hook followed, and the Club then adjourned for the session to meet 
again at 9 A. M. of the first day of the next meeting of the A. A. A. S. 

JoHX B. Smith, Secrelaiy. 



Cryptorynchus lapathi, Linn. 
By Wm. Juelich. 

Early in June this year I found on one of my excursions near West 
Bergen in this vicinity, a large branch of a Willow tree, blown down 
by a recent storm. Examining it closely I found it full of holes, with 
fresh borings at the ends. Thinking this the work of Sapcrda con^olor 
which I often found on similar occasions, I did not take the trouble to 
examine the larvae but merely took a sm.all piece of the branch about two 
feet long and an inch thick along, and placed it in a box to satisfy my- 
self about the inhabitant. To my surprise, I found 2 fine specimens of 
the European Cryplorhynchus lapathi Linne emerging on the 3d of July 
and succeeded in getting about 10 more since, from pieces of willow, ob- 
tained from the same localit}' — the large branch "full of them" having 
disappeared in the meanwhile. 

Five years ago I took a fine specimen of this same species on Wil- 
low near Williamsbridge, at least 12 miles distant from above locality, 
and last year, Mr. Ottomar Dietz showed me another one, taken on 
Staten Island. The breeding of this beautiful Crypiorhvnchiis — the only 
one found in Europe — on Willow here, is the more interesting, as it is 
known to occur to breed on Elder over there. I am afraid it will become 
a great scourge to the Willow, from what I have seen of it and there is 
no doubt now, that Cryptorynchus lapathi, Linne is not more an acciden- 
tal importation, but should have a place in our catalogue. 

Fortunately it appears to have found its enemy already to check its 
too rapid progress, for I found 3 active Ichneumon flies emerging from 
the same Willow branches, about a fortnight after the last beetles made 
their appearnace. No other larvas or insects had lived in the branches 
as I found by cutting them open. Mr. E. T. Cresson has kindly identi- 
fied the Ichneumon as a small variety of Ephialtes irritator, Fab. 



— 124 — 

A living Ixodes said to have been four months in the 
ear of a man. 

By Dr. H. A. Hagen. 

I received July i6lh. 1887, from INIr. John Orne Green, M. D. , 
Ciiemical Instructor in Otology at the Harvard Medical School the follow- 
ing letter together with the specimen. 

"I removed it alive from the ear of a man on Thursday last (July 14). 
The symptoms, only itching and obstruction of the passage, daite back to 
a residence on a cattle ranch in Arizona in INIarch and April last. The 
singular things about it were the absence of pain, usually very great from 
a live insect and the fact of the bug remaming alive in the ear for such a 
long time."' The rather strange case induced me to ask if perhaps a cleri- 
cal error or a chance of misunderstanding could have happened. In a 
letter, July 23d, Dr. Green states : "Certain is it that it came out of his 
ear, that it had produced no irritation and that the symptoms date back 
to ]\Iarch or April. The tenacity of life is also remarkable."' 

This is all I know of this very strange case ; indeed so strange, that 
1 answered, there would be many unbelievers, and that I had not been able 
to find a similar case quoted in the literature. Nevertheless if somebody 
would peruse Dr. Diefifenbach's article in Rusts Magazine — corpora aliena 
in coipore humano — he will find reported some very strange cases. 

The insect is a Tick [Ixodes) long, 12 mm. broad 6 mm. It arrived 
in my hands, not only living, but still lives to-day, Sept. 28, without having 
taken any food. It changed its skin in August. In Packards Guide p. 663 
is mentioned Ixodes bovis pi. 13 f. 10 as the common cattle tick of the 
Western States and Central America. It lives on horned cattle, upon the 
Rattlesnake, the Iguana and small mammals. It was received from Mis- 
s'ouri from Mr. Riley and very abundantly on horned cattle from Mr^ 
McNiel in Nicaragua. A large number of this species with Dr. Packard's 
label Ixodes bovis Riley ; Polyon, Occident. Depart. Nicaragua, McNiel 
coll., formerly in the Peabody Academy is before me, and they are appa- 
rently of the same species. I can not find the species mentioned any- 
whereexcept a notice "Ticks and Texas fever," Americ. Entomol. I, p. 28 
where it is said that specimens sent from Illinois and St. Louis are but the 
common cattle tick. A description by Dr. Packard is given Rep. 
Peabody Acad. p. 68. This figure in the Guide has the feet too long. 

I do not know if the changing of the skin of Ixodes is described. 
The skin splits a little above the mouth transversally and then along both 
sides to the hind angles ; both sides of the skin are connected behind, 
after the animal has crawled out. 

I have taken considerable care to find in the literature similar cases 
reported. The only remark I know is in Peter Kalm's travels in N. Ameri- 



ca ; it is re-printed in the Swed. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 1754, T. 16. 
Ixodes amcricanus Linn, is very obnoxious, when it goes in the ears of 
men. It is very diffcult to remove, because it fastens itself strongly and 
sometimes in places, where it not easy to be reached. There are cases 
that the swellins: of the ear has arrived to the size of a human fist. 



I 



Notes on Stenus and Barinus. 
By T. L. Casey. 

In some very interesting notes on Coleoptera recently published in 
this journal by j\Ir. F. Blanchard, several subjects are touched upon which 
have been the subjects of more or less study on the part of the writer. 

Mr. Blanchard's observations in Stenus are perfectly correct but by 
no means new. In the very thorough treatise on the Stenini of France 
by Mr. C. Rey, several forms of toothed libiai are illustrated, and in the 
Biologia Centrali-Americana, Dr. Sharp has described other peculiar 
modifications of those parts. These exceptions, however, do not invali- 
date the rule that in the Stenini the tibiae are simple and unarmed. If my 
memory serves me correctly, however, the language made use of in the 
Revision of the Stenini has reference to the general absence of terminal 
spurs. I would also add that I have considered Stenus as a genus be- 
longing to the group Stenini ; this is so evident that the statement made 
by Mr. Blanchard seems quite inexplicable. 

With reference to Barinus, I have been much interested in the recent 
studies of the author quoted, but am inclined to believe that the speci- 
men of B. squamolineaius, referred to by him as having been received 
from Mr. Webster, must be more or less rubbed and imperfect, as it is 
impossible to reconcile Dr. LeConte's careful description of cribricollis 
with the perfect representative of squamolineatus which I have before me. 

In this description of cribricollis the author writes as follows : ' 'White 
scales denser on the second interval for four-fifths the length; on the sixth 
a basal line extending to one-fourth of the length," while in squamolinea- 
ius the white scales of the second interval extend in a broad dense line 
throughout the entire length of the elytra, becoming even broader and 
denser at the apex, and the broad line of the sixth interval extends for 
fully one-half the length. Without alluding to other differences such as 
the apparent absence of a median line of scales on the pronotum of cri- 
bricollis, and the probably denser punctuation of that species, I believe that 
enough has been stated to show that these two species should not be uni- 
ted without further study of more perfect specimens, especially in con- 
sideration of the widely different habitats, Florida and Illinois. 






126 

Method of Oviposition of Tachina. 
By Archibald C. ^^'EEKs. 



An opportunity to observe a female Tachina in the act of oviposit- 
ing is, I presume, of comparitively rare occurrence and as such an oppor- 
tunity was voudhsafed me. I may, perhaps, without trenching upon what 
has been previously noted, describe the process. 

On September 3d of this year, noticing a small Hickory almost en- 
tirely denuded of foliage by a brood of Datana larva.', I stopped to watch 
the industrious feeding of a cluster of them. 

Upon one of the leaves near the heads of the larvoe was a female 
Tachina standing unusually erect and regarding the larvae very intently. 
Divining her purpose 1 remained quiet. After the lapse of several 
minutes she cautiously approached the head of the nearest and there- 
after constantly adjusted her position so as to face the larva as it 
moved in feeding at a distance of rather less than a quarter of an inch. 
Seizing a moment when the head of the larva was likely to remain statio- 
nary the fiy stealthily and rapidly bent her abdomen downward and ex- 
tended from the last segment what proved to be an ovipositor. This 
passed forward beneath her body and between the legs until it projected 
beyond and nearly on a level with the head of the fly and came in con- 
tact with the eye of the larva upon which an &g^ was deposited in addi- 
tion to five already there. So gently was this done, that the larva did not 
at first appear to be disturbed, but presently the adhesion of a foreign 
substance seemed to annoy it and it scraped its eyes against the bitter 
edge of the leaf in a vain effort to rub off the barnacle-like ova. The fly 
then proceeded to several other larvas, which had been previously simi- 
larly stung, and repeated the process, always ovipositing on or between 
eyes at which place at least a dozen had been attacked, and nowhere else. 
The presence of other ova did not deter the fly from adding to the num- 
ber. The ovipositor was viscous of a pale yellow, tapering, and elastic 
to such a degree that the entire abdomen could hardly have contained it 
as expanded. 

It was interesting to note that the fly carefully avoided allowing her 
ovipositor to come in contact with the fine long hairs of the larvae which 
hung over the eyes, withdrawing it instantly uf)on their slightest move- 
ment. Judging from the fact that no ova appeared to have been deposited 
on the segments it is safe to assume that even the sparse hairs of the Da- 
tana larvx' constitute a barrier which the moist and highly sensitive ovi- 
positor of the Tachina can not overcome. 

We have here an additional proof that even the slightest hair or spine 
development adds to the safety of its possessor. 



127 — 

NORTH AMERICAN PYRALID.^. 

By Prof. C. H. Fernald, 
Amherst, Mass. 



Diathrausta octomaculalis, n. sp. Expanse of wing, i8 mm. Palpi, head, 
thorax, abdomen and upper side of all the wings, dark brown or nearly black with 
greenish reflections in certain lights. There |i a fine white line on each side of the 
face in front of the eye and three white spots on the fore wing, one across the end of 
cell, another on the middle of the cell and the third immediately below the last on the 
fold. The inner line is scarcely perceptable, nearly straight and crosses the wing 
quite near the base. The outer line, which is not very well defined, starts from a 
small white spot at the outer fourth of the costa runs down at right angles with the 
costa, a little outside of the outer spot, then runs nearly into the spot on the fold 
where it turns again and nuis in a more or less wavy line to the outer third. This 
line is continued across the hind wings with an inward curve below the cell so that 
the lower part of it appears as a straight line extending from a white spot on the end 
ot the cell to the anal angle. The fringes of the fore wings are black except at the 
anal angle and below the apex where they are white. The fringes of the hind wings 
are black at the base and white beyond. The segments of the abdomen are edged 
with white. The underside of the wings is somewhat paler than above with the white 
markings reproduced. The underside of the body and thorax are lighter than 
above. Pectus and base of the palpi beneath, white. 

Hab.— Pa., N. Y., Ontario, July 3, 1886, at electric light (H. S. Saunders). 

Hydrocampa nebulosalis, n. sp. Expanse of wings, from 12 to 17 mm. Face 
and outer end of the palpi, white. Basal part of the palpi on the outside, top of the 
head, thorax, abdomen and upper side of all the wings, bright ocher yellow and 
marked with white and sooty brown. The thorax is marked with transverse streaks 
of white and the terminal edge of the abdominal segments is white. The fore wing is 
crossed by five white lines. The first is very near the base and indistinct ; the second 
is near the basal fourth and is zig-zag; the third starts from near the basal third of the 
costa, runs nearly straight towards the anal angle as far as the median vein where it 
forms an acute angle and then runs in a somewhat waved line to the basal third of 
the hinder margin ; the next starts from the costa a little beyond the outer fourth, 
runs obliquely outward for a very short distance, then forms a wide inward curve 
down as far as vein 3, where it turns and runs towards the base of the wing nearly to 
the preceding line, then turns and runs to the outer third ot the hinder margin in an 
outward curve. The outer line is sinuous and extends from the apex to a point near 
the anal angle. The three outer lines are edged or overlaid more or less with dark 
sooty brown ; and the whole outer part of the wing beyond the third line is more or 
less heavily clouded with the same, except the terminal space and an area on the 
costa between the third and fourth lines, which extends down across the cell. Hind 
wings white on the costa and base, and crossed by three wavy lines, the outer one of 
which is white and edged on the outside with brown, the inner ones are brown and 
edged on each side with white. A yellow spot sometimes edged with brown rests on 
the cell between these two lines and another within the inner line which does not 
reach the costa. The inner lines sometimes fuse together as they approach the anal 
angle. All the fringes are fuscous and cut with white between the veins. The 
underside of the wings is similar to the upperside except paler. 

Hab. — Florida. 



— I2b — 

Tetralopha baptisiella, n. sp. 

Expands 21 mm. Tongue gray in front. Palpi gray, fuscous brown in front. 
Head and thorax nearly white with intermingled russet fuscous scales. Abdomen light 
gray at base, beyond with segments ringed anteriorly with fuscous. Wings, (^ light fus- 
cous with a slight ocher tint, heavily marked with darker fuscous on the costal region, 
running from a point on costa at base, along and parallel with the inner margin to 
outer cross line forming a triangular space,_ the lighter ground color showing distinctly 
between the veins. Inner cross line obsolete, or showing in a faint curved gray 
shading. A black point of raised scales at middle of basal field. Outer cross line ^ 
out ; sub-parallel with outer margin except a bend outward towards posterior angle, 
straight at costa, otherwise evenly dentate wavy. On the middle field just out from 
the first cross line is a cross line of lengthened scales whiter than the ground color. 
Outer field fuscous, lighter posteriorly and at veins. A marginal row of lengthened 
black points. Frmge grayish fuscous interlined. Hind wings fuscous with faint in- 
dications of outer lighter band. O with lines as in the (^ but with basal field much 
lighter, the central cross band of long scales almost white, and the rest of the wing 
washed with russet ocher, the veins on the outer middle field blackish. A narrow 
gray shading next the marginal black points. Hind wings as in (^'. Beneath, (^\ O, 
fuscous on costal half of fore wings, light ocher fuscous otherwise with faint outer 
band on all wings. 

2 C?d^» 299. Hab.— Mo., N. Y. Raised by Miss Murtfcldt on Baptisia 
tincloria. 



Description of a New Proctotrupid. 

By William H. Ashmead. 
Jacksonville, Florida. 



Since the publication of my "Studies on the N. A. Proctotrupidae," 
in going over my Braconids, two specimens of a very remarkable form in 
this family were discovered belonging to a genus not yet noticed as oc- 
curring in the North American fauna. The genus is recognized by the 
brevity of the otherwise fully developed wings, the elongated prothorax 
and its rather prominent eyes and triangular head. The species may be 
identified from the following description : 

VII. MYSTROPHORUS, Focrster. 

I. Mystrophorus americanus, n. sp. 9- Length .25 inch. Color: Head, 
thorax and legs, brownish-red ; head above dusky ; eyes dark or blackish ; antennae 
dusky toward tips, while the abdomen is polished black. The head when viewed 
from the front is triangular, finely, regularly punctate. The antennre are lo-jointed, 
the third joint of which is as long as the 4th, 5th and 6th joints together. The pro- 
thorax is much elongated with parallel sides, narrower and more than thrice longer 
than the mesothorax, and microscopically sculptured. The short, spoon-shaped 
wings are hyaline, excepting a broad, smoky, transverse band across fore wings, 
broad enough to include stigma and stigmal vein. The venation is exactly as in tlie 
genus Gouiozus. 

Hab. — Florida. Described from two specimens, captured in the Spring ot 18S6. 



— 129 — 

NEW^ SPECIES OF PYRALIDiE. 

Bv Geo. D. Hulst. 

For a number of years I have been gathering material in the family 
PyralidcP, and in Transactions of the American Entomological Soc. Vol. 
VIII, pp. 145-168, July 1886, published a number of new species. 
Since that time very much material has come to me from various sources, 
and again I tind m_\self with many insects, which neither our best speci- 
alists nor m}self can identify ; and once more I take myself to the task 
of describing what seems to me to be new to science. 

The sub-families in which are the species described in the present 
paper I have for a considerable lime given very dihgent study. My form- 
er determinanons were hasiil)' made, without opportunity to study vena- 
tion, and the sptcies were b}' necessity in many cases incorrectly referred. 
Those described in the present papei, as far as genera exist for their recep- 
tion, are I believe correctly referred, and can be relied upon. 

Of the species in Grote's Check List, I have nearly all before me. I 
have all the species described since the issue of the Check List. More- 
over Prof. C. H. Fernald and Mr. Henry Edwaids, both among the most 
generous of Lepidopterists, have placed their entire collections at my dis- 
posal, so I have in material unrivalled facilities for comparison and study. 
And it is with all this, that I deem the following to be new species, and 
therefore describe them. 

EPIPASCHIiE, Git. 
Toripalpus adulatalis, Sp. nov. Expand 26 mm. Head black with light 
gray scales intermingled. Tongue light gray. Labial palpi black, slightly mixed 
with gray, extending half the length of the thorax. Antennse dark brown, strongly 
pubescent. Scaled process of the cj antennae reaching beyond the collar. Ocelli dis- 
tinct. Thorax reddish brown in front, gray behind. Abdomen gray, blackish at 
base, with lateral scale tufts on the 2 segments preceding anal segment. Wings on 
the basal field dark brown mixed with gray scales with a longitudinal light gray dash 
in center, running two-thirds the length of the field and ending in a black point of 
raised scales preceded by another. The field is limited quite distantly froni base by 
a light gray strongly thrice waved line which has beyond it a shadow line of dark 
brown. Beyond this the middle field is gray, very light costally and centrally, 
darker posteriorly. Anteriorly slightly washed, and shaded with a black discal point 
of raised scales, posteriorly strongly shaded with brown which at the outer edge of 
the field is slightly reddish. The light gray centrally extends to the outer margin of 
the wing. Outer line clear at costa, shaded inwardly and outwardly with black, the 
outward shading making a large apical blotch. The line ends at the extension of the 
gray central field i from costa in a black longitudinal dash. It shows somewhat in- 
distinctly on the posterior i in the continuation of the reddish brown ot the middle 
field, and is there waved inwardly, dentate outwardly, and shaded on both sides with 
blackish. Outer field narrow, gray, except towards posterior angle where it is 
brown, slightly reddish. A black marginal line cut by the veins. Fringes interlined. 
Entomologica Americana. Vol. hi. 20 October, 1887. 



— 130— 

Hind wings light yellowish- white, somewhat fuscous, subpellucid. An outer line 
dentate outwardly on veins. A black marginal line cut at veins. Fringes inter- 
lined. Beneath dark fuscous washed over dirty white, an outer indistinct dentate 
white line on fore wings. Hind wings nearly as above but duller. 

1 (^. S. Cal. Nearest T. breviornatalis Grt., but apart froni color 
differences, a verv much frailer insect. 

Toripalpus incrustalis, Sp. nov. Expands 25 mm. Head, thorax and ab- 
domen ochery brown, the palpi with an orange, the collar with a violet tinting. Fore 
wings light ocher washed and spoittd with ocher fuscous with a black point of raised 
scales at middle of base and on disc. Basal field quite dark. Basal line of ground 
color indistinct but shown by the darker shadow lines. Middle field quite clear in- 
wardly, ochery fuscous outwardly, this color divided by the veins which are light 
ocher. Outer line parallel with outer margin, waved inwardly, dentate outwardly. 
Outer field ochery fuscous, lighter on veins. A margintl row of black points. Hind 
wings even fuscous, lighter towards base, with a marginal black line. Beneath fus- 
cous with a reddish shading except on inner margins, the reddish being especially 
marked along costa of fore wings. 

1 9- Col. It is thought by many that in this and other sub- 
families no insect ought to be described unless from the ^, as that alone 
furnishes the generic characteristics. I take a pleasure in naming from 
the 9 only, as a protest against the founding of genera upon secondary 
sexual characters. 

Toripalpus lunulalis, Sp. nov. Expands 22 to 25 mm. Head and collar 
yellowish brown, strongly washed with violet. Palpi brownish gray or yellowish 
gray in front, the last member short and distinct. Ocelli present. Thorax dark 
fuscous. Abdomen light fuscous, the segments ringed with dark fuscous, extremity 
tufted in (^ with lateral tufts on 2 segments preceding anal segment. Fore wings 
much rounded at apex, generally light even blue gray in color with a strong shading 
of fuscous on basal and outer fields. A dark broken cross line close to base not al- 
ways distinct ; near the outer edge of the field a dark line consisting of lengthened 
and raised scales, and extending quite across the wing. The line limiting the field is 
very indistinct and is evidenced rather by its hardly distinct shade lines. Middle 
field with three raised scale tufts, one discal small, the second extra-discal, more pro- 
minent and lengthened, the latter shaded outwardly, with fuscous, and a third near 
center of the field one-third from inner margin, black. Outer line quite distinct near 
costa, becoming obsolete posteriorly, shaded as usual, this shading being broad and 
diffuse near costa and outwardly occupying the whole apical space. The outer line 
forms a large sinus from the costa, and this with the shading and posterior obsoles- 
cence gives a distinctly lunular appearance to the apical markings. Outer field 
anteriorly fuscous divided by the yellow fuscous color of the veins — fading into the 
ground color posteriorly. Hind w'ings fuscous, smooth, dark at margin. Beneath 
fuscous on fore wings with a costal band lighter, the whole with a reddish tinge quite 
marked at apex. Hind wings reddish at angle, otherwise fuscous. 

2 (^^, 299* Co^- Perhaps not properly congeneric with Tori- 
palpus, as there is a difference in the shape of palpi, and veins 4 and 5 
of hind wings are from a stern. 



—131 — 

PHYCITID^. Rag. 

Nephopteryx carneella^, Sp. nov. Expands 23 to 25 mm. Head fuscous 
black. Collar, thorax and abdomen even bluish gray, washed with maroon red. 
Fore wings bluish gray, marked with light maroon red. This is especially marked 
on the borders of the gray cross lijies, and is most lacking just at end of basal 
field, along outer margin, and costally and centrally on the middle field. On either 
side of the basal cross line there are more or less black scales, A faint fuscous mar- 
ginal line. Hind wings fuscous, rather yellowish, fuscous margined outwardly. 
Beneath fuscous, smooth, somewhat reddish on fore wings, lightening posteriorly on 
hind wings. 

I cT, I $• N. Mex. 

Nephopteryx amatella, Sp. nov. Expands 27 mm. Head light gray; palpi 
fuscous ; collar light gray. Thorax fuscous in front, gray behind. Abdomen gray 
with the segments banded with fuscous anteriorly, and a black spot on dorsum. Fore 
wings brown with some reddish posteriorly, 3 white cross lines, the first extra basal 
diffuse, broad, edged outwardly with black ; the second central, twice angulate in- 
wardly, lined outwardly with black, which is followed centrally by a whitish blotch; 
the third submarginal, with large sinus inwardly below costa, and a dentation before 
middle, then curved to inner margin ; it is lined inwardly with black which is preceded 
by a diffuse lengthened whitish blotch, confluent with the rather large white discal 
spot. Margin a black line, pi-eceded by a gray band. Hind wings fuscous, with 
black marginal line. Beneath dark fuscous with lighter fuscous outer line, less 
distinct on hind wings. 

I Q. Fla. , 

Nephopteryx furfurella, Sp. nov. Expands 22 mm. Head, thorax and 
fore wings smoky blue gray. Abdomen yellowish fuscous ; fore wings with a black 
spot along inner margin, one-third from base, with a sub-obsolete russet band, ex- 
tending from this towards costa, but not reachmg beyond middle, when apparent. 
Hind wings fuscous, lighter basally. Beneath fuscous, darkest along costa of fore 
wings.— 2 ^^-^ 299. Fla., Tex. 

Nephopteryx caliginella, Sp. nov. Expands 21 mm. Head fuscous gray. 
Palpi black with a few gray scales. Thorax gray in front, fuscous behind. Abdomen 
ocher fuscous, the segments darker anteriorly. Fore wings vary much the color of 
Phycita indiginella, light gray on anterior portion of basal and central field, fuscous 
on posterior portion. Basal cross line sub-parallel with outer line, twice dentate out- 
wardly, clear white anteriorly, gray towards inner margin, shaded outwardly. Outer 
line gray sub-parallel with margin, with large siims outwardly near middle, faintly 
shadowed on both sides. Outer space fuscous, shading into gray towards margin. 
An interrupted row of black points on margin with fuscous gray fringes not inter- 
lined. Hind wings light fuscous with dark fuscous marginal line. Beneath dark 
fuscous on fore wings, and at apex of hind wings, the latter otherwise light fuscous. 

I 9- Ariz. 

Nephopteryx tenebrosella, Sp, nov. Expands 18 mm. Head parts and 
thorax dark smoky fuscous. Abdomen ringed with fuscous and black. Fore wings 
blackish fuscous. Basal line broadish, gray, outwardly oblique, broktn at the middle. 
Outer line faint gray, near outer margin, with a long outward sinus at middle. Gray 
scales at margin. Fringes light fuscous, faintly interlined. Hind wings dark fuscous 
with black marginal line. Beneath very dark fuscous, a light line along co^ta. Hind 
wings as above. — i 9- Tex. 



— 132 — 

Nephopteryx hapsella, Sp. nov. Expands 22 mm. Tongue gray. Palpi 
and head russet gray. Tliorax russet fuscous. Abdomen yellowish fuscous. Fore 
wings brown with a faint russet shade, costa to outer line much lighter. A gray 
patch at middle of basal field, liasal line far from base, fine, white, finely dentate. 
A faint discal dot, darker than ground color. Outer line very near margin, begin- 
ning very near apex, slanting inwardly, and then parallel with margin, finely dentite. 
Submarginal space grayish. Marginal line of black points. Hind wings light fus- 
cous, with black marginal line. Beneath fuscous, the hind wings slightly lighter. 

I (^. Fla. The wings are much narrower than usual and the in- 
sect has much the af)peaiance o^ Aiurastia. 

Nephopteryx bifasciella, Sp. nov. Expands 20 mm. Head, thorax and 
lore wing.-. li<;]it whitish gray, dusted with black. Abdomen ocher fuscous. Fore 
wings with basal band of groaiu! c >lor, edged on both sides with di-tinct black 
shadow lines once angled ou.wanl y. Outer line near margin, of ground colo;-. with 
narrow black shadow lint-s esp -ciaily distinct at costa ; the lines slightly bent. Mar- 
ginal line of dentate black points. Hind wings light yellowish fuscous, pellucid. 
IJeneath. fore wings light fuscous, hind wings as abovj. 

I r) , 2 00. Arizona. 

/•' Nephopteryx odiosella', Sp. nov. Expands 24 to 25 mm. Head, thorax 

and fore wings white, with scattered black and tuscous scales, giving a brownish 
cast. Maxillary palpi with hair pencil at end, of a yellow brown color. • Abdomen 
rather more fuscous than thorax. Fore Wings with white Ijasal band, shadowed at 
costa outwardly, and at inner margin inwardly, with blackish, which is broad at the 
respective margins, and becomes obsolete before crossmg the wing. A black diffuse 
somewhat kidney shaped discal spot. Outer line white, shadowed with black on 
both sides, the shadows becoming broad and heavy at costa. The line is more bent 
than usual at the middle. A marginal row of black spots, pointed inwardly. Hind 
wings white with an ocher cast, pellucid. Beneath, fore wings faintly fuscous, yel- 
lowish along costa. Hind wings as above. 

I r^. Col. This species and the one above, N. bifasciella, belong 
more properly to Salebria. 

\^ Nephopteryx subrufella', Sp. nov. Expands 12 to 14 mm. Head and thorax 

l)urple fuscous. Abdomen ocher fuscous with purple tinge on dorsum. Fore wings 
ocher fuscous at base. Basal hne black or jjurple black, sometimes obsolete. Middle 
and outer fields reddish fuscous, generally with a purple stam, except along costa 
which over the middle space is marked with a grayish stripe. Outer line faint, edged 
on each side with purple reddi>h. .\ small black discal point. Hind wings light 
fuscous. Beneath, light ocher fuscou-. 

5 9 9- ^^'^- This insect has the appearance of Ephestia or 
Anerastia. It is with doubt I call it Nephopteryx. Vein 8 of fore wings 
is hardly determinate when the winj^s are entirely denuded and under a 
compound lens. Vein 8 of hind wings is in the same condition. It is 
a question whether they are realities or suggestions only. There is con- 
siderable variation of the costal stripe in the insect, the ground color of 
the wing encroaching so much at times, as almost or quite to ob- 
liic-riiie it. 



— ^33 — 

Pinipestis cacabella, Sp. nov. Expands 25 mm. The whole insect dull even 
smoky fuscous. Fore wings with a basal line indeterminate, and evident only by the 
taint lightening of the fuscous color. Outer line lighter fuscous than the ground 
color, with a deep bend inward on the anterior third of the wing in (^, diffuse and 
straighter in the 9 • Two black discal points, confluent, edged with the lighter 
fuscous color. Marginal line black. Hind wings dull fuscous of the shade of the 
lines of fore wings with black marginal line. Beneath fuscous, lighter on hind wings. 

I cT, I 9- N. Y. This insect may possibly be a form of P. ahie- 
iivorella Gvi. , Init it differs decidedly in coloration, and is a Pinipestis 
only in venation. The (^ antennce are bent over the root, with a scale 
pad in the bend. Mr. Grote however did not know the male, and so 
could not base his generic reference upon any (^ characters. As already 
said my own generic references in the present paper are based in case of 
doubt on the venation and attention is called to the variation of the 
sexual characters. I speak of Mr. Grote as the author of P. abietworella 
as he, not Dr. Packard, described and published it. 

Etiella villosella, Sp. nov. Expands 24 to 27 mm. Labial palpi russet gray 
above, gray below. Maxillary palpi yellowish, brown on end. Head, collar and 
fore thorax, orange fuscous. Thorax behind fuscous gray. Abdomen fuscous. Fore 
wings mouse color, consisting of bluish gray, overlaid partly with fuscous. A broad 
white stripe extending from base along costa to apex. Extreme edge of costa of 
ground color broadening outwardly just beyond middle and fading away towards 
apex. A dull yeilowish basal stripe reaching from white costal stripe to inner mar- 
gin, edged inwardly with a row of maroon brown scales, the scales being longer than 
usual. Hind wings fuscou-, deepening outwardly, with dark marginal line. 

Beneath even glisteiiing very li.^ht fuscous. 

3 ^(^, 2 9 9- N. Y. , Fla. , Col. This insect which in America 
has in the past been considered Epischtiia farrella is very close in appear- 
ance to the European E. Zinckenella. The most marked difference 
betw'een the two is the labial palpi. The end member in the American 
insect is very short, not more than one-fifth the length of the middle 
member, while the European, according to Authorities, is one-half the 
length of the middle member. 

Pempelia muUeolella, Sp. nov. Expands 13 mm. Palpi smoky black. Head 
and thorax dark fuscous with a reddish tinge. Abdomen fuscous. Fore wings wine 
red ; cross lines white, distinct, scarcely shaded ; the first is twice dentated out- 
wardly, the outer near margin, very nearly straight. Outer margin with color 
deepened. Hind wings fuscous. Beneath, fore wings wine reddish on front half, 
fuscous posteriorly, the lines quite distinct. Hind wings fuscous. — I 5. Fla. 

Pempelia albipenella, Sp. nov. Expands 20 mm. Palpi whitish fuscous at 
tip. Head, body and fore wings dull white, a little ocher stained. Fore wings with 
faint fuscous shadings, revealed in a faint basal patch, a discal spot, and a faint 
oblique band running from just before apex inwardly. Hind wings fuscous. 

Beneath smooth light yellowish fuscous, a little darker on fore wings. 

I ^. Cal. 



— 134— 

Pempelia quantulella, Sp. nov. Expands ii mm. Palpi dark fuscous. 
Head and thorax fuscous gray. Abdomen fuscous. Fore wings narrow, rounded 
and oblique on outer margin, steel gray in color. Two cross lines, white, the first 
nearly at the middle, broad diffuse, obsolete at both costa and inner margm, slightly 
lined outwardly with black ; outer line close to margin, three limes dentate. Hind 
wings fusgous. Beneath dark fuscous, the costal region of the fore wings very dark. 
I (j^.i Texas. I am not sure that this insect is correctly referred. 
It is very frail, and I have but one specimen, so I can not study the vena- 
tion fully enough to satisfy myself with absolute certainty as to the num- 
ber of veins on the fore wings. 

loUt'^'*^' Spermatophthora gemmatilla, Sp. nov. Expands 26 mm. Palpi ocher, 

with a reddish tinge. Head, thorax, alxlomen and fore wings ocher washed with 
bright reddish wine color. This on the fore wings is lighter on . subcostal and costal 
veins forming a light ocher line, and the red is sliglitly darker just behind the sub- 
costal space, and is somewhat brighter basally and apically. Hind wings light fusc- 
ous. Beneath fuscous, lighter on hind wings. — i rj . Illinois. 
'' -^JUa^A^^ ' Spermatophthora multilineatella, Sp. nov. Expands 18 mm. Head parts, 
thorax, al)domcn and fore wings light ocher yellow. Maxillary palpi strongly 
developed, turned upward between the labial palpi, and reaching beyond the summit 
of the head. Fore wings with the veins marked by distinct narrow even fuscous 
lines ; there is also a corresponding line at the middle of the space between the veins, 
except between i and 2 where there are two lines, as there are also between i and 
inner margin. Hind wings, pure silky white. Beneath as above, with the lines of 
fore wings a little indistinct. — 2 i^rf'. Fia. 

Spermatophthora montinatatel]a\ Sp. nov. Expands 25 to 27 mm. Head, 
thorax and abdomen fuscous with a tinge of reddish on the patagise. Fore wings 
bright reddish gray, except a broad costal stripe reaching from base nearly to apex, 
which is white with scattered reddish scales. Very faint indications of basal and 
outer gray cross lines by a lightening of the red color on the lines, and a deepening 
of it on either side. Margin and fringe grayish fuscous. Hind wings fuscous, with 
black marginal line. Beneath, dark fuscous, with a reddish tinge on fore wings ; 
fuscous on hind wings. 

I (5^, I 9- Sierra Nevada Mts., Cal. Very nearly in color appear- 
ance to Pempelia petrella Zell., or rather the insect which goes under that 
name in America. Prof Fernald has of the latter a specimen identified 
from a specimen of Zeller's in the Cambridge Museum but is not at all a 
Pempelia, and there may be some mistake somewhere. The insect how- 
ever corresponds with Zeller's description ; and those who know Prof 
Fernald know that it is hardly possible that he should have been guilty 
of an error. 

Spermatopthora Graciella^. Sp. nov. Expands 28 mm. Palpi fuscous gray 
Avhitish above. Head light gray. Thorax light fuscous in front, gray at middle black- 
ish behind. Abdomen gray. Fore wings white on anterior half fuscous white on 
posterior half Veins sharply lined with black ©r fuscous black and a blackish line 
dividing the discal cell. Cross lines faintly indicated, the basal by a black line close 
to the base and present only near costa, the outer by a black patch near apex. A 
marginal line of somewhat lengthened black points. Hind wing light shining fus- 



— 135— 

cou?. Beneath fuscous the posterior portion of fore wings and the whole hind wing- 
Sight fuscous. — I (^, Col. 
fj^^''' Spermatophthora (?) bonifatella. Sp. nov. Expands 21 mm. Palpi, head, 
thorax and liu;ht fuscous. Addonien mouse colored fuscous. Fore wings ocher fus- 
cous, the v^ins slightly lighter. At the posterior side of the cell near the cross vein 
is a whitisli dot with a black dentate spot at each end. A faint line of dark points 
on margin ; fringe ocher. Hmd wings dark smoky fuscous. Beneath fuscous. 

I (^. Col. Not by any means entirely congeneric with Spermaioph- 
ihora but placed there provisionally. 

Acrobasis alatella, Sp.nov. Expands 18 to 22*mm. Palpi dark gray, white 
in front, fuscous at tip. Head and thorax fuscous gray. Abdomen fuscous anter- 
iorly, oclif^r fuscous posteriorly. Fore wings narrow, strongly arched on outer third, 
apex rounded, outer margin oblique, inner angle rounded, light gray in color, much 
marked with fuscous. Posterior portion of basal field fuscous. Basal line white, 
rounded, and extending outwardly towards inner margin, edged outwardly with 
black. Middle field with anterior half dusted with fuscous, posterior half fuscous, 
with a longitudinal white dash between the two portions. Outer line oblique from 
towards apex, faint, difTuse, edged with indistinct diffuse fuscous. Outer field 
heavily dusted with fuscous. Frmges gray. Hind wings light fuscous, becoming 
fuscous at tip, sub-pelUicid. Beneath, smooth, even fuscous on fore wings ; hind 
wings as above. -3 r^''^, I $. Cal. 

Acrobasis hystricu'e'.la, Sp. nov. Expands 18 to 20 mm. Head parts smoky 
fuscous. Thoiax smoky fuscous on sides and front, ocher fuscous on dorsum and pos- 
teriorly. Abdomen ytUow fuscous. Fore wings light gray, powdered with fuscous. 
Ext erne base fuscou=. Outer basal field with two short longitudinal black dashes, one 
at the middle of wing, the other near anal margin, these edged more or less distinctly 
with white. Basal line well out, white, twice dentate outwardly, shadowed narrowly 
with black on both sides. On middle field a large faint fuscous oval discal spot with 
white center; outer posterior middle field fuscous, extending across outer line over the 
whole outer field, though less marked along margin. Outer line even, curved out- 
wardly, shadowed on both sides. A marginal line of confluent dentate black points. 
Hind wings light ocher fuscous, with black marginal line. Beneath fuscous on fore 
wings ; hind wings as above. 2 (^(^, 2 ^ $• Tex. 

Myelois aliculella,' Sp. nov. Expands 21 to 23 mm. Labial palpi gray white 
in front, black at tip. Maxillary palpi orange fuscous. Head gray. Thorax gray. 
Abdomen ocher fuscous or fuscous. Fore wings white, heavily dusted with black 
scales, giving a gray appearance. Base blackish. Basal line white, angulated out- 
wardly, with a heavy black marking outwardly at costa, sometimes extending on disc 
to discal ring ; within with a reddish band sometimes quite obsolete. A discal circle 
of black quite large on middle field, this often very indistinct. Outer line white, 
fine, angulated at middle, then curved to inner margin, lined finely with black with- 
in, with more diffuse fuscous or reddish fuscous without. A row of marginal black 
points generally strongly dentate at middle portion of the wing, and reaching some- 
times to outer shadow line. A short longitudinal black dash at the center of the 
outer middle field edged with white. Hind wings light ocher fuscous, pellucid. 

Beneath, fuscous on fore wings. Hmd wings as above. 
5 (5^,^, 5 9 9- Ariz. I place this insect in this genus on account 
of the venation and in what is required in venation follow VonHeineman. 
In the palpal and antennal structure of the (^ the insect is like Salebria. 



—136— 

Myelois zelatella, Sp. nov. Expands 20 mm. Palpi dark fuscous, whitish 
at joints and extreme tip. Head gray ; thorax fuscous ; abdomen with dark fuscous 
anteriorly, light fuscous posteriorly. Fore wings with a broad costal band, white, 
dusted with fuscous, extending from base to outer line, and more faintly reaching 
towards apex. On the extreme costa is a narrow black stripe, beginning at basal 
line where it is widest and extending to beyond the middle of the wing. Fore wings 
otherwise fuscous, merging gradually with the white band. Ba-al line very indistinct. 
Outer line distinct, slightly bent, slightly and finely wavy, dentate. Margin Ijlackish. 
Hind wings deep fuscous with black marginal line. Beneath, dark fuscous. 

3 (5^(5^. N. Y., Can. This insect has the aspect of some specimens 
of N. indiginella, Zell. In referring it, a difficuhy presents itself much 
as in the previous species. For while the venation is that o{ Myelois, (in 
sensu VonHeinemani), the antennal structure ot the (^ is that of Nephop- 
teryx. However the stem of veins 4 and 5 of fore wings is very short, 
and unless examined in Balsam might be regarded as separate. 

Myelois (?) Georgiella! Sp. nov. Expands 26 mm. Palpi head thorax and 
abdomen white washed with light fuscous. Fore and hind wings pure glistening silv- 
ery white the hind wing with a faint fuscous stain. Beneath fore wings fuscous with 
middle and edges much lighter ; hind wings as above. 

1 (^ Col. Placed provisionally in this genus to which it does not 
belong rightfully. Indeed the insect is decidedly un-Phycid like in ap- 
pearance, and in some respects in palpal structure and venation. The 
reference is made on the basis of the number of the veins rather than 
upon the details which are in many respects quite aberrant. 

Dioryctria unicolorellai Sp. nov. Expands 20 mm. Head and thorax even 
mouse gray. Abdomen with segments nnged, fuscous in front, light ocher fuscous 
behind. Fore wings even light mouse gray. Basal line whitish, obsolete, except at 
inner margin. Costa with a patch darker than the ground color. Outer line very 
near margin, very faint, bent outwardly. Hind wings light fuscous mouse gray, sub- 
pellucid with black marginal line. Beneath, light fuscous, the hind wings lighter. 

I <^. Washington, D. C. Another rather composite insect, having 
the venation oi Dioryctria, and the head parts of the (^ as in Salebria. 

Dioryctria bistriatella, Sp. nov. Expands 18 mm. Head and thorax fuscous 
gray. Abdomen fuscous, the segments narrowly black in front. Fore wings fuscous 
gray, or blue fuscous gray. Base, lighter antereriorly. Basal line straight, a little 
outwardly oblique, whitish somewhat broad and diffuse, less distinct costally, pure 
white towards inner margin, forming there a lengthened white spot ; it is shadowed 
outwardly by a broad dark fuscous band. The wing lightens beyond disc, and re- 
veals two black discal points one preceding the other, somewhat confluent. Outer 
line whitish, slightly bent, subparallel with base, shadowed broadly both sides with 
dark fuscous. A row of black pomts on margin. Hind wings light fuscous, fuscous 
at apex, with black marginal line. Beneath dirty fuscous on fore wings, apex and 
anterior part of lined wings ; hind wings otherwise, very light. 2 Q, Washington, 
D. C. 

Dioryctria minutularia^, Sp. nov. Expands 13 mm. Head body and fore 
wings even dark gray, consisting of black ground dusted quite evenly with white 



—137— 

scales. Fore wings pointed at apex, strongly arched, inner line white, nearly straight, 
edged outwardly with a di>tiiict black hand. Two black discal points. Outer line 
faint, fine, angulated, very oblique. Hind wings fuscous, blacki-iii gray along an- . 
terior margin. Beneath, fore wings dark fuscous, hind wings light fuscous. 2 (^j (J , ( ^ f 
Tex. ^ 

Glyptoteles rhypodellai Sp. nov. Expands 20 mm. Tongue white. Palpi 
dark fuscous, gray in Iront. Thorax fuscous, patagiae fuscous gray. . Abdomen fus- 
cous. Fore wings light gray, overlaid with fuscous shades. Base fuscous. Basal 
line clo'^e in, light gray, wavy, bent, shaded outwardly on the coital half of the wing j^ ^, 

with a broad fuscous black band. Discal spot large, blackish difluse. Outer line V^ 
light gray with a large outward sinus bilovv co^ta, bent around posterior to discal ^y^**"*^ 
spot, then at a right angle running to iinier margin. Tlie ^inus is filled with dark fus- ^,^'{"Y^ 
cous reddish in the middle, reaching to the discal spot, and partly enveloping it ; a faint i6»»H 
dark edging inwardly at inner margin also. Outwardly a large reddish fuscous >' 
blotch along costa nearly round, and another aieng inner margin, which following o*- 1]^ 
the line becomes obsolete at middle of wing. Apex and anterior marginal space 
gray. A faint marginal line of black points. Hind wings dark fuscous, sub-pellucid. 
Beneath, fuscous with indications of the outer li<iht line on fore wings, and of a fine 
dentate darker line on hind wings, i (^ . Oregon. 

>^ Stenoptycha pneumatella, Sp. nov. Expands iS mm. Head blackish gray. 

Thorax fuscous gray. Abdomen with segments ringed, dark fuscous in front, light 
fuscous behind. Fore wings blue gray, quite even in color over the wing. A small 
white spot at center of basal field, sometimes obsolete. Basal cross line well out, 
wavy angulate, shadowed by black outwardly which is heavier and more difluse near 
costa. Two black discal points, generally confluent, often followed by white. Outer 
line fine, white, angulated from costa first inwardly then outwardly, then nearly 
straight to inner margin, shadowed inwardly and outwardly with black, the inner 
line being the heavier. A marginal line of black points. Hind wings Smoky to 
ocher fuscous, sub-pellucid. Beneath fuscous, the outer line of fore wing sevident ; 
hind wings as above. 

8 specimens N. Y. N. C. Mo. Food Plant Elm. The generic ref- 
erence is based upon the venation. The head parts of the rj^ would 
place it in Pempelia. 

^ Stenoptycha pallulella, Sp. nov. Expands 18 to 25 mm. Tongue light gray. 

Palpi fuscous. Head and thorax dark olive fuscous. Abdomen ocher fuscous. Fore 
wings light gray with reddish brown and black markings. Basal field reddish brown, 
except along costa, deepest along the basal line. Basal line white, far out at the 
middle of the wing, twice angled inwardly, scalloped outwardly. Middle field nar- 
row, bright black, with more or less of white scales, except along inner margin which 
is reddish brown. A white discal point. Outer line distinct, white dentate sinuate, 
with two angles more or less rounded inwardly, edged within with a sharp black line 
Outer field reddish brown except apically which is light gray. A marginal black line 
cut by the veins. Hind wings smoky fuscous with black marginal line. Beneath 
fuscous, fore wings lighter on outer field, and hind wings with outer line faintly intli- 
cated. 6 o^, 5 ?, N. Y., N. C, Utah, Wash. T. 

Anerastia electella,' Sp. nov. Expands 15 to 24 mm. Palpi fuscous, dark 
fuscous at tip. Thorax dark fuscous. Abdomen ringed with dark and light fuscous 

Entomologica Amebicaua. Vol. in. 2i Octobek, 1887. 



\^ 



-.38- 

III) tacl) segintmt. Foie \\iii<;s light fuscous, dusted with fuscous srales. A narrow 
costal stripe of ground color, witliout the intermin;^ling fuscous, extending from l)ase 
nearly to apex. A faint diffuse outer line, oblique, and in good specimens dentate. 
Hind WHigs li,.iht fuscous pelUicitl. Beneath, fore wings fuscous, hind wnigs lighter. 

6 (^(^, 3 9 9' ^^■'^'- I'^'s insect is variable much beyond what is 
ordinary in the genus ; the general coloration of the specimens is some- 
what different, ihey differ much in size and there is some difference in the 
venation of the (ore wing, the stem oC veins 4 and 5 being longer in 
some than others. 

Anerastia illibella, Sp. nov. Expands 16 mm. Palpi liglit ocher fuscous. 
Head and thorax light ocher with luscous tinge. Fore wings, light ocher, lightest 
alonj; cosla. forming an indistinct stripe, and darkest jn>t behind subcostal vein. A 
slight powdering of fuscous scales, more marked on the veins. Hind wings white. 
Beneath light ocher on fore wings, white on hind wings. 

2 (^(^, I 9- T"*-'^'- ^'^^ properly congeneric with Aticraslia on 
account of a remarkable development of the clypeus, but I place it here 
till a genus is created for the species. 

"-'' Anerastia opacella, Sp. nov. Exjjands 22 mm. Palpi dark gray. Head and 

thorax fuscous brown. Abdomen light ocher. Fore wings with the portion anterior 

to the median line white, posterior portion blackish gray. The two colors somewhat 

merge into each otiier, and the white, especially posteriorly and outwardly, ii dusted 

with black and fuscous scales. Hind wings ocher fuscous. Beneath, fuscous on 

lore wings, light fuscous on hind wings. 

I r^, 2 00. Tex. 

/ 
Ephestia opalescella, Sp. nov. Expands 14 to 18 mm. Palpi, thorax, and 

tore wing-i dull evjn ochei- white, the head parts faintly washed with fuscous. 
A faint extra basal fuscous point on fore wing at center, showing probably the loca- 
tion of an obsolete cross line. A faint discal point of same color. Extreme outer 
elge a little fuscous, with fringe composed of intermixed white and dark scales. Hind 
wings light ocher, with fuscous tinge, stained darker along margin. Beneath, light 
ocher, with outer margins slightly stained. 
ScTcT- Cal. 

Ephestia Ella, Sp. nov. Expands 14 to 18 mm. Head parts very dark fus- 
cous. Thorax very dark fuscous in front, lighter behind. Abdomen orange fuscous 
on anterior segments, light fuscous on posterior. Fore wings even blackish brown, 
with a costal stripe between subcostal and edge, clay white in color, with a slight 
intermixture of brown scales, beginning at base, running to a point and becoming 
obsolete just before apex. The division between the two colors ot the wing is sharp, 
and they stand in strong contrast. The males seem to be slightly lighter in the pre- 
vailing color of the fore wing. Hind wings dark fuscous. Beneath dark fuscous. 

3 cTcJ^' 2 9 9) ^^^- I^iffers from the typical Ephestia vcv palpal 
and antenna! structure in the (^. 



—139— 

Descriptions of New Species of North American 
TINEIDiE. 

By Wm. Beutenmueller. 

Through the kindness of Rev. G. D. Hulst who has given me his 
entire collection of Tincidce, and IVIr. Henry Edwards who has placed at 
my disposal all the material of his extensive collection, I have been ena- 
bled to become acquainted with the following described species, which 
appear to be new to science. The types are all in my collection. 

Acrolophus violaceellus, n. sp. (^. Head and antennje, yellowish brown ; 
labial palpi thrown over the head and thorax, the scales beneath of equal length on 
all the joints, yellowish brown, except on the outside of the basal johit which is fus- 
cous. Primaries, fuscous, with a strong violet reflection, without markings except an 
indistinct discal spot and a few marks on the costa before the apex. Secondaries, 
tufcous, without the violet reflection. Thorax, abdomen, legs and the underside of 
wings, fuscous. O, much larger than (^ . Primaries and secondaries, fuscous, with 
the violet rsflection present on both, and the discal spot almost invisible. The wmgs 
are also much broader than those of the (^', and the costa of the primaries more 
arcuate. Expanse of wings (^' 26 mm. '^ 34 mm. 4 (^ and I Q . North Carolina. 

This species can be at once distinguished by its plain color, and 
violet reflection. 

Acrolophus Hulstellus, n. sp. ^j", head fuscous, with rather long scales on 
the vertex projecting backwards ; labial palpi re-curved over the head and thorax, 
first and second joints with short fusccms scales on the underside, third joint brush- 
like with long diverging scales. Antennse pale brown, very long, nearly half the 
length of the fore-wing. Primaries, fviscous, covered irregularly with rust colored 
scales, an obsolete dark brown basal streak below the subcostal vein, running 
outwaidly to nearly the middle of the wing, immediately below and a little beyond a 
small spot of the same color. The apical portion of the wings deep brown, limited 
by an oblique pat(^ nmning from the end of the discal cell to the internal angle. 
Secondaries, thorax and abdomen, fuscous. §, labial palpi very short and not 
erect. Primaries, stone drab, covered, with bluish gray scales about the lighter por- 
tion ; the basal streak absent, the base being covered with a number of dark bro\\n 
scales instead, the oblique patch much larger and more suffused. Expanse of wings, 
J, 20 mm., Cf), 24 mm, I (^, Indian River, Fla. I (j^Kissimmee, Fla. 

Very distinct from all its congeners hitherto described and easily 
distinguished by the oblique patch on the primaries. I have gratefully 
dedicated this singular insect to my good friend Rev. Geo. D. Hulst, 
who has given me so much encouragement in the study of the TmeidcB. 

Acrolophus Davisellus, n. sp. Head and thorax, fuscous, mixed with grayish 
scales, labial palpi short, ascending, but not recurved over the head and thorax, deep 
brown outside, and ochreous inside. Primaries, fuscous, irregularly mottled with 
deep brown patches, forming a sub-lunate dash, running from the disc nearly to the 
apex, and another patch on the fold about the middle of the wing, below which there 
is a dirty white space running along the middle third of the internal margin, other 
dirty white scales scattered over the wings, cilia brown, with pale spots. Secondaries 
and cilia fuscous. Expanse of wings (^ , 28 mm. O, unknown, i (^, Arizona. 



— 140 — 

The species is allied to A. arcanella, Clem. Named in honor of my 
friend Wm. T. Davis of Staten Island, N. Y. , an earnest and closely ob- 
serving entomologist. 

Acrolophus plumifrontellus, Clem., var. angustipennella, n. var. 

This variety differs from the type form in having the wings much 
narrower, and the markings almost absent. It is also much smaller. 

Expanse of wings 25 mm. 6 (^, Georgia and Fla. 



A remarkable Arctian and a history. 
Bv David Bruce, Brockport, N. Y. 

In the beginning of June this year a friend in Batavia, N. Y., 
captured a strange moth at light, Avhich I saw and pronounced an un- 
described species. It was in general appearance something like a large 
dark colored Enchcetes egle. The head, body and legs sooty brown, 
small black dorsal spots on body ; all the wings brownish mouse color. 
The veins on fore wings distinctly white as in Ct. venosa and Cressonana ; 
it was a 9 iri fair condition, and reviving from the eff'ect of a weak 
cyanide bottle she laid about 2 dozen eggs on the setting board. I took 
charge of half the eggs, they were yellow and hatched in a few days. I 
fed them on leaves of Plum at first, ther^ found they would eat Plantain on 
which I reared them, I carefully watched and noted every change and 
observing how much they resembled Spilosoma, I compared them with 
several larvae of ^S". Virginica, which were abundant by the roadsides in 
Denver, but these though varying much were mostly nearly white, while 
my larva? were of a rich chestnut brown with black heads, hairs on second 
and third segments velvety black. I carried them with me everywhere. 
They were 2 weeks above timber line. They all nourished and pupated 
and in 12 days after, the whole lot emerged from the cocoons in splendid 
condition, but to my disa{)pointment and disgust — were examj)les of 
Spilosotna Vvginica. I think this is a remarkable case of melanism 
and deserves recording. If my friend had not preserved the eggs and I 
had not reared the larva;, this would certainly have been named as a new- 
species and would have been a standing puzzle to Entomologists. 



In the Tidschrift vor Entomologie, Vol. XXX, Prof. P. T. C. Snellen has an 
extended article on the Lepidoptera of the Island of Curacao, \V. I., in which a 
number of species are described and figured. Among these p. 54, pi. 4, f. 6, is one 
described as Thelcteria costicmaciilalis, which is the counterpart of Emprcpes novalis, 
Grt. In the same article reference is made to the fact that Zophodia (Mcgaphycis) 
Bollii Zell., is found in the Island, and the species is described p. 64, and is figured 
pi. 5, f. 6. Geo. D. Hulst. 




Amerig4na 



VOL. III. 



BROOKLYN, NOVEMBER, 1887. 



NO. 



NOTES ON LACHNOSTERNA. 

By George H. Horn, IVI. D. 

There is probably no genus of Scarabceidie in our fauna about whicli 
so little is known by the numerous collectors in our country as Lachno- 
sterna. This too in face c>f the fact that the species are for the most part 
(if large size and arbundant whenever found. Unfortunately there are no 
.striking differences between the species which arrest the first glance. A 
few seem to have met easy recognition and are correctly named in every 
series exammed such as crenulaia, hu-suta, hirtLuIa, micans, trisiis and 
fusca although several species are often mixed under the latter name. 

It is not surprising that attention has not been given to the species 
as the literature at present available does not give great assistance, and in 
my own case there was almost equal difllculty in arriving at a correct de- 
termination of the species with the types for comparison along with the 
literature. 

Lachnosterna is certainly one of the most diflicult genera in our fau- 
na and the correct determination of the species has been rendered uncer- 
tain by the large proportion described from uniques. 

For more than twenty years I have had in mind a careful study of 
the genus and have allowed no opportunity to escape that would add to 
the material on hand and many a time in the slow accumulation my 
Lachnosterna boxes have served as a relaxation when other work has 
been burdensome. 

While on a visit to the Museum at Cambridge during the past Sum- 
mer I had an opportunity through the kindness of the Curator, to com- 
pare a selected series from my own cabinet with the types of Dr. LeConte. 
With this as a basis it became necessary to go over the works of pre\ious 
authors to verify the determinations and eliminate error as far as possible. 

Entomologica Americana. Vol. hi. 20 Novembkr 1887. 



— 142 — 

In the present short essay I propose to give the results of my svno- 
nymical study, or at least my present determinations, as a closer studv 
when the descriptions are to be written may possibly modify the views 
here given. 

In a paper published by me (Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. '78. p. 137-138) 
I have shown that Tostegoptera, Eugastra, Endrosa and Gynnis should 
be united with Lachnosterna. This view I have seen no reason for 
changing. 

Among the species at present in our lists there is some confusion and 
more synonymy. In ortler to make the synonymy clear I proj)ose to take 
the authors by date of seniority. 

Froehlich describes fusca and crenulata. 
Fabricius describes trislis. 

Knoch describes qiiercus, micans, ilicis, hirticula, hirsuta, pilosLollis 
(=rtristis) (juenina (=fusca). 

G\llenhal describesyivzw/j (=fusca) Knochii and georginvia (=cren- 
ulata). 

Say describes longitarsis, ephilida, balia and lanceolata. 
Harris describes y/-(?/f/'«a / Hentz describes /orawa (=ilicis). 
Melsheimer describes rugosa and pruinosa II (=prunina Lee). 
Blanchard (Ent. Mus. Paris) described many species from our fauna 
and quotes a number of others some erroneously. As many of those 
species were unknown to Dr. LeConte, it has been thought advisable to 
condense what is known of them. They are all described as Ancylonycha. 
L. pro/iaida Bl. distinct species allied to rugosa and Knochii. 
„ brevicollis Bl. a race of fusca. 
„ ftrvida \ Bl. is crassissima Bl. 

„ puncticollis Bl. probably a good species allied to fusca. 
„ fervens | Bl. is congrua Lee. 
„ uni/urmis Bl. is ephilida Say. 
„ pruinosa \ Bl. is gibbosa Burm. {fiitilis Lee.) 
„ crenulata \ Bl. is hirticula, 

„ crassissima Bl. subsequently described as obesa Lee. 
„ longicornis Bl. I have examined the type but it is doubtful as 
a member of our fauna, all the other species given by Castel- 
nau are from Brazil. 
„ micans \ Bl. is prununculina [cerasina Lee.) 
„ dijfinis Bl. is allied to fraterna, has a very long antennal club 
and the last ventral r^ not impressed. It is from South Caro- 
lina, ]\I. .Salle informs me, not Texas. 
Burmeister (Handbuch 1855) follows with a much greater series, de- 
scribed as Ancylonycha and Trichestes. 



— 143— 

Z. q Iter ana Kn. is fusca. 

„ //akrna | Burm. I have no doubt thai this is pruniua Lee- 
from whicii the pruh'nosit)- ot" the surface has been removed by 
alcohol. By admitting this, some of the following: descriptions 
may be better understood and the species identified. 
L. tuicans Knoch, correctly identified, 
,, cogiiata Burm, is correctly determined by Leconle. 
„ gibbosa Burm, The following remark is added to the de.-crip 
tion ''One of the two specimens before me shows a remarka- 
ble anomaly ; the ventral segments usually connate are (ree in 
their middle convex resembling the appearance of barrel-hoops. ' 
By this seemingly unimportant note I have discovered speci- 
mens of futilis Lee, which agree as well in the anomaly as hi 
the description. 
L. Forsttri Burm. seems to be that described as lugubris Lee, 
„ Kuothii Gyll. Burmeister described from the type. 
,, ilicis \ Burm. I have specimens which seem to agree and will 

require a new name. 
Z. fimbriata Burm. is the true ilicis Knoch, 

„ crenidaia Frohl, and hiriuida Knoch are correctly determined. 
„ albma Burm. Known to us but rare, 
„ rugosa Mels. correctly determined. 
„ conmia Burm. i-s balia Say, 
„ quercus Knoch. correctly determined. 
„ lanceolaia Say, under Tostegoptera, correctly determined, 
The following are described as Trichestes, 
Z. insils Fab, correctly determined. 

„ commis Burm. subsequently described as rufiola Lee, determ- 
ined from a duplicate in Zimmerman's old collection. 
Z. crinita Burm. subsequently described as glabripennis Lee. 
„ ephilida Sa}\ correctly determined. 
„ lungiiarsis Say, correctly determined by Burm. notwithstanding 

LeConte's opinion to the contrary. 
Z. prununadina Burm, since described as cerasina Lee. 
f, gracilis Burm. since described as volvula Lee. 
„ dispar Burm. Subsequently described as Gynnis debilis Lee. 
The Revision of the Melolonthidce by Dr. LeConte appeared nearly 
two years after the work of Burmeister. The species of Lachnosterna 
were described in part as Eugastra, Endrosa and Gynnis, while Toste- 
goptera was then suppressed. The following are the species ; 
Z. veniricosa Lee. with cribrosa Lee. as synonym. 
„ quercus Knoch. correctly determined. 



— 144 — 

L. volvuli Lee. is gracilis Buim. 
„ lanceolata Siv, correcil}' determineii. 
„ cequalis ?ind /arda Lee. valid specie^. Tlie first is lepresentnl 

by an unique. 
L. tor/a Lee. a verv distinct s[)ecios. 
„ fron'alk Lee. is scarcely a variety of longitarsis Sav. 
„ di.\piir Burm incorrectly determined, is cleniens Horn. 
„ lutfrons Lee. a good species. 
„ lerasina Lee. is prununculina Burm. 
„ ephilidj S.iy, correctly determined. 
„ Burmeisleri Lee. a smaller race of c])liilitia. The name was 

given under the supposition that Burmeister had incorrectly de- 
termined longitarsis Say, 
L. glaberrivia Bl. correctly determined. 

inana Lee. is the same as volvula and is gracilis Burm. 

congrua Lee. a valid species. 
futilis Lee. is gibbosa Burm. 
fusca Frohl. correctly determined. 

Cfphalica Lee. very closely allied to fusca. 

decidiia Lee. is comans Burm. 

sororia Lee. is a composite species, the 9 t^yp^ i^ '^ micans the 
<^ is comans Burm. 
L. micans Knoch, correctly determined, 

strricornis Lee. is the 9 *^f futilis and is gibbosa Burm. 

semicrib)-ata Lee. a mere variety of lugubris. 

lugubris Lee. without much doubt Forsteri Burm. 

cognata Burm. correctly determined. 
fraterna Harr. correctly determined. 

lulescens Lee. a slight variety of lugubris. 

co?'rosa Lee. a valid species. 

calceala and marginalis Lee. valid species. 

ohesa Lee. is crassissima Bl. 

prunina Lee. (for pruinosa II Mels. ) a good species. 

rugosa Mels. correctly determined. 

affinis Lee. a good species. 

Kiiochii Gyll. correctly determined. 

ilicis Knoch, correctly determined. 

ciliata Lee. possibly a race of ilicis. 

subtonsa Lee. is ilicis Burm. 

hirticula Kn. and hirsiita Kn. correctly determined. 

balia Say, correctly determined. 

vili/rons Lee. a good species. 



— 145— 

Z. JiirtiiCps Lee. does not differ from vilifrons. 
„ H/Ji<ui Lee. Of this I have seen two 9 specimens, while possi- 

bl\' a valid species it may be an anomalous fusca. 
L. rufiula Lee. is comans Burm. 
robusta Lee. is crassissima Bl. 

integra Lee. This name is preoccupied, clypeata is suggested 
instead. 

cienulata Frohl. and alhina Burm. correctly determined. 
parvidcns Lee. and rubigifiosa Lee. valid species. 
siibniucida Lee. and glabruula Lee. valid species. 
glabripennis Lee. is erinita Burm. 
irisiis Fab. correctly determined. 
erinita \ Lee. is a race of tristis Fab. 
debilis Lee. (Gynnis, ) is dispar Burm. 
errans Lee. a valid species. 

mactilicollis Lee. and nih'dula Lee. are good species and consti- 
tute a special division. 
A few other species have been described but these do not affect 
synonymy and are left for a fuller bibliography. 

From what precedes it may be scarcely necessary to say that my 
work on a monograph of the species has fairly begun and has progressed 
so far that the species are well separated and the synoptic tables prepared 
subject to such modification as may be found necessary when descriptions 
are written. 

While I must frankly admit that I do care to be interrupted in the 
work of wridng descriptions of about eighty species, I am perfectly 
willing to return the names to any one who will send carefully compared 
duplicates of any species, preferably both sexes. I cannot at present 
consent to receive any which must be returned. 



Some Additional Synonymy. 

Agrilus iexanas Crotch, on comparison this species proves to be 
cavaia Chev. 

Cvmatodera fallax Horn, is balteata Lee. My error resulted from an 
accidental- change of label in the Leconte coUecdon. 

Trox foveicollis Har., is insularis Chev. 



146- / 



Early Stages of Orgyia nova, Fitch. 
By Henry Edwards. 
The egg mass, differing only in being surrounded by a web of dark- 
er color than O . leiuostigma was found attached to a species of Pinus at 
Houghton, Michigan, Oct. 1885. The larvae emerged May 1-8, 1886, 
VouTig larva. Ground color of the body, dull brown, with the tuber- 
cular bases of the long hairs, distinctly black, Head rather large, jet 
black, shining. The second segment, (that immediately adjoining the 
head) also swollen, with its lateral tubercle, larger than the rest. Across 
the 3d and 4th segments is a dull pale streak, and a narrower one also 
across the 8th segment. The hairs are spread out widely at the sides and 
posteriorly, and are nearly as long as the body of the larva. Under side 
mouse color, with the feet black, shining. Before shedding its first skin, 
the small tubercle at the base of the 2d segment becomes indistinctly coral 
red. This color does not appear until just before the shedding of the 
skin. There is also some variation in the ground color; some specimens 
becoming sordid white, with all intermediate shades to a pale brown. 
At this period, the little caterpillars put out a long silken thread, some- 
times to the extent of 18 inches, which in their natural condition, doubt- 
less enables them to pass to other portions of their food-plant. The 
length of the caterpillar at 3 days old, was about 3 mm. to 4 mm. 

After 1st moult (May 9.) The head, 2nd, 4th to 8th segments inclusive, 
the loth, nth and 12th are now rich velvety black, the segments divided. 
by a waved streak of sordid white. The 3d and 9th segments are dul 
white, the latter with dull yellow dashes anteriorly. At the base of the 
2nd segment are two tubercular proceesses, red at their base, and there is 
a coral-red spot on the loth and nth segments respectively. Undeiside 
as well as the legs and feet dull black. Length 5-6 mm. As the larva 
increases in size before again moulting, the whole of the black space be- 
comes a dull pale brown, and there appear on the loth and i nh segments 
two very strongly marked red sealing wax like tubercles, those of the 
same color on the 2d segment becoming also more distinct. The tuber- 
cles of the other segments are now rich black, very strongly shown in 
contrast with the ground color. The yellow dashes of the 9th segment 
are now bright rich orange color. 

After 2nd Moult (May 18.) The usual tufts of hair common to 
l^he genus now appear, and all the colors are bright and clear. Head jet 
black, shining. Mouth parts sordid white. Second segment also black, 
with white hairs in centre and with two long pencils of black hairs, 
thickly massed at their summit. At their base, the two reddish tubercles 
formerly noted. Dorsal region of segments three and four yelloAvish 
white with black median streak. Sides black. Segments five and six 



— 147— 

surmounted by large velvety black tufts of hairs ; seven and eight by 
tufis of shorter clear white hairs ; 9th segment bright orange, with 
whitish waves ; loth and iith with the red tubercles very distinct, 12th 
with pencil of black hairs, directed backwards. Anal segment, dull 
brown. Along the lateral region which is black, are some faint and 
slightly waved dull yellow lines. Under side dull slate color, feet and 
legs concolorous. 

Length, 1 1 mm. 

After this moult, there is no change in the larva except in size until 
it attains its mature growth which has been fully described in Proc. Cal. 
Acad. Sc. and Papilio by mvself and INIr. R. H. Stretch. 

It is a question for doubt as to whether this form is, or is not, the 
same as the European Org. antiqiui L. 1 have elsewhere stated it as my 
opinion that the two are identical, but there is certainly a considerable 
difference in the larval stages. My specimens fed upon Pyriis com?nunis 
and Wild Cherry, though the many (^(^ I took in Michigan were hover- 
ing around a species oi Pi?ius on which I also found several 9 9- The 
species appears to be northern in its habitat, as I first took it inVancouver 
Island and have observed it also in Northern Ontario and in Quebec. 



Ed. Ent. x\m. 

Dear Sir , 

In reference to the interesting contents of the last number of 
your Journal I would state that Nola fuscula is founded on a Colorado 
e.Kample which seemed to belong to a larger and paler species than the 
Texan minuscula in my collection. It is probable, as I at the time sus- 
pected, that it is only a local variety. In separating A. virgo and Saun- 
dersii, I referred to the character of the narrower stripes and the W or M 
mark ; I think the x mark may be derived from the W. In my list the 
species are not arranged with exactitude. At that time there was no cer- 
tainty (nor is there now) as to their real standing. In my opinion no 
lumping of our Arctias can be called "good" which is not based on 
breeding and a knowledge of the variations of the larvae. As to Mr. 
Walker's names, care must be taken that we have to do with his real type 
and that his printed description bears the species out. Between my first 
and second visits to the British Museum specimens had been added. I 
refer to my already printed papers for instances where specimens of sev- 
eral species appeared under one label. 

A. R. Grote. 



—148— 

The Collection of Insects in National Museum. 

We learn tluit the U. S. National jMuseum has accjuiied by purchase 
IMr. J. B. Smith's Collection of Native and Foreign Insects. 

Mr. Smith's collection of American Coleopiera contained nearly 
5000 species, and was especially rich indeed almost perfect in the Cidn- 
delidcB and Carabidce and in some families, notably the Mordelidce, it 
was typical. Of European and t)ther Exotic Coleoptera there were fully 
5000 species. 

In the Lepidoptera, while the collection was not so complete as in 
Coleoptera, yet in some families it was scarcely excelled bv any collection. 
The British Museum with the possession of Mr. Grote's collection has 
many more types in the N'ottuidce, but Mr. Grote's collection was by no 
means so complete in species ; among these of the Museum are many 
types and typical specimens. 

From what we are able to learn the collection of insects in the Na- 
tional Museum at Washington is rapidly and steadily becoming the best 
in the country. It contains the following individual collections. 

Collection of Prof C. V. Riley, a statement of which was published 
Ento, Am. Vol. I, p. 55, consisting of 17,225 species in various orders, 
with 115,058 specimens. This is incomparably rich in examples of lar- 
val development and history. 

Collection of Prof C. V. Riley of adolescent stages in alcohol, and 
minute insects and larvae in Balsam. 

Collection of O. Meske of Albany, at one time one of the most val- 
uable in the country, and containing many types. 

Collection of J. B. Smith above mentioned. 

Collection of Belfrage, contained in part in the Riley Collection, the 
large lot of Exotics however coming through the Department of Agricul- 
ture. 

The Burgess Collection of Diptera, also forming part of the Riley 
Collection. 

The Morrison Collection purchased from his relatives. 

Dr. Williston's types of the Syrphidae are also to go to the Museum, 
as he states in his Monograph. 

To these are to be added the vast and varied accumulations of the 
Entomological Division of the Department of Agriculture. The Collec- 
tions of this Division Prof Riley has wisely placed in the National Mu- 
seum. 

Also large increase has been made through the ordinary channels of 

exchange. The collection is therefore one of exceptional value and in 
view of the certainty that hereafter it will be in the care of some specialist 
as Curator or Assistant it offers itself as a safe and proper depository for 
the collection of specialists. 



— 149— 

Observations on Capsidae with descriptions of new species. 

By p. R. Uhi er. 

(No. 4.) 



i 



Div. BRYOCORARIA. 

ECCRITOTARSUS Stal. 

E. elegans, new ?p. 

Elliptical with the hemelytra parallel-sided, the pronotum transverse and steeply 
sloping in front, the upper surface opaque, strongly pilose. General color fuscous, 
the head, legs, antennoe, base of rostrum, most of the pectoral and ventral surfaces, 
and the collar of the pronotum pale rufous. Head clothed with minute pubescence, 
vertex very short, transverse almost horizontal, not as wide as the apex of the prono- 
tum, the eyes small, round, prominent. Face nearly vertical, the tylus prominent, 
the ro?trum reaching to the posterior coxa;, fuscous from beyond the base to the tip. 
AntenuK thick, as long as the hemelytra, the basal joint about as long as the head, 
the second equally stout, curved, as long as the pronotum and head united, the third 
slender, nearly as long as the second, the fourth equally slender, a little longer than 
the basal one. Pronotum transverse, gently arched transversely, a little convex, fus- 
cous, clothed with fuscous erect pubescence; the collum not apparantly pubescent, 
rufous, acutely prominent, connected on the middle with a raised slender line that 
runs back to base, an impres^ed transverse line bounding the base of the anterior 
lobe; lateral margin sinuated, at the humere prominent, with the angles subacuminate. 
Scutellum nearly equilateral, almost flat, rufous, somewhat indented near the middle. 
Legs long, rufous sometimes piceous on the tarsi and end of tibine; the posterior pair 
\ery long, with the femora incurved, but not clavate. Hemelytra testaceous, or whit- 
ish, clothed with erect slender, gray pubescence; the clavus and inner margin 
of the corium marked with fuscous, together forming a large suboval spot which ex- 
tends to behind the middle of the corium; tip of corium crossed by a band of the 
same color, and the apex of the cuneus is also fuscous; membrane fuscous or black. 
\'enters short and broad, blunt at tip, but a little mpre than one half as long as the 
hemelytra, rufous marked with black, or sometimes entirely black, or fuscous. 

Length to tip of venter O i? — 2 milhrns, .■^ i\ millims, to tip of memljrane Q 
2 —2\, (j' 2 millims. 

This beautiful little insect has been collected in Central Texas by Mr. 
Belfrage; in Riley CtTunty, Kansas, by Prof. Poponoe, and in Illinois by 
Robert Kennicott and Prof Forbes. A specimen from Los Angeles, Cal., 
is in the U. S. National Museum. As is the case in many genera of the 
Capsidce, the head of the male is shorter, the vertex more depressed, and 
the face less convex than in the female. 

It should be noticed that the genus Sixeonohis Reuter is preoccupied 
by Pycnoderes Guerin ; the latter name having priority by many years over 
the former. 

Entomologic.\ Ameuicana. Vol. in. 22 November 1887. 



— 150— 

Monacoris ficilis Linn., proves to be widely distributed in North 
America. It has been brought from the vicinity of Fort Simpson on the 
Mackenzie River, by Robert Kennicott ; and spreads South as far as 
TamauHpas, Mexico. On the Eastern side of the continent, it has been 
found from Chicontimi and Montmorency, Province of Quebec, through 
all the United States southward into Florida. 

Div. CYLLECORARIA. 

EUCEROCORIS, Westw. 

E. guttulatus n. sp. 

Eloiii^ate subcylindrical, contracted liehind the head, dull cinnamon-fulvous, 
more or less springled with rulous, with a pale yellow, transverse spot at the base of 
the cuneus, and with the antennae, excepting the terminal joint, the tibiae, pasterior 
pair of coxae and base of venter whitish-yellow. Head bluntly rounded, opaque, 
sparsely pubescent, more or less rufous ; face nearly vertical, vertex a little longer 
than the width of the eyes, with a slender groove extending from the base to before 
the middle, the eyes black, oval, prominent, almost vertical, separated from the 
thorax by a contracted collum ; front moderately convex, the tylus long and promi- 
nent ; rostrum reaching to the posterior coxae, pale yellowish, the basal joint stout, 
rufous or brownish, extending to a point on a line with tlie base of anterior coxae, the 
apical joint mostly piceous ; antennae much longer than the body and hemelytra 
united, filiform, not tapering, the basal joint a little stouter, tlie apical one very short, 
black or piceus. Pronotum campanuhite, very sparsely pubescent, the posterior lobe 
polished, a little longer than the anterior one, anterior lobe convex in both diameters, 
paler and more rufous, depressed on the middle, the anterior and antero-lateral 
margin bluntly recurved, supra-coxal lobe lunate, vertical, strongly defined by deep 
sutures. The two anterior pairs of coxae flecked with rufous ; femora long, the two 
anterior pair slender, tinged with rufous above and on the outside, especially at tip, 
posterior femora stout, long fusi form, a little curved, mostly piceo-rufous, tibiae still 
longer and more slender, pale testaceous, minutely piceous at tip, armed with long, 
slender, dark spines, of which those on the posterior proceed from black dots, the 
tarsi a little infuscated at tip, with the nails piceous, basal joint nearly as long as the 
apical, the intermediate joint very short. Scutellum strongly convex, accuminate and 
pale at tip. Hemelytra long and narrow with a broader rounded membrane, dull 
tawny, minutely pubescent, having a minute, pale dot on the corium next the apex of 
the clavus, and a pale, transverse line at base of the cuneus, membrane pale, marked 
with a spot of fuliginous at tip which is sinuous on its inner border ; veins of the ' 
areole, and also of the wings, red. Abdomen much contracted on the basal third, 
polished, tawny, darker posteriorly, the venter with a large white spot extending to 
beyond the middle. 

Length to tip ot venter: ^ 4|, 9 5i "im-; to tip of membrane: (J^ 6^, 
9 6 — 7 mm. 

Taken from the Liriodendron and from Grape vines in several parts 
of Maryland, from the Eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay to the hills of 
Frederick County, at various times between July i8th and August 14th. 
It occurs also in Texas and Western Illinois. The swollen figure of the 



— 151 — 

venter, especially m the female, gives a decidedly Po/is/es-Vike aspect to 
this remarkable form, and it also bears some resemblance to our forms 
of Ah'dus and Beryius. It can hardly be the species E. nigriceps, de- 
scribed by Prof Westwood, London Entom. Soc. Trans., v. II, 1837, 
p. 22, pi. II, fig. 7, as the type of his genus ; but the proportions in form 
there given would seem to approach very nearly to those of our species, 
notwithstanding the disparity in the colors of the two insects. 

The genus Xenelus established by Mr. Distant in the Biologia Cen- 
trali-Americana will, no doubt, prove upon actual comparison of the 
types to be the same as this Eucerocoris of Prof Westwood. In the 
former, the eyes are stated to be "contiguous to the anterior margin of 
the pronotum," but in all the numerous specimens that I have examined 
only the immature females seem to have a corner of the eye in contact 
with the pronotum. In the males, the eyes are, as in many genera of 
Capsidce, widely remote from the collum of the pronotum, while in the 
females they are in direct contact therewith. No contact is seen in the 
figure oi Xe7ieiux bracteatur Dist,. which exactly agree in form with our 
species o{ Eucerocoris described above. 



-» » •»• 



An interesting Ncaa^ Genus of South American Tachinidae. 

By Prof. S. W. WiLLrsxoN. 



In a valuable collection of South American Diptera, received from 
Mr. H. H. Smith for study, I have found a very singular species of 
Tachinidce, of suflficien: interest to justify its description in advance of a 
more extended paper now in preparation. The species differs not much 
in structure from some o{ Jurinia, save in the antennae, but the structure 
of these, at least in the male, is the most remarkable that I have seen in 
the order. The peculiarity of structure is essentially sexual, though the 
female antennce shows a trace of the male structure, sufficiently unique in 
itself to distinguish the species generally with sharpness. The singular 
development is in the third joint alone, which as a whole is of very large 
size and composed of elongate slender rods enclosing a deep narrow 
basket-like cavity. How such a peculiarity should have arisen, and what 
service it can be to the male fly are speculations, which, like those on 
many other striking sexual peculiarities of structure so common among 
Diptera, must for the present remain as speculations. Here, as is so 
generally the rule among Diptera, and indeed among all forms of animal 



— 152 — 

life, the peculiarity, so far as it is sexual, is a male character ; but it is 
in this family where we find more frequently than in any other, definite 
female sexual structural ])cculiariiies — I mean the flattened front tarsi ; 
similar and striking female characters I have observed in several South 
American Syrphiihe, hut I can recall few other instances in the order. 

The structure of the anlcnnx' in the present case, as well as I can 
describe it, is as follows : The first joint is short ; the second stout, and 
about twice as long as the first, its width at the tip nearly as great as the 
length. The third consists essentiall)' of two very slender processes or 
branches, which give off twelve pairs of slender rods symmetrically. The 
upper branch, the shorter, extends forward parallel with the upper border 
of the second joint ; the other springs at a right angle from the extreme 
base, and descends to the oral margin, curved tliroughout, and forming 
the convex hypothenuse of the right-angled triangle, tlie other two sides 
of which are straight. From the upper branch there arise four, from the 
lower eight pairs of rods, which are slender, horizontal and parallel, sep- 
arated by about their own width from the adjoining ones on each side, 
and gently curved outwartl to enclose the deep bilaterally symmetrical 
cavity. They all terminate in a vertical plane, and form, in front view, 
an elongate elliptical figure four or five times as long as wide. The rods 
become successively shorter, the two last pairs being very short, and from 
between the branches of the upper terminal pair arises the stout, three- 
jointed arista. — The whole structure might be compared with the ribs 
and keel of a very narrow deep ship. 

In the female the structure is very different, more like that of the 
ordinary antenna of a jfurinia, exce[)t that there is a deep fissure from the 
anterior inferior margin, running parallel with the upper margin, two- 
thirds or more of the way to the base and dividing the joint into two un- 
symmetrical parts. The tendency toward the remarkable (issural struct- 
ture of the male is yet further shown on one side only of one of the two 
females, where the upper portion has yet another, more shallow, emarg- 
ination, forming two points to the division, and in the otlicr female where 
the lower part has two very shallow emarginations of its border. The 
second joint is more slender than in the male, scarcely half the length of 
the third. The other generic characters are as follows : 

Talarocera, gen. nov. Eyes small, bare. Front broad in both sexes ; in the 
male with a single row of bristles, descending below the insertion of the antenn?e ; in 
the female with two additional bristles without, directed anteriorly. Fossulate portion 
of the face broad and shallow, the sides of the face rather narrow, and wholly with- 
out bristle ; epistoma strongly projecting forwards ; bristles confined to lowermost 
portion and oral margin, more on the cheeks ; a single stout one at lower end of 
lateral ridges. I'alpi projecting beyond the oral margin, broad and flat, spatulate. 



—153 — 

Occiput tliickly liairy. Second segment of the oval abdomen with two median post- 
erior bristles ; third segment with about eight on its posterior margin. Legs with 
moderately strong bristles. Neuration as in yurinia ; first posterior cell narrowly 
open before the tip, its posterior angle rectangular and with a minute appendiculation: 
posterior cross-vein oblique, its junction with the fourth vein twice as remote from the 
anterior cross-vein as from the angle of the first posterior cell. 

Talarocera Smithii, n. sp. Head yellow, the front reddish or somewhat 
browiii.-h. Third joint of antennte yellowish red, in the female broadly brownish in 
front, the arista black. Palpi yellow ; proboscis black, its horizontal portion about 
as long as the front tibise. Hair of occiput light golden yellow. Thorax deep shin- 
ing, somewhat bluish black, lightly pruinose and with two slender stripes in front 
when seen from behind. Abdomen reddish translucent black, shining, the tip tri- 
angularly reddish yellow. Legs deep black. Wings and tegulce deep brown. Length 
14—15 mm. 

Three specimens, Capada, Brazil (December and January), collected 
by I\Ir. H. H. Smith, well known as a writer on Brazil, and for his ex- 
tensive South American natural history collections. 



A NE^V SPHINX. 

By J. B. Smith. 

Sphinx coloradus, sp. nov. 

Fuscous or ashen gray, dorsum of the thorax a httle darker. A broad, deep 
brown band from base of antennse forming thence a broad margin to the patagite. 
This band narrowly margined with white on either side. Metathoracic tuftings 
blackish. Abdomen with dorsum fuscous or brownish gray, with a narrow, darker 
dorsal line. A broad lateral black band, interrupted by the narrow white margining 
of the segments forming very narrow demi-bands. Beneath, dull ashen gray. Prim- 
aries with a whitish shade through the center of wing from base to apex, this shade 
inferiorly margined by another of deeper more fuscous gray. Though this darker 
shade is a series of short, black, interspaced marks, the apical oblique dash formed 
by a somewhat incomplete union of three of these dashes. Parallel with, and rather 
near to the outer margin is a somewhat sinuate black line, with a paler gray shading 
on either side, the line attaining neither the inner margin nor the apex. Fringes 
pale, cut with darker gray. Secondaries brownish gray, immaculate ; fringes pale, 
cut with darker gray. Beneath, uniformly brownish gray, with the apical dash faintly 
reproduced. 

Expands 1.2 inch. = 28 mm. — Hab. Colorado. 

The type is a male in Mr. Graef's collection. The species differs 
from all in this group with immaculate secondaries by the paler subcostal 
shade, which, with its darker inferior margining is characteristic of the 
species. The palpi are short and slender, hardly exceeding the front. 
Fore and middle tibia spinose, first joint of the tarsi with three longer, 
stout spines on outer side. The spurs are weak and short. 



—154— 

Notes on Diludia, G. &f R. 

By John B. Smith. 

The genus Diludia was created by Messrs. Grote and Robinson in 
1865 with Sphinx brontes as type, and with it were associated y?or<'j/a« and 
collaris — all West Indianor South American species (see Proc. Ent. Soc. 
Phil. 1865, 163 and 188). In describing the genus they say that Sphinx 
Jasminearum and .S". leucophceata would probably be referable to the same 
genus when identified. 

The genus is said to have the "head large and salient ; prothoracic 
parts well advanced before the insertion of the primaries." In the figure 
oi D. brontes, pi. i, f. 5, these characters are well marked, and with the 
genus as based on this species I have no present quarrel, though some of 
the species referred to it come uncomfortably near to Proioparce or 
Macrosila. 

Besides the characters of brontes noted by IMessrs. Grote and Robin- 
son it may be stated that the eyes are not lashed, the tibiae unarmed, foie 
tarsi heavily spinose, but not with heavier outer armature. I have seen 
no specimens from the United States, nor do I believe the species properly 
referred as part of our fauna. In 1868 IMessrs. Grote and Robinson 
referred to the genus Diludia the ^^iQcxt^ Jasiuineanim and leucophceata, the 
latter unknown to them, and in ]\Ir. Grote's subsequent list of Sphingi- 
da; the species zxo.— jasminearum, brontes and leucophceata. 

Leucophceata I have seen from Mexico, and believe its presence in 
Texas whence Clemens received it, was accidental. In habitus it some- 
what resembles brontes, but the head is not so prominent. The eyes are 
lashed, the fore tibia spinose, fore tarsi with a series of longer, stout outer 
spines. In structure therefore it is most like Hyloicus, and indeed the 
species is close to lugens, which it also resembles in type of maculation — 
diifering however in the longer, more acute primaries. It is not congeneric 
with brontes, but best referable to Sphittx and associated with lugens. 

Jasminearum differs from both the above species by the retracted 
head and the prothorax not produced before the base of the primaries. 
The legs are rather short and entirely unarmed ; the fore tarsi have only 
the ordinary small spines. In habitus it certainly does not at all resemble 
brontes, and comes much closer to Daremma from which it diff"ers how- 
ever m the lack of tarsal armature. 

I would propose iox jasminearum the generic term Chlcenogramma 
distinguishing it from Diludia and Daremma by the characters above men- 
tioned. From Sphinx \\. difi'ers among other things in having unlashed eyes. 

Diludia not containing any American species must be dropped from 
our lists. 



—155— 

Hemipterological Contributions. 

By William H. Ashmead. 
(No. I.) 



Family BERYTID^. 

HOPLINUS, Stal. 
Hoplinus multispinus, n. sp. 

Length .20 inch. Pale yellowish brown, tarsi and terminal antennal joint, 
black. Head armed with three spines, one median on a line with base of antennae, 
prominent but blunt, and one on each side just back of antennoe. There is a prom- 
inent acute spine at base of scutellum, two short sharp spines at tip of abdomen, and 
one on each pleura, extending and slightly curving over at base of elytra. Prothorax 
long, narrowed before, more than twice the length of the width at base, punctured, 
with a slight median carina, the narrow transverse portion just before the middle im- 
punctured. The legs are long and thin, the posterior femora reaching beyond the 
tip of the abdomen. 

Hab. — Florida. 

This interesting addition to our fauna, is the first of the genus to be 
recognized in our fauna. 

The genus was erected by Prof. C. Stal to contain a Chilian species, 
Neides spinosissimus Signoret, described by Dr. V. Signoret in Ann. Soc. 
Ent. de France, 1864, and the above is, I believe, the only other species 
known. 

Family CAPSIDiE. 

RHINOCLOA, Reuter. 
Rhinocloa citri, n. sp. 

Length .05 inch. Black, shining, sparsely covered with little clumps of silvery 
white hairs. Antennas long, first joint longer than head, rather stout, second joint 
longest, black at the base and tip, yellowish in the middle, third not quite two-thirds 
the length of second, yellowish, somewhat brownish or infuscated towards the tip, 
fourth setaceous, yellow. The thorax is trapezoidal, somewhat convex, declining be- 
fore. The tip of cuneus yellow. The abdomen and all the femora excepting at tips 
aie black, tips and anterior and middle tibins and tarsi yellowish, posterior tibiae 
blackish at base becoming a yellowish brown towards tip, tarsi yellowish. All 
claV/s black. 

Hab.— Florida. 

Described from many specimens. These little Capsids are very in- 
strumental in destroying scale insects, as I have detected them destroying 
various species of Aspidioti and Dactilopii on my Orange trees. 

The species is very closely related to Rhinocloa forticomis Reut., de- 
scribed from Texas ; but the color of the legs and antennae will readily 
separate them. 



-156- 

Family TINGITIDiE. 

SPHiEROCYSTA Sta!. 
Sphaerocysta Peckhami, n. sp. 

Length .16 inch. Head and body black. Cells large, veins brown. On the 
head are five long, slender, black spines ; the pronotal vesicle is very small extending 
but slightly over the head ; the discal vesicle very large and high spherical but divid- 
ed into two parts with tlie cells slightly clouded ; the lateral lobes are greatly dilated, 
arcuated and containing but four cells, the three anterior ones very large, transverse, 
the posterior one small. A high arched, inflated carina extends about midway 
between the discal vesicle posteriorly over the scutellum. The hemelytra are dilated 
and extend posteriorly beyond the tip of abdomen, the basal angles deeply sinuated, 
posterior angles rounded, outer row of cells large, transverse. Anteniuv and legs 
brownish. 

Hab. — Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

This genus was erected by Prof. C. Stal for two South American 
species — ^. inflata and »?. glubiftra Slal, from Rio Janeiro and the above 
is the first of the genus to be recognized in North America. 

Two specimens were sent to me by Prof Geo. W. Peckham, of Mil- 
waukee, Wis,, in honor of whom the species is named. 



Coleopterological Notes. 

By Wm. Beuttenmueller. 

Osmoderma scabra Beauv. , I found in the larval state, living 
socially in decayed wood of Sweet-Gum, Hickory, Poplar, Willow, Syca- 
more, Sassafras, Maple, Tulip- tree. Oak and Chestnut. 

Cucujes clavipes, Fab. This beetle was found by Mr. O. Dietz 
and myself at Fort Lee, New Jersey, Oct. 1887, under the bark of White 
Oak. About 100 specimens were taken. I have also, bred it from Wil- 
low', Poplar, Hickory and Chestnut. 

New Localities for Pterostichus tartaricus Say, {Lophlo- 
glossus s/renus Lee). Since the note by Mr. C. Fuchs on "a lost 
locality" of this beetle, published in the Bull. B'klyn Ent. Soc, Vol. V, 
p. 81, 1883, no specimens have been taken in the vicinity of New York, 
N. Y., by any of our collectors. I was fortunate enough to capture a 
single specimen at Astoria, Long Island, Sept. 1887. Other specimens 
have also been taken at the foot of the Palisades, near Hoboken, N. J. 
The beetle frequents damp situations. 

Pasimachus sublaevis Beauv. At Sandy Hook, New Jersey, 
Aug. 15, 1887. I captured three specimens of this insect, under boards 
in dry sandy places, and eleven specimens were taken in similar positions 
on Stone Island, Lake Monroe, Florida, INIay 1887. 



—157— 

Food - Plants of Lepidoptera. 

By Wm. Beutenmueller. 



[No. 5.] 

CEDEMASIA CONCINNA, A. & S. 

Rosaceae. 



Prunus Cerasus, Juss. (Common Garden 



CratKgus oxycantha. (Hawthorn.) 



Cherry.) i Pyrus malus, Toiirn. (Common Apple.) 

Prunus domotici, L. (Common Plum.) Pyrus communis, L. (Common Pear.) 
Rubus villobus, Ait. (Blackberry.) 

Cornaceae. 

Cornus florida, L. (Flowering Dogwood.) 

Hamamelaceae. 

Liquidambar styraciflua, L. (Sweet Gum.) 

Ebenaceae. 

Diospyros Virginiaaa, L. (Persimmon.) 

Styracaceae. 

Halesia tetraptera, L. (Snow-drop Tree.) 

Myricaceae. 

Myrica cerifera, L, (Bayberry, Wa.x Myrtle.) 

Salicacese. 

Salix alba, L. (White Willow.) 1 Salix Babylonica, Tourn. (Weeping 

Salix lucida, Muhl. (Shining Willow.) ] Willow.) 

Juglandaceae. 

Carya alba, Nutt. (Shell-bark Hickory.) 1 Carya miarocarpa, Nutt. (Small Fruited 
Carya porcina, Nutt. (Pig-nut Hickory.) I Hickory.) 



[No. 6.] 
(THYRIDOPTERYX EPHEMERiEFORMIS. Haw. 

Magnoliaceae. 

Liriodendron tulipifera, L. (Tulip Tree.) 

Berberidaceae. 

Berberis vularis, L. (Common Barberry.) 

Tiliaceae. 



Tilia Americana, L. (Basswood.) 
Tiiia h.^ierophylla. Vent. (White Bass- 
wood . ) 



Tilia Europese, L. (European Linden.) 
Tilia alba, Waldt. & Kit. (White Lin- 
den.) 



Entomologica Americana. Vol. hi. 23 Novembek 1887. 



■is8- 



Sapindaceae. 



/tl-,culus hi]:)i)ocastania, L. (Horse- 

Cliestnut.) 
Acer ruliriini, L. (Red Maple.) 
Acer dasycarpum, Ehr. (White or Silver 

Maple.) 



Acer pseudo-plataiius, L. (Mock Plane 

Tree.) 
Negundo aceroides, Moan. (Box Elder.) 



Rhamnaceae. 
Rhamnus catharticus, L. (Buck-thorn.) 

Leguminosae. 



Cercis Canadensis, L. (Red-bud or Judas 

Tree. ) 
Gleditschia triacanthos, L. (Honey 

Locust.) 



Rohiiiia pseudacacia, L. (Common 

Locust. ) 
Robinia viscoia, Vent. (Clammy Locust.) 



Rosaceae. 



Prunus serotina, Ehr. (Wild Black 

Cherry.) 
Prunus Virginiana, L. (Choke Cherry.) 
Prunus maritima, Wang. (Beach Plum.) 
Prunus Cerasus, Juss. (Common Garden 

Cherry.) 
Prunus domestica, L. (Plum.) 
Pyrus Malus, Tourn. (Common Apple.) 



Pyrus communis. (Pear.) 
Cydonia vuls/nris, Pers. (Quince.) 
Spiraea opuiifolia, L. (Nine Bark. ) 
Crat?e;^'us oxycantha, L. (English Haw- 
thorn.) 
Amelanchier Canadensis, Tor. & Gr. 
(Service-berry.) 



Caprifoliaceae. 

Viburnum Lentago, L. (Sweet Vibur- I Viburnum acerilblium, L. (Maple-leaved 
num.) I Viburnum.) 

Hamamelaceae. 

Liquidambar styraciflua, L. (Sweet I Hamamelis Virginica, L. (W'itch Hazel. • 
Gum.) I 

Ericaceae. 
Gaylussacia resinosa, Torr. & Gr. (Huckleberry.) 

Ebenaceae. 

Diospyros Virginiana, L. (Persimmon.) 

Oleaceae. 

Fraxinus Americana, L. (White Ash.) 

Lauraceae. 

/ Sassafras officinale, Nees. (Sassafras.) 

Urticaceae. 

Ulmus fulva, Michx. (Slippery or Red I Ulmus campestris, L. (English Field 

Elm.) Elm.) 

Ulmus Americana, L. (Am. Elm.) | 

Platanacese. 

Platanus occidentalis, L. (Sycamore.) | Platanus orientalis, L. (Oriental Plane.) 



-159— 



Cupuliferae. 



Quercus alba, L. (White Oak.) 
Querciis obtiisiloba, Michx. (Post Oak.) 
Quercus macrocarpa, Michx. (Bur Oak.) 
Quercus Prinus, L. (Chestnut Oak.) 
Quercus coccinea, WanjT. (Scarlet Oak.) 
Quercus rubra, L. (Red Oak.) 
Quercus palustris, Du Roi. (Pin Oak.) 



Castaiiia vesca, L. (Chestnut.) 
Fagus ferruginea, Ait. (Am. Beech.) 
Fagus sylvatica, L. (Wood Beech.) 
Fagus V. purpurea, Ait. (Purple Beech.) 
Fagus V. laciniata, Lodd. (Cut-leaved 

Beech.) 
Carpinus Americana, Walt. (Hornbeam.) 



Betulaceae. 



Betula alba, L. (White Birch.) 
Beiula V. populifolia, Spach. (American 
White Birch.) 



Betula papyracea, Ait. (Paper Birch.) 
Alnus serrulata, Ait. (Smooth Alder.) 
Aliius incana, Willd. (Speckled Alder.) 



Salicaceas. 



Salix alba, L. (White Willow.) 
Salix fragilis, L. (Brittle Willow.) 
Salix Babylonica, Tourn. (Weeping 

Willow.) 
Salix lucida, Muhl. (Shining Willow.) 
Populus alba, L. (Silver Poplar.) 



Populus grandidentata, Michx. (Large- 
toothed Aspen.) 

Populus tremuloides, Michx. (American 
Aspen.) 

Populus angulata. Ait. (Angled Cotton- 
wood.) 



Michx. 



Coniferae 

(Hemlock 



Abies Canadensis, 

Spruce.) 

Larix Americana, Michx. (Am. Larch.) 
Cupressus thyoides, L. (White Cedar.) 



Taxodium distichxm^. (Bald Cypress.) 
Thuja occidentalis, L. (Arbor Vitse.) 
Juniper communis, L. (Juniper.) 
Juniper Virginiana, L. (Red Cedar.) 



-♦-♦-♦- 



A Note on the European Parasites and Food-Plants of 

Cryptorhynchus Lapathi. 

By L. O. Howard. 

In view of the interesting note of Mr. Jiilich in the October numher 
of Entomologic.\ Americana for the current year, upon the estabhshment 
of Cryplorhynchus lapafhi in this country and its damage to Willows in the 
vicinity of New York, it may be interesting to record the European para- 
sites of this somewhat destructive beetle. These are, among the Ichneu- 
monidae, Ichneu?no7i hassicus ^■A.iz. , Pi?npla cicatn'cosa 'R.diiz. , Limneria 
ruficeps Holmgr., 2iwdi Ephialtes tuber culahis Fourc. Among the Braconi- 
dse, Rogas marginator Nees, Rogas sp, undet. , and Bracon immutator 
Nees, have been reared from this insect ; while a solitary Proctotrupid — 
Diapria melanocorypha Rtz —was reared from it by Ratzeburg. 

But one of these parasites has been found in this country and this is 
Ephialtes tuberculatus Fourc., recorded by Mr. Cresson from U. S. and 
Can., and bred from the Cryptorhynchus by Ratzeburg and by him de- 
scribed as Campoplex gracilis. It will be noticed that the only parasite 
reared by Mr, Jiilich — Ephialtes irritator Fabr. — is congeneric with this 
last, and it will be interesting to observe, as the beetle becomes more 
thoroughly domiciled with us, whether the native parasites which will 



— i6o — 

attack it will all approach its European enemies in structure so closely as 
the one already reared. 

I may state also that Mr. Jiilich conveys a wrong impression in only 
giving "Elder" as the European food-plant. ''Elder'' is not the German 
"Erie," but is applied to plants of the genus Sambtuus. He undoubtedly 
meant "Alder" (botanical genus Alnus). Kaltenbach gives as the 
European food-plants of the Cryptorhynchus, Riimex hydrolapaihum, Salix 
spp. and Alnus spp. , while Ratzeburg gives both Willow and Alder. 



Society News. 

Brooklyn Entomological Society, Sept. 6th, 1887. 12 members present. 
Mr. Weeks read a newspaper article upon insects attracted to the electric ligbt, which 
broUi^ht forth a great deal of interesting discussion and information from various 
members upon the subject. 

The general testimony was that vast numbers of insects were attracted to these 
brilliant lights. That in many cases the dead insects form a bulk of quarts every 
night. These lights made by all odds the best of collecting places. Different persons 
had made arrangements with those who cleaned the lamps, and thus had been able 
not only to get a mass of common material, bui very many rare and hitherto almost 
unique specimens. The Lepidoptera >were apt to be worn by beating about the 
globes, but the Coleoptera were t^enerally in good condition. Mr. Gade reported 
that in Fordham where formerly he had never failed to find good collecting, almost 
nothing was this year taken at "sugar" or about the gas lights owing the electric 
lights near by. 

Oct. 4th, 1887. — 1.5 members present. Mr. Herbert fl. Smith was elected a 
member. 

The Treasurers' report showed a favorable condition of the finances of the Society 
owing to the liberal donations of some of the members. 

Mr. Neumoegen proposed, and the proposition was adopted, that the members of 
the Society donate to the Society some rare insects out of their personal collections to 
be auctioned off for the benefit of the Society on the evening of the meeting, Dec. 6th, 
the meeting previous to Christmas. 

Mr. Weeks read a paper on Conotracheltis lapathi Linn., givmg an account of 
the first appearance of the insect in the vicinity of New York. So far as he tould 
learn, it was first taken by Mr. S. Lowell Elliot in 1882, in the Northern part of New 
York City. 

Mr. Weeks also read a paper on the food plants of Deilephila llneata adding to 
the PortulacK, Oenothera biennis. 

Mr. Edwards was of the opinion the larv,'« could be considered omnivorous. He 
had found them commonly on Fuchsia also on Lettuce, Amaranthus and the Cheno- 
podiums generally. 

Mr. Beutenmueller added Apple to the list. 

Mr. Hulst, on the authority of Mr. G. W. Wright, spoke of the fact that the 
larvx were very common in S. Cal., but the food plants were not given him. The 
larvce, eaten raw, are there esteemed a great delicacy by the Mohave Indians. 

Mr. Hulst read a paper upon certain Pyralidcc, in which he described as new 38 
species, principally Phycitidtc. 

Messrs. Hulst and Weeks each proposed Amendments to the Constitution, which 
under the rules were laid upon the table to be acted on at the next meeting. 





AmerigAna 



VOL. III. 



BROOKLYN, DECEMBER, 1887. 



NO. 9, 



EARLY STAGES OF SOME NORTH AMERICAN 
LEPIDOPTER A. 

By Henry Edwards. 



With a view to ihe publication at an early day of a ''Catalogue of 
the Described Trans/ot ma/ions of North American Lepidoptera" which 
I wish to make as complete as I can, 1 have prepared the present 
paper, and I take the opportunity now presented to me, of asking my 
fellow entomcilogists throughout the country to publish as quickly as 
possible, any descriptions tliey may have of eggs, larva; or pupae, so that 
the references to them may be made in my forthcoming work, to save as 
far as may be, their future issuance in the form of an Appendix. The 
Catalogue up to the end of the Sphingidoe is now ready for the printer, 
but will be kept back until the close of the year, so as to embrace de- 
scriptions which may l)e given in answer to this appeal. 

RHOPHALOCERA. 

Synchloe (Coatlantona) Janais, Drury. Chrysalis. 

In form very much like the chrysalis of Melilaa. It is obtusely cylindrical, 
swollen about the head parts, and tapering abruptly at the 4th abdominal segment, 
those behind being somewhat bent downwards. The color is dull sordid white, with 
numerous black dots and dashes. There are dorsal and sub-dorsal rows of raised 
black points, two raised black points on the thorax, and between and behind them 
are two bars of black, placed like the sides of a triangle. The sides of the thorax and 
head are also conspicuously marked with black irregular blotches. On the wing- 
cases are several long distinct l)lack streaks, and a row ot black dot> marks the course 
of the spiracles. Underside also strongly marked with black dashes and blots. The 



Entomologica Americana. Vol. hi. 



December 1887 



— I 6 2 — 

cremaster is rough, with 4 small winged processes, and an elevated ridge in its centre, 
attached as usual by fine silken tlireads. 
Length 15 mm. Width 5 r. ni. 

Pieris occidentalis, Reakt. ChrysaUs. 

Form of /'. Rap(€ and P. Prolodici', and much resemhiing the litter. Its color 
is cream white, the raised margin of th.irax a:id abdominal segments edged witli 
yellowish i)rown. Head produce<l into a short sharp beak, as in other species of 
Pieris. On the dorsum are some small black shining points, and very fine irriorations 
of black are scattered over the wiiole surface. Thesi are scarcely visible without a 
lens. On the wing-cases are 7 rows of black points, indicating the course of the 
veins. Black points also indicate the spiracles. 

Length 20 mm. Width 6 mm. 

From some specimens fouiul in Sier. Neviida, Cal., Sept. 1884. The 
imagos emerged early in October. 

Callidryas Philea, L. Chrysalis. 

Color pale drab, darkest about the abdomen. Tlie segments are marked with a 
series of waved fine lines, and are elevated in the middle to a sharp ridge. The centre 
of the body, i. e. at the junction of tiie thorax and abdomen is greatly depressed into 
a hollow. The thorax is shining, but bears a few roughened waved lines, most ap- 
parent anteriorly. The head is produced into a very long (12 mm.) beak, as in 
TVr/rtj and other species of this genus. 'I'his is smooth, subu!a'e, roughened a little 
at the extremity, where it is dark brown in col(jr. The wing-cases are enormously 
large, and very much extended above the abdomen. Looked at sideways, with the 
wings downward, the chrysalis bears a fancied resemblance to a hammock swung, 
bearing a hinnan form. The veins of the wing are distinctly seen through the wing- 
cases. The anal segment is elevated on the margins, and the cremaster is rough, at- 
tached by a coarse, strong, silken web. 

Length, iiicl. benk, 45 mm. Wiiltli, iiicl. wing-cases, 20 mm. Length of wn'ng- 
case from base, 22 mm. Width of wing-case, 14 mm. Widthof abdomen below wnng- 
cases, 8 mm. 

From specimens kindly given me by my friend Wm. Schaus, Esq., Jr. 

Thecla halesus, Cram. Chrysalis. 

IJroad, short and stout, abruiHly narrowing towards the two posterior segments. 
Color snuff-brown, irregularly blotched with black over the whole surface, partic- 
ularly at the extremity of the wing-cases. The posterior segments bear a few short 
scattered hairs. 

.' ngth 18 mm. Width 6 mm. 

Chrysophanus xanthoides, Bois. E^S- 

Almost spherical, but slightly flattened at the base, cream white, delicately retic- 
ulated over the whole surface, the reticulations forming somewhat deep pits between. 
From two specimens laid in my collecting box some years since in 
California. 

Argynnis Bellona, Fab. Chrysalis. 

Fawn color, with a few irregular darker lines. Thorax with 6 raised shining 
the posterior pair the largest. On each of the 3 middle abdominal segments 



— 163— 

arc also 3 raised points placed triaiv^ularly. The spaces between the points elevated 
into a ri(l!j;e. \Vint;-cases traversed by several brown waved lines crossing each 
other, and giving a net-like apj-jeai-ance. The cast skin of the larva clings to the 
crenia ter, and forms part of the attajhment of ths chry-al;^. 

Length 15 mm Width 5 mm. 
Gonepteryx Clorinde, Godt. CJ.rysa/is. 

Cream wiiile, the sides ot the abdom.n and the dorsum maiked with a streak of 
pale che>tiuit brown. The h.-ad is continued into a short, avN Mike btal-, the ex- 
tremity of which in the (^ is black and bent upwaids in a short ho,;k, while in the 
O it is swollen, roughened at the tip, and li^^ht ch -stiuit brown in color. The wliola 
surface is slightly wi-iid<led, e.-pecially on the antcrioi- poi tion of tl e abdo ninal seg- 
ments. The spiraclei a:e yellowish. The ihorax .iLx.vj is slightly rai-ed into a 
hump. The larva transforms under a leaf, attaching its silken thread to the m;drib. 
This is fixed around the centre ot the wing-cases. The ciemnster, which is slightly 
blotched with black, is attacli.-d also to the midrib of the leaf by a small elevated 
silken button. 

Length 35 mm. Width 10 mm. Width over wing-ca-;es 14 mm. 
From several specimens seiil me by Wm. Schaiis, Esq., Jr. Though 
there is doubt as to thi.s insect belonging to our fauna, I make no apology 
for introducing this description here. 

Pamphila Ethlius, Cram. Chrysalis. 

Color after exclusion pale buft", surface with a slight mealy covering. Form 
nearly cylindrical, tapering somewhat abruptly from the 4th abdominal segment, the 
anal segment being strongly pointed, triangular, margined, with a deep fovea in "the 
centre, thus elevating the sides of this segment into sharp ridges. The surface of the 
abdominal segments is roughened by slightly raised reticulations, and in some speci- 
mens, on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd segments are some faint brown shades. The wing- 
cases are smooth— slightly glossy. In the r^ chrysalis the spiracles are marked with 
black dots, in the § they are concolorous with the rest of the body. The head bears 
a sharply pointed process, about 4 mm. in length, slightly curved upward, and 
roughened at ihe extremity. 

Length 40 mm. Widtn 10 mm. 

The larva cuils itself up in a leaf (as in the case o{ Eiidamiis D'tyrus) 
to which it is attached by a silken thread placed around the wing covers — 
the surface of the leaf bearing a thin silken web. — From many example? 
collected and raised by Wm. Schaus, Esq., Jr. 

HETEROCERA. 

Family SPHINGIDiE. 
CEUopus tantalus, L. Pupa. 

In shape like that of //(Wrt/j Thysbe — almost cylindrical, very slightly sw 
about the middle, and abruptly narrowing at 5th abdominal segment. Color pii 
with the posterior margin of the abdominal segments chestnut brown, those of tin 
5th and 6th segments broadly so. Thorax almost smooth, with faint waved 1 
Anterior portion of abdominal segments a little roughened. Cremaster produce' 
a short, sharp pomt. 

Length 30 mm. Width lo mm. 



111. 



— 164 — 

From a specimen froni which the moth had been raised h\- W 
Schaus, Esq., Jr. 

Cautethia Grotei, Ily. Edwards. Pupa. 

Same slia])e as Hdinaix, cylindrical tapcriny; s^radually to the posterior end. 
Pale pitchy, shining. Head, thorax and win;.^-ca^es impunctate. Abdominal seg- 
ments roui^hly and densely punctured on anterior half. Spiracles pitchy black. Cre- 
master pitchy black, rough at its hase, carried out to a sharp point, which is bifurcate. 
The rough punctures of abdominal segments are continued on ths lower side. 
Length 25 mm. Width 8 mm. 

From a specimen given to me by my friend Dr. Wittfeld, Indian 
River, Fhi. 

Amphonyx Antaeus, Drury. Pupa. 

Pitchy— the head, thoia.x arrl wing-cases lighter in color. Tongue-case about 
40 mm. long, gracefully curved, and swollen very much at its extremity, which rests 
against the chest. It is roughly grooved over its whole surface, except the swollen 
tip, which is quite smooth. On its npp^ir side is a double ridge, slightly raised, and 
when viewed sideways, the ridge; abovj the grooves have the appearance of blunt 
tee'.h. The head is much narrower than the thorax, and is swollen between the eyes. 
Thorax rugosely wrinkled, at the base of thj wings are roughened, elevated, serrate 
processes. The bases of the wing-cases are slightly swollen. The wing-shape is 
very clearly defined, and the cases are streaked slightly with darker brown along the 
course of the veins. Base of the abdomen has two roughened processes like those at 
the base of the wing-covers — but broader and larger each way. At the anterior edge 
of ihe abdominal segments are bands of similar roughened spaces extending trans- 
versely across the dorsal region nearly as far as the spiracles, which are black, with 
a deep narrow slit. The underside of the abdomen is smooth. Each segment above 
is marked also with transverse ridges. Cremaster black, obtusely pointed, ridged, 
rough. 

Length from base of tongue-case 90 mm. Width across middle of abdomen 25 mm. 
From several specimens from which the imagos were raised by Wm. 
Schaus, Esq., Jr. 

Phlegethontius Rusticus, Cram. Pupa. 

Very like that of ^. /4/?A«M, but differing in many important particulars. The 
tongue-case is pro]'>ortionateIy much longer, alike in structure, but the grooves are 
deeper, and the serratures consequently longer and sharper. The abdominal seg- 
ments want the curiously roughened spaces so remarkable in the preceeding species. 
In this they are roughly punctate in front, closely punctate over the rest of the sur- 
face. The anal segment is smooth, with a deep groove above, wrinkled beneath, 
while the cremaster is furnished with two small points at the sides. The wing-cases 
' thorax are concolorous with the abdomen, while the tongue-case is less curved 
'A. Anltriis. 
1 gth 70 mm. Width 18 mm. Length of tongue-case 45 mm. 

rocampa tersa, L. Pupa. 

^'*, v'lmdrical, last two posterior segments, conically and abruptly smaller. Color 
'' vn drab, with black markings. Head gradually tapering, eyes and base of 
le slightly swollen, as are also the bases of the wing-covers. Abdominal segments 



-i65- 

transversely wrinkled. There is a broad dorsal stripe of black, the spiracles are sur- 
rounded by black circles, the position of the tongue is marked by a black line, and 
the underside of the abdominal segments bears a broken black line, while irregular 
blotches of the same color mark the whole surface. The underside on each side of 
the tongue is dirty yellowish, as also is the portion of the abdomen above the edge of 
the wing-ca-es. Cremaster sharply pointed, the point black, shining. 

Length 50 mm. Width 13 mm. 
Philampelus Vitis, Drury. Pupa. 

Pitchy black, posterior margin ot abdominal segments broadly chestnut brown. 
Gradually tapering from the middle to both head and anal segment. Thorax moder- 
ately smooth, with well marked median channel. Anterior edges of abdominal seg- 
ments coarsely and densely punctured, other parts transversely wrinkled. Wing-cases 
smooth, not showing the veins. Cremaster slightly constricted in the middle, ending 
in a sharp point. 

Length 60 mm. Width 15 mm. 

A. Koebele, Esq. Florida. 
Pseudosphinx Tetrio, L. Pupa. 

In shape like that of Philmnpelus. Pitchy black, shining. Head slightly swollen 
at the eyes. Thorax transversely wrinkled, with a slight dorsal channel. Covers of 
the tongue and legs much raised above the surface. Wmg-cases longitudinally ridged 
above the veins. First 4 abdominal segments rugosely channeled, the remainder 
more smoothly channeled, with the anterior margin of each densely and coarsely 
punctured. Underside ot the posterior abdominal segments quite smooth. Cremaster 
triangular, rough, ending in a sharp point. 

Length 65 mm. Width 18 mm. 
Jalapa, Mexico. Wm. Schaus, Esq., Jr. 
Anceryx Edwardsii, Butler. Larval stages. 

After jrd moult. — Entirely pale sea-green, the head, as is usual in the group in 
their earlier stages, monstrously large. It is faintly punctured, and has a slight dorsal 
channel. Mouth parts white. Caudal horn rough, straight, very sharply pointed, 
yellowish at the tip. On the middle of the dorsum of 4th segment is a small black 
round dot. Abdominal legs sordid white. 

Length 18 mm. 

After 4th inoult. — The larva now assumes its more mature form and color. It 
is rich reddish brown dorsally, pale fawn-color laterally. Head moderate in size, the 
same width as the second segment, yellowish fawn-color, with dashes of light brown 
running down each side of the front, and a triangular blotch of the same color above 
the mouth parts. 2nd segment fawn-color, with double dorsal band, pale brown, 
edged outwardly and divided by a darker line. On the sides are brown dashes, ex- 
tending to the base of the legs. On the 3rd segment, which is slightly swollen, the 
band and lines are continued, and there is on the anterior half of this segment, a rich 
wine-red stain, enclosing 2 narrow transverse bars of rich brown. The black marks 
on the sides of the segment are larger and more distinct than in No. 2. The 4th seg- 
ment is swollen, being nearly half as wide again as the rest of the body. The anterior 
half is velvety black, with a reddish tinge, and in the centre is a narrow circular ring 
of scarlet, enclosing in its centre a small light brown dot. Posterior half of the 4th 
segment fawn-color, covered each way by brown lines. The marks of the sides are 
here distinct blotches, the anterior series being the largest. The remaining segments 



— 166— 

are rich cTiestmit brown, mottled with black spots, of which there is a distinct dorsal 
row. On the anterior portion of the subdorsal region is on each segment a cloud of 
white spots, almost lo.-t in the ground color. Lateral region fawn-color, very slightly 
mottled with black, and most prominently so immediately above the abdominal legs', 
which are fawn-color, with a rich black velvety patch at the side of their middle seg- 
ments. The thoracic feet arc paler with black patches at their base. Candal horn 
dull fawn-color, slightly roughened. Underside fawn-color, with black ventral line, 
and many small black dashes. One of my specimens is paler in the ground color, but 
there is no difference in the an angement of the markings. 

Length 50 mm. 

Mature la7'va. — \n the single spjcimen of this slage before me, there has come a 
great change. The ground color is now greenish drab, with yellowish marks con- 
sisting of slightly roughened patches of that color over the body, enclosing here and 
there a few brownish clots. The red stain on 3rd segment has disappeared, and the 
black transverse band enclosing the circular ring is proportionately narrower and 
smaller. Spiracles brown. 

Length 80 mm. Width 15 mm. 

Ftipa. —Viichy , lighter across the abdominal segments and wing-covers. Head 
gradually smaller from its base, rounded very much in front, not swollen ovei the eye- 
cases. Its divisions are strongly marked, and it is rather rugosely wrinkled. The 
tongue and antennae cases are distinctly marked. Wing-covers lighter brown with 
black streaks along the course of the veins. Thorax slightly raised, rugosely and ir- 
regularly wrinkled. Abdominal segments narrowly rugosely-punctate in front, trans- 
versely wrinkled posteriorly and marked with broken transverse band of black. Last 
3 segments pitchy, obscuring the markings. Cremaster triangular, rough above and 
beneath. 

Length 55 mm. Width 15 mm. 

From a series admirably prepared by Dr. Wittfeld. Ind. Riv. , Fla. 
Anceryx Ello, L. Larva/ stages and pupa. 

The Rev. W. J. Holland in Can. Entom., vol. 18, p. 103, has most 
carefully described the mature larva of this species. I add descriptions of 
the earlier stages and of the pupa. 

After jrd mouit.~T\\& general color of the 1 u va is either pale sea-green, (green 
var.) or pale reddish brown, (brown var.). On the head and second segment the 
brown double line is very distinctly marked, especially in the green form, but on the 
3rd segment it is nearly lost in the ground color. The round black velvet-like spot 
on 3rd segment is bordered more broadly behind with yellowish white, and on the 
sides of this segment are some white blotches standing out in strong contrast with the 
ground color. The lateral region is mottled with reddish, among which the white 
blotiches appear. The dorsal region has the spots of the segments very small, but 
there is a faint line of distinct black dots at the anterior edge of each segment. The 
caudal horn is very long, rough, and smaller through its length than in the more 
mature stages. The thoracic feet are reddish brown, banded with a darker color, 
and the abdominal legs are also reddish brown, broadly banded outside with black. 

Length 40 mm. 

After 4th moult. — The dorsal markings become heavier and more distinct, the 
black dorsal spot also heavier, the caudal horn very much reduced in length, but 



— 167 — 

heavier and more obtuse. The anal plates are distinctly dotted with white, and the 
white blotches of the lateral region are much longer and more striking. These 
blotches of white do not appear in 3 specimens of the mature larva in my possession. 
After the fourth moult the caudal horn is bright red. 

Length 55 mm. 

/"///<?. —Bright chestnut brown with black markings. The head has a central 
longitudinal blotch, two blotches on the side and two in front, black. The tongue 
and antennal ca3es are marked with black. The wing-covers are streaked with black 
between the veins. The thorax is black dorsally, w ith a band across the front, thus 
leaving a streak of bright chestnut at the sides and at collar. The abdominal seg- 
ments are narrowly black at their posterior margin, and there is on each segment a 
double transverse interrupted black line. The two posterior segments are pitchy 
without lighter shades, and the cremaster is black, triangular, roughly punctate. 
Each of the abdominal segments is thickly punctate along the anterior margin. 

Length 60 mm. Width 15 mm. 

Frc>m a series piei)aied b}' Dr. Wittfeld. Ind. River, Fla. 

EUema coniferarum, Abb. Smith. Pupa, 

Cylindrical, pale pitchy. Head, thorax and anterior margin of wing-covers 
rugosely punctate, as are also the fore margins of the abdominal segments. The 4 
posterior abdominal segments are rugosely punctate nearly over their whole surface 
and are constricted at their junction, Cremaster ending in a sharp point. 
Length 32 mm. Width 9 mm. 

A. Koebele, Esq. Florida. 

Family ZYG^NIDiE. 
Scepsis Edwardsii, Grote. Larva. 

Head, 2nd segment and anal plates, deep brown. Mouth parts pitchy. Rest of 
the body yellowish white, each segment bearing a series of 6 tubercles, coarsely 
spinose. Underside, feet and legs, honey-yellow. 

Length 33 mm. (Probably somewhat stretched in blowing.) 

An example sent to me by Dr. Wittfeld. Ind. River, Fla, 

Family BOMBYCID^. 
Hemileuca Yavapai, Neum. Larva. 

Body velvety black, beautiiuUy irrorated with yellowish white dots. Head reddish 
brown, with deep channel on the crown and bearing numerous tawny hairs. 2nd 
segment with two wine-red tubercles in front, and on the anterior edge is a fringe of 
tubercles, bearing pencils of black hairs. The segments are divided by a transverse 
dull orange band, bearing a black bar, and there is a double dorsal interrupted 
whitish line, running the whole length of the body. All the segments from No. 2, 
bear each 6 tubercular processes crowned with a pencil of black spines. The under- 
side is honey-yellow — the feet and abdominal legs red at the base, the other joints 
black. 

Length 60 mm. 

A specimen prepared by Mr. J. Doll, kindly given me by friend, B. 
Neumoegen, Esq. 



— 168— 

Citheronia sepulchralis, G. & R. Larva. 

(irouiid color, cliL-stiiut brown, head a little paler, shining, the division of the 
lobes indicated by a deep furrow. Mouth parts edged with black. Between 3rd and 
4th, and 4th and 5 tli segments is a broad black, velvety, transverse band, extending 
underneath, but then less distinctly marked. The spiracles are also velvety black. 
On each segment are some waved blackish shades, more appirent laterally, and on 
each from 2 to 13 are 6 tubercular spines, which are jointed, thickened at their base, 
and bear geminate points, the dorsal series being always the longest. On segments 
2, 3 and 4 these spines are very long, those on 3 and 4 being fully 10 mm, in length, 
and are covered with rough warty tubercles. On segment 12 is aLo a single long 
spine of the same length, which is directed abruptly backward, the others being 
slightly curved posteriorly. The anal plates are sub-triangular, rough, but shining. 
Underside marked as the upper, there being on each segment an angled black line, 
and some waved shades. The feet and abdominal legs are tipped with black. 
Length 100 mm. Width in centre 16 mm. 

A, Koebele, Esq. Florida. 
Heterocampa unicolor, Pack. Lnria. 

Head 'small, obliquely truncate, v^ry pale testaceous, with 2 rather broad oblique 
lilac-brown stripes in front, broadly edged with white. Body pale green, each seg- 
ment covered with bright purple irrorations. Along the dorsum is a broad white 
double stripe, the inner edge streaked with yellow, the outer with purplish brown. 
The stripe widens gradually towards the anal segment, where it is minutely dotted 
with yellow and purple. The extremity of the anal segment is furnished with 2 fila- 
mentary processes, about 3 mm. long, yellowish white, with a purplish brown streak 
internally. There is an indication of a broken yellow sub-dorsal line. Tlie spiracles 
are dull orange. Beneath wholly pale green. 
Length 43 mm. 

On Sycamore {Acer Pseudo-plantanus L. ) Long Island. On August 
2nd, the larva spun a very slight cocoon between two leaves drawn flat 
together, and the perfect insect emerged August 22nd. 

Phragmatobia rubricosa, Harris. Larva. 

After jrd moult. — Body jet-black, shining. Head also jet-black. The hairs of 
the tubercles are very short, and evenly cut. Cul )r bright chestnut, paler at the sides. 

Psyche confederata, Grote. L^arva and Pupa, 

Larva. — Head, ist, 2nd and 3rd segments pitchy, the segments narrowed gradu- 
ally towards the head. 4th segment yellowish with 2 pitchy triangular spots on each 
side. 5th whitish with 2 pitchy brown points. Rest of the body yellowish white, 
except the anal segment, which has a pitchy brown triangular patch above. Lower 
side same as the upper, with the tips of the feet all brownish. Body rather flattened, 
narrowed anteriorly and posteriorly. 
Length 11 mm. Width 3 mm. 
The inside of the case is very thickly lined with silk of white color. 

/V//rt. — Cylindrical, wholly pitch-brown, darkest about the head and wing-cases. 
Thoracic region much swollen. Head, antenna; and wings clearly visible through 
the skin. Abdominal rings very distinct, shining — the spaces between these dull 
and paler. On each segment are 4 or 5 slightly raised tubercles. 

Length S mm. 



— 169 — 

Parasa fraterna, Gr. Larva. 

Ovate elliptic in outline. Body chestnut brown, darker in front and at the sides, 
the margin of the dorsum elevated into a sharp ridge. On segments 3, 4 and 5 are 
two retractile tubercles, bearing bunches of sordid white spines, those of the third 
segment being much smaller than the others. The loth and 12th segments are fur- 
nisiied with similar tubercles, those of the 12th being the smallest. The dorsal region 
is paL" chestnut brown, with some indistinct waved streaks of a slightly daiker shade. 
Head pitchy, mouth parts paler. The anal segment is produced into a long spine. 
The spiracles are dnil yellowish, the underside also dull yellow, and the lower lateral 
region reddish yellow. 

Length 15 mm. Width at 5th segment 5 mm. 

Hyparpax aurora. Abb. Smith. Larval stairs. 

After ist moult. — General color, yellowish brick red. Head constricted at junc- 
tion of the 2nd segment, yellowish white, mottled with brick red. and segment dull 
white, with double dorsal line, enclosing some small reddish blotches, and two small 
reddish piliferous tubercles. The posterior margin of this segment is darker than the 
anterior. 3rd segment bright yellow, with small piliferous tubercles of the same 
color. 4th segment raised in the centre, with small double piliferous hump. 5th with 
yellow blotch in centre, irregular in shape, spreading slightly on the side of dorsum. 
6th, the yellow is here wider, with narrow red stripe. 7th, 8th, 9th, the red stripe 
becomes gradually wider, leaving the yellow only on the sides. loth and nth, the 
red stripe here narrows in front and widens behind, being elevated into rather a high 
hump in centre of the dorsum. The anal segments are elevated in repose, as is 
the manner of Cerura, the last segment being furnished with two rather short 
processes. 

Length 12 mm. 

After 2nd moult. — Head as before, but the markings a little darker, and more 
spread over the surface. 2nd, 3rd and 4th segments, as also the whole of the lateral 
region, are now pale yellowish green, the dorsal red mark being widest on 2nd and 
becoming obsolete on the 4th. On the 5th the hump is larger than before, and there 
are 4 piliferous tubercular spots, the anterior pair highest and largest. The red dor.al 
patch is very apparent on 5th, 6th and 7th, narrows on 8lh, spreads again on 9th, 
loth and nth, being constricted on loth. I2th and anal segment are pale yellow 
with reddish mottlings. The anal processes are also short, yellowish, mottled with 
yellowish. Whole body with small shining tubercular spots. Feet and legs reddish. 
The colors are somewhat confused, blending into each other, particularly on the 
lateral region. 

Length 22 mm. 

After ^rd moult . — -The colors are now more clearly defined. 2nd and 3rd have 
the red coloring edged with bright yellow, and reduced to a mere point on the post- 
erior edge. 4th segment wholly pale yellowish green. Lateral region also pale 
yellowish green. 5th segment produced into a hump, which bears anteriorly two 
rather high tubercles, the reddish color being broad posteriorly, and narrow anteriorly. 
6th has the red a little constricted— 2 tubercular spots yellow, rather large, and a 
smaller pair of the same color beside them. On 7th, the red patch is wide ; on 8th, 
narrow ; on 9th and loth again widened, then narrow and almost obsolete at anal 
segment, which has 2 small processes, tipped with red. The whole of the red color 
on the dorsal region is broadly shaded with bright yellow, between it and the green 
Entomologica Ameeicana. Vol. hi. 26 December 1887. 



— 170 — 

I itjral strip?. Legs and whole of tlie iiiiderside yellowish, mottled with red. Spiracles 
yellow, edged with red. 

Length 34 mm. 
From a small linxHl raised on Oak by jNIiss E. Meirton of New Wind- 
.sor, N. 'Y. I regret lliat it was not in my power to observe the stages 
bej'ond those described, but I believe INIiss INIorton was so fortunate as to 
raise the larva to perfection. 

Datana perspicua, (j. & R. Eg^ and larval stages. 

Ei>g. — Xi\A\ white, laid in small, compact irregular masses, united side by side. 
They are ovate, and when the larva emerges it does so by a large circular opening, 
eaten away by the larva, and occupying 1 o' the shell. 

}''i?;wo' /rtri'rt. — After exclusion from the egg. Head and anal segment black 
shining. 2nd segment also jet-black, rather raised centrally, shining in the centre of 
the dorsum only. Ground color dull yellowish, with two stripes dull red, the dorsal 
stripe double the width of the others. The lateral stripes are 3 iu number on each 
side, tho;e in tlie centre being ih^ widest. The extreme lateral stripe immediately 
above the .'piracies is slightly wavcil in its outline. Thoracic feet black, abdominal 
legs reddish i)rown. 

Length. 4 days after exclusion, 9 mm. 

After 1st motil-t. — The colors are now a little brighter. The black of the 2nd 
segment is reduced by the widening of the lateral stripes as is also that of the anal 
segment. The 12th segment has a small brovv'n shining tuliercle in the centre. 

Length, (9 day.s), 18 mm. 

After 2nd }>toiilt.-\le:i.A lai-Kdick 2nd segment brown-black in centre. The 
stripes are dull yellow, the spaces between being reddish brown, that on the dorsum 
much the wide.-^t. Spiracles jet-black. Underside brownish orange, base of all the 
legs v;ith a reddish tinge. Legs, feet, anal segment, all jet-black, shining. 

Length 26 mm. 

.•^/?tr j/-</ww^//. —Head jet-black. 2nd segment chestnut brown, shading into 
blackish brown in the central region. The stripes are now all broad, and very bright 
sulphur yellow, giving the insect a brilliant appearance. Ventral stripe also very 
broad. Base of feet and legs bright orange, their tips jet-black. 

Between this and the mature larva the stages were not observed. 

Mature larva. Head bright wine-red, shining, rather coarsely punctured. Upper 
mandibles pitchy black, lower M'ine-red. The 2nd segment is also red in the centre, 
the yellow lines faintly shown on the red ground color. The body is a deep chestnut 
red, varying in some individuals to a darker shade, almost black, or at least pitchy. 
The longitudinal lines are il in number, and are almost all of equal width. They are 
arranged 3 on each side subdorsally, 2 laterally and i ventrally. The spaces between 
them are widest on the dorsum and on the lateral region enclosing the spn-acles, 
which are black. The color of these longitudinal lines is vivid lemon yellow, darker 
and brighter than in any other species, and the larva has a very gay and attractive ap- 
pearance. In some examples the subdorsal yellow stripes are almost confluent. The 
stripes are thinly covered with red irrorations, from the base of which spring sordid 
white hairs. The feet and legs are reddish at their base, the extremities being pitchy 
black. 

Length 60 nun. 

P'ood plant, Stag-horn Sumach. (Rhus typhina L. ) 



— 171 — 

Family NOCTUIDiE. 

Arsilonche albovenosa, Guen. Larval stages. 

J'(;//«^'- /(r^-zvr, (3 (lays).— Head small, lilack ahovo. mouth jiaits pale. Ground 
color of body sordid white. Segmtnts 2, 3, 5, 6, 9 and 10 bear small black wariy 
tubercles on the dorsal region, and a smaller one on the sidis, from which spring 
rather shorfblack hairs. Nos. 4, 7 aii<l S have a dull orange tra;i>versc band. Anal 
segment black. Underside sordid while. Feet dull Ijlack. 

Length 4 mm. 

After 1st inoalt.— Ground color sordid white, dorsal region dull ch.'estnut brown, 
with the black tubercles very apparent, tho.-;e of 5, 8 and 9 much larger than the rest, 
while those of the lateral region are arranged obliquely in pan-s. 

Length 6 mm. 
Food plant, Polygonum, The subsequent stages were not observed. 



Notes on some Coleoptera. 

By M. L. Linell. 
I have been led by my observations to believe that some Carabidw 
do not hibernate in the imago slate. I have never been able to find Nebria 
pallipes in early Spring, but on May 30th for a number of successive years 
I have found numbers of specimens, but all immature. In the month oi 
June it becomes common. 

I have also become convinced that Silvanus planaius is the feiTiale of 
6". bidentaius. I have taken the two together in numbers, and found one 
pan- in copula, so that the evidence of their identity is at least very strong. 

* 

Last year, while collecting on Staten Island, I found on a tree stump 
a specimiCn of Tomoxia bideniata. Waiting about the place for some two 
hours, I succeeded in taking 16 specimens, all having alighted on the 
same stump. 

This Summer I went for the purpose of getting the insect, to the 
same place, but a little earlier in the season. I found Tojuoxiw sitting 
on the same tree stump, but in every case they were T. lineella. They 
were very shy, and as I did not have my net with me, I was able to secure 
only one specimen. The same day I saw three specimens of T. lineella 
in my umbrella all flying away. But there was no sign anywhere of T. 
bidentata. I am quite of the opinion that T. lineella is the male of T. 
bideniata, and I am the more strongly inclined to this opinion, as it agrees 
with the general tendency of the family to greater development in the male 
of the maxillary palpi. 



— 172 — 

A Bee new to Entomologists. 

On tlic morning of Oct. 16, 1887. a famous and popular clergyman, 
(and consequently not the Editor of this Journal), preached a sermon in 
which the following was spoken. 

" A miracle of formation is the bee : five eyes, two tongues, the outer 
having a sheath of protecting hairs on all sides of its tiny body to brush 
up the particles of flowers, it flight so straight that all the world knows of 
the bee line. The honey comb is a palace such as no one but God could 
plan, and the honey bee construct ; its cells sometimes a dormitory, and 
sometimes a storehc^use, and sometimes a cemetery. These winged toilers 
first make eight strips of wax, and bv their antennoe, which are to them 
hammer, and chisel, and squnre, and plumb line, shape them for use. 
Two and two these workers shape the wall. If an accident happen, they 
put up buttresses or extra beams, to remedy the damage. When about 
the year 1776 an insect, before unknown, in the night time attacked the 
bee hives all over Europe, and the men who owned them were in vain 
trying to plan something to keep out the invader that \vas the terror of 
the bee hives of the continent, it was found that everywhere the bees had 
arranged for their own protection and built before their honey combs an 
especial wall of wax with porthole through which the bees might go to 
and fro, but not large enough to admit the winged combatant called the 
Sphinx Atropos. 

Do you know that the swarming of the bees is divinely directed.-* 
The mother bee starts for a new home, and because of this the other bees 
of the hive get into an excitement which raises the heat of the hive some 
four degrees, and they must die unless they leave their healed apart- 
ments." 

The doctor in giving this description did not attach to the insect its 
scientific name, but I have no doubt Entomologists will see, from the de- 
scription, that it is very distinct from any species at present known. Its 
habits arc also, in many respects very peculiar. It is to be hoped the in- 
sect studied was not carelessly destroyed. A specimen would be a great 
acquisition for any Entomologist ! 

But come to think we are stupid ! It must be the insect known as 
a " bee in the bonnet" to which the eloquent Doctor refered. Entomo- 
logists can be pardoned if they are ignorant of it. as it is of course a "rara 
apis" with them. We hope for the sake of Science the next time the Doc- 
tor has a specimen under observation he will capture it, — pin it, properly 
label it with name, (perhaps Apis kratikii), and locality (probably Caput 
inane) and send it to some Entomological Society where it will be duly 
appreciated. Geo. D. Hulst. 



—173— 

An unknown or forgotten illustration of North American 
SPHINGIDiE. 

By Dr. H. A. Hagen. 



The library of the Entomological Department of the Museum received 
October 1887 some colored plates in 4*° , as presented to Harvard College 
by Mr. VVm. Calverley, Barnegat, N. J. Of these plates 27 contained the 
figures of North American Sphingidae and one Papilio Calverleyi. I had 
never seen the work, and was not able to find it quoted anywhere, so 1 
applied for information to ]Mr. S H. Scudder and received the following 
answer : "I can only say, that I received the first five plates from W. H. 
Edwards in Oclt)ber 1861. I do not think any were ever published." Mr. 
Scudder docs not know where his copy is, but he believes that it was not 
color^'d : the plate of the Papilio he has never seen. The plates figure 65 
Nt)rth American species and about half more from Cuba and were made 
about from 1861 to 1866. Some figures are very good, some others 
good, some not w^ell done, prmcipally on the last plates. I dot not know, 
why it was left unpublished. 

The Sphingid plates have on top the inscription "North American 
Lepidoptera'" ; in the right upper corner Tab. I and II ; then Plate III to 
XXVII. Below, the names of the figured species are given ; in the left 
lower corner, published by J. W. Weidemeyer and S. Calverley, New 
York ; beginning with PI. Ill the name of VV. H. Edwards is added. In 
the right lower corner, Ch. Walo lith. and prin., on PI. I to XI and XIV, 
with the addition Drawn from Nat. on PL X and XI, Ch. Walo fecit PL 
XII, XIII, XV. XVI, XX, XXI; E. W. Robinson del., W. West imp. 
PL XVII to XIX ; the PL XXII to XXVII are seemingly made by an- 
other artist ; on PI. XXIV with D. Wiest lith. Philada, 

Contents of the Plates. 

PI. I. I. Sphynx cinerea J^. — 2. Ceratomia quadricornis (^. 

3. Thyreus Abbotii rf-— 4- Smerinthus geminatus (^. 
5. Sphynx sordida ^ . 

PI. II. I. Sphynx lu?citiosa ^^. — 2. do. 9- 

3. plebeja $.—4. Sphynx obscura ^. 

5. Chserocampa pampinatrix ^. — 6. do. chserilus 9- 

PI. III. I. Pterogon inscriptum 9- — 2. Thyreus nessus (^. 

3. Smerinthus modesta c5"-— 4- ChDerocampa versicolor 9- 
5. do. reversed 9- 

PL IV. I. Philampelus Jussieuse 9-^2. Sesia thysbe (^. 
3. do. diffinis 9- — 4- Smerinthus excaecatus 9- 
5. Enyo lugubris 9-— 6- Deilephila Galii 9« 



—174— 

PI. V. I, Sphynx Kalmin; O.-2. Dolha hyl^us cf. 

3. Sphynx Gordius ^'.— 4. Deilephila Daucus O (it is added with penc.i 

lineata.) 
5. Smcrinthus Juglandis ri'. — 6. do. O. 

PI. VI. I. Philampelus Achemon O- — 2. do. satcllitia O, 
3. Chaarocampa tersa O. — 4. Ellema Harrisii O. 

PI. VII. I. Ceratomia Brontes ^. — 2. Spliynx cingulata O. 
3. do. 5-niacuIata r^ . - 4. do. Carolina rj'. 

PI. VIII. I. Smerinthus astylus 9- — 2. do. reversed. 

3. -Sphynx drupifcrarum O. — 4. Smerinthus myops 1^. 
5. Sphynx Jasmincariim ^'. 

PI. IX. I. Macroglossa Tantalus (^. —2. Smerinthus ophthalmicus S}?- 
3. Macrosila rustica q. — 4. Proserpinus Gaurse rf. 
5. Perigonia lusca (j^.— 6. Ch^erocampa pu-Uenia O. 

PI. X. I. Macrosila Ochus c?.^2. Macrosila Antivus 9- 

3. Macrosila Florestan O . 

PI. XI. I. Pachylia ficus O. — 2. Philampelus Typhon O. 
3. Pachylia inornata O. 

* Pi. XII. I. Anceryx coniferariirti 9, — 2. Macroglossa ccculus (^'. 
3. Philampelus LabrusCcC §. — 4. Macroglossa Sagra ^. 
5. Philampelus vitis §• 

PI. XIII. I. Ambulyx strigilis 9- — -• Anceryx Alope (j". 

3. Proser]-)inus Clarkise (^ . — 4. Chaerocampa Chiron §. 
5. Proserpinus PhaJton (^. 

PI. XIV. I. Unzuela Japix O. — 2. Chaerocampa Drancus r^\ 
3. Macrosila Cluentius O.— 4. Uarapsa Pholus 9- 
5. Anceryx Caicus (^. 

PI. XV. (No species names given.) 

I. 2, 

3. 4. 

5- 
* PI. XVI. I. Anceryx oenotrus 9- — 2. Anceryx Ello O, 
3. Ambulyx Ganascus rf. 

PI. ,XVII. I. Perigonia subhamata.— 2. Perigonia substituta. 
3. Sesia fuscicaudis. — 4. Perigonia glauciscens. 
5. Perigonia undata.^6. Macroglossa flavofasc:ata. (No sex given.) 

PI. XVIII. I. Macroglossa collaris. — 2. Chrcrocampa falco. 
3. Darapsa rhodocera.— 4 Pachylia rcsumens. 

PI. XIX. I. Lapara bombycoides. — 2. Anceryx guttularis. 

3. Pachylia conspicua. — 4. (Enosanda noctuiformis. 
5. Arctonotus lucidus. 



t 



—175- 



PI. XX. I. Philampelus Anchemolus O. — 2. Pergesa Thorates. 

3. Enyo chloroptera $.—4. Spliynx Hannibal. 

PI. XXI. I. INIacroglossa Tantalus q. — 2. Enyo Gorgon 5. 
3. Smerinthus Cerisii (^. — 4. do. wings enlarged. 

PI. XXII (and PL XXIII, XXIV, not colored.) 

I. Cliivrocampa Porcus (^. — 2. ChEei-ocampa irrorata (^. 
3. Cheerocampa Nechus §• — 4- Chserocampa Gundlachii (^. 
5. Chserocampa Robinsonii (;^. — 6. Deilephila Calverleyi rf. 

I. Erinnyis CEnotrus O. — 2. Erinnyis melancholica rf. 

3. Erinnyis cinerosa Q.— 4. Erinnyis Ello ^^• 

5. Erinnyis congratulans '^ .,—(). Erinnyis rimosa (^. 

I. Perigonia lusca (^. — 2. Perigonia Lefeburii 1^. 
3. Syzygia afflicta q\ — 4- Diludia Brontes ^. 
5. Pseudoi^phinx tetrio q . — 6. Hyloicus Poeyi. 

I. Amphonyx Antaeus 5- — 2. Amphonyx Duponclielii 9- 
3. Sphinx cingulata q • —4- Hemeroplanes pseudothyreus 1^. 
5. Enyo Danum (^' . 

PL XXVI. I. Philampelus Lycaon O. — 2. Hfemorrhagia gracilis (^. 
3. Perigonia divisa (;5^.— 4. Chrerocampa brevis Q. 
5. ChDsrocampa ceratomoides O. — 6. Erinnyis pallida Q. 

PI. XXVII. I. Dilophonota Cacicse O. — 2. Macrosila afflicta 9- 
3. yEllopos Blaini rj^.— 4. Cheerocampa strenua 9- 

Hsemoi rhasia Buffaloensis ri^^-6. Hcemorrhagia floridensis (^. 



• PL XXIII. 



P:. XXIV. 



PI. XXV. 



T 



Larva of Acidalia insularia, Guen. 
By Geo. D. Hulst. 



Length 20 to 27 mm. Head rounded, slightly indented at summit. 
Body cylindrical, slender; ground color of head and body the same, 
varying from yellow green, through orange to dark brown. A lighter 
dorsal and subdorsal line running from the mouth, over head, the whole 
length of the body. A broad lateral light colored line also running the 
whole length of head and body. Sides of body with a fleshy ridge in- 
cluded in the light line or band. The whole body with points of one or 
two very short fine hairs easily seen with a good lens. Beneath some- 
what lighter than above. Legs 10, all the color of lateral line. Food 
plant. Cassia chamcEcrista. 

Pupa. — 10 mm. in length, varying in color from light translucent 
green to violet brown. Nearly evenly conical, segments and wings hardly 
marked by indentings though evident by shading of color. Upper end 



— 176 — 

nearly squarely truncate with a sharp spine like protuberance on each 
side giving the pupa quite the appearance of the seeds of the common 
Beggar ticks {Bidens /rondosa). Tliese points are in all cases violet in 
color. On each side of the pupa edging the wing-cases is a light hne 
edged in the green specimens with a shade of viokt and in the darkf 
specimens with dark violet. The pupa is fastened by the tail to 
slight button of silk, and is also girthed with a threatl of silk aboi 
the wing cases. Pupated, August 29th. The larva before -S[)inning 
loosely covers the surface of the leaf or stem witli silk, and the girth often 
shows individual strands running off to quite a distance, giving the idea 
that there is tendency towards a slight cocoon. The })Ui)a is very active, 
wriggling in a lively manner when anvthing touches it. 

Of the pupa Dr. Packard gives a description antl figure Mon. Geom. 
p. 2i?i^, pl- 13- f- S'2- In the description he speaks c^f the pupa as "flat- 
tened" which is not true of the 30 or 40 specimens before me. In the 
figure the ear-like projections aie slightly shorter than in those before me. 
The imago, which is two-brooded, emerged Sept. yih. 

There is a very considerable interest attaching to this history as it 
bears upon the position that n^uch discussed species Euphanessa vicndica 
Walk. Walker, Herrich-Schaefier, and Dr. Packard put it in the Boin- 
bycidce. I discussed the matter in a paper before the Entomological Club 
of the A. A. A. S. (Entom. Am., Vol. II, p. 167). and there gave my 
reasons for believing it a true Geometer. The greatest aberrancy was in 
the shape of the pupa, and its habit of placing a girth of silk about the 
wing-cases. I had considered that the moth ought to be catalogued near 
Ephyra. The history of^. insularia strengthens my opinion that the 
insect is a true Geometer, and also that I was right in my idea of its 
place in the Catalogue. The form of the pupa of A. msnlaria very 
strongly resembles that of ^. mendica, and its hibit of making use of a 
girth is the same. I am indebted to A. C. Weeks, Esq., for the larvte. 



21 Eighth Street, Lowell, Mass. Aug 24th, 1887. 
Eds. Entomologica Americana. — Gentlemen : 

I am open to criticism in saying "Ent. Am." Vol. Ill,- p. 85, that 
there are two exceptions to Lieut. Casey's observation that the tibia; are 
unarmed in Stenus when I only adduce one. 

A pupa of Anthonomus pusillus has been discovered in the seed- 
vessels of Helianihemum Canadetise since my notes were written, proving 
that the entire transformations take place within the seed vessels as I had 
supposed. Respectfully, Frederick Blanchard. 



— 177— 

Traces of Maternal Affection in Eutilia sinuata, Fabr. 
By Mary E. Murtfeldt. 



The MembracmcE is one of the most attractive groups of the Homop- 
ra on account of the singularity of form and beauty of coloring displayed 
V the species composing it. Many of them are also extremely interesting 
ii habit. 

Among the smaller species indigenous to this section (Central Mis- 
souri) the one named above is one of the prettiest and most common. It 
breeds chiefly on the Ragweeds (^Ambrosia) though it is occasionally found 
on other composite plants. The gregarious habit is common to many of 
the species, but, with the exception of the case I am about to instance, I 
have never found the parent insect remaining with her eggs or young. 

Two years ago early in August I observed a female hovering over a 
cluster of her eggs. I plucked the leaf, expecting of course that this usually 
shy and active insect would jump off at the disturbance. But to my sur- 
prise she did not move, not even when I touched her with my finger. I 
carried her openly on the leaf into the house and up-stairs to my study, 
but with all the shaking about and brushing against my clothing she was 
not dislodged. 

Wishing to examine the egg cluster more closely, I placed her in a 
small rearing jar into which I afterward put the leaf with the eggs. She 
immediately began crawling about over it until the eggs were found, when 
she stationed herself over them as before. The young hatched about two 
days later, and remained in a close cluster about the mother insect, who 
had now moved a little forward on the leaf with the instinct probably of 
giving them a belter opportunity for feeding. 

As the original leaf had now withered I put in a fresh one to which 
after some delay and scattering the insect migrated with her entire, large 
family. 

The rearing jar did not seem to furnish an entirely congenial atmo- 
sphere to the }oung Euti/ias, as a large number died in the first moult 
and scarcely a moiety reached the pupa state, but through all changes the 
mother remained with her young and although I would not assert that 
she made any demonstrations of afi'ection, she certainly -seemed to enjoy 
having them around her. 

The family groups which I began to watch, out of doors, were not 
put to the inconvenience of changing from one leaf to another until after 
the pupa state was attained, when there was a disposition to migrate in 
small groups, the mother with part of her family remaining on the original 

Entomologica Americana. Vol. hi. 27 Dkcember 1887. 



-178- 

leaf until, when all had arrived at the perfect state, she could no longer 
be distinguished from her progeny. 

I do not know that the immature stages of this insect have ever been 
described, and therefore subjoin a few notes concerning them. 

I did not have the opportunity of watching the process of oviposition, 
and think it takes place mostly at night. The modus operajidi would 
seem to be as follows : 

The midrib of the leaf is always selected, on the under side of which 
the cuticle is ruptured by a series of punctures made probably with the 
beak. The eggs, to the number of fifty to seventy-five, are then crowded 
into the loose vegetable tissue in an oblique position. They are some- 
what pear-shaped, the larger end being uppermost, and of a dingy white 
color varying to pale brown. As with the eggs of many other insects they 
seem to swell considerably before hatching. On escaping from the egg 
the young leaf-hoppers are rather more than i mm. in length, of a trans- 
lucent, pale, greenish-yellow color, with the head and prothoracic region 
of a dark red-brown, a saddle-like spot of the same color across the 
middle of the body and another at the tip of the abdomen, which is al- 
ways held in an upward curve. The form from a dorsal view is some- 
what tad-pole like, except for the long, slender legs. The head in front 
is sparsely covered with hairs ; the eyes are large, ruby-red, surrounded 
by a pale ring. The prothoracic joint is raised in front and there is a 
double row of hair-like papilte extending along the dorsum. These larvae 
grow quite rapidly and moult but twice previous to the change to pupa\ 
In the latter the dorsal prothoracic projections characteristic of the mature 
insect are clearly developed, but in a soft tissue which is notched finely 
on the upper edge. The arrangement and color of the spots do not vary 
much from those of the newly hatched larva?. The period of growth from 
the egg to mature insect is about three weeks. 
Kirk wood. Mo., Nov. 1887. 



-♦-•-♦- 



Life History of Euscirrhopterus Gloveri, Grt. 

In the "Industrialist," a paper published by the State Agricultural 
College Kansas, under date of Oct. i, 1887, Prof. E. A. Popenoe gives 
the life history of the above insect. The larva and pupa are described as 
follows : 

"The &%% may be found on the underside of the purslane leaf, singly 
or in clusters of two to five. It is a flattened hemisphere in form, about 
one half millimeter in diameter, attached bv its flat side to the leaf; and 



— 179— 

under the magnifier is a beautiful object, being delicately sculptured with 
radiating grooves, and with dots in concentric lines. The young larva is 
hatched two or three days after the egg is laid, and at first is light greenish, 
or yellowish green, with darker shading across the middle of the body. 
The body is now thinly set with black hairs, arising from minute black 
points. Eight or nine days after hatching, the larva is full fed, having 
meanwhile moulted four times. It is now a smooth-bodied caterpillar, 
with the ground color, a light gray or dull white, marked with black 
dashes on the sides of each segment, and with shadings of salmon pink. 
The full-grown larvae enter the ground for transformation, excavating for 
themselves in the surface soil, to the depth of two inches, a tubular 
burrow, the lining layer of which is rendered firm by the application of 
the juices from the caterpillar's mouth, and the opening closed by a thin 
layer of particles of soil united in the same manner. These cases may, 
with moderate care, be removed entire from the soil." 

"The transformation to the pupal state is now effected. The insect 
in this state has the pointed oblong form and brown color of the pupa of 
moths in general, slight characteristics being found in the outlines of the 
apex of the head and tip of the abdomen. The exact duration of the 
pupal state was not observed. However, it may be said that the insect 
was underground about twelve days ; at the end of this period appearing 
as a moth." 

The moth also is described, but as that is comparatively well known 
we will not reproduce the description. 

Prof Popenoe says in addition to the descriptions : "Four broods of 
the insect have been traced the past summer, and some of the moths of 
the last brood are now flying. It is not certain, however, that they will 
generallv leave the pupa before Spring; and further observation is needed 
to determine the manner of hibernation." 

"The larva was seen at Manhattan in 1886, in moderate abundance, 
and the moth was bred that year. Previous to 1886, the writer has seen 
this moth only from the southwest, having collected numerous specimens 
at La Junta, Colorado, in 1881." 

"Specimens are reported by collectors from Arizona and Texas, the 
species having been described from the last-named region by Grote and 
Robinson, in the transactions of the American Entomological Society, 
Vol. II, for 1868-69." 

The article has good wood cut illustrations of the egg, the nearly 
emerged and the mature larva, the pupa and pupa case and also the 
imago. 



-i8c— 



Food - Plants of Lepidoptera. 

By Wm. Beutenmueller. 



[No. 7.] 

(LAGOA CRISPATA, Pack.) 

Rosacese. 



Rubus occidentalis, L. (Black Rasp- 
berry.) 

Rubus cuiieifolius, Piirsh. (Sand Rasp- 
berry.) 



Pyrus malus, Tourn. (Common Apple.) 
Prunus Cerasus, Juss. (Common Garden 

Cherry.) 
Prunus domestica, L. (Plum.) 
Rubus villosus, Ait. (Blackberry.) 

Lauraceae, 

Sassafras officinale, Nees. (Sassafras.) | Lindera Benzoin, L. (Spice-bush.) 

Platanaceae. 
Platanus occidentalis, L. (Sycamore.) | Platanus orientalis, L. (Oriental Plane.) 

Cupuliferae. 
Quercus alba, L. (White Oak.) Ouercus palustris, Du Roi. (Swamp or 

Quercus macrocaj-pa, Michx. (Bur Oak.) Pin Oak.) 

" ' - - - _ . Corylus americana, Wall. (American 

Hazel.) 



Quercus rubra, L. (Red Oak.) 
Quercus coccinea, Wang. (Scarlet Oak.) 



Myricaceae. 

Myrica cerifera, L. (Bayberry or Wax Myrtle.) 

Betulaceae. 

-\lnus incana, Willd. (Speckled or Hoary 
Alder.) 



Betula alba, L. (White Birch.) 

Betula var. populifolia, Spach. 

Alnus serrulata, Ait. (Smooth Alder.) 



Salicaceae. 



Populus tremuloides, Michx. (American 
Aspen.) 

Populus grandidentata, Michx. (Large- 
toothed Aspen.) 



Salix alba, L. (White Willow.) 

Salix lucida, Muhl. (Shining Willow.) 



Society Meetings. 

Brooklyn Entomological Society. — Novv-mhei- ist, 1887. ThiitL'cn members 
present. 

Dr. Geo. Marx of Washington, D. C , and Herman Mee^ke were elected 
members. 

The following amendments to the constitution, proposed at the last meeting of 
the Society, were adopted. 

Art. II, Section 8. to read as follows : "The Executive Committee shall hold not 
less than one meeting each month, except during tlie months of July and August. 
Any member of the Committee absent from three consecutive meetings, without excuse 
satisfactory to the Committee, shall be understood thereby to have resigned his office, 
and at its option, the Committee shall have power to accept the resignation and to fill 
the vacancy." 

Art. I, Section 9, to read as follows : " Members 6 months in arrears for dues, 
shall be debarred from all privileges of the Society, unless excused by a majority vote 
of those ])resent at the next meeting. The Treasurer shall read at each meeting, as part 
ot his report, a list of all members whose dues to date amount to the sum of three 
dollars or more, for the information of the Society." 

Mr. Weeks re id an interesting note on l-]xouiias pelluciJiis, Boh., a beetle new 
to our ?'auna. He had taken the beetle o'l Staten Island. 

Mr. Beutenmueller repoi ted that he had taken it abo at Astoria, Long Island. 





Amerigana 



VOL III, 



BR9J> KLYN, JSNUfiRY, 1888. 



NO. 10, 



New Genera and Species of North American Moths. 

By Henry Edwards. 



Family HETEROGYNIDiE, H.-Sch. 

Thia, new genus. 

Size small. Tliorax and abdomen rather stout, the latter extending for nearly 
lialf its length behind the posterior wings. Head imbedded deeply between the eyes, 
which are rather large. Palpi long, slightly bent downwards, the basal article longer 
than the other two, the apical short, pointed. Antennre simple. Tibiiv and tarsi 
long, hind tihite with two long spines, the tarsi also furnished with short spines and 
the last joint sharply hooked. (The middle and anterior pair aie ijroUen in the ^pe- 
cimen belore me.) Wings short, the anterior pair only slight'y longer than the 
])osterior. The margins of both are \ery distinctly rounded. Fringes long. The 
wings are densely covered with scales, so that it is imposible to give tlie neuration 
accurately. There is, however, apparently no coital vein to the inlerior wings, and 
the internal vein seems to be very shoi t. 

I have no doubt whatever of the close relationsliip of this singuiar 
form to the European genus Atychia, Latr. , wliich has until recently 
wanted a permanent resting-place. It has been placed in the TortricidiB, 
Tinculw, and I think by one author in the Li/Jiosudce, but it is now by 
I ommon consent agreed to belong to H.-Schi.tffer's family Heterogynidde, 
which comes in the system near to the ^geriad>.e and Thyridi.c. My 
Peut/iefn'a parvida may also be placed into H.-Schaefier's family, so that the 
present species will be the second of the group now Unown in N. Ameiica. 
Thia is the Goddess of Light of the Cireek Mythology. 

Thia extranea, n. sp. 

Head, thorax, abdomen above and below, and upper surface of primaries greenish 
black, with slight metallic lustre. Fringe slightly golden. Secondarie-: sub-diaphanous, 
with the fringe golden Ijrown, with golden scales scattered over the surface. Tlic 
Entomologica American,^. Vol. in. 28 Januahy 1888. 



— lS2 — 

underside of primaries tiiickly, of secondaries thinly covered with golden scales. 
Probos:is honey-yellow. Antennae long, black, simple. 
Exp. wings, 15 mm. Length of body, 8 mm. 

2 examples, taken by jNIr. A. J. Bolter at Los Angeles, S. California. 
April, 1879, on flo\vei"s. 

This species lias a strong superficial resemblance to the 9 o^ ''■ 
appeJidicidata, Esp. 

Family BOMBYCIDiE. 

Halisidota significans, n. sp. 

Ground color of primaries, sordid white, with three dentated bands of rich 
brown, through which run, along the course of the nervures, streaks of dull scarlet, 
giving the insect a very unusual and striking appearance. The scarlet color is very 
apparent on the costa, and there are also faint streaks of the same shade at the base. 
The exterior margin is also scarlet, with the fringe dull white. Secondaries semi- 
transparent, sordid white, witii the abdominal margin buff. Underside with the same 
markings, but fainter. Thorax dull scarlet, streaked with sordid white. Abdomen, 
ru^iy b:own. Kxp. wings, 40 mm. 

I !^. Las Vegas, N. Mexico. A. J. Bolter. 

An entomological anecdole has to be related with reference to this 
species. I described this and Seirarclia Bolteri when in Chicago, 3 years 
ago, and soon afterwards AL". Bolter sent colored drawings of both species 
to Mr. R. H. Stretch. On m\' return home, some weeks later, I received 
a letter from Mr. Stretch in which he savs : "Your Halisuiofa significans 
is a synonym of Strecker's //. amhigiia." The manuscriitt of my paper 
was then in the printer's hands, but I at once sent to have the description 
stricken oin. I was in time to get this done, but it turned out, when it 
was too late, thai .AL. Siretch meant that my Seirarclia Bolteri was the 
synonym, and thus I redescribed one of Mr. Strecker's species, and left 
the new one, which Lnow publish, unrecorded. This is t)ne of the most 
beautiful of all Halisidotas and resembles in its coloration some of the 
tropical forms. The unique type is in Mr. Bolter's collection. He was 
good enough however, to furnish me with an exquisite drawing of the 
insect. 

Inguromorpha, new genus. 

A genus closely allied to Cossus, and deemed by ]\Ir. J. B. Smith, 
Id whom I subniillcd the sj)ecimen for examination, to be identical with 
ii. He ])oints tiul the distinctions, however, and they are so marked and 
the insect so unlike the ()rdinar\ species o{ Cossus in coloration and mark- 
ings, that I think it wise to scjiarate it, which I do at least provisionally, 
under the above name. I am fortified in this course also, by the opinion 
of Dr. Packard, who has also seen the specimen, and who believes it to 
be a new fjenus. 



_i83- 

The liead is small, not more than one-third the width of thorax. Eyes very large. 
Palpi barely exceeding the head, wi.h long hairs at their base, the terminal article 
small, and sharply pointed. Antenni^ closely and dee|)ly pectinated. Thorax densely 
tufied with short scale-like hairs. Abdomen cylindrical, dotted with fhort hairs. 
Feet and legs are covered with hair to the base of the tarsi, whijh are also sparsely 
clothed with hairs. Wings much narro\\er than usual in the genus Cossiis, the 
>econdaries being a little more than half the length of primaries. Th; median cell f f 
both wings is divided, and there is an accessory cell on the primaries only. The in- 
ternal vein of primaries is reduced to a mere fold, and there is a connecting,' vein 
between the coital and sHhcostal of secondaries. f)thjr\v!s^', the naua'ion resemliKs 
that of Cossiis. 

Inguromorpha Slossoni, n. sp. 

Pcde gray. At liase of primaries i.-. a d^ep hia.k transvers.' hand, extending 
quite across the \\ing. At internal angle and apex are distinct black lines forming 
circles, the enclosed spaces being dotted with brownish black scales, and there are 
also several irregular black (kishes on the rest of the wing. The secondaries are pale 
gray, with faint black reticulations. The under side has the markings repeated, but 
a little more taiiitly. Thorax, and abdomen gray, widi hiacki.-h mottling. 

Exo. wings, 32 mm. Length of body. 15 mm. 

From I ^, taken at Jacksonville, Florida, at electric light, by j\Irs. 
A. Trumbull Slosson, to whcmi I re.spectfully dedicate it. I have taken 
considerable pains to compare this singular species with the descriptions 
of those in our lists which are unknown to the general entomologist, and 
cannot make it to be anything but a new species. It is certainly not C. 
nanus of Strecker, as that is said to resemble C. ligniperda. It is not at 
all like the descriptions of Walker's C. plagiahis or C. populi, and differs 
also greatly in size, these two being each said to be 18 lines, or 2^ inches 
in expanse, while the present species is only r^ inches. Lintner's C. 
undosus would appear, if perfect, to be of the satne size as Walker's spe- 
cies. The markings too, are very difl'eient (rom either of them, the strange 
circular apical blotch, and the distinct biack basal transverse line being 
strong characters. I shall endeavour at an early day to give a figure of 
this very interesting species. 

Arctia Brucei, n. sp. 

J . Ground color of primaries brownish black. At the base is a rosy red patch, 
enclosing 3 black dashes. Costa for its entire length, a large triangular patch in the 
middle, an almost straight line from costa to internal margin, fringe and inteinal 
margin all rosy red. The line across the wing is slightly bent about its middle, and 
from it are two slight dashes, indicating the W mark common to the genus, but in 
this sex there is no trace of the mark beyond these faint lines. Secondaries wholly 
rosy red, with broken maculate marginal band. Head chestnut brown. Shaft of 
antennte fawn color. Disc of thorax, upper side of abdomen, pectus, base of femora, 
and pectinations of antennae brown. Collar, tibia;, and abdomen beneath and at the 
sides, rosy red. Underside of wings marked as above, Init more fiintly. 
* O. Similar to the q", but the red is brighter and the mark on the oiitir thiid 
»if the wing more distinct. It is however, moi-e like the letter X than W, aid ili.- 



— I 84 — 

(inter liranch alter toiichiiii^ llie mari;iii, tiuiis again to llie costa, wiiicli it leacliC'- 
about 3 mm. from the apex. The spots on the miiryin of secondaries are smaller 
than in the (;5\ and the abdomen is wholly roy red, except a blackish brown dorsal 
line. Exp. wings, 34 mm. Length ot body, 15 mm. 

From 6 examples, ^, Q, faised from larviv found near Denver, 
Colorado, b}- Mr. D. Bruce, to whom I dedicate this beautiful s])ecies. 
The vestiture is very long, and the wings though gaily colored, are thinly 
clothed with scales, giving the insect a slightly transparent look. It has 
a remarkable resemblance to Phragmaiobia, and but for the strongly pec- 
tinated antennae of the (^ , I shouUl not hesitate to place in that genus. 

Arctia Franconia, n. var. 

A form oi A . ftgnrata, Drvuy, in which the di>c of the lower wings is bright 
golden yellow. The primaries are rich black — a rather broad band of cream tolor 
rnns from the middle of b.ase to near internal angle, where it forms the one side of the 
W like mark, which is here very distinct. A small sublunate cream colored dash in 
the cell. Internal margin narrowly cream color. Secondaries golden yellow on the 
disc, with very broad black marginal band ex'tending around the costa, indented on 
its inner edge, and joined in middle of the costa to a large black discal spot. At ex- 
treme base are two black dashes. The extreme abdominal margin is yellow, and 
there are long dusky yellow hairs clothing this portion of the black band. Head in 
front, tegulre, and sides of abdome^ cream color. Palpi and antennas black, as are 
also the disc of thorax and two spots on the collar. The coxi\; are cream color, the 
tarsi black. The underside has the markings repeated. 
Ex]-) w.'ngs, 32 nini. Length of bi)(ly, 15 mm. 

I '^. Taken at Franconia, White Mountains, N. H., by >Mrs. A. 
T. .^losson. 

Arctia remissa, n. sp. (?) 

O. Closely resembling //. F/7r/-^rt'/, Stretch, of which it may be a variety. In 
th3 color and markings of the abdomen and legs it exactly agrees with Mr. Stretch's 
description (Zyg. Bombyc. N. Amer., p. 221), the diflerence' being as follows ; the 
markings of the primaries are buff, not lemon yellow, the secondaries are black only 
at the base, and a little way along the abdominal margin, there is a black waved 
central streak, and (our submarginal black spots, the apical one very small. Next to 
this is a dentate line, then a large sublunate spot, and a linear one at the anal angle. 
B;;neath the wings are both wholly suffused witli orange red, the costa of primaries 
and the whole surface of the secondaries being clearly of that color, the markings ot 
upper side being but faintly seen. 

Exp. wings, 38 mm. A. Ynrrowi is given as 1.75 ii c'l. 

I V- I'ngoa Hay, Hudson li. territ(^ry, Lucien ]\I. Turner. The 
tcui.nkahle difference in localitv, Mr. Streich's type having been taken in 
.Arizona, leai^s me 10 think that this ina\' lie a distinct sj)ecies. The 
specimen fmin wtiieli in}' description is made, had evidently been jiiit inii> 
its paper a!i\e, as some eggs hatl been deposited. These were clear 
white, and very gidssy shining like salin, flattened on the side of attach- 
ment. rhc\ had produced several larva;, all of which were killed. These 



! 



-i85- 

were wholly black, with the hairs of the posterior segments longer than 
the rest, and tipped with white. 

Apatela sancta, ii. var. 

Pure clean wliite, with all the markings reduced to mere spots or dashes. There 
is a very minute lilack dash at the base of primaries, hardly visible without a lens, 
three black spots on costa, one at basal third, the other two near togetlier beyond 
the middle — one in middle of wing, and a faint one behind the cell. The submarginal 
line is indicated by three spots, one on internal margin, one near the middle of vein 
3, and a smaller one near the apex, close to which are two very indistinct dots. The 
marginal line is composed of minute black dots, and there is also a black dot in the 
middle of the internal margin. F"ringe clear glossy white. Secondaries silvery 
white, glossy, shining, the marginal line barely visible. Fringe clear white. Head, 
thorax, breast, palpi, outer side of coxse, femora and tibite clear white, as is also the 
underside of abdomen. Shaft of antennee white, pectinations black. Tarsi white, 
banded with black. Interior of legs blackish. Upperside of abdomen black, covered 
with long white hairs, and with white band, indicating the sepai-ation of the seg- 
ments. 

Exp. wings, 42 mm. Length of body, 20 mm. 
I ^. Wliite jMountains, N. H., ]\Irs. A. E. SIossoti. I have for 
the present regarded this as a variation of A. populi, Riley, but it may 
prove to be a new species. I took an example of this form at St. John, 
N. Brunswick, in August 1886. It has at first sight a good deal of the 
appearance of the European A. Leporina. I may here lemark that INIr. 
Grote is in error in supposing A. popidi to be identical with A. lepusculina , 
Guen. I have now a very long series of both forms, and am confident 
that though closely allied, they are distinct species, A. lepusculina being 
much (.larker than its relative, the ground color of the wing being gray 
instead of white, with the black markings less distinct. In this respect it 
approaches .-J. yt'//;w, Grote, with which it is probably sometimes con- 
founded. 



-*- 



Has the form oS. Ecpa7itheria scribonia, Stoll, found in Florida — and 
perhaps in other Southern States — received a name as a variety.? I took 
last Spring, in Jacksonville, between thirty and forty of this species. The 
specimens were all fresh and unworn, save that the tips of primaries were 
invariably devoid of scales. Later, in reading Abbot's Insects of Georgia, 
I found a reference to a Southern form of scribonia as having "tips of 
primaries denuded.'' (I cannot quote literally, not having the book at 
hand.) I have never met with the ordinary form in Florida. 

New York Annie Trumbull Slossox. 



— 186— 

Descriptions of three new Eucharids from Florida, 

with a Generic Table of ihe Eucharinse. 

By William H. Ashmead. 



The discover}' of three new Chalcitls in Florida, in the subfamily 
EuchivincB, belonging to genera not yet recognized in the United States, 
and the meagre table of this subfamily in Mr. Cresson's "Synopsis," has 
induced me to reproduce here .Mr. \\'. Y. Kirby's very excellent table, as 
published by him in his revision of this group ; vide Jour. Linn. Soc. , 
Vol. XX, (1886), p. 28. 

In this timely paper, Mr. Kirb}- describes si.\ new genera and recog- 
nizes in the subfamily no less than fi';een distinct genera, from all parts of 
the world, which he has rendered readily recognizable in his admirable 
table. 

Of these, species in six of the genera are now already known from 
North America, viz. : Eucharis, Latreille, Orasema, Cameron, Lophyro- 
cera, Cameron, Kapala, Cameron, 77ioracantha. Latreille, and Lira/a, 
Cameron. 

No doubt, species in other of the genera will be recognized when 
our fauna is more thoroughly worked uj). 

INIr. Kirby says: "The Eucharincc are large, strongly-sculptured, 
metallic-colored ChakididcB ; the abdomen always more or less petiolated, 
and is frequently raised and compressed, giving the insects some re- 
semblance to the Cymipid.v. From the Perilampince, to which they have 
some resemblance, they may be distinguished by the longer petiole, the 
absence of the stigmatic nervule, &c. ' 

Now, I can see no resemblance at all to the Cvnipidcr, at least in 
any of the forms known to rne ; on the contrary to me they exhibit a 
much more remarkable resemblance to the EvajiiidLB, and I believe that 
the Eucharid genus Lophyrocera connects the ChalcididcB with this family, 
through the peculiarly Evaniid genus Hyptia. 

The following is the table alluded to above : 

TABLE OF GENERA. 

Scutelliini bidcntatc 3. 

Scutellum not bidentatc. 

Antennee ramose in male 2. 

Antenna; simple iu male. 
♦Antennae monililorm. 

Abdomen compressed, ascending G. I. Eucharis, Latreille. 

Abdomen not compressed, nor ascending. 



I 



-187- 

First joint of tarsi much thickened (-'• 3- Tricoryna, Kirby. 

First joint of tcarsi very long, but not thicker than the others 

G. 4. Metagea, Kiiby. 
**Antenna' not moniliform, 

Joints of antennae long G. 5. Psilogaster, Blanch. 

Joints of antennte short G. 2. Orasema, Cameron. 

2 Antennre lamose in male G. 6. Chalcura, Kirby. 

Antentv.TS l^iramose in male G. 7. Rhipipallus, Kirby. 

3 ScutelUun often as long as tlie abdomen 4. 

Scutellum of moderate ^ize. 

Antennre simple in male G. 8. Stilbula, Spinola. 

Antennre ramose in male. 

Metathorax unarmed G. 9. Schizaspidia, Westw. 

Metathorax with a strong lateral projection. 

fMelathoracic processes curving downwards 

G. II. Lophyrocera, Cameron. 

tfMetathoracic processes consisting of two diverging horizontal teeth 

G. 10. Tetramelia, Kirby. 

4 Scutellar processes covering the whole abdomen. 

JScutellar processes very broad G. 13. Thoracantha, Latreille. 

JJScvitellar processes long, contiguous, and tapering to the extremity 

G. 15. Uromelia, Kirby. 
Scutellar processes long and slender, generally curving inwards towards the tips. 

||Third joint of the antennae as long as all the rest together 

G. 14. Lirata, Cameron. 

i|||Tliird joint of the antennie not much longer than fourth 

G. 12. Kapala, Cameron. 

DESCRIPTIONS OF A'EW SPECIES: 

LOPHYROCERA, Cameron. 

Lophyrocera floridana, n. sp. 

rj'. Length .15 inch. Brownish-yellow; thorax with some brownish blotches ; 
legs and abdomen pale, honey-yellow. Head small, triangular, ceneous black, 
coarsely fluted. Eyes and antennse brown, the latter as long as the whole body, 13- 
jointed. The scutellum ends in two short, diverging horns, horns black. Meta- 
thorax with two prominent projections, one on each side. Abdomen compressed, 
triangular ; the petiole long, slender, smooth, the length of the abdomen. Wings 
clear hyaline, veins pale, the stigma thickened, brown. 

Hab. — Florida. 
Described from one specimen captured in April. 

ORASEMA, Cameron. 

Orasema violacea, n. sp. 

1^. Length .12 inch. Violaceous, except the tibioe and tarsi, which are yellowish. 
The head and thorax, rugose, and there is a slight golden lustre on disks of meso- 
notum, parapsides, scapulse, scutellum and pleurae. The abdomen is shortly petiolated. 



long triangulated, shaped somewhat as in some Perilampi. The antcnnre art- 
dark brown, the wings hyaline ; stigma a mere dot. 
Hab. — Florida. 

Described from one specimen collected in ]May. 
Orasema minuta, n. sp. 

(^. Length .08 inch. Head and thorax golden with some slight bluish reflec- 
tions. This species is much more finely rugose than O. violacca. The scutellum is 
very high, almost pyramidal, with the apex well rounded. Tlie legs are pale yel- 
lowish, except a fanit blotch on the middle of the femora. Abdomen jencous black. 
Wings hyaline. 

Hal). — Florida. 
Described from one specimen. 



Exomias pellucidus, Boh. 

By Archibald C. Weeks. 

(Read before the Brooklyn Entomological Society, Nov. i, 1887.) 



In the Summer of 1886, while on a collecting excursion on Staten 
Island, I found what seemed to be an Otiorhynchns of a dark piceous 
color, about \ of an inch in length. The insect was found slowly crawl- 
mg upon stone flagging, beneath some large Elm trees. The beetles 
were numerous, and seemed to emerge from the grass which lined the 
border of the flagging. I took a number, as did also Messrs. Dietz and 
Beutenmueller, who weie accompanying me. As none of my friends 
were able to identify tlie beetle, I wiote to Dr. Horn asking for informa- 
tion, and at the same time sent him specimens. Dr. Horn was unable 
to recognize it as belonging to our Fauna, and sent specimens to Dr. 
Sharp of England, and M. Bedel of Paris. In due time he heard from 
the latter gentleman, and I have received the following note. 

"I have just received a letter from M. L. Bedel of Paris who pro- 
nounces the little Otiorrhynchide to ho Exo?)iias pellucidtis, ^oh., a spe- 
cies very common in the environs of Paris at the base of the cultivated 
Fragraria (Straw-berry.) He thinks it must have been introduced here. 

Yours truly, Geo. H. Horn*." 

From the numbers of the insect seen on Staten Island, and from the 
fact, that It has since been taken by I\Ir. Beutenmueller at Astoria, L. I., 
I think we must believe it is well established in this vicinity and can be 
now properly credited as belonging to our Fauna. 

As said above, the insects that were seen on Staten Island seemed 
to come from the grass. In the absence of knowledge of its habits, no 
observations were made as to the presence or absence of Strawberry plants 
in the vicinitv 



-—189— 

A Summer Trip to Southern California. 
By Geo. D. HuLsr. 

It was my good fortune to be able to get away from professional 
duties during the last Summer. Starling from home I made my way 
without any but necessary stops till I reached I^os Angeles, Calif My 
entomological captures on the wav were but few. A Syneda, which 
l)oarded the train in Arizona. A P/iya'd, new to Science, which I found 
im a R. R. lamp u hile we were stopping for breakfast at the Needles, but 
carried in my hat f )r a da\-, it lost its beauty. At the Needles a legum- 
inous shrub was veiv attractive to butterflies, and on the Mohave L'eserl 
Lycuna exiJis was very plentiful, fiying in the hottest sunshine when the 
Thermometer ranged from 1 10 to 120 degrees in the shade. 

My first chance to do any collecting was a single day (June 22,) at 
San Diego. Among other cajnurcs I took L\cana Battoides, Behr. , L. 
Marina, Reak., Chrysophanus Hermes, Edw., (a single specimen), Lemonias 
Virgulli, Edw., L. ans/ralis, Edw., Chlorosea fasciolaria, Guen,, and 
Thainno7ioma Guenearia , Pack 

The next opportunity I had was at San Bernardino, whei'e I enjoyed 
the hospitality of ]Mr. VV. G. Wright, who in every department of Science, 
but notably in Botany and Entomology has done faithful work, Mr. 
Wright used his horse and wagon, his purse, and himself, to make my 
visit pleasant, and took any amount of trouble to show me some rarities 
"in the flesh.'" First about San Bernardino we collected nearly full 
grown caterpillars of H^miltuca Nevadtnds, Stretch. The}" were ver}- 
common, feeding on Cottonwood and Willow. Then in a swampy place, 
where knee deep in mud and water I pursued them, he showed me the 
haunt of ^V^/^iJ Wrighiii. The swamps of California are very different 
from Swamps in the East. There are no Ferns, and there is none of the 
prolific development of GeomefridLe and I\IicroIepidof-ttra. However, 1 
managed to get a Cr ambus ox two, and the rare and beautiful Orohcna 
octonalis, Zell., hitherto taken, so far as I know, in Texas only. 

Next, I was taken into the mountains to the Arrow Head Hot Springs 
Hotel. It was curious to note as we advanced how marked was the 
difference of the Lepidoptera of the plain, the foot hills, and the moun- 
tains. Colias Etirytheme held the plain ; coming to a certain point Mr, 
Wright said : "Now you will see no more Enryiheme but Barbara takes 
its place," and so it was. And here too C. Etirydice, the most beautiful 
of our butterflies on the wing, and perhaps also when spread, was seen. 
Just above the beginning of mountain rise, MelitcBa Wrightii was taken, 
having a narrow range of a 'i&\N hundred feet of elevation. Up at the 

Entomologica Amekicana. Vol. m. 29 Januahy 1888. 



— 190 — 

Ilolel I remained tliree clavs, taking among other things, Pieris Beckeni, 
VAw., Culias Barbara, II. lulw., C. Haecnii, Kdw. , Melikea^ Gabbii, 
J5ehr, M. Wiigfilii, lulw., Saiyrus Paulus, Eclw., Theda Caii/orjtiai, 
I'-dw., 7! iufcn()sli)ma/is, H. Edw. , and Chrysophanus Gorgon, liois. 

Another day I was taken up a canyon almost to the summit of the 
inouniains. litre along a lililc stream 1 took 8 C Kurydice, Bois., in 
one throw of the net, and 7 in another, all perfect but one! Here, well 
up the gorge P. Eurymedon, Ikiis. , and Zolicaon, Bois., flew. Here along 
the stream we look Limenitis I.orquinii, Bois., Hclerochroa Californica, Butl., 
Thecla Gruntis, Bois., 7! iroides, Bois., and Coptrod'^s Wrightii, Edw.. 
and near the summit on a projecting "bench " I saw Argynnis Semirami^, 
Edw., though I was unal)le to "box" it. It is the only Arg\')inis found 
there. 

One thing surpiised me, and that was the rarity of all Heterocera. 
" Sugaring " brought nothing, and light little more. Mr. Wright said 
this was in accord with all his e.xpeiience. He never had the least success 
with "sugar," and the brilliant electric lights brought very little to them. 
Only one Sphinx was taken, Dcihphila lineata, Fabr. , which is very 
common. Its larva, eaten from the hand, just suits the fastidious taste 
of the Mohave Indians. 

Leaving the Paradise of San Bernardino my ne.xt stopping place was 
Prescott, Arizona. Here, as in the main in Arizona, my visit was ento- 
mologically a disappointment. The people had gone into cattle raising, 
till at last they had overstocked the country. The cattle were dying by 
tens of thousands for lack of food. Grasses of every sort were as closely 
cropped as possible, and all shrubbery was stripped, not only of leaves, but 
offender twigs as well. There was nothing for larva; to live upon, save the 
few trees, mostly Pine. So from Prescott I went up into the mountains, 
where the country was too rough for heriiing cattle, and where there was 
absolute wildness, unbroken for many miles save by a single road. Here 
I remained for 12 days in a miner's hut, flourishing on a fare of Bacon, 
Coffee and "Arizona Strawberries," in other words Red Beans. Here I 
found Papilio Datiiius, Bois., ovipositing on Populus. Here I took Terias 
Mexicana, Bois., Neotwnpha Henshawii, Edw., and rubricala, Edw. 
Also quite commonly Thecla apania, Edw., with Lyccena Marina, Reak. , 
and our old friend Pseiidargiolus. But my best capture was Argynnis 
Xausica, Edw., which seemed to be quite common though very local in 
the bottom of the canyons at the head waters of the Hassayampa River. 
.As a White Violet was common there, its food plant is undoubtedly the 
same as that of its congenors in the East. The flight of the insect was rapid 
and the catching of it tlifficult, owing to the very rugged character of its 



—191— 

habitat. At the extreme summit of Mount Union, the highest point of 
this \ran of the Territory, 1 took two specimens oi Papilio Bairdii, Edw., 
and saw it no where else. 

Of all the Butterflies I saw, Eudamus Tilyrus, Fab., was the most 
abundant. It fed on Robinia Neo-Mexicana. Lyccetia Pseudargiolus, 
B. -L. , and Lemonias Xaxs, Edw., were also abundant. The Coliads 
were rare. I took but two Euiythemc, and saw one specimen of a yellow 
one which I could not capture. From what I saw of their flight, I feel 
pretty certain that Aspen and Willow are the food plants of Heterochroa 
Californka, Butl., Lime7iitis Lor^uinii, Bois. , L. Weidermeyeni, Edw., L. 
IVsuIa, (which was found \\\ i\\Q x'SiXXQiy Arizoneftsis, Edw., only), and 
Vant'ssa Calif or nica, Bois., as well as o{ Papilio Daunus. Bois. 

As in California Heterocera were extremely scarce. "Sugaring" 
gave no insects whatever, and light was scarcely better. I did not see a 
single Catocala where Mr. Doll found hundreds. 

The time of my visit was probably the worst time of the year, except 
Winter, for collectmg Lepidoptera. It w-as just at the end of the dry 
season, and no rain having fallen for several months, the earth was hard 
and vegetation parched. The rainy season begins from July ist to July 
15th, and continues generally about a month. The early months of the 
year, say in April and May, ought to be good, but probably August and 
September are better. 

As it was however, I took ']'] species of Butterflies in all, in very 
little more than two weeks collecting. 

In Coleoptera I did very little collecting, but from what I did obtain 
am certain that either in Southern California or Arizona one might have 
done very well indeed at the time of my visit. 



•» * ♦■ 



Larva of Hemileuca Nevadensis. 

By Geo. D. Hulst. 



The larvae were found full grown at San Bernardino, S. California, 
during the last week in June, on both Willow and Cottonwood, appar- 
ently to some extent favoring the former food plant. Mr. Doll has in- 
formed me he found the larv;^ in the Big Chino Valley, Arizona, where 
only Cottonwoods were found. 

The full grown larva is from 2|- to 3^ inches in length. The head 
is dark reddish brown, slightly conical in shape, with a slight furrow on 



— 192 — 

summit. 'I'lie body is cyliiuirical in sliape, largest at the posterior middle. 
and tapering in both ilirections, liiough less posteriorly than anterinrh. 
It is generally of a dull clay green color, varying to nearly clay white, 
and to yellowish green. This ground color is much taken up by broken 
and irregular blackish bands. One, dorsal, is narrow and generally con- 
tinuous ; another, subdorsal, is broader and broken ; a third, supra- 
stigmatal, is still broader and still more broken, being composed of ir- 
regular short lines or siriations. The portions of the grountl color 
showing, are generally more or less oval in shape. The stigmata are 
clay white, oval, annulated with black. Beneath blackish, with many 
oval shaped spots' of clay white. Prolegs black, ventral dull reddish, 
hairy, feet black. On each of the first five segments of the body and on 
the ninth and tenth are 8 spinous processes ; the sixth, seventh and 
eight have 6, and the eleventh has 5. These are arranged in rows, as 
subdorsal, lateral and substigmatal ; where the two extra processes exist, 
they are supra-pedal, and where one, it is dorsal. The supra-pedal, sub- 
stigmatal, and lateral spinous processes consist of a number of small 
spines about the base of a single larger and black spine. Those about 
the base are black at bottom, whitish yellow towards apex, black at apex. 
The subdorsal processes on the first segment are like those already de- 
scribed. On all the other segments, except the second and eleventh, 
the subdorsal spinous processes consist of one main spine with many 
small spinules growing out of it except towards the apex. The spinules 
are yellow, the central spine is black. The processes on the second and 
eleventh are a compound of both the other forms. 

The larvae were very common at San Bernardino, in many cases de- 
nuding the trees. As has been said Mr. Doll found them in Central 
Arizona, In Eastern Arizona and Western New Mexico, along the A. T. 
and Santa Fe R. R. , in many places the Cottonwoods were entirely de- 
nuded of leaves by some msect, very likely the larva of this species. 

The larvae pupated in Arizona the first week of July, and being 
brought to Brooklyn the imagines emerged about the middle of 
November. 

]\Ir. Grote in his Catalogue, 1882, puts this insect as a variety of 
Hemileuca Maia, Dru., which it seems to be. Mr. Stretch in his de- 
scription notes some differences in the color of patagiae, and the markings 
of the fore wings. But I have seen many H. Maia from Texas which 
showed the patagias of the color of the typical H. Nevadensis, and which 
varied very much in the color of the wings — some being almost immac- 
ulate black, and others having the white band almost covering the wing, 
and this too in the same sex. But in Texas as I believe in the East and 



— 193— 

North the food plant is Oak only, while in California, Nevada and Ari- 
zona the food plants are Willow and Poplar, and while Oak is in many 
places con:imon, I am not aware, that the larva has in those places ever 
been found feeding upon it. 

The lAvva. of H. A'ez'adensis was originally described by Mr. Henry 
Edwards (Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. Apl. 19, 1875). These described above 
do not differ very materially from those described by him, and yet in 
some respects they seem to vary. He found the food plant to be Willow. 



Larva of Chlorosea bistriaria, Pack. 
By Geo. D. Hulst. 



Head rounded, somewhat furrowed between the eyes. Color clay 
green, with scattered dark flecks. All parts heavily rugose. Body con- 
siderably swollen just behind the head, then the segments condnuing 
nearly of the same size to the last. Ground color of the whole, a dirty 
clay white ; somewhat russet anteriorly on dorsum, with dusky, irregular 
and broken markings below. The segments are distinctly separated from 
each other, and each one is very rugose and as well ridged and tubercled. 
First there is on each a raised ridge on each side of the dorsal line, not 
very distinctly marked with a small tubercle and hair point, on the 
anterior portion of each segment. Then a supra-lateral ridge of tubercles, 
one on each segment, angular, and somewhat extended backward, much 
after the ordinary pattern of the larvae of Aplodes. Each of these tubercles 
is surmounted at the point by a smaller cylindrical tubercle, somewhat 
spiny haired on sides, and with a single prominent spine on the summit. 
Laterally there are two oblique ridges on each segment. The spiracles 
are marked by black points. The prolegs are dusky in color, the ventral 
are of the color of the body. Food plant, the flowers of Golden Rod, 
(Solidago). 

The larvce has a peculiar method of progression, which I have noticed 
in a few other Caterpillars. As it reaches forward to advance it moves 
the forward part of the body with a trembling palsy like motion, bobbing 
the head at the same time from side to side. 

The larva has at the same time a very remarkable habit. After eat- 
ing the scales of the involucre of the flowers, it places the flowers upon 
the spines which surmount the body on each side of the dorsum. These 
soon drying, become distended, and thus the larva? is thoroughly hidden, 
as it absolutely resembles the ripening flower heads, for about all that is 
visible is composed of them. Mr. Bruce, to wliom I am indebted for the 

Entomologica Americana. Vol. hi. 3U Januaey lfS88. 



— 194 — 

larva?, writes me : "I watched one yesterday fix the flower-buds on his 
spines. He carefully bit the stalk in two, and then took the flower 
between the pair of front legs, sat up like a squirrel and nibbled all the 
outer green covering, and then turned his head around and placed the 
bud on the spine, pressing it down and turning it half round several 
times until it was well fixed, and then, seeming to be tired, took a good 
long rest. " 

He says the larviu grew very slowly, and it is likely in view of the 
lime taken for larval development that the insect is single brooded. Those 
that I received were seemingly not full grown, when no longer the flowers 
uF the Golden rod could be found to feed them; and I am uncertain 
whether they pass the winter in the larval or pupal state. 



Capturing Carabus serratus. 
By a. C. Weeks. 



The capture of this handsome Carih like that of its relatives of the 
genus Cychrus is rapidly becoming more infrequent in the vicinity of the 
City of New York. A specimen hibernating under a stone is occasionally 
taken in the Autumn or early Sprmg, but otherwise except by rare 
chance is not I believe often met with. Yet this beetle is in my opinion 
not so extraordinarily rare and familiarity with the life history and habits in 
the case of this as of other beetles previously considered rare will supply 
the collector with abundant specimens. 

The species of this genus are chiefly nocturnal and the one in quest- 
ion absolutely so. The single brood attains maturity in August and the 
beetles emerge from their places of concealment and frequent the roots 
of large trees in localities somewhat moist and comparatively free from 
underbrush, searching there for food. They likely find enough of this 
for they are both carnivorous and vegetarian and when unable to inter- 
cept some unfortunate caterpillar on its way to or from its lunch the 
beetle will gorge itself with sap or other sweet juices. This latter fact 
can be made use of to obtain them in numbers. In sugaring after the 
manner of Lepidopterists brush the syrup to the roots of the trees where 
the beetles can readily find and follow its trail. Their fondness for the 
liquid makes them indifferent to danger and indeed seems to stupify 
them and they are easily captured. 

All the species of Carabus found in this vicinity can be readily and 
plentifully taken in this manner. 



— 195— 

'A Revision of the Genera Acrolophus, Pocy, and Anaphora, 

Clem. By The Right Honorable Lord Walsingham, 

M. A., F. L. S., F. Z. S., &c. ' 



By C. F. Fernald, Amherst, Mass. 



The above is the title of a very interesting and useful paper which 
his lordship published in the Transactions of the Entomological Society 
of London, and a copy of which he had the kindness to send me. 

These insects have been in a complete muddle in the collections and 
minds of our entomologists, and we owe a debt of gratitude to Lord 
Walsingham for this timely and carefully prepared paper. 

It contains descriptions of thirty-five species (eighteen of which are 
from the United States) and thirteen genera, forming a group which his 
lordship raises to the rank of a subfamily with the name Anaphoriiice, and 
places under the " Tineidtr.'' 

The introduction of three pages is followed by the following : 

TABULATION OF THE GENERA OF A.YAPHORIN.'E. 

A. Palpi erect or sli^jhlly recurved. 
I a. Apical vein of fore wing forked. 

'* I. Palpi erect Eulepiste, Wlsm. 

II. Palpi appressed to the head Neolophus, Wlsni. 

/'. Apical vein of fore wing not forked. 

I. Antennii? bipectinate Ankistrophorus,* Wlsm. 

II. Antennne simple or serrated towards the apex. 

1. Tarsal joints of hind legs strongly fringed above 

Thysanoskelis, Wlsm. 

2. Tarsal joints of hind legs not strongly fringed above. 

AA. Palpi erect, with distinct separate tufts on each joint 

Ortholophus, Wlsm. 

BB. Palpi slightly recurved, uniformly hirsute throughout 

Pseudanaphora, Wlsm. 
11. Palpi strongly recurved. 

a. Antennce bipectinate Felderia, Wlsm. 

b. Antennre serrated throughout. 
I. Apical vein forked Caenogenes, Wl^m, 

II. Apical vein not forked Anaphora, Ckm. 



* Lord Walsingham having found that Ank/slrophoriis is ]M-eoccupied, has since 
substituted the name Homonymus for it. 



— 196 — 

c. Antenna; simple, compressed, or slightly serrated ot the ends. 
I. Apical vein forked. 

1. Head with crest erect Urbara, VVlk. 

2. Head without erect crest Hypoclopus, Wlsm. 

11. Apical vein not forked. 

1. Palpi roughly clothed throiii^hout Acrolophus, Poey. 

2. Palpi not rout^hly clotiied tliroughout Stoeberhinus, 15utl. 

The paper includes two plates with colored illustiations of eight 
species, and numerous structural details, among which the genitalia of 
the males are prominent. The adoptic^n of characters taken from the. 
genitalia, in classification is undoubtedly a move in the right direciion. 
These characters have proved of great assistance to me in the study of 
the Tortrkiche as well as to others in other families of the Lepidoptera. 



A W^icked Worm. 



This has been discovered in Germany, and is playing havoc among 
the rails. An article on the subject is going the rounds in Iron trade 
and mining papers, and as, possibly some of our readers have discovered 
it in their localities we quote from the Mining Scientific Press of August 
20lh, 1887. "The existence has just been discovered of a detestable 
microbe {sic) which feeds upon iron with as much gluttony as the Phyl- 
loxera upon the vine. Some time ago the greatest consternation existed 
among the engineers employed on the railway at Hagen by the accidents 
occuring always at the same place, proving that some terrible defect must 
exist either in the material or the construction of the rails. The German 
Government directed an inquiry to be made, and a commission of sur- 
veillance to be found for the purpose of maintaining constant watch on 
the spot where the accidents had occured. It was not however, until 
after six months had elapsed that the discovery was made. One of the 
employees had observed that the surface of the rails appeared to be cor- 
roded, as if by acid, to the extent of 100 yards. The rail was taken up 
and broken, and it was perceived that it was literally hollowed out by a 
thin gray worm, to which the qualification of 'railuvorous' was assigned, 
and by which name it is to be classed in Natural history. The worm is 
said to be two centimeters in length, and of the size of the prong of a 
silver fork in circumference. It is of a light gray color, and on the head 
carries two little glands filled with a corrosive secretion, which is ejected 
every ten minutes upon the iron. This liquid renders the iron soft and 
spongy, and of the color of rust, and it is then greedily devoured by the 
insect." "There is no exaggeration," says the official report of the 



—197— 

calamity, "in the assertion that this creature, for its size, is one of the 
most voracious Ivind, for it has devoured 36 kilograms of rails in a fort- 
night !" ! ! ! 

It occurs to us however, that this must be a close ally of the "Can- 
non worm," a still more detestable animal, which, once upon a time at- 
tacked the guns of a Russian fort so viciously that they one and all burst 
when the attempt was made to fire them. J. B. S. 



On Bolina fascicularis, (Hiibn. ) Guenee. 
By H. B. Moschler, 

Kronforstchen, near Bautzen. 

It does not seem to be generally known that Guenee in describing 
this species in his "Noctuelites" III, p. 63, No. 1398, has made a very 
considerable mistake. The Author cites under this species, fig. 443, 444, 
of Hiibner's "Zutriige zur Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge, " but 
these figures show the two sides oi Melipoiis {^Edia. Hb. , Bolina, Guen.) 
fasciolan's, Hb. To increase the confusion, Guenee also describes this 
latter species, (1. c. , ]>. 69, No. 14 12), and cites the same figures ofHiib- 
ner's book ! It is of course evident that there must be a mistake, as it is 
impossible that the same figures could show two species as different as 
fasdolaris ■And /ascicularis must be, if Guenees descriptions are correct. 
The reader will no doubt now be not a little surprised when I tell him 
that Hiibner never published a species of Bolina named fascicularis but 
Qx\\s fasciolai-is to which belong the figures of his "Zutriige. " The spe- 
cies described by Guenee z?, fasdcularis does not exist at all, but Guenee 
has mixed up two species in his description, \\z: fasdolaris, Hb. , and 
the North American species well known as Melipotis ochreipennis, Har- 
vey. He describes the fore wings of the latter, and the hind wings of the 
former species ; besides he attributes to it the hairy brush of the middle 
tibia; which shows the male oi fasdolaris . He also does not state exactly 
the fatherland of both species, as he s2Lys fascicularis occurs in the "An- 
t\\\t?,," fasdolaris \n "Brazil and Honduras." 

It is very difficult to believe so famous an author as Guenee could 
make so great a mistake, but there is no doubt he has made it ; and 
those who compare Guenee's descriptions of these two species, must, I 
am sure, agree with me. 

It seems that American as well as European Authors, even those 
most prominent, consider that the species occuring in the United States, 
and published by Harvey as ochreipennis xs fascicularis, Guen., as I have 



— I9S— 

always received Harvey's sj^ecies thus named. I sent colored dra\vinp;s 
of this species as well as of the true /ascio/an's, Hb., to Mr. J. B. Smith, 
and this author confirmed the opinion that fascicularis is synonomous 
with oc/ircipetinis, which latter hc)\vever likely belongs as a variety to 
nigrescens. Grt. & Rob. 

Of course the nameyi75f?6"«/(7/75, Guen., although published before 
ochreipennis or nigrescens, cannot stand, as there e.xists no species agree- 
ing with the description of it given by Guenee, and Hiibner never pub- 
lished a species under the name. 

With regard to Bolina hni'^.aris. Guen., a species nearly allied to 
fasciolaris, Hb. , I am not convinced it is a good species, but am t)f the 
opinion that it is the female o'i fasciolaris. The differences between the 
two are the clay yellowish color of the head, thorax, and basal half of the 
fore wings o{ hinearis, while the color of these parts in fasciolaris is dark 
brown ; besides the yellow band running through the basal half oi fasci- 
olaris is wanting in lunearis. But all these ditierences may be .sexual as 
the sexes of (?c//rg{/5e«;//j show similar variation. The size of the wings, 
the disposition of the ornamentation of the fore wings, the color of the 
outer half, and of the hind wings, as well as of the underside, exactly 
correspond in lunearis with fasciolaris. There is also a small white 
angular line upon the head between the antenna?, and this, as it is fcHind 
so far as I know in no other species of the genus, is, I think, of import- 
tance in establishing their identity. 

I have never seen a male oi lunearis, nor a female oi fasciolaris ; and 
moreover these two species occur in the same localities : for instance, I 
have received them from Porto Rico, and I saw only females of lunearis, 
and males o{ fasciolaris in the large collection of my friend Dr. Staudin- 
ger. Guenee himself was not convinced that lunearis was a good species. 
It would be of very great mterest to me to hear of any Lepidopterist who 
has both sexes of one or the other of these species. 

The fatherland of yajc/o/^/r/5, Hb., is the West Indies, Columbia 
and Brazil ; that oi lunearis, Guen,, so far as I know from Guenee, and 
personally, is Cuba, Porto Rico, and Brazil. I do not doubt but this 
species will be found everywhere whexQ fasciolaris is found to occur. 

Ochreipennis is found only in the United States. INIr. J. B. Smith 
writes me that he has never seen a true North American specimen of 
fasciolaris, Hb. This species must therefore be stricken from the lists of 
North American Lepidoptera. 

Walker in his " List" cites fascicularis (Hb. ) Guen., whh fasciolaris, 
Hb. , as he did not recognize the mistake made by Guenee. 



— 199— 

Society Meetings. 

Brooklyn Entomological Society. Dec. 6, 1887. Fifteen members present. 
John B. Angelmann, of Newark, N. J., was elected a member of lae Society. 

Messrs. Graef and Hiilst were aijpointed a Committee to see the proper authori- 
ties to ascertain if the Society could obtain tlie u^e of rooms for meetings in the Hoag- 
land addition to the Long Island Medical College. 

As arranged at last meeting an auction sale of j^resented insects was held and 
with only a pait ot these sold the sum of S47.49 was realized. 



Ent. Soc. Washington. Nov. 3, 1887. Mr. Schwarz read a paper on the 
Insects living on Uniola panicitlala, as observed by him at Cape P'lorida and near 
Lake Worth in Southern Florida. The Insects are on Oxacis and Hymenorus densiis 
feeding on the ears of the plant ; a Phhrothrips living between the blades ; the com- 
mon chinch bug, which occurs in this Southern latitude only in the brachypterous 
form, and develops some peculiar habits ; Collops nigriceps, which, in the imago 
state frequently feeds on the pollen ; RIordellistcna spldndats which develops within 
the ?tems of the grass, and finally a Heiniptychu^ which in the larva state lives in the 
stems vacated by the Mordellistena. A full series of specimens illustrating the life 
\n>iovy oi Mordt'liisU-na spleitdens was exhibited and explained. Mr. Schwarz also 
spoke on the periodical abundance of mosc|uitoes on the shores of Biscayne Bay, 
whenever the regular trade wind ceases to blow. At such times there is a curious 
correlation in the increase of the numbers of mosquitoes on \\\c one hand, and of 
certain species of dragon flies on the other. Mr. Schwarz finally called attention to 
a peciiliar habit noted by him in Danais Berenice which congregated in great numbers 
on stones which had been heated by fire. 

Mr. Smith exhibited a specimen of Ciciudcla Belfragei which shows a peculiar 
abnormity in the shape of an acute tubercL- on the left side of the prothorax. Mr. 
Smith further called attention to some modifications of tarsal structure among the 
Arctiida:, He finds that some genera, as Ecpantheria and Leucarctia have the claws 
cleft to the base. Others, as Phragmatobia znd FirrJiarctia have them dentate at 
the tip, while in Spilosoma and Anlarctia there is a distinct long tooth at the middle 
of the claw. The claws are not always alike on all feet, and where there is any 
difference the fore tarsal claws are the ones that are modified. What systematic 
value this structure has, is yet uncertain. There are two distinct series indicated in this 
family by the venation, by the position of vein 10. In one series it arises from the 
subcostal before the end of the cell, in the other it arises from a stalk with 7, 8 and 9. 

Dec. 8, 1887. Dr. Marx read a paper on the Morphology of the Scorpionidie, 
illustrating the same by a series of carefully prepared drawings ot the various structural 
details. Mr. Schwarz made a series of smaller communications, with exhibitions of 
specimens. He showed specimens of the insects referred to by Mr. Smith in his paper 
on "Ants Nests and their Inhabitants" (Amer. Nat. 1886, p. 686) viz: Tapinoma 
sessile, an unnamed Heteropterous larva, an undescribed Anlhiciis and the two species 
ot Teinopophus, which, all occuring under the same conditions and at the same place, 
e.-vhibit a rather remarkable resemblance in general appearance. The galleries made 
by Pityophthorus jiiinutissivms under bark of Red Oak branches were exhibited, and 
Mr. Schwarz pointed out that these galleries closely resemble those of P. qturciperda, 
exhibited at a former meeting. The galleries all seem to be the work of the parent 
beetle, and the larva probably do not make any galleries o( their own. Mr. Schwarz 
also exhibited specimens of Otidocephahis Poeyi, Chevr., from Southern Florida, and 



— 200 — 

called attention to the remarkable character of the species, briefly mentioned by 
Gyllenhal. This consists of a large fovea on the upper side of the beak, which 
Suffrian entirely misinterprets and considers an abnormity. The fact is that tliis 
spoon-shaped fovea is a secondary male character not recurring in any other de- 
scribed species of the genus. Mr. Schwarz also exhibited larva;, pupx and imagines 
ol Bonvoiihiria, recently found by him at Bi.scayne Bay, Fla., and described the life 
history of the insect and more particularly the first appearance ot the snow-white 
efflorescence with which the thorax and a spot on the elytra of the imago is covered. 
Mr. Schwarz finally pointed out that Dr. Harris in his account of the Pear-blight 
Tomidis (Phhxotribus limnaris) apparently mixed two species, the forms he mentions 
as living under Elm bark being in all probabiliry Hylesimis opaailus. 

Mr. Howard read a paper entitled "A misconcqjtion regarding the Leconte 
edition of Say." The title page of this edition reads "The complet-; writings of 
Thomas Say on the Enlomology of North America," but finding several papers not 
included in this edition Mr. Howaid concludes from a paragraph in the ))reiace that 
the editor simply intended to bring together the dcscriplh-e paf>ers of Say and that 
the title page is therefore very misleading and the cause of a very general misconcep- 
tion on the part of Entomologists, as to the scope of the work. 

Mr. Smith gave some notes on his expsrience with Museum |5ests. Psocids he 
finds come universally into boxes however tight, and are readily controlled by 
Naphthahne. The Derineslids, Anthremis and Megaloma are not affected by Naphtha- 
hne to the extent of preventing growth and transformation. It acts however as a 
repellant to the parent, and seems to'check development of the young larva. Boxes 
of similar nature in similar situations always showed infection more commonly where 
no Naphthaline was used, while boxes with cones were as a rule free, or with a very 
slight infection only. Tight boxes with Naphthaline cones remained free while the 
cones lasted, and some time after showed young larva where it was ahnost impossible 
that the infection should come from the outside. The common pest in Washington is 
Anthremis variiis. A lot of boxes received from North Carolina proved invested with 
Attagams larva ; those developed were killed, and the boxes were supplied with 
cones — for over a year no larvae developed. After the cones had evaporated, they 
were not immediately replaced, and in a .short time when the boxes were again 
examined it was found that a very general development of small larv;v — evidently 
only a very short time from the egg had taken place. As Attagenus is not common 
in the Museimi and as no other boxes were similarly infested, he concludes that the 
Naphthaline prevented the development. Other instances were mentioned showing 
that the eggs of these beetles may under some circumstances remain undeveloped and 
sound for an indefinite time. He also finds bi-sulphide of carbon a positive destroyer 
of the insects in all forms save the egg. It will not however reach larv;v in large 
beetles like Copris or moths like the Attaci. Boxes exposed to the light are less affected 
than others. He also exhibited some cocoons of a Microgaster found jsarasitic on 
Anthremis, and noted several other features in the history of the beetles, among which 
he mentioned that in the warmed rooms of the Museum the insects breed continually, 
all stages beinii found at all seasons. 



A Correction. 
On page i6o Mr. Howard corrects Mr. Jiilich for his use of the 
word Elder in his Article page 123. The mistake was an error in Proof 
reading. The word is Alder in his manuscript. 





AmeriqAna 



VOL. III. 



BROOKLYN, FEBRUSRY, 1888. 



NO. 11, 



Address of Mr. G. W J. Angell, the Retiring President 
of the Brooklyn Entomological Society. 



"Mr. President and Gentlemen: 

The precedent, established by m\ 
predecessors in office, calls for an address from me, on retiring from the 
presidential chair. As a preface to the few remarks I have the honor to 
lay before you to-night, I would thank you all for the hearty support 
and encouragement, which have made my official duties a pleasure, not 
a burden. To preside over a body, composed of so many different minds, 
such widely varying ideas, can be no easy task. Some laws are neces- 
sary ; too many, but become a burden, and simply serve to clog the 
wheels in the very work they are fratned to aid. I have tried to steer 
midway, between the rocks of rigid discipline and the hidden dangers of 
too great license. The past year has had its full share of cares and dis- 
couragements. At times we have been face to face with financial struggles 
it seemed hopeless to grapple with : yet you have bravely put your 
shoulders to the wheel and the threatened dangers disappeared. 1 hese 
trying ordeals are safely passed, all clouds of petty strife have faded, and. 
now to-night we meet together with one thought, one aim ; the love and 
advancement of our cherished Goddess, Science. Once more we stand 
on the threshold of a new year, with little to regret, much to congratulate 
ourselves upon. To-night I lay aside the duties of official life with 
mingled feelings of gratitude and regret; yet the mantle of authority has. 
fallen on more worthy shoulders, an abler hand is at the helm ; my less 
has been your gain." 

Entomologica Americana. Vol. hi. 31 Febkuary 1888. 



-202 — 



On the Position of the Genus Pleocoma, Lee, 
in the Lamellicorn System. 
By Dr. Gerstakker. 



Il is sufficiently well known ihat those related forms termed families, 
as well in the Insects as in the oilier ifivisions of animal life, range them- 
selves in larger, more sharply ilelined groups; sometimes easily, and 
sometimes only with the greatest difficulty. The latter occurs naturallx 
where all the members of a large group have essentially the same fot^d 
and life habits, while the former is more usual when differences in habii 
bring about modifications of structure, which afford characters valuable 
in systematic classification. In the Coleoptera for instance, the LamelU- 
cornia would be classed among those, which, sharply defined as they are 
from others, would admit of a much more ready and satisfactory division 
into naturally defined groups, than in say the families of the Elateridce, 
Btipresiidw, or even the Carabiihc, MeIasomi(he and Ceramhycidcc. While 
in the latter group the case can readily occur-- in fact has repeatedly oc- 
curred — that a newly discovered genus offers so many and so variouslv 
combined characters, that the exact jjosition and relationship will be dif- 
ferently determined according as the student values the often very obscure 
and subordinate structural characters, such doubts scarcely exist at all in 
a fiimily like the Lamellicorns, or at least confine themselves to such 
isolated genera which as for instance Pantodinus and Euchirus are so near 
to the border line between two nearly related groups, that they might 
with almost equal justice be referred to either. When therefore the case 
does exceptionally occur, that in such a family a newly discovered genus 
is, by an able and careful student, entirely misapprehended as to its 
relationships, the reason is clearly to be sought in the fact that in such a 
type the subordinate or habital peculiarities predominate and obscure 
and crowd out of view the essential characters to such an extent that 
they are entirely overlooked. 

The extraordinary genus /'/(.'(?C(7/«(?, described by Leconte in 1856, 
became known to me in 1866 in a single example in the collection of the 
Berliner Entomologische Museum, and aroused in me, even at that time, 
the gravest doubts as to the correctness of the position assigned to it by 
Leconte as a near relative of the Geolrypini; but I was unable at that time 
to oppose that view from the examination of a single specimen which 
also lacked the antenna — so highly important in classification. I might 
have done so successfully in 1872 or '73 when a second, perfect example 
o{ Pleocoma fimbi-iata came into the possession of the Berliner Museum 
from the well known Californian traveler Alphons Forrer, but was pre- 



—203— 

vented by other work from a careful study of the specimens. At the 
present time, as I have also another specimen of the same species from 
the Greifswald Zoological Museum and three specimens from the rich 
collection of my friend C. A. Dohrn, and as I was thus able to make not 
only comparisons of superficial characters but also of those not visible in 
situ, I hesitate no longer in endeavoring to prove what I had long 
suspected — that the genus belongs to an entirely different group, remote 
from the Geopirypidtc. 

Leconte himself since 1856, when he first described the genus, has 
several times referred to the systematic position and relationships of this 
genus. While he at first considered it as related to the Dynastini he after- 
ward changed his views so that he considered it as holdmg a middle posi- 
tion between that group and the Geoirypini and finally came to the con- 
clusion that it was the representative of a new group, nearly allied to the 
Gtolrypmi and which he termed Phocomini. 

That he still adheres to this view seems to appear from the " Index 
to the Coleoptera described by John L. Leconte" (Tr. Am. Ent. Soc.,lX, 
p. 197-272) revised by Leconte himself and therefore authoritive, because 
in this publication the genus Pleocoma is (p. 233) still in the same place, 
between Gevtrypes and Kigacus, that it occupied in Leconte's Catalogue 
of the Coleoptera of North America (1863). Let us however follow Le- 
conte a little more closely in his notes and opinions on this genus during 
the past nineteen years. 

In his "Notice of three genera of Scarabidae found in the United 
States" (Proc. Ac. N. Sc. Phil. VIII, 1856, p. 24) after an enumeration 
of the characters which seemed to him important and peculiar to the 
genus Pleocoma, he says as to its relationship :— " A very remarkable in- 
sect apparently belonging to the DynastidcE, but differing from all the de- 
scribed genera of that tribe by the eleven-jointed antennae having a four- 
jointed club ; the seventh joint might almost be considered as belonging 
to the club, but is only half the length of the four following. The very 
long hairs fringing the body give a strong resemblance in appearance to 
Syrichthus. The anterior tibiae are somewhat as in Athyreus ferrugineus 
and other Geotrupides, but the teeth are more unequal ; the anteocular 
lateral horns are also seen in that species ; the eyes are very large, and 
contract the mouth so much beneath that the maxilte and mandibles are 
invisible, or have been destroyed by insects ; the thick hair also prevents 
me from seeing the form' of the mentum. The form of the prosternum is 
the same as in Athyrncs ; the anterior femora are very densely clothed 
with hair on the anterior surface. The anterior and posterior tarsi are un- 
fortunately destroyed ; the middle tarsi are exactly as in Athyreus. Doubt 
must therefore be entertained whether this species should be placed with 



— 204 — 

the Dynastidae or Geotrypidae ; the form of the antennae is equall\ re- 
pugnant to each, while the irregular puncturing of the elytra finds lu. 
parallel in the latter tribe." 

The only species there described, Pleocoma fimbriahx, was know ]i !i. 
its author only in a single, very imperfect example received from (.'.i,i- 
fornia through Haldeman. He adds that according to ]\Iotschulsk\ ihere 
were examples of this species in the Museum at St. Petersburg, also from 
California, and thai Motschulsky considers it as closely allied to the Geo- 
trypid genus Ceratophyus, Fisch. 

In the "Report of Explorations and Surveys for a railroad route 
from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean" Vol. XII, (Entomological 
Report, page 40, pi. I, fig. 13 and 13a) Leconte gives another diag- 
nosis o{ Pleocovia fiynbriata based on the same specimen from which the 
original description was made, but in a foot note gives another character- 
ization of the genus differing in important pardculars from that previously 
given, and based, not on that specimen, but on others since received, 
and differmg also in their smaller size. While in the original description 
the club is said to be/owr-jointed, it is now said to be 5(?z^6'«-jointed, the 
entire number — eleven — remaining the same. The mandibles and maxilla^ 
are said to be "ifiviste, minula>." To this altered generic diagnosis, Le- 
conte adds that these, newly received, perfect examples of this i)eculiar 
genus, of which he could then make only a hasty examination, had not 
given him more definite information in reference to its relationships. Al- 
though the antennae being eleven-jointed agree with those of the Geo- 
trypidiB yt\.\k).€\x structure is entirely different as well from those of the 
GeotrypidcB as from the more allied groups, and the smallness of the mouth 
parts seems to indicate a new group between the Geotrypida; and the 
Coprint. The differences between the first specimen and those later re- 
ceived, in size, structure of antennae, punctuation and clothing of thorax 
&c., he is inclined to consider as sexual. Referring to the original, large 
specimen, described in the text, he says— contradicting the foot note — 
"As the oral organs and abdomen are destroyed, I cannot tell whether 
the genus belongs to the Dyttastides or Geotrupides ; in either case the 
four-jointed antennal club is equally remarkable. The aflinities, so far 
as I can understand them, seem to be rather with Geolrupes." 

A further notice of this genus appears in 1859. In his "Catalogue 
of the Coleoptera of Fort Tejon, California," (Pr. Ac. N. Sc. , Phil., XI, 
p. 71) Leconte gives a detailed description of the mouth parts of this in- 
sect from a specimen found in the stomach of a bird, and adds the fol- 
lowing remark : — " It will thus be seen that combined with the 1 1 -jointed 
antennae with polyphyllous club, the characters above detailed are 
abundantly sufficient to establish this genus as a new group, related to 



GcolrupidiS and Copri<Lr, with, however, strong tendency towards the 
D\naslide group oi Scaruh. pleurosticti.'' 

This new group is characterized under the name Pltocoim'ni \x\ 1861 
(Chassification of the Coleoptera of North America, p. 123 and 128) and 
in the "List of the Coleoptera of North America." ])ubHshed in 1863, at 
p. 37 is ph^ced among the ScarabcBida; lapaiosthti between the groups 
'' Gcotrupini'' and "■' Acanlhocermi." ^ At last, in 1874, (Note on the 
genus Pleocoma, Lee, in Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. V, p. 81-84) Leconte gives 
a resume of his statements made in his earlier publications on the genus 
mentions the two species, Pleocoma sioff, and hirticollis, described in 1870 
by Schaufuss (Nunquam otiosus H, p. 50) anci nt)w first makes known, 
what is of the highest importance, the true female of the genus. This is 
considerably larger than the male, oval and strongly convex, furnished 
with el\tra but without wings, with stronger legs, and short tarsi, not 
more than one-third the length of the tibia?. The prolongation of the 
head is short and broad, not emarginate nor bifurcate, the frontal horn is 
short, the thorax closely punctured, and not indented ; the antenna; are 
much smaller with smaller, rounded club. Before proceeding to a de- 
scription of the four species known to him {P. fiinhriata r^, Behrensii (^ 
9, hirlicolHs (^ 9' ''^"^ Edzvardsii (^) Leconte mentions having re^ 
ceived a larva h'om Mr. Behrens, found deep in the earth, and described 
and figured by Osten-Sacken in an appendix to this paper (Description of 
the larva of Pleocoma, Lee, by Baron R. Osten-Sacken). Of this larva 
Leconte says that it justifies the erection of a special group for this genus 
and that its characters fully confirm the opinion already expressed regard- 
ing the relations of the genus. 

At all events from these five publications of Leconte it sufficiently 
appears that the systematic position of the genus caused him in the earlier 
years a considerable amount of thought. Only after he had during five 
years undergone considerable changes of opinion did he arrive at a defi- 
nite, and afterward repeatedly confirmed conclusion. The, at first, "ap- 
parently Dynasti-form " genus changed to him next to a middle thing 
between the Pymis/i'niand Geotrypini, then to the representative of a special 
group to be placed between the Copn'ni and Geotrypini, and still later the 
Dynastini and Copn'ni are dropped altogether, and the special group Pleo- 
cornini figures among the Scarabaido' laparosticfi between the Geo/rypini 
and Trogini. 

To the latter conclusion, which seems to have become fixed with Le- 
conte, it is obvious that only the following train of thought can have led 
him : — The Geotrypitii are the only known Lamellicornes possessing eleven 
jointed antennae; therefore this genus Pleocoma which also possesses 
* The same position is retained in the 2nd Ed. of the "Classification" 1883. — J.B.S. 
Entomologica Amkkicana. Vol. hi. 3'2 Febkuary 1888. 



— 2o6 — 

eleven-jointed antenna.-, is, despite the difference in the form of these an- , 
tenniv most closely allied to them. Now as the Geotiypini are laparosticii I 
Lamellicornes I consider myself justified in placing this genus which also 
has but eleven antenna! joints in this division. That this placing was 
due only to reasoning by analogy, e.xtraordinary as it may seem, is forceil 
upon one by the fact that he nowhere speaks of having examined the ab- 
domen for the position of the stigmata, and positively mentions that the 
specimen first described by him hail hail the abdomen destroyed. 

But what, actually, is the structure of this abdomen } Undoubtedly, 
in view of the many characters contradicting the relationship with the 
Geotrypini, an answer to this question was of primary importance, because, 
pro- or con. decisive. I, therefore, with the growing conviction that Pleo- 
coma had nothing in common with \\\t Geotrypini, but despite the eleven- 
jointed antennae, could belong only to the Melolonthini, did not hesitate 
a moment about obtaining certainty by an e.xaminaiion of the carefully 
removed abdomen of one of my specimens. This examination proved 
positively, what I fully expected, that the large spiracles of the second and 
third, and the smaller ones belonging to the fourth and fifth abdominal 
segments, had, in Pleocoma, precisely the same siluaiion as in Melolontha, 
i. e, on the superior portion of the ventral segments, and not on the 
membrane connecting the corneous dorsal and ventral plates as in Geo- 
trypcs and Copris. 

From this it appears at once that P/eacoma does not belong to the 
ScarabLcidw laparosticii aX. all, and that the relationship assumed by Leconte 
to exist between this genus antl the Geotry/ini and Copr/ni -as at first stated, 
or the Geotrypini and Trogini, as finally stated, was entirely without base. 
Certainly he would have been much nearer right in the conviction at first 
forced upon him, of its relation to the Dynastnii •&% agreeing with them, 
this insect is at least a p/turostict. But that, even disregarding the entirely 
different situation of the spiracles, Pleocoma shows no real relationship to 
the Geotrypini hwi only a certain habitual agreement with some of them, 
and an agreement in unimportant details with others is fully demonstrated 
by an examination of all really important characters. 

As to the habitus of Pleocoma, it is not to be denied that it reminds 
one of the females Ceratophytis, Fish. ; but of all the Geotrypid forms it 
reminds one of that only. As Leconte himself .says a closer comparison 
is at once opposed by the entirely different sculpture of the elytra, and 
in this respect the resemblance to Syrichthus wovdd he vastly more ob- 
vious. Further, as regards the agreement of the prosternuni with that 
oi Athyreus prominently mentioned by Leconte, 1 am utterly unable to 
discover any such ; in Athyreus it forms an inflated trigonate or heart 
shaped jjlate, and at this j)oii)t in Pleocoma there is only a small. 



(.lepressed margin before the coxa*. With imich more justice than to the 
prosternum, Leconte might have referred to .the very obvious similarit}- 
which exists between Alhyiciis and particularly Balbocerus on the one 
side, antl Pleo o7na on the other, in the large size, great convexity. 
smoothness, and brightness of the eyes, though this is as little decisive, 
systematically, as the similarity mentioned by Leconte between the two 
genera in the form of the anterior tibia and middle tarsi, for this can be 
equalled in a still more striking manner in another group of the Lamel- 
licorns {Mek/un/Iu'dce). 

Under no circumstances can these analogies, so far as they really 
exist, weigh against the fundamental differences, which two of the most 
important structures — the antennae and mouth parts — show at a glance 
to exist between the Gtotiypini and Pkocotna, and with perfect right did 
Leconte insist that on these characters it was impossible to unite Pleo- 
coma with that Coprophagus group. The antennae have nothing in 
common except the number of joints, eleven. With all the variations in 
form of club offered by the Geotrypid genera, it is yet constantly three- 
jointed, and alwa\s sharply limited from the funicle or stem, while in 
Pleocotna it varies from four to seven joints in the species and runs grad- 
ually into the funicle or stem — a peculiarity which, omitting the Ltuanini 
and Passalini, is found onl}- in the MelolonthidcB among the Scarabceids. 
In like way the mouth parts are diametrically opposed in structure : in 
the Geotrypini a large, transverse, horizontal labrum, broad, free, prom- 
inent mandibles, well developed, in comparison with the palpi large 
maxillae, the inner lobe appearing furcate owing to a deep incision, and 
finally a large, also transversely developed mentum (compare King, Ueber 
die Gattungen Athyreus und Balboceras, Taf. II, Fig. I bis IVa, b) ; in 
Pleocoma on the contrary a very small, rather long, deflexed labrum, en-- 
tirely rudimentary, concealed mandibles, small maxillae, reaching scarcely 
to the end of the first palpal joint, the inner not split, and a very small, 
oblong mentum. 

When therefore the genus Phoama neither in the position of the stig- 
mata, nor in any other important structural character agrees with the 
G^.o/rvpini, but is to be ranged with the Scarabaeidas pleurosticti ; the 
next question would be, whether it is, in this group, entitled to take 
rank as a distinct tribe (Pleocomini). This question also is to be 
answered by a decided negative, because those very characters used by 
Leconte to separate the genus from the Geotrypini ^ao. identical with cha- 
racteristic peculiarities of some of the Meloloiithidce. By the structure of 
the antennae alone Pkocotna is at once excluded from ever}' other group 
of pleurosticti Lamellicornes [Dynastini, Alelitophila and Rulelini) because 
in all those the club is distinctly three-jointed, and sharply defined against 



— 208— 

the stem or fiinicle. Even lliose undeniable hal)itiial analogies which the 
genus lias with the Dynastini in color, sculpture of elytra, prolongation 
of front, horned head, indented thorax, &c. , cannot obtain against this 
decisive character ; thougli it was these very points, which are not usual 
in the Melolonlhidw, which prevented the recognition of the genus as a 
member of that group and led to its association with entirely heterogenous 
forms. 

In fact Plcocoma does not only not lack any of the characteristics of 
a Meloloiithid antennae, but even possesses all the peculiarities in the most 
prominent form. To be sure, against this, the number of jcjints, eleven, 
might be urged, as all hitherto known genera possess only 8-, 9-, or 10- 
jointed antenniv. But in view of the already known variability in number 
of antennal joints the fuiiher increase by one could be the less surprising, 
as eleven is evidently the original and normal number, and the decrease 
to 10, 9 and 8 can be considered only an departure from the normal 
structure, aliliough it is one which among the Lamellicorns is wide- 
spread. At all events the /"/t'ycw/wti antennae show — if we ignore one of 
the short joints of the funicle which at any rate vary in number — entirely 
the structure of a Melolontha , Rhopcca. Macrophylla, or Elaphocera anten- 
nae : not only in the comparative difference in size of club, between (^ 
and '^ , but also in the more iiuimate connection between the funicle 
and club, by a gradual enlargement and unilateral broadening. Further, 
in this, that the joints modified into the lamellate club vary — Rhoptra to 
seven, five and three, Macrophylla fi\e and three, Pkocoma seven and 
four-- in difteient species of the same genus ; and that as in Melolontha, 
Anoxia, R/iopwa, Rhizolragus, Loihtiodcra et al, the lamellate joints aie 
clothed at the edges — the first and last also at its free surface — with slilT 
bristles. All these are peculiarities, which, partly by themselves, partly 
in their combination, are characteristic of the Melolonthid antenna. 

Now as the situation of the stigmata in combination with the joroved 
antennal structure, places Pleocoma primarily among the Meloh)7ithidii\ 
so do other of its characters, as the structure of the mouth, the attenuated 
tarsi, the dense woolly clothing of the breast, and the free, not connate, 
ventral segments, point with entire certainty to the jmrticular systematic 
position which is to be occupied by this genus. By all these characters 
Pleocoma is referred to the group denominated Leptopodidce by Burmeister, 
and more particularly to that part of it named Pachypodidi.e by Erichson. 
The more comprehensive Leptopodidce which et]ual the Tanyproctini and 
PacliypodidcP of Erichson are characterized by Burmeister precisely by the 
slender tarsi and free ventral segments, and form in fact an equally natural 
as well defined group. Within this group appear two modifications in 
structure of mouth parts: on the one hand normally developed as in 



209 — 

Leontochteta, Macrophylla, Tajiyproctus and allies ; un the other all parts 
except palpi aborted as in the Pachypodiikc. Such al)orted mouth parts 
which agree in all essentials with those of the Fachypodidce, exist, as 1 have 
satisfied myself by examination, in Pleoconia. They agree indeed with 
those o'i Elciphocera and Paihypus so closely that one might feel inclined 
to refer the figures of the mouth parts of those two genera given by Erich- 
son (Entomographieen, Taf. I, Fig. a-c und g-i) to those o{ Pkocoma. 
Especially is it the small, stumpy, triangular mandibles, and the entirely 
rudimentary lobes of the maxillae which Pleocoma has in common with 
Pachypus and Elaphocera, while nowhere else, in the entire family of the 
Lamellicornes, rich as it is in forms do we find its equal. But also by . 
an entire series of other agreements or at least similarities do we find the 
close relationship o'i. Pleocoma with Pachvpus and Elaphocera entirely con- 
firmed. With Pachypus, Pleocoma has in common the concave depression 
of the anterior part of prothorax, and the untoothed, simple, pointed 
claws of tarsi ; with Elaphocera the relative size, the great convexity and 
polish of the eyes, and the close fringing of side margin and felt like 
fringing of hind margin of pronotum. Despite the simple tarsal claws, 
and the indented prothorax, Plcotoma is much nearer to Elaphocera ; for 
it has in common the short, transversely developed, equally outlined pro- 
notum, the not dilated tibia, not shortened and broadened femora, the 
elytra not narrowing posteriorly, and the bjilliant polish of the upper 
side — all this in the male. But particularly in the female, which offer 
precisely the same dissimilarities from the males — the greater convexity, 
complete elytra, but lacking wings, thicker legs with shortened tarsi, 
shortened antennal club, yet having the same number of joints &c. , are 
Pleocoma and Elaphocera closely allied. 

The acquaintance with the female in itself, ought, in my view, to 
have demonstrated to Leconte the INIelolonthid nature of the genus. 

That, with all its agreements with the two above mentioned Pachy- 
• podid genera, Pleocoma yet has several peculiarities foreign to the others 
in their entirety, cannot be denied. Yet even in this, it is not singular 
in the PachypodidLC but simply enlarges the circle of aberrant unique 
forms : as indeed Pachypus and Elaphocera themselves are, in both sexes, 
as different as can be in habitus. As particular generic peculiarities of 
Pleocoma, beside the eleven-jointed antennas with the club varying in 
number of joints in the specie?, might be viewed, on the one hand the 
well developed horn of the head, especially in the male; on the other 
hand the strikingly dense and long woolly clothing of the breast, which 
reminds one of PeotilothtP/a, Lachnndera, Anoxia et al ; and lastly also 
various peculiarities in the torm and clothing of legs. Primarily in the 
tarsi, there is, while equally slender, an essential dift'erence from Pachypus 



2IC 

in the proportion of the joints. While in the latter genus the fifth joint 
is but little longer than each of three preceeding joints, and is somewhat 
shorter than the first, it attains in Pleocoma double the length of the 
fourth. The tarsal joints are here also not only furnished at tip with stifl" 
bristles but are also furnished throughout with bunches of much longer 
and finer hair. 

After having in the preceeding disproved all the grounds brought 
forward by Leconte to justify his placing Pkocovia with the Geotrypini, 
by proving its Melolonthid character — in the imago state — , it remains 
to examine the remark of the author that the larva described by Baron 
von Osten-Sacken "fully confirms" the placing of the genus between the 
' Geoirypini ?iTtd Trogini. That the " Pleocoma-larva " made known by 
Osten-Sacken belongs to the Scarabseidae laparosticli, admits indeed of no 
doubt, for It possesses the divided maxillary lobes, insisted on by both 
Erichson (Naturgesch. d. Insect. Deutschl., p. 716) and Schiodte, (Na- 
turh. Tidskrift 3 Raek., IX p. 253) as characteristic of this division. But 
on this proof of a laparostict Lamellicorn larva, are in fact all of Von 
Osten-Sacken's statements in reference to its relationship to be confined ; 
what goes beyond, the imagined near relationship to the larva; of the 
Geolrypini ■^x\<\ 7/'(?^?'«z' may be easily proved erroneous. But must not 
the above proved Melolonthid nature of the imago, fail, by the fact that 
the larva decidedly contradicts the structure of a pleurostict Scarabeid.'' 
If the latter were really the case, doubtless ! But how is it proved 
that the larva described by Von Osten-Sacken is really that oi Pleocoma} 
Certainly not through the statement of Leconte, that he received from ]\Ir. 
Behrens a larva^ — undoubtedly Lamellicorn — found deep in the ground, 
alone ! And nowhere is there furnished any proof of its relation \.o Pho- 
conia, which, as in California the most various Lamellicorn larva must 
live in the earth, seems absolutely necessary. The disproportionate length 
alone- — 50 mm., or rather greater than the full grown larva of Mdolontha 
vulgaris — given by Osten-Sacken woukl seem sufficient to give rise to the 
gravest doubts as to its relationship to Pkocoma. The doubts must nec- 
essarily lead to a direct negative to the above question, if it is proveable 
that from the descrij)lion and figures of Osten-Sacken the larva baselessly 
referred to Pleocoma cannot belong anywhere but to a group already well 
known in its early stages — i. e. \\\c lAicanidie. I maintain therefore shdrily 
and positively that the larva can have no possible connection with 
Pleocoma. 

That the remarks of Osten-Sacken, added to his descri])ti()n, in refer- 
ence to the relation of this larva to those of other known Lamellicorns, 
are particularly inclined to invite confidence, can hardly be mainiainrtl. 
To compare a 50 mm. long larva with Geolrypini and Trogini is strange 



— 211 — 

lo begin with ; but to place it as even closely related to the Geotrypini 
proves entire ignorance of the larva of the latter. To be sure Osten-Sacken 
refers only to a table by Chapuis and Candeze in their Catalogue des 
larves des Coleopleres, p. 115, in which the characters of the laparostict 
Lamellicorn larvae are analyzed. Strangely enough, this table contains 
the entirely fiilse statement that the segments of the Geotrypid larvae are 
furnished with transverse foldings, which is not the case ; while in the 
same table the Lucanid larva wliich have these folds or wrinkles, are de- 
clared to be without them. As little as Frish, IMulsant and Erichson 
mention such wnnkles or folds, so little does Schiodte (Band IX, Taf. 
XVI) in the unsurpassed figures given by him. So in this direction it is 
impossible to speak of any relation between the smooth ringed Geotrypid 
larva, and the wrinkled, so called Pleocoma larva. The Trogid larva? — 
which are still further removed by their size from this " Pleocoma larva" 
— seem, according to Chapuis and Candeze figures to have such wrinkles, 
but they seem to extend the full length of the larva, while in Osten- 
Sacken's figure they do not exist on the two enlarged end segments (in 
Trox these segments are narrow and tapering). In addition it appears 
however that this newly discovered larva does not agree with that of 7>o.r, 
either in the structure of the mouth parts, nor yet in that of the antennae: 
especially the latter, which by their greatly elongated basal joint prove 
typically different. In view of these mistaken remarks of Osten-Sacken 
as to the relationship with the Geolnpini and 7'rogiui, it seems doubly 
strange that in his search after the nearest allies of the supposed Phocorna 
larva, he failed to hit on just that group of laparostict Lamellicorns which 
their size and structure most indicated — i. e. the Liumiidcc. And that 
it belongs to a member of this famil}-, an examination of the mouth parts 
and antenna; leaves hardly doubtful. Only in the Lucanid larvae, among 
all the laparostict or even pleurostict Lamellicornes heretofore known, do 
we find the characteristic slender three-jointed antenna, on which the first 
joint is especially noticeable from its great length, which is so well shown 
in the figure of the so called PUocoma larva. That this, in ray opinion, 
only possible view, can "be in any way contradicted by the statement that 
this larva was found deep underground — while as is well known Lucanid 
larva live in decaying wood — I cannot admit, in view of the fact that no 
details in reference to the finding of the larva are given. 

Note by Translator. This paper Irom the Stcttiner Ent. Zeitschrift for 1883, 
pp. 436 450 has not attracted the attention it deserved from American students. Dr. 
Horn urged its pubhcation long since, although he disagrees with the views of Dr. 
Gcrstaecker. In the Classification and in Heiishaw's recent list the genus still retains 
its old place. Mr. Rickseckcr's notices of one of the species have added something 
to our knowledge: of its hi-tory and others of our Pacific Cast friends should be able 
to complet- the work by finding the real larva of some of the species of the genus. 

J. B. Smitu. 



Pleocoma Fimbriata, Lee. 

By L. E. Ricksecker. 
Santa Ro.-a. Cal. 

A year ago I gave lo the readers of " Ent. Amer. " some notes re- 
garding the habits of this interesting species, and hoped to be able to ob- 
serve them more fully this year, but owing to my absence fiom home, 1 
was prevented from doing so. However, as I had some boys watching 
the field, the recurrence of the brood, in great numbers, was observed b}' 
them, and under circumstances exactly similar to those recorded last 
year. Our October rain, — which generally falls during the first half of 
that month, and is of sufficient volume to soak the soil six inches or 
more in depth, and thus set at liberty the Pleoeoma imprisoned by the 
hard baked crust during the Summer months, — failed altogether this 
year. We had a slight shower in September but not enough to penetrate 
to the required depth, although I heard of PUocoma being seen, after this 
rain, further up the coast, showing that where sufficient rain fell the bee- 
tles were ready to emerge. Our first rain fell November 5ih, and the boys 
report finding a few Pleocoma, but there was not enough rain to soak 
the earth thoroughly and consequently the beetles were scarce. On Nov. 
28th there came a storm lasting about a week and immediately the whole 
brood emerged, the air being full of the black, flying males. Of the 
apterous females, large and brown in cok)r, five fine specimens were secured. 



Southern Form of E. scribonia, Stoll. 
By Annie Trumball Slosson. 
Ecpantheria denudata, n. var. 

I feel assured from further examination of the form of scribonia 
referred to m previous note (Ent. Am., Jan., "88), and by the opinion of 
other Entomologists, that it deserves to be made a variety. 

I venture, therefore, to give it provisionally the above name. In 
Smith's Abbott, \o\. II, p. 137, I find a description and figure of typical 
form under the name PhaLena ociilatissim.i. An. additional note says : 
'' There is a smaller Phalasna in North America, nearly allied to this in 
the marking of its upper wings ; but all the wings in that are naked and 
pellucid towards their tips, and the back almost entirely yellow. Eabricius 
seems by the English Museums to have confounded these two species." 
In my specimens there is no more yellow on abdomen than in the 
ordinary form. In fact, I see no deviation from type, except in the in- 
variably pellucid and denuded tips of both anterior and posterior wings. 
I know nothing as yet of the larva, but shall endeavor to investigate the 
subject more thoroughly this coming Spring. 



— 213— 

New Species of Geometridse. (No. 4.) 
By (}e(J». D. Hulst. 



Heterolocha? Snoviaria, sp. nov. 

Expands 28 mm. Head, thorax and abdomen ocher, the al^domen sh"j;htly 
lighter than the other parts. Antennte smoky ocher. Fore wings deep ocher, loosely 
and somewhat irregularly dusted with dark brown specks. A dark fuscous, almost 
black line, rather irregularly scalloped, loeginning on costa just within apex and 
reaching the inner margin two-thirds out from ba>e ; the points of the scallops are 
turned oulwaid, and each one has in its sinus a while space forming thus a broken 
white line. The dark scalloped line is distinct on outer edge, indistinct on inner, 
and fades gradually into the ground color. Discal point Hue, black. Fringe whitish 
with indistinct smoky spaces between the veins. Hind wings white, with a laint 
ocher tinge, immaculate. Beneath much as above, Vnit with surface smoother, more 
indistinct, the outer space on fore wings lighter, the inner more fuscous. 

1 (^, N. Mex. The insect was received b\' me from Prof. F. H. 
Snow of the University' of Kansas in whose honor I give it its specific 
name. He stated that it was not a unique, but I am not aware how 
many other specimens he may have. 

Eois parvularia, sp. nov. 

Expands 12 mm. Head, thorax and abdomen dull fuscous brown. Wings clay 
white overlaid with fuscotis. A faint basal cross line, a more decided cross line on 
the outer space, beginning three-fourths out upon the costa and reaching the inn.'r 
margin two thiids out. This line is slightly bent, strongly wavy. This is followed 
by a band of even width of a color somewhat darker than the general color of the 
wing. . Discal points faint. Hind wings small with the lines and bands of the fore 
wings continued. Beneath as above, with the outer band a little more marked. 

I J^, 2 99, Texas. 

Eois ? scintillularia. 

Expands 10 mm. Head dusky ferruginous. Thorax and abdomen dark smoky 
ocher, the abdomen with indistinct darker annulations. Fore wings brownish, 
overlaid with dove color to jiist beyond black discal point where the color terminates 
in a faint lerruginous line lunning parallel with outer margin; another faint sub- 
marginal line of the same color. Space beyond the first line yellowish, somewhat 
clouiled. Hind wings reddish brown at base, slightly washed with dove color, 
reaching to discal spot, which is dark indistinct ; the rest of the wing yellowish with 
a curved bright narrow line just beyond discal point, and a broad line or narrow 
bund of the same color in submarginal space parallel with outer margin. Beneath 
the same general markings repeated in fuscous a'ld light ocher. 

I (^, Fla. Presented to me by Mr. Wm. Beulenmiiller. This in- 
sect is jirobably the smallest of all our Geometers. It is decidedly pretty 
and peculiar. I place it provisionally in Eois, although it is generically 
distinct from anything I knt)W. 

En- TOMOLOGICA .Xmeiucana. Vol. hi. 'AM Februauv 1H88. 



— 214 — 

Cleora punctomacularia, sp. nov. 

Expands 40 ami. All the ]3arts of an even smoky Miie gray or dove color. 
Fore wings with a hardly determinate inner line with its position however marked 
by the black short streak on each vein. Discal spot black subquadrate, somewhat 
diffuse ; an outer row of black points on veins nearly parallel with outer margin. A 
marginal line of black points. Hind wings with an outer curved row of black points, 
a broken black marginal line. Beneath gray with a lusset shading on lore wings 
anteriorly. 

2 (^(^, 2 9 9' Cal., Vancouver Is. This species was, I think, 
known to Dr. Packard, but was probably regarded as a varietal form of 
C. nigrovenaria. I have no doubt however of its specific distinctness as 
the direction, as well as the location of the indicated lines do not at all 
agree with those of C. nigrov.naria. Pack. 

Cleora atrifasciata, sp. var. 

Expands 43 nnn. Palpi blackish ; front light ochreous ; collar fuscous ; thorax 
smoky ocher ; abdomen ocher, somewhat fuscous, with fuscous dash on dorsum on 
each segment. Wings light ocher, edged brokenly with dark brown along costa. At 
the middle a broad black band reaching across wing ; inner edge irregularly waved, 
somewhat bent inwardly ; outer edge waved, strongly bent outwardly at middle ; a 
fuscous spot along costa near apex ; a broken black marginal line. Hind wings with 
less of an ocher shading than front. wings ; an intramedian cross line, blackish, ob- 
solete anteriorly, bent at middle outwardly, the whole wing dusted more or less with 
fuscous, especially within the median hue. A marginal line of black points. Discal 
point faint. Beneath light ocher, discal point inonn'nent. Black band of lore wings 
indistinct clouded fuscous. 

I 9) Cal. I am quite of the opinion that this may bean aberration 
of some known species, probably of C utibrosaria. Pack., or C. venaria, 
Grt. 

Boarmia furfuraria, sp. nov. 

Expands 42 mm. Head and thorax gray. Abdomen fuscous. Wings all light 
gray overlaid with striations and washings of fuscous, the washings shaping them- 
selves into an indistinct outer scalloped band ; faint indications of a bent median 
band shown by undecided blackish points. Discal spots black, distinct on hind 
wings, a marginal line of black points on all wings. Beneath very white gray, al- 
most white, the forewings 'omewhat washed with fuscous. 

3 (^<^, Col. 

Boarmia atrolinearia, sp. nov. 

Expands 35 to 38 mm. Palpi lilack, third segment white : front white. Anten- 
nae black above, gray beneath ; thorax gray with black edge in front ; collar light 
gray ; abdomen black and gray, banded on anterior segments, gray with black spots 
on dorsum on posterior segments. Wings light to dark gray. Basal Ime rounded, 
geminate. Middle field lighter than other ]iarts, median line faint, running through 
discal spot, which is oval ; outer line distinct, black, wavy dentate, not much bent 
or angulated ; outer field with reddish shade. Hind wings with faint almost obsolete 
niedian line. Outer line scalloped, some angulated at middle, ou'.er field wi;h faint 



—215— 

waves of white aiK- gray. Beneath dirty ^lay ; a median Hne on all wings of distinct 
black points. Discal spot on fore wings i)lael<, rather large. 

I (-f , I 9 . Ky. Nearest to B. pavipinaria. 
Boarmia fuliginaria, sp. nov. 

Expands 35 mm. The whole insect above and below is of a dark smoky brown 
color. On all wings the black discal spots show faintly, and on the fore wing, just 
beyond disk, aie three lengthened black spots faintly showing at base of veins 2, 3, 
and 4. Hind wings with faint indeterminate blaik points near center of wing. 
ISeneath unicoloi i.>us, a little less dull smoky than abox'e. 

I (^, 111. This ma)' possibly be a case of melanism, but if so I am 
iinalile to tell to which one of our common species this referred peculiar 
lorm shciuld be. 

Boarmia Fernaldaria, sp. nov. 

Expands 40 mm. Ground color uniformly a light gray formed of a white base, 
ovtrlaid with iuscous scales. Body lirown, or gray and dark gray ringed. Base of 
wing, brown, with an olivaceous tint, lines as in B. crcpusciilaria. Beyond third 
111. e is a broad band of even width across the wing, brown or olivaceous in color. 
Beneath, almost white, the brown band faintly showing through. 

■ 2 ^(^, I 9, Me. Named in honor of Mrs. C. H. Fernald of 
Amherst, Mass., to whom I owe my first specimen of this insect, and to 
whom 1 am grateful for other favors. The insect in its lines approaches 
very near to B, crepuscularia, but the band is very distinctive. It may 
possibly be an aberration or variety of that species. 

Boarmia floridaria, sp. nov. 

Expands 17 mm. Head, thorax, wings and abdomen, smoky blue-gray. Three 
hne black lines cross the fore wings, all of them being bent and wavy. The basal is 
strongly bent out near costa and inward near inner margin ; the second, which in- 
cludes the discal spot, has a sharp bend at middle; the outer has two sharp bends 
outwardly near middle. These lines are nearly equidistant from each other and sub- 
parallel. Hinds wings with the two outer lines continued both bent, wavy, dentate. 
Beneath, even smoky gray. 

I J^, I 9, Fla. 
Boarmia Wrightiaria, sp. nov. 

Expands 28 mm. Head, thorax and abdomen, light clear gray. Wings un- 
evenly gray ; lines of fore wings very oblique, the outer with a large bend inwardly 
near innei- margin ; both discal and outer lines geminate ; basal line wanting ; discal 
>pot black ; a submarginal blackish line edged outwardly with whitidi. Hind wings 
with faint parallel median and submarginal shadings ; discal spots black. Fore wings 
with inner angle rounded and outer margin very oblique. Hind wings very much 
rounded with a notch at end of vein 5. Antennne longer than usual, heavily pecti- 
nated almost to end. Beneath even dark fuscous with black discal points. 

4 1^(5^. Taken at San Bernardino, Calif. Named in honor of Mr. 
VV. G. Wright who has helped very much to give a knowledge of the in- 
sects of S. California and to whom I am under obligation for many favors. 
The insect looks mticli like a Lepiodes. 



— 2 l6 — 

Boarmia ? plumogeraria, sp. nov. 

ICxpaiuls 44 nini. Palpi very short, these with head and tlioax dark L;tay. An- 
tenna; half the length of the fore wing, very lengthily and evenly pectinated to the 
end. Fore wings dark gray ; a dark basal and median hne both bi oad and lounded 
inwardly, and both very faint ; outer line more distinct, narrow, wavy, straight, 
nearly parallel with outer margin, passing just bcyor.d black discal ^pot ; a sub- 
marginal line broad, quite faint ; marginal line black. Mind wings slightly lighter 
than the fore vvmgs. a broad median line passing through black discal s]:)ot, and a 
broad submarginal line. Beneath, nearly as above, but less determinate. 

1 (^, Cal. I saw specimens also in the collecrion of Mn \\'. (j. 
Wright of San Bernardino, C'al. The insect is not a ty[)ical Boarmia, 
and is easily'known by its plumose antennae in which it surpasses any 
tether American Geometer. 

Tephrosia Texanaria, sp. nov. 

Expands 24 mm. Head parts dark fuscous to gray. Thorax, alulumen and 
wings olivaceous gray. Fore wings with three lines, the basal even rounded, the 
medium fainter discal, the enter clear ili.-tinct, fine, waved and curved just beyond 
disk ; three black spots on costa at end of veins ; the outer line is edged outwardly 
with light gray, and this is followed by a reddish band ; a submarginal waved whitish 
line and a row of black marginal points. Hind wings correspond with the fore wings, 
the lines and colors continuing, except that the-basal line is wanting. Beneath, in 
markings much as above, but smoother, less distinct, and without any reddish. 

8 J^J^, 699, Te.xas. 

Tephrosia fautaria, sp. nov. 

Expands 30 to 32 mm. Head and thorax reddish ochreous ; abdomen ocher, 
fore wings light ocher to reddish ocher, loosely striated with blickish. Hind wings 
lighter. All wings with an outer line of black points parallel with outer margin, one 
point on each vein ; discal spots black ; a marginal row of black points on all wings. 
Beneath as above or with black points obsolete. 

4C^J^, 2 9 9, Calif 
Tephrosia celataria, s]i. nov. 

Expands 32 mm. Palpi ochreous fu--cous. Head, antenn;ie and thorax, fuscous 
gray. Abdomen ocher, somewhat fuscous on anterior segments. .Fore wings gray, 
finely powdered and striated with black ; discal point small, black ; marginal line of 
black points. Hind wings light gray, finely but not heavily peppered and striated 
with black ; discal spot black, small ; marginal line of black points. Beneath, even 
sm^ky gray, somewhat darker along costa. 

2 J^^, Havilah, Calif. 

Tephrosia carnearia, sp. nov. 

lixpands 26 to 30 mm. Head and thorax reddish ocher ; abdomen the same or 
ocher. Fore wings rounded, broad, leddish ochei- to maroon reddish, most decided 
on the middle and outer fields ; an indistinct fuscous band, extra basally, another 
extra discally ; an apical submarginal fuscous clouding : di.-.cal spots black, 
small. Hind wings ocher with some fine blackish striations, especially out- 
wardly ; outer and anal marginal spaces reddish ; a row of bla;k ^pots on margin. 



Bt'iR'ath, ocher, somewhat dusted with black, costal margin reddish ; discal spots 
black, small. 9 ln'^t-r, with more of a violet shading, and this not so distinct. 

2c^(^. 2 9 9, Calif: 

Tephrosia Nevadaria, ;-p. nov. 

Expands 30 mm. Head and thorax bright ochicous ; abdomen ochreous fuscous. 
Antennae much more finely pectinated than is usual. Fore wings even ochreous 
fa-cou> to outer line ; iinier lines wanting, outer line broad, band-like, even, parallel 
with outer margin ; beyond this line an ochreous space, then to margin fuscous; 
dis al ^^pot black, distinct. Mind wings light gray, finely striated with ocher fuscous ; 
di-cal spot distinct; a niaiginal row of black points on all wings. Beneath as above 
with all wings lighter, except akmg coital and outer margins of fore wings. 
I (^, Sierra Nevada JNIountains, Calif. 

Hemerophila Packardaria, sp. nov. 

Expands 31 mm. All the parts generally of a dark fuscous color, formed by a 
light fuscous ground, generally but ^qammosely covered with black atoms. Discal 
point of fore wings white, annulated with black ; lines two, both very oblique, the 
iiii er mecb'an, laint, the outer extra difcal, distinct, rounded out at middle, reaching 
cosia just within apex, and inner margin at middle, edged outwardly with a light 
li e ; a faint submarginal light line ; marginal line of black points ; fringe interlined. 
Elmd wings unevenly scalloped on outer edge, with discal point black or inclosing 
white point ; a black median line, distinct, subparallel with outer margin slightly 
an^ulated and edged outwardly with white. A light, rather laint submarginal line ; 
margin black ; fringes intei lined. Beneath, nearly even dark fuscous ; discal points 
whitish aniinlated. 

4 (j^ J^, Calif. Named in honor of Dr. A. S. Packard, who, more 
than any other, has advanced our knowledge of the Geoineindce of N. A., 
and to whom I make grateful acknowledgment of assistance. 

Semiothisa cassiana, sp nov. 

Expands 22 mm. Uniloimly even squammose gray. Fore wings with three 
lines ; the basal and median heavy, black, diffuse, approximate, parallel ; the median 
includes the discal point, which is white annulate with black ; the third line is fine, 
faint, sometimes obsolete, with a large sinus on anterior half. Three black spots on 
costa at ends of lines. Hind wings with first two wings continued, but fainter or 
subobsolete. Beneath, nearly even loose gray. 

2 (^(^, 2 99. Eastern U. S. I have often had this insect 
sent me, and have with much suspicion looked upon it as a form of S. 
ocellinata, Guen. The shape of the wings is however different, as well as 
the position and direction of lines. It is also a stouter though a smaller 
insect. I have often found it at rest on the trunks of Willows, and have 
little doubt, that tree is the food plant of the larva. 

Aspilates unicoloraria, var. nov. 

I give this name to a variation o[ A. desperaria, which seems to be 
quite prevalent in Colorado. The insect is of the same general color as 
desperaria, but the Hues are obsolete, and the whole surface of the wings 
is of a loose striated fuscous color laid upon light gray. 



— 2lS— 

The American Species of Callimorpha. 

By Geo. D, Hulst. 

We have received from its author a very interesting and valuable 
paper, published in the Proceedings of the United States Natl Museum, 
entitled "The North American Species of Callimorpha, by J. B. Smith. " 

At about the time this was i>ublished, a paper appeared in the Can, 
Entomologist, Vol. XIX, No. lo, entitled ''The North American Calli- 
morphas, bv H. H. L\man, M. A.", and in the same periodical. \\)1. 
XIX, No. 12, ]\Ir. Smith has made a statement based upon the article 
of Mr. Lyman. 

Both authors have given much study to the subject and the e.xaniin- 
alien of Mr. Smith into the bibliography and structure of the species 
seems to be exhaustive. lioth had abundant material at hand, and from 
different sections of the country, Mr. Lyman had the additional ad- 
vantage of an examination of the British Museum collection. We might 
expect much to interest and instruct and >ve are not disappointed. 

The conclusions of these two gentlemen very nearly agree, but they 
differ very widely from the ideas which have prevailed in the past, and 
which are probably now held by the majority of Entomologists. 

]\L-. Grote in his Catalogue, 1882, gives the current o})inion in 
grouping all our forms of Calliinorpha under 3 species. I\Ir. Smith makes 
9 species, Mr. Lyman 8 ! 

The Doctors indeed do not agree with each other in conclusion, 
but they agree that all the rest of us have been very far away from the 
truth. Their disagreement is on the right of Vesialis, Pack., to be called 
a good species. An examination of Dr. Packard's type will probably 
bring agreement on this point between them. The species as Mr. Smith 
finally tabulates them, are: i, Clymcne, Brown, (interrupto-marginata. 
Beau.) ; 2, Co/ana. Hb., (Clymene, Esp. , preoccupied) ; 3, ladata, Smith : 
4, Lecoti/ii, Bd. ; var. militaris, Harr. ; 5, cotttigua, Walk.; 6, suffusa, 
Smith ; 7, confusa, L^inan ; 8, ftdvicosta, Clem. ; 9, ves/alis, Pack. 

We are glad the octosyllabic inltrrupfo-margijiata is to drop from 
nur lists and labels. The concUi-^ions of tl^ese gentkmen both of abilitv. 
and practically verifying each other we icccive, but with a sort of (iallileo 
consciousness we shake our heads, and say, "there are not so many 
species after all. " 

We call attention to the fact that our correspondent C. H. T. Town- 
send has followed in the footsteps of many other good Entomologists, 
and has gone to Washington, D. C. His address is no longer Constantine, 
Mich., but War Dep't, Adj. Gen. Office, Washington, D. C. 



— 2 IX) — 

Deilephila lineata, Fni, 

A nnte was made in an article entitled "A Summer Trip to Southern 
California " concerning tlie fact that the Mohave Indians leed on the raw 
\ar\x u{ Da'/t/'/i //a /jMcv/</. Mr. W. G. Wright, from whom we received 
our information, has since sent us an article written by him, and published 
in the "Overland Monthly Magazme"' Sept. 1884. In that article are 
Some remarks bearing t)n the subjeet, so interesting, that we print them. 
He calls attention in the letter that we misrepresented him in saying the 
la rvai were eaten rcrw ; and we cheerfully admit the mistake of our 
memory and insert the curreciion. What he saw is given in the story of 
a trip in the desert. "In an hour we come to the caterpillar pasture. 
Tiie sand is dotted with mats and patches of procumbent plants, much 
resembling in flower the common garden verbena, Ahrotiia umbellaia, 
A. viscosa, on which vast armies of caterpillars — the larvae oi D. lineata — 
are feeding ; they are huge worms three and four inches long. Another 
smaller army of Indians — bucks squaws, and papooses — are out gather- 
ing them as though they were huckleberries, for use as food. The Indians 
do not notice us, but go on with their gathering. Seizing a fat worm, they 
pull ofif its head, and by a dexterous jerk the viscera are ejected, and the 
wriggling carcass is put into a small basket or bag, or strung upon 
strings and hung upon the arm or about the neck, till occasion is found 
to put them into a large receptacle. I got three of these gathering 
baskets. One is funnel-shaped, holding a quart or two ; another is like 
a large, flat saucer, and the third is similar, but with a deep rim. At 
night these Indians carry their prey home, where they have a great feast. 
Indians from a long distance come to these worm feasts, and it is a time 
of great rejoicing among them. I asked one of the young man if these 
worms made good food ; he replied, "Yes, very good indeed, in slew.' 
Of another old fellow we asked where these worms all came from, and he 
replied: "From the good God." The larva; that are not consumed at 
the time (and they eat incredible quantities), are put upon ground pre- 
viously heated by a fire, and thoroughly dried, when they are packed 
away whole, or pulverized into a meal.'' G. D. H. 
^-♦-♦^ 

Notes on the Larvae of Arctia Brucei, Hy. Edwards. 
By David Bruce, Brockport, N. Y. 

I first met with this moth above timber in the Snowy Range, Park 
Co., Colorado, July 7th ("87)— altitude 12,500 ft. It was sitting on a 
rock and was a fine female. In the course of the day she laid eggs. A 
few days after this I caught a" perfect male as it was flying briskly in the 
sunshine. This was at least 13,000 ft. elevation. A nii'a Qiiensellii wnsnui 



—220 — 

Uncommon at the same time and place, also flying by day. From (he egg's 
mentioned, I bred 6 perfect imagos. A j)air of these also mated and gave 
me a small brood of eggs. The larva; from these are now hybernating 
about one-third grown. The eggs were waxen yellow and rather large for 
such an insect. They hatched in lo days. The larv.x; were black at first, 
but became more hoary at each moult. When full grown the\- appear to 
have a broad dorsal line of light gray hairs, then a black line along the 
sides, and a gray line along the spiracles — in reality, ihey arc covered 
with tufts of bustly hairs like the rest of the genus ; these hairs are very 
black, but on the upper side of the top row of tufis are a few pure white 
hairs m each tuft — and the row on each side thus meeting on the back 
of the larva, form the apparently gray dorsal line. The same effect is 
repeated with the lower rows of tufts, forming the gray line about the 
legs. The head, feet, and the rest of the hairs or spines are black. They 
fed on Polygonum and Plantago and were extremely sluggish at all times. 
They fed for 27 days and emerged from pupa 14 days after. In the 8 
examples I have seen, scarcely any variation either in color or markings 
occured. 

Society News. 

Brooklyn Entomological Society,— Regular Monthly Meetint; held Jan. 3d. 
16 members pre.sent. The followini^ were elected Officers lor the year 1888 : 

Pres., Ed. L. Graef; Vice Pres., Ottomar Dietz ; Treas., Chris. H. Roberts; 
Rec. Sec, A. C. Weeks ; Cor. Scr., G. W. J, Angell ; Librarian, Rich. F. Pearsall ; 
Ciira/ors, M. L. Linell, (Coleoptera ), Wm, Beutenmiiller, (Lepidoptera), A. C, 
Weeks, (Other Orders) ; Exftulive Committee, Gustav Beyer, F. H. Chittenden, 
Charles Palm, Rich. F, Pearsall, A. C, Weeks; Publication Committee, the Editors 
ex-officio. G. W. J. Angell, Wm. Beutenmiiller, Hy. Edwards, B. Neumoegen. 

The retiring President, Mr. G. W. J. Angell, read an address which was ordered 
to be ])rinted in Ento. Am. 

The Treasurer gave his report lor the year, showing receipts $584.75 with dis- 
bursements $574.54. There is a large amoiuit yet owing the Society, enough to pay 
all obligations and leave a handsome surplus. 

The Lil)rariau and Chief Curator also I eportcd. The latter called atlenlion to 
the very excellent collection o( local Coleoplei a in the Cabinet of the Society. 

Mr. Graef reported that he had seen Dr. Hoagland and that the Society had 
been granted the use of rooms free of rent in the Hoagland Laboratory. The building 
would probably be completed so we could move it. for our March Meeting. 

Mr. Hulst proposed to make the next volume of Ento. Am. ol 9 numbers only, 
subscribers to be charged $1.50 for that volume ; the object in view which he con- 
sidered very important was to have the volumes correspond with the year, and after 
this short volume the volumes would continue of 12 numbers corresponding lu the 
months of the year and beginning with J>inii^ry. The proposition was referred to 
Publication Committee to report at next meeting. 

There was an auction sale of specimens donated by members and $17.85 was 
realized. 




AmerigAna 



VOL. III. 



BROOKLYN, MARCH, 1888, 



NO. 12. 



Catalogue of Species of the Higher FamiHes of the North 

American HETEROCERA, described since Grote's 

"New Check List" (1872), with those omitted 

from that pubHcation. 



By Henry Edwakds. 



In my studies of late years among the Bombycidai and allied groups 
belonging to our fauna, I iiave very frequently come upon names of 
species, given by early authors, to which I could find no reference in any 
cjf our catalogues, or the works accessible to me, and I adopted the plan 
of making a card list of these for my personal use. This system enabled 
me to clear up many doubts and perplexities, and I have deemed that 
the results of my labors might prove acceptable to my entomological 
friends. The results I hope soon to publish under the title of "Popular 
Talks about the Higher Heterocera of North America." but I find it an 
absolute necessity before doing so, that a full list of all our species de- 
scribed up to this time, should be before me, and I therefore offer the 
present catalogue as a contribution in that direction. It may possibly be 
objected, that I have introduced into my list names long consigned to 
oblivion, but I think it best (as they are but few) that their real meaning 
should be made known, and that they should find their proper place in 
synonymy. Among them are some of Walker's species, and if the publi- 
cation of them in this list will induce Mr. Butler, Mr. Kirby, or Mr. 
Grote, to enlighten us upon them, their mention now will not have been 
made in \ain. I allude more especially to species described and quoted 
by Walker in the "British Museum Catalogues," and to those mentioned 

Entomologica Americana. Vol. hi. 34 March 1888. 



l)y Boisduval in "Species (jencral" and "Lepido])tera dc la Califoinie. ' 
It is possible thai not a few of these may exist with a wrong locality at- 
tached to the specimens, as shown by Mr. R. H. Stretch (Can. Entom.) 
with regard to Dystauxes viediasiiyia, Hiibner, and b}- Mr. Grote, (Ann. 
L\c. N. York), with reference to one of Hoisduval's s])ecies of Thyris, 
and \o Sph. Sirohi. If this be so, however, it is well that we shoidd 
know it, in order that confhcting opinions regarding such species may be 
set at rest. On the oilier hand, it is probable that a few of the species 
mentioned may \et await re-discovery by our entomologists, and that 
tl'ev are fully entitled to a position in our lists. 

1 may here state e. g. that Sph. lycopersici, Bois. , is the Californian 
forn-. o{ Phltgethoftiius Carolina^ L. , and that it is a heavier insect, much 
lighter in coloration, and in every way entitled to at least a varietal name. 
Ikit on this, and such sul)jects, I desire to speak more fully later on, and 
I will ndt therefore anticipate. Mr. Grote's admirable "Check List" has 
been of immense service to all lepidopterists, and considering the great 
amount of labor involved, it is remarkably complete. But it is to be 
regretted, that though ]\Ir. Grote did not desire to cumber his work with 
too great an attention to synonymy, he should have omitted some nam.es 
of older authors which would have lightened the labors of the student. 
It was hardly possible in a list of the character to which we allude, that 
some omissions should not occur. These I have endeavored as far as 
possible to repair, and I hope that very few species (if any) accredited to 
North America, have been passed over by me. The present catalogue 
contains 13 genera new to our fauna. It enumerates 247 species and 
varieties of which 151 have been published since Grote's list — 47 were 
omitted bv Mr. Grote, and 49 bear the names of older authors, and are 
among the doubts waiting to be cleared away. I desire however to state 
that among ]\Ir. Grote's omissions in the ^Egcn'mLr, I am responsible 
for II species, thus reducing those left out of the "Check List" to 36 — a 
very small number indeed, when we take into account the volumes to be 
searched and the references to be made. The present catalogue com- 
mences with the Sphingi(Le and ends with the Hepialidce. I have in some 
cases altered the names of the families and subfamilies, using those which 
are most popular, but have endeavored to follow closely the sequence of 
the genera as given by Mr. Grote, removing the genus G7iophccla how- 
ever, to what is now conceded to be its proper position, viz : near to the 
Arctiida. The references have been made with care, and I have in all 
cases added the year in which the species is described. As nothing 
human is perfect, I shall be greatly indebted to any of my friends if they 
will point out errors, and offer suggestions, should an appendix to this 
catalogue be called R>r. 



Fam. SPHINGIDiE. 

Lepisesia, Gr. 
Ulalume. Strecker. Lepid. Rhopal. Heteroc. , p. 135, pi. 15. 1877. 

Hemaris, Dalm. 
Metathelis, Butler. Revis. Sphingidu?, p. 519. 1876. 
Etolus, Boia. Spec. Gener. Sphingida?, p. 370. 1874. 
Pvramiis, Bnis. " p. 372. 1874. 

(irutei, Biiller. Ann. Mag. N. History, (= a.xillaris, Gr. ). 1S74. 

Pseudosphinx, Bunneister, 
Teirio, L. Se:e //y. Edwanis, Can. Entom., vol. 20, p. 20. 1888. 

Philampelus, Harris. 
Typhon, King. See Hr. Edwards, Can. Entom., vol. 20, p. 14. 18SS. 

Smerinthus, Latr. 
Populicola, Bois. Spec. Gener. Sphingidse, p. 22. 1874. 
Imperalor, Strecker. Lepid. Rhop. Heteroc, p. 125, pi. 14. 1877. 
Pavoninus, Bois. Spec. Gener. Sphingidoe, p. '>)'] (= excaecatus). 1874. 
Astarte. Strec/ier. Proc. Acad. N. Sc. Philad., p. 283. 18S4. 

Ceratomia, Harris. 
Ulmi, Leconte '\n \'\L See Bois. , Spec. Gener. Sphingidee, p. 53. 1874. 

Macrosila, Walk. 
Collaris, Walker. Cat. B. IVI. Heterocera, p. 201. 1856. 

Protoparce, Burmeister. 
Dalica, Kirliy. Trans. Entom. Soc. London, p. 243. 1877. 

Sphinx, L. 
Strobi, Bois. Lepid. de la Californ., p. 67, 1869. 
Lycopersici, Bois. Spec. Gener. Sphingidse, p. 71. 1874. 
AndromediE, Bois. " p. 89. 1874. 

Insolita, Lintner. Papilio, vol. 4, p. 145. 1884. 
Separatus, Neumoegen. Papilio, vol. i, p. 92. 1881. 
Saniptri, Strecker. Lepid. Rhop. Heteroc, p. 118, pi. 13. 1876. 
Coloradus, /. B. Smith. Entom. Amer. , vol. 3, p. 153. 1887. 

Fam. yEGERIIDiE. 

Melittia, Hubn. 
Flavitibia, Walker, see Bois. Spec. Gener. Sphingidae, p. 479. 1874. 
Ceto (var. ) Westwood. See Walker, Cat. B. M. Heteroc, p. 66. 1856. 

Sciapteron, Stand. 
PrKcedens, Hy. Edwards. Papilio, vol. 3, p. 155. 1883. 



-224-- 



Fatua, Hy. Etlw. 
Palmii, Hy. Edivards. Can. Enloni., vol. 19, j). 145. 1887. 

Saunina (sic) Walker. 
Uroceripennis, Bois. Spec. Gener. Sphingida?, p. 465. 1874. 

iEgeria, Fabr., Sesia, Fabr., (S;c. 
Asiiipennis, Bois. Spec. Gener. Sphingidce, p. 391. 1874. 
Mellinij)ennis, Leconie \n lit., Bois. Spec. Gen. Sphing., p. 402. 1874. 
Xiphix'Tormis, Bois. Spec. Gener. Sphingida?, p. 409. 1874. 
Bibionipennis, Bois. " p. 421. 1874. 

Tipuiifbrmis (var.) Linn, see W(7/k. Cat. B. M. Hetcroc. , p. 30. 185A. 
Chrysidipennjs, Bois. Lep. Californ., p. 64. 1869. 



Nomadaepennis, Bois. 


1 1 


p. 63. 


186c 


. 


Praestans, //y. Edwards. 


Papilio, vol. 


2, p. 


98. 


882. 


Quercis, ' ' 




P- 


98. 


S82. 


Prosopis, 




P- 


99. 


882. 


Candescens, " 




P- 


123. 


1882. 


Bolteri, 


vol. 


3. P- 


'55- 


18S3. 


^mula, " 


Pyrrhotaenia, 


P- 

Grote. 


155- 


1883. 


Behrensii, Hy. Edwards. 


Papilio, vol. 


2, p. 


123. 


1882. 


Winfeldii, 


vol. 


3. P- 


156. 


1883. 


Subsrea, '' 


( ( 


P- 


156. 


1883. 


Animosa, ' ' 


" 


p. 


156. 


1883. 



Elda, 



Entom. Amer. , vol. i, p. 4-9. 

Fam. THYRID^. 

Thyris, Illigcr. 



1885. 



Fenestrina, Ochsenheimer , see Bois. Sp. Gen. Sphingid., p. 4 
Vitrina, Bois. Mongr. Zygenides, p 19, pi. i. 1829. 

(These two are doubtful N. A. species. See Grote, Ann. Lye. N. Hist.) 
Platythyris, G. & R. 
Granulata, Netimoegen Papilio, vol. 3, p. 137. 1883 
Floridana, Hulst. Entom. Amer., vol. 2, p. 182. 1886. 

Sagalassa, Walker. 
Perspicua, Walker. Cat. B. I\I. Heterocera, p. 7. 1856. 

(This genus is said by Mr. A. G. Butler to belong to the Micro-Lepidoptera.) 

Fam. HETEROGYNID^. 

Thia, Hy. Edwards. 
Extranea, Hy. Edwards. Entom. Amer., vol. 3, p. 181. 1887. 



1874. 



— 225 

Fam. ZYGJENID/E. 

Alypia, riuhn. 
Matuta, //)'. Edwards. Papilio, vol. 3, p. t,?)- 1883- 
\\'iufel(.iii, Hy. Edwards. " p. 34. 1883. 

Similis, var. conjunclafi //j'. Edwards. Papilio, vol. 3, p. 34. 1883. 
Octomaculata, var. Hudsonica, Hy. Edw. Papilio, vol. 4, p. 43. 1884. 
Gracilenta, Graef. Entom. Amer. , vol. 3, p. 41. 1887. 

Alypiodes, Grote. 
Flavilinguis, Grotc. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sc. , vol. 8, p. 46. 1883. 

Pseudalypia, Hy. Edwards. 
Crolchii, var. Atrata, Hy. Edwards. Papilio, vol. 4, p. 14. 1884. 

Phaegarista, Bois. (Fenana, C.r.) 
Sevorsa, Grote. Papilio, vol. 2, p. 132. 1882. 

Dahana, Gr. 
Atripennis, Grole . Can. Enlom., vol. 7, p. 175. 

Euchromia, Hubii. ^ Syntomeida, Harris. 
Ferox, Walker. Cat. B. Museum, vol. i, p. 223. 1856. 
Epilais, Walhr. See H}'. Edwards in Can. Entom., vol. 20, p. [4. 1888. 

Scepsis, Walker. 
Wrightii, S/rt/ch. I^ntom. Amer., vol. i, p. lOi. 1885. 
Gravis, Hy. Edwards. Entom. Amer., vol. 2, p. 8. 1886. 
FiilvicoUis, var. pallens, Hy. Edw. Entom. Amer.. vol. 2, p. 8. 1886. 

Ctenucha, Kirby. 
Corvina, Bois. Lepid. Calif., p. 71. 1869. 

Pygoctenucha, Grote. 
Funerea, Grote. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sc. , vol. 8, p. 46. 1883. 

Harrisina, Packaid. 
\\ustralis, Strekh. Entom. Amer., vol. i, p. 102. 1885. 
Metallica, Stretch. " p. 102. 1885. 

Nigrina, Graef. " vol. 3, p. 41. 1887. 

Triprocris, Grote. 
Martenii, French. Papilio, vol. 3, p. 191. 1883. 

Lycomorpha, Harris. 

Rata, Hy. Edwards. Papilio. vol. 2, p. 124. 1882. 

Latercula, Hy. Edwards. " p. 124. 1882. 

Coccinea, H}'. Edwards. Entom. Amer., vol. 2, p. 9. 1886. 

Entomologica Americana. Vol. hi. 35 March 188S. 



— 226 — 

Cydosia, Westwood. 
Nobilitella, Cramer. Pap. Exot. , pi. 264. 

CEta, Giote. 
Aurea, FiUh. 3rd Report Ins. N. Y., p. 168. 1856. 

— BOMBYCES. — 
Fam. NYCTEOLIDiE, H.-Sch. 

Earias, H.-Scli. 
Obliquata. Hy. Edwards. Entom. Amer. , vol. 2, p. 9. 1886. 

Sarrothripa, Curtis. 
Columbiana, Hy Edwards. Proc. Cal. Ac. Sc. 1873. 
Lintneriana, Speyer. Entom. Zeitschr. Stettin, p. 170. 1874. 

Subfamily LITHOSIID.(E, Il.-S.h. 

Nola, Leach. 
Anfracta, Hy. Edwards. Papilio, vol. i, p. 12. 1881. 
Hj^emalis, Stretch. Entomj AiYier., vol. i, jx 102. 1885. 
Minna, Butler. Ann. Mag. N. Hist., p. 315. 1881. 

Hyaloscotes, Butler. 
Fumosa, Butler. Ann. Mag. X. Hist., p. 314. 1881. 

Hypoprepia, Hubn. 
Plumbea, Hy. Edwards. P^ntom. Amer., vol. 2, p. 9. 1886. 

Cisthene, Walker. 
Plumbea, Stretch. Entom. Amer., vol. i, p. 102. 1885. 
r>actea. Stretch. " p. 103. 1885. 

Eulithosia, Hy. Edwards. 
Composita, Hy. Edwards. Papilio, vol. 4, p. 44. 1884. 
Thoracica, Hy. Edivards. " p. 44. 1884. 

Lithosia, Fah. 
Rubropicta, Packard. Entom. Amer., vol. 3, p. 52. 1887. 

Eustixia, Ilubu. 
Papula, Hubner. Samml. P^xotisch. Schmetterlinge, 224, jil. 206. 
Igninix, Walf<er. Cat. B. Museum, pK 2, p. 527. 1854. 
Subfervens, Walker. " p. 528. 1854. 

(The following species is said by Walker to occur in North America. I believe 
it to be unknown to American entomologists.) 

Comacla simplex, Walker. Cat. B. Museum, p. 1679. 



vol. 


I, p. 103. 


1885. 




p. 103. 


1885. 




p. 103. 


1885. 


vol. 


3, P- 42. 


1887. 




p. 42. 


1887. 




p. 42. 


I8S7. 



Subfamily PERICOPID^. 
Gnophaela, Walker. 
Discieta, Stretch. Lepid. Wheeler Exp., vol. 5, p. 802. 1875. 
AiizonLe, French. Papilio, vol. 4, p, 20, (= Discreta). 1884. 

Melanchroia, Hubn. 
Geometroides, Walker. See Ny. Edw., Ent. Am., vol. 2, p. q. 1886. 
Cephise, Cramer. See Hy. Edw., " p. 9. 1886. 

Inconstans, Walker. See Stretch, Lepid. Wheeler Exp., vol. 5, p. 802. 

1875. 
Daritis, Walker. 
Thetis, var. Howardi. Hy. Edivards. luit. Am., vol. 2, p. 165. 1886. 

Subfamily ARCTIIDiE. 
Crocota, Hubn. 
Belfragei, Stretch. P^ntom. Ami 
Costata. Stretch. ' ' 

Obscura, Stretch. " 

Diminutiva, Graef. " 

Opelloides, Graef. " 

Intermedia, Graef. " 

Cerathosia, J. B. Smith. 
Tricolor, f. B. Smith. Entom. Amer. , vol. 3, p. 79. 1887. 

Callimorpha, Latr. 
Reversa, Stretch. Entom. Amer., vol. i, p. 104. 1885. 
Lactata, J. B. Smith. ■ " vol. 3, p. 25. 1887. 

Suffusa, f. B. Smith. " _ P- 25. 1887. 

Confusa, Lyman. Canad. Entom., vol. 19, p. 185. 1887. 

Euprepia, Germar. 
Caja, var. Utahensis, Hy. Edwards. Ent. Am., vol. 2, p. 166. 1886. 

Arctia, Schrank. 
E.xcelsa, Neumoegeti. Papilio, vol. 3, p. 70. 1883. 
Incorrupla, var. ochracea, Neumoegen. Papilio, vol. 3, p. 71. 1883. 
Incorrupta, var. Mormonia, Neumoegen. Ent. Am., vol. i, p. 93. 1885. 
Approximata, Stretch. Entom. Amer., vol. i, p. 104. 1885. 
Obliterata, Stretch. " p. 105. 1885. 

Elongata, Stretch. " p. 105. 1885. 

Phyllira, var. lugubris, Htilst. " vol. 2. p. 182. 1886. 

Cervinoides, Strecker. Proc. Acad. N. Sc. Philad., p. 151. 1881. 
Doris, Bois. Lepid. Calif., p. 77. 1869. 
Nerea, Bois. " p. 77. 1869. 

Sciurus, Bois. " p. 79. 1869. 



" 






P- 


183. 


1887. 


< < 


1, 




P- 


184. 


1887. 


etc 


n. 

312. 


1881. 








P- 


3^3- 


1881. 








P- 
P- 


313- 
313- 


1 88 1. 

1881. 








P- 


313- 


1881. 









—228— 

Oithona, Strecker. Rhop. el Heteroc. , p. 131. 1877. 

Simplicior, Biitltr. Ann. Mag. N. Hist., j). 311. 1S81. 

Phalerata, var. incompleta, Butler. Ann. Mag. N. Hist., p. 311. 1881. 

Franconia (var.), Hy. Edwards. Entom. Amer., vol. 3, p. 184. 1887. 

Brucei, Hy. Edwards. 

Remissa, Hy. Eduards. 

Leptarctia, Stretch. 

Stretchii, Butler. Ann. Mag. N. Hist., j). 312 
Boisduvalii, Butler. " 

Latifasciata, Butler. " 

Fulvofasciata, Butler. " 

Califurnia;, Butler. " 

Nemeophila, Stepliens. 
California^, Walker. Bat. B. Museum, \\. 3, p. 625. 1856. 
Geddesii, Keurnoegen. Papilio, vol. 3, p. 137. 1883. 
Seluynii, Hy. Edwards. Can. Entom., vol. 17, p 65. 1885. 

•^ Seirarctia, Packard. 
Bolteri, Hy. Edivards. Papilio, vol. 3, p. 121. 1884. 

Phragmatobia, Stephens. 
Fuliginosa, Lifin. See Bols., Lepid. Calif., p. 28. 1869. 
Assimilans, Walker. Cat. B. Museum, j)l. 3, p. 630. 1856. 

Antarctia, Stephens. 
Walsinghami, Butler. Ann. Mag. N. Hist., p. 311. 1881. 

Spilosoma, Stephens. 
Congrua, Walker. Cat. B. Museum, Heteroc, p. 669. 
Nigroflavai, Graef. Entom. Amer., vol. 3, p. 43. 1887. 
Niobe, Strecker. Proc. Acad. N. Sc. Philad., p. 284. 1884. 
Antigone, Strecker. Ruffner's E.xpl. Dep't Missouri, p. i860. 1878. 

Euchaetes, Harris. 

Pudens, Hy. Edivards. Papilio, vol. 2, p. 125. 1882. 
Zonalis, Grote. " p. 131. 1882. 

\'ivida, Grote. " p. 131. 1882. 

Perlevis, Grote. " p. 131. 1882. 

Yosemite, Hy, Edwards. " vol. 3, p. 146. 1883. 

Immaculata, Graef. P^ntom. Amer., vol. 3, p. 42. 1887. 
Scepsiformi.s, Graef. " p. 43- 1887. 

Murina, Stretch. " vol. i, p. 106. 1885. 

Bolteri, Stretch. " p. 106. 1885. 



229 — 

Vanessodes, (i. & R. 
Fuscipes, Grolf. Can. Entom., vol. 15. p. 86. 1883. 

Ecpantheria, IIul)!), 
Aulea, Hiibn. See Bois., Lepid. Calif,, p. 78. 1869. 
Sennetii, Lintncr. Papilio, vol. 4, p. 147. 1884. 
Coeca, Sirecker. Proc. Acad. N. Sc. Philad., p. 283. 1884. 
Denudata, van, A. T. Slosson Entom. Amer. , vol. 3, p, 212, 18S8. 

Euerythra, Harvey. 
Trimaculata, J. B. Smith. Entom. Amer., \o\. 3, p. 17. 1887. 

Nelphe, H.-Sch. 
Carolina, H\. Edwards. Entom. Amer., vol. 2, p. 166. i886. 

Halisidota, Hubn. 
Mixta, Neumoegen. Papilio, vol. 2, p. 133. 1882. 
Minima, Neumoegen. " vol. 3, p. 138. 1883. 
Scapularis, Slretch. Entom. Amer,, vol. i, p. 107. 1885. 
Laqueata, Hy. Edivards. " vol. 2, p. 166. 1886, 

Significans, Hy. Edwards. " vol. 3, p. 182. 1888. 

Cinnamomea, Bois, Lepid. ^alif. (Phaegoptera), p, 80. 1869. 

Euhalisidota, Grote. 
Pura, Neumoegen, Papilio, vol. 2, p. 133. 1882. 

(The 4 following species of Arctiidte are given by Walker in Catalogue ot T). 
Museum, as N. American.) 

Apantesis radians, Walker. Pt. 2, p. 632. 
Cycnia dubia, Barns/on. Pt. 2, p. 682. 
" tenera, Huhner, Addenda, p. i6g9. 
" budea, Hubner. Add., p. 1781. 

Subfamily LIPARID^. 
Orgyia, OLhsenheimer. 
Eeucographa, Walker. Cat. B. Museum, Addenda, p. 1724. 1856. 
Antiqua, Linn. See Walker, Cat. B. INIuseum, Pt. 3, p. 784. 1856, 

Cnethocampa, Stephens. 
C,risea, Neumoegen. Papilio, vol. 2, p. 134. 1882. 

Subfamily COCHLIIDiE. 

Euclea, Ilubn. 
Elliotii, Pearsall, Entom. Amer., vol. 2, p. 209. 1886. 

Lithacodes, Packard. 
Laticlavia, Clemens. See If}' . Edwards, Ent. Am., vol. 2, p. 9. 1S86. 
Grcefii, Packard. Entom. Amer., vol. 3, p. 52. 1887. 

Limacodes, Latr. 
Parallela, Hy. Edivards. P^ntom. Amer., vol. 2, p. 10. 1886. 
Beutenmuelleri, E[}>. Edwards. Can. Entom., vol. 19, p. I45- ^^^7- 

ENTOilOLOGICA AMERICANA. VoL. III. 3G JMaECH 18b8. 



-250— 



Monoleuca, G. & K. 
(Ibliqua, //;'. Edwards. Entom. Amer. , vol. 2, p. 10. 1886. 

Varina, TV'eumoegen. 
Ornata, Xeumoegen. Papilio, vol. 4, p. 94. 1884. 
Subfamily PSYCHIDiE. 
Psyche, Oclisenheimer. 
Carbonaiia, Packard. Entom. Amer., vol. 3, p. 51. 1887. 

Pseudopsyche, Ily. Edwards. 
Exigua, Hy. Edwards. Papilio, vol. 2, p. 125. 1882. 

Subfamily NOTODONTIDi^. 
Ichthyura, llubn. 
Apicalis, Bar7ision. See Walker, Cat. B. Mus. , Ft. 4, p. 1058. 1856. 
Incarcerata, Bois. Lepid. Calif., p. 86. 1869. 
Inornata, Neumoegen. Papilio, vol. 2, p. 134. 1S82. 
Brucei, Hy. Edwards. Enlom. Amer., vol. i, 
Luculenta, Hy. Edwards. " vol. 2, 

Jocosa, Hy. Edivards. " 

Astorioe, Hy. Edwards. " 

Bifiria, Hy. Edwards. " 

Apatelodes, Packard. 
Indistincta, Hy. Edivards. Enlom. Amer., vol. 2, p. 13. 
Torrefacta, var. Floridana, Hy. Edw. Ent. Am., vol. 2, p. 13. 

Datana, Walker. 
Robusta, Strccker. Rhopal. el Heteroc. , p. 131. 1877. 
Drexelii, Hy. Edwards. Papilio, vol. 4, p. 24. 1884. 

Nadata, Walker. 
Doubledayi, var. Oregonensis, Butler. Ann. Mag. N. Hist., 



p- 


17- 


1885 


p- 


10. 


1886 


p- 


10. 


1886 


p- 


10. 


1886 


p- 


167. 


188 



1886. 



1886. 



P- 3'' 
1881. 



Behrensii, Hy. Edivards. Entom. Amer., vol. i, p. 49. 1885. 

Gluphisia, Boisduval. 
Septentrionis, Walker. Cat. B. Museum, Pt. 4, p. 1038. 1856. 
Crenata, Esper. SeeBots., Lepid. Calif., p. 87. 1869. 
Tearlei, H}'. Edivards. Entom. Amer., vol. 2 
Wrightii, Hy. Edwards. " 

Ridenda, Hy. Edwards. " 

Rupta, Hy. Edwards. " 

Albofascia, Hy. Edwards. " 

Formosa, Hy. Edwards. " 

.Severa, Hy. Edwards. " 

Lophopteryx, Steplu-n?. 

Elegans, Slrecker. Proc. Acad. N. Sc. Philad. 



p- 


1 1. 


1886. 


p- 


I T. 


1886. 


p- 


I I. 


1886. 


p- 


II. 


1886. 


p- 


12. 


1886. 


p- 


12. 


1886. 


P' 


167. 


1886. 


p- 


285. 


1884. 



— 231 — 

Notodonta, Ochsenheimcr. 
Notaiia, Hy, Edwards. Entom. Amer., vol. i, p. 17. 1885. 

Lophodonta, Packard. 
Pluraosa, Hy. Eihcards. Entom. Amer., vol. 2, p. 14. 1886. 

Pheosia, Hubn. 
Porllandia, Hy. Edwards. Entom. Amer., vol. 2, p. 168. 1886. 

Edema, Walker. 
Producta, Walh-r. Cat. B. Museum, Pt. 4, p. 1031. 1856. 

CEdemasia, Packard. 
Perangulata, Hy. Edivards. Papilio, vol. 2, p. 125. 1882. 

Janassa, Walker. 
Coloradensis, Hy. Edwards. Entom. Amer., vol. i, p. 17. 1885. 

Heterocampa, Doubleday. 
Lunata, Hy. Edwards. Papilio, vol. 4, p. 44. 1884. 
Superba, Hy. Edwards. '• p. 121. 1884. 

Cerura, Schranck. 
Bitida, Stephens. See Walker, Cat. B. Museum, Pt. 4, p. 984. 1856. 
Scolopendrina, Bois. Lepid. Calif., p. 86. 1869. 
Bicuspis, BorkJiausett. See Biiiler. Ann. Mag. N. Hist., p. 317. 1881. 
Albicoma, Strecker. Proc. Acad. N. Sc. Philad., p. 285. 1884. 

Cecrita, Walker. 
Albiplaga, Walker. Cat. B. Museum, Pt. 7, p. 1748. 1856. 

Subfamily DREPANULIDiE. 

Drepana, Fabr. 

Fasciata, Stephens. .See Wallicr, Cat. B. Mus. , Pt. 4, p. [163. 1856. 

Prionia, Hubn. 
Lacertula, Linfi. '>>&& Hy. Edw. Can. Entom., vol. 19, p. 146. 1887. 

Subfamily SATURNIDiE. 
Sericaria, Blanchard. 
JNIori, Linn, and authors. Silkworm-moth (domesticated.) 

Telea, Hubn. 
Paphia, Linn. See Kirby, Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. , p. 34. 1877. 
Polyphemus, var. oculea, Keumoegen. Papilio, vol. 3, p. 71. 1883. 

Attacus, Linnteus. 
Cinctus, Teppcr. Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc, vol. 5, p. 65. 1883. 

Platysamia, Grote. 
Polyommata, Tipper. Bull. ]5rook]yn Ent. Soc, vol. 5, p. 66. 1883. 

Euleucophaeus, Packard. 
Hualapai, Neumoegcn. Papilio, vol. 3, p. 138. 1883. 



— 212— 

Hemileuca, Walker. 
Kleclra, W. G. Wright. Papilio, vol. 4, p. 19. 1S84. 
Maia, var. Liicina, Hv. Juiwards. Knt. Am., vol. 2, p. 14. 18S6. 

Hyperchiria, Ilubii. 
Zephyiea, Gro/e. Can. Entom., vol. 14, p. 215. 1882. 

Subfamily CERATOCAMPID.*^. 

Citheronia, Iliilni. 
Infernalis, Sfrccker. Papilio, vol. 4, p. 7^- 1884. 

Sphingicampa, Walsh. ^^^ 

Bicolor, var. iminaculata, //. S. Jewtit. Papilio, vol. 2, p.^|||^^i882. 

Bicolor, var. Suprema, Xeii?)ioegcti. Ent. Am., vol. i, p. 94. 1885. 

Subfamily BOMBYCIDiE. 

Gastropacha, O^senheimer. 

Occidentis, Walker. Cat. B. Museum, Pt. 4, p. 1392. 1856. 

Gloveria, Packard. 
Arizonensis, Packard. ^ Hy. Ediv'ards, Papilio, vol. 4, P- 107. 1884. 
Gargamelle, Strecker. Proc. Acad. N. Sc. Philad. (as Lasiocampa), 

p. 286. 1884. 
Clisiocampa, Curtis. 

Incurva, Hv. Edivards. Papilio, vol. 2, j). 125. 1882. 

Artace, Walker. 
Albicans, Walker. Cat. B. Museum, Pt. 4, p- U92- 1856. 
Subfamily COSSID.(E. 
Hypopta, llul)ii. 
■ Henrici, Groie. Papilio, vol. 2, p. 131. 1882. 
Manfiedi, Grote. " vol. 3. p. 139. 1883. 

Cossus, F'abr. 
Nanus, Strctker. Proc. Acad. N. Sc. Philad., p. 151. 1876. 
Mucidus, Hy. Edwards. Papilio, vol. 2, p. 126. 1882. 

Inguromorpha, Hy. Edwards. 
Slossoni, Hy. Edwarda. luitom. Amer., vol. 3, p. 183. 1888. 

Zeuzera, Latr. 
Pyrina, Fabricius. See Walker, Cat. B. Mus., Pt. 7, p. 1530. 1856. 
-Esculi, Linna-us. ^qq jfacob Doll, Papilio, vol. 2, p. 20. 1882. 
Subfamily HEPIALID/E. 
Hepialus, Fabr. 
Carnus, Esper. See Walker. Cat. B. Museum, Pt. 7, p. 1552. 1856. 
Sangaris, Strecker. Rhop. et Heteroc. , p. 136. 1877. 
Confusus, Ky. Edivards. Papilio, vol. 4, P- 122. 1884. 
McGlashani, Hy. Edivards. luitom. Amer., vol. 2, p. 14. 1886. 
Furcatus, Grotc. Can. TMitom., vol. 15, p. 30. 1883. 



—233— 

Pleocoma, Ztr. , its systematic position and indication 
of new species. 

By George H. Horx, M. D. 



Tlie article on PLoLOiiia by Dr. Gerstaecker, published in the Stet- 
tiner Zeitung for 1883, has been well known to me, not only in the 
original but also in the translation prepared by I\Ir. John B. Smith. 

The volume containing the article did not reach me until the early 
pa^of 1884, at a time when I was busily occupied with other matters, 
t<^vhich were superadded the unfinished scientific affairs of our lamented 
Leconte. 

The opportunity having occured for presenting to the English 
speaking public the translation above referred to I have carefully studied 
all the material accessible to me and prepared necessary dissections and 
drawings which will in due time appear in the Transactions of the 
American Entomological Society. 

At present I propose to give in brief the results of my studies, so 
that Gerstaecker's article and my own may be read almost together. 

As Dr. Gerstaecker gives a resume of the articles written by Leconte 
I will not recapitulate. It is true as Gerstaecker slatjs that Leconte 
modified his views somewhat from the fir.^t description to 1S61, from 
which time there has been no change. This, however, is but the evolu- 
tion of opinion based on the gradual arrival of belter material. That 
Leconte came so near the truth in his first essay with such a wretched 
specimen is one of the best evidences of his clear insight. 

When specimens with the necessary parts came and were studied, 
the characters fundamentally important in classification were observed 
and we see in the "Classification" of 1861 that Pkocoma takes its place 
among the Laparostict Lamellicorns, and the tribe instituted to receive it 
placed near the Geotrupini. 

The "Classification" of 1883 appeared with Pleocoma in the same 
position and the space devoted to it much greater, from the more numer- 
ous details. Had Dr. Gerstaecker seen this volume he might have used 
a little more precaution before commiling hmiselfto an opinion, or rather 
making the positive statement, so often repeated in his article as to have 
no doubt as to his full meaning. 

The question involved in the controversy is one of fact — is Pleocoma 
a Pleurostict or Laparostict Lamellicorn .? Dr. Gerstaecker asserts that 
he has examined the stisrmata and finds them exactlv as in Melolonlha, 



—234— 

tliat is Pleuiostict. On the other hand I assert that the stigmata are all 
on the connecting membrane and therefore Laparostict. To arrive at 
this determination with absolute certainty, I have removed the abdomen, 
divided it into two parts longitudinally ; after having removed the entire 
contents of the abdomen the segments have been spread upon a piece of 
glass, permitting one to see the structure absolutely. 

The larva described by Osten-Sacken as that of Phocovia had been 
looked upon as very doubtful by me and I so expressed myself to Dr. 
Leconte. On reading the almost exhaustive arguments of Gerstaecker 
against its being the true larva I became convinced' that the larva is 
really the larva of Pleocoma. '' It is,'" says Gerstaecker, " an undoubted 
Laparostict larva " and there is no other Lamellicorn of that series in 
California requiring so large a larva. 

Gerstaecker's mistake regarding the stigmata of the imago probably 
arose from the fact that the upper inflexed portions of the ventral plates 
are translucent and permit the stigmata to be indistinctly seen through 
their wails and thus appear Pleurostict. 

The systematic positions of all the ambiguous genera in our fauna 
were very carefully discussed by the authors of the second edition of the 
"Classification," and while some may be still open to discussion, F/eo- 
coma is not. 

As a result of a study of the species of Pleocoma, the following table 
. has been prepared : 

Third joint of antenna: shorter and narrower tlian the first, the chih with Ijiit four 
long lamelliv. 
Seventh joint of antennte merely transverse, not jirolonged in a process ; hairs of 

underside black Rickseckeri,* Horn. 

Seventh joint prolonged in a process, one-third as long as the following jonit ; 

hairs of underside yellow fimbriata, Lee. 

Seventh joint prolonged in a process, two-thirds as long as the following joint , 

hairs beneath yellow Behrensii, Lee. 

'third joint of antenna; nearly as long and as stout as the first joint. 
Thorax regi^ilarly convex in front, with at most a slight depression. 

Punctures of thorax fine, not greatly coarser in front, surface not hairy 

conjungens,* Horn. 
Punctures of thorax relatively coarse, very conspicuously coarser, denser and 

deeper in front, the surface with semi-erect hairs hirticoUis, Schauf. 

Thorax refuse in front, that is, suddenly declivous, with abroad depression poster- 
iorly behind a transverse, obtuse ridge ; surface finely pvuictured, not hairy ; 
geminate strias of elytra deep and coarsely punctured. 
Hind angles of thorax distinct but obtuse ; fourth )oint of antenna- very little 
prolonged internally Ulkei,* Horn. 

* These species are for the first time named. 



—235— 

Hind angles of thorax very broadly rounded ; fourth joint of antennce prolonged 
in a process, fully half as long as the following joint Staff, Schauf. 

With the exception of U/kei, which is from Utah, all the species are 
from California. The females of three are known tome. In the more 
extensive paper which 1 have prepared fuller descriptions will be given 
together with such figures of details as may be needed to arrive at a cor- 
rect understanding of the systematic position o{ Pleocoma. 



WILLIAM W. HILL. 

At Elizabethtown, Essex County, N. Y. , on January 28th, 1888, 
died William W. Hill of Albany, N. Y. This news will sadden all who 
in any way have known Mr. Hill during his life time, and among Ento- 
mologists there are few who do not know him or his work. 

Mr. Hill was born September 19th, 1833, at Pittsfield, Mass., but 
removed to Albany early in life, and entered the business house of Na- 
thaniel Wright, dealer in saddler's hardware, at the age of fifteen. At the 
age of twenty he became a partner in the firm of Nathaniel Wright & Co., 
and on the death of the senior member of the firm the business was con- 
tinued under the firm name of Woodward &. Hill, of which firm he re- 
mained an active member up to the time of his death. 

On April 9lh, 1855, he married Miss Jane Woodward of Albany 
who survives him. He also leaves surviving him three sons and one 
daughter. Mr. Hill had a common school education ; but continued 
his studies after entering business and was an exceedingly well mformed 
man and agreeable companion. Always fond of outdoor life and an ad- 
jiiirer of nature, he was an ardent fisherman and of late years spent a 
part of each Summer in the North Woods or in the Adirohdacks — com- 
bining this sport with his study of nature. 

For many years he was more especially interested in Botany and 
made large collections of plants. In 1875 he became more especially 
interested in Insects, and collected persistently, carefully and systematic- 
ally — with what success all Lepidopterists know. Though more partic- 
ularly a Lepidopterist he collected also in other orders, to obtain a re- 
presentation of local species. With Messrs. Bailey, Lintner and Meske 
he made excursions in the vicinity of Albany and finally Centre was hit 
upon, as an extraordinarily productive locality and here collecting was 
carried on w-ith such vim and persistency that the place became known 
as "Butterfly station." Enormous quantities of "sugar" were prepared 
and used, and thousands of moths paid the penalty. During his visits 
to the Adirondacks Mr. Hill not only sugared persistently, but every 



—236— 

available room was lit up and windows were left open to attract the un- 
wary niglit-flyers. In an unexplored field like the Adirondacks the result 
was most gratifying, and many previously unknown forms were dis- 
covered — the types of which are all in his collection. With such a quantity 
of material, exchanging was very productive and the collection rapidly 
increased. It was his boast that he never bought an Insect, yet the col- 
lection contains rarities from all sources, the products of exchanges. He 
was extremely systematic in the arrangement and care of his collection, 
every species bearing a number — or rather two numbers — one sex an 
even, the other an odd number. Every species was registered, and the 
duplicates were all noted, so that it was only necessary to refer to the 
})roper book and the exact number of specimens on hand was at once 
apparent. In addition to this he was very careful in labelling his Insects, 
every specimen containing the exact locality, date of capture and whether 
at light or at sugar. The collection is therefore valuable, not only as an 
accumulation of material, but as an accumulation of facts, of great value 
in fixing dates, distribution and number of broods. The work required 
for all this was of course enormous, and can be appreciated only by 
those who have attempted anything similar. 

Mr. Hill was not a describer, his only contributions to the literature 
being in the line of faunal lists in which dates and localities were care- 
fully noted ; — but though not a writer, he was a careful observer, and 
his intention was, when a sufficient material was accumulated to study 
some of the Heterocerous families systematically. This intention was 
unhajipily prostrated by his untimeiy death. In September last he began 
to break down, and his physicians decided that the trouble was con- 
sumption. His death was quite unexpected and an autopsy revealed a 
cancer on the lungs as the true ailment. His death is a positive loss to 
Entomology, removing from our midst an active worker whom it will be 
difficult to replace. For the reasons stated his collection is peculiarly 
valuable, and it is to be hoped that it will not be lost. No testamentary 
disposition was made, but his cxi)ressed wish was that it should be dis- 
posed of in its entirety. The National INIuseuin would be an excellent 
and a])propriate place for it. 

Mr. I lill was President of the Albany Fly-Casters Association ; Chair- 
man of the Ex. Com. of the Eastern N. Y. Fish and Game Protective 
Association ; Life-member of the Albany Young Men's Association ; 
Member of the Albany Institute; of the Old Guard, Albany Zouave 
Cadets; Masters Lodge V. & A. ]\I., and a vestryman of St. Paul's 
Episcopal Church. None of his children have inlieriled his taste for 
Entomology. . J. B. Smith. 



INDEX TO AUTHORS AND SUBJECTS. 



Angell, G. W. J. 

Address as retiring President 2U1 

Ashmead, Wm. H. 

Notes and descriptions of Proctotnipi- 

dae 73 
Description of a new Proclotrupid 128 
Hemipteiological Contributions 155 
:i new Kucharids and Synopsis of 

Eucharinae 186 

Beutenmueller, Wm. 

Descriptions ot N. A Tmeidae V.i'.) 

Coleopterological Notes ISli 

Food plants of Lepidoptera 157, 180 

Blanchard, Frederick. 

Notes on Coleoptera 85 
A correction and note on Antlionoimis 
176 

BoUmann, Prof., Charles H. 

New genus and species of Poiydesnii- 

dae 45 
N. A. Myriapods 81 

Brooklyn Ent. Soc. Meetings. 2(1, 40, 

m, 80, 160, 180, pjy, -j-jo 

Bruce, David. 

Ecpantlieria reducta 14 
Food plants of Geometridae 47 
An Arctian and a History 140 
Larva of Arctia Brucei 219 

Butler, Arthur G. 

Notes on certain N. A. Lepidoptera 

17, 35, 120 
On Huebner's "Tentamen," 17 

Casey, T. L. 

Notes on Stenus and Barinus 125 
Cook, A. J. 

Notes on certain Buprestidae 59 

Coquillett, D. W. 

S) nopsis of Lordotus 115 

Doll, Jacob. 

A Hint to rearers of Lepidoptera 22 
Edwards, Henry. 

New species of Mexican Heterocera 89 
Early stages of Orgyia nova 146 
Early stages of some N. A. Lepidop- 
tera 161 
New genera and species of N.A. Moths 

181 
Catalogue of species of Higher Hete- 
rocera not in Grote's Clieck List, 
1882, 221 



Entomological Club A. A. A. S. 
Proceedings 101, 121 

Fernald, Dr. C. H. 

N. A. Pyralidae 37, 127 
Revision of Acrolophus and Anaphora 
by Lord Walsingham 195 

Fernald, H. T. 

Notes on Erebus odora 78 

Gerstaecker, Dr. 

Position of genus Pleocoma 202 

Graef, Edward L. 

Some new Bombycidae 41 

Grote, A. R. 

Note on Nohi and Arctia 147 

Hagen, Dr. H. A. 

Ixodes in liuman ear 124 

An Illustration ot N. A. Sphingidae 
173 
Hood, L. E. 

A Field Note 16 
Horn, Dr. Geo. H. 

Noles on Lachnosterna 141 

Position of genus Pleocoma 233 

Howard, L. O. 

Notes on Parasites and iood plant ot 
Cryptorhynchus Lapathi 159 

Hulst, Rev. Geo. D. 

Salutatory as Editor 2 
Catocala Marmorata 3 
Notes on Geometridae (No. 3 ) 9 
Notes on ceitain Pyralidae 21 
Catocala badia 27 
Book Notices 39, 57, 80, 218 
Lepidopterological Notes 49, 140 
Larva of Sisy rosea inornata 66 
" Aplodes rubrolineata 72 
" Acidalia insularia 175 
" Hemileuca Nevadensis 191 
" Chlorosea bistriaria 193 
Notes on Mr. Walker's Geometridae 

113 
New species of Pyralidae 129 
National Museum, Collection of In- 
sects 148 
A Bee new to Entomologists 172 
A Summer Trip to S. California 189 
Correction of mistake in article In 

Juelich 200 
New species of Geometridae No. 4. 21 :'. 
American species of Callimorjiha 2)N 
Deilephila lineata 219 



INDEX TO AUTHORS AND SUBJECTS 



Juelich, Wm. 

Cryjitorliynchus Lapathi 1'2S 

Leng, Chas. W. 

Syiiojises of C'eramhycidae 4, 23, 44 

Linell, M. L. 

Note on Dytiscus 27 

Notes on some Coleoptcra 171 

Lugger, O. 

An c-ntomological curiosity H'.i 

Moeschler, H. B. 

On IJoiina fascicularis l!t7 

Murtfeldt, Mary E. 

Mati-rnal affection in Kiitiiia 177 
Packard, Dr. A. S. 

Certain Psychidae and descriptions of 
Bombycidae 51 

Myriopoda or Myriapoda 120 

Popenoe, Prof. E. A. 

Kuscirrhopterus Clloveii 17cS 

Ricksecker, L. E. 

Notes on Pleoconia tiinl)riata 212 

Schwartz, E. A. 

Corrections of Hensha\\'"s List lli 

Seifert, Otto. 

Parorgyia parallela IKS 

Slosson, Annie T. 

Note on variety of Ecpantlieria scribo- 

nia, var. 185 
Description of Ecpantheria denudata 

212. 

Smith, John B. 

Remarks as retiring Editor 1 
Antennal structure of Cressonia 2 
Identification by skin of larva IH 
Euerytiira triinaculata, n. sp. 17 
Notes from Berliner Zeitschrift IH 
Book Notices 19. 55, 51), 6((, HO 
New species of Calhmorpha 25 
Notes on certain Acronyctae 36 
A voice from the Wilderness 39 



Notes on Apion and New Species 5<i 

New Genus and Species of Arctiidae 79 

Callimorplia 88 

Cockroaches 88 

What is a Species in the Genus Arctia f 

109 
A new S|5liinx 153 
Notes on Diludia 154 
A Wicked Worm 19(5 
W. W. Hill, Obituary 235 

Tallant, W. N. 

Inquiry about keeping Pupae 120 

Townsend, C. H. T. 

Life History of Lygaeus Turcicus 53 

Uhler, P. R, 

Notes on Capsidae and New Specie.- 
29, 67, 149 

Ulke, Hy. 

A new species of Amphotis 77 

Underwood, Dr. L. M. 

The Scolopendridae of U. S. 61 

Walsingham, Lord. 

Tabulation of Genera of Anaphorinae 
195 

Washington Ent. Soc. Meetings. 20. 

(in, 199 

Weeks. A. C. 

Oviposition of Tachina 126 
Exomias pellucidus 188 
Capturing Carabus serratus 194 

Weeks, A. G. 

Chionobas semidea 12 

Werum,J. H. 

Notes on Pupae 26 

Williston, Dr. S. W. 

Cataloj^ue ot N. A. Syrphidae 27 
New Genus and Species of S. A. Tach- 
inidae 151 

Wright, W. G. 

Deilephila lineala 219 



INDEX OF SYNOPSES AND TABLES. 



COLEOPTERA 



Cer;imbycidce 4, 23, 44 

Clytanthus 8, 23 

Cyrtophorus 23 

Euderces 24, 44 

Euryscelis 8 



Microclytus 23 

Neoclytus 4 

Tillomorpha 24 

Xylotrechus 4 



LEPIDOPTERA. 

Aiiaphoiin;i; 195 



HYMENOPTERA. 



Aeolus 99 

Aiiteon 74 

Anteris 118 

Aphelopus 74 

Ateleopterus 97 

Atritomus 98 

Ba;oneura 99 

Barycomis 118 

Bethylinre 73, 75 

Betliylus 97 

Ceraphron 97 

Ceraphroniiiie 73, 97 

Diapriina: 73 

Dryininae 74 

Dryinus 74 

EmbolemiiiK 75 

Embolenuis 75 

Epyris 76 

Eucharina; 186 

Gonatopus .74 

Goniozus 76 

Hadronotus 118 

Heloiinje 74 

Helorus 74 



Holopedina 97 

Indris 119 

Isobrachium 76 

Labeo 74 

Lygocerus 88 

Megaspilus 98 

Perisemus 76 

Platygasterinae 73 

Proctotrupes . . . 98 

Proctotrupidae 73 

Proctotrupinae 98 

Prosacantha 100, 117 

Scelio 119 

Sceliomnae 73, 99 

Sclerochroa .... 75 

Sierola 75 

Sparasion 118 

Teleas 100 

Telenomus 118 

Thoron 99 

Trichosteresis 98 

Trisacantha 117 

Xenomerus 100 



SCOLOPENDRIDiE. 



Branchiostoma 63 

Cryptops 65 

Opisthomega 64 



Scolopendra 63 

Scolopocryptops 62 



DIPTERA. 
Lordotus 115 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Acidalia impauperata 114 
" insiilata, Larva 175 
" tactuiata 114 
Aeolus ruhriclavus, n. sp. 'J9 
Acrobasis alatella, ii. sp. 135 

" hystriculella, ii. sp. 135 
Acrolophus, Revision of, 195 

•' Davisellus, n. sp. 139 

Hulstelliis n. sp. 139 
" plumifrontelliis, n. var. 140 

" violaceellus, n. sp. 139 

Acronycta brumosa 35 
" exulis 36 

" hamamelis 36 

hilus 36 
" modica 36 

" iioctivay;a 36 

" siihochrea 36 

Address of G. W. ]. Anirell, retiring 

President 201 
-Egeridre, Cataloj^ue of s])ecies not in 

Grote's List, 1882, 223 
Agabus parallelus 13 
" congener 13 
Alypia gracilenta, n. sp. 41 
Amphonyx Antaeus, Pupa of l(i4 
Amphotis Schwartzii, n. sp. 77 
.\naitis contiiuiata 114 
.Vnaphora, Revision of 195 
.Vnaphorinae, Table of Species 195 
Anceryx Edwardsii, Larva of 1(15 

" Kilo, Larva and Pupa ol 16() 

.Vnerastia electella, n. sp. 137 
illibella, n. sp. 138 
" opacella, n. sp. 138 
Angell, G. W. ]. Remarks in A. A. A. 

■^ S. 103 
.Vntcoii, .Species of 74 
.Anteris cloiigata, n. sp. 118 
.Vnthonomus pusilus 87, 176 

" signatus 14 

Anthrenus, Note on 200 
Aiit Nests and llieir inliabitants, Notes 

on 199 
A])atela sancta, n. var. 185 
Apetelodes difiklens, n. sp. 92 
Aphelo])us Aniericanus, n. sp. 74 
.Vjiion, Notes on species 56 

" lividum, n. sp. 56 
-Vplodes rubrolineata, Larva of 72 
.Vrachniclae, Paper by L. M. Under- 
wood 122 
Arctia jii-ucei, n. sp. 1S3 

Larva of 219 
" Lranconia, n. var. 184 
' ' reinissa, n. sp. 184 
" Notes on 60 ' 



.-Vrctia, Species of the Genus 109 
" \'irgo and .Saundersii 147 
.\rctiidae, Catalogue of Species not in 

(Jrote's List, "^[882, 227 
Arctiidae, Structure o: Genera 199 
Argynnis Bellona, Chrysalis of 162 
" Nausicaa, Notes on 190 
Argyiophyes nigrofasciata 17 
Arsilonche albivenosa 171 
Aspilates accessaria 10 

" atropesaria 10 

" coloraria 10 

" ciuentaria 10 

•' dissiniilaria 10 

" liberaria 10 

" Lintneraria 10 

" oienusaria 10 

" sphaeromacaria 10 

" unicoloraria, n. var. 217 
Ateleopterus nubilipennis, n. sp. 97 
Atreus, A new Genus of Sphingidae 4n 
Atritomus ruhiventris, n. sp. 98 
Attacus Cecropia, Note on 26 
Azelina rectisectaria 113 

Paeoneura cinctiventris, n. p. 99 
" Fioridana, n. sp. 99 

Barinus cribicoUis 87, 125 
" squamolineatus 125 

Paryconus Floridan"us, n. sp. 118 

Bassett, Mr., Remarks in A.A. A. S. Hl4 

15ee, New to Entomologists 172 

ISethyJinae, Genera of 75 

15ethylus, Species of 97 

Boarniia atrolinearia, n. sp. 214 
" Fernaldaria, n. sp. 215 
" Fioridana, n. sp. 215 
" fuliginaria, n. sp. 215 
" turluraria, n. sp. 214 
" plumogeraria, n. sp. 216 
" Wrightiaria, n. sj). 215 

Bolina fascicularis 197 
" cuiiearis 198 
" fasciolaris 19? 
" oclireipennis 197 

Bolteria, n. gen. 33 

'■ amicta, 11. sp. 34 

Bombycidae, Catalogue of Species not in 
Grote's List, 1882, 226 

Bombyx habilus, n. sp. 91 

Bonvouloiria, Notes on 200 

Brachys ovata 59 

" aerosa 59 »' 

Brand iostoma celer 63 

Cabcrodes antidiscaria 113 
California, A Trip to 189 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Callidryas Philea, Chrysalis of 162 
Callimorpha, American species of 218 
Notes on 88, 102 
" lactata, n. sp. 25 

Lecontei 20, 26 
" siiffusa, n. sp. 25 

Calosoma tepidum 13 
Capsidae 27, 67 
Carabus serratiis 19-1 
Caripeta anojustipeniiis 9 
Catocala badia 27 

" marmorata 3 
Cantethia Grotei, Pupa of 164 
Caverly, Wm., Illust. of Sphint;idae 173 
Cerambycidae, Synopses of 4, 23, 44 
Cerai^hron niacroneurus, n. sp. 97 
Cerathosia, n. gen. 79 

" tricolor, n. sp. 79 

Ceratocampidae, Catalotjue of Species 

not in Cirote's List, 1882, 232 
Chaetaspis, n. gen. 45 

" albus, n. sp. 46 

Ch'onobas semidea 12 
Chloraspilates arizonaria 10 
" bicoloraria 10 

Chlorosea bistriaria, Larva of 193 
Clioerocampa tersa, Pupa of 164 
" turbata, n. sp. 89 

Chrysophanus Xanthoides, Egg of 162 
Cicindi.^lae. Notes 15 
Cicindela Balfragei, A monstrosity of 199 
Cidaria inclinitaria 114 
Cis bicarinatus 13 

Citheronia sejjulcliralis. Larva of 168 
Claypole, Prof. Remarks in A. A. A. S. 

on Gasoline 106 
Clemensia albata 120 
Cleora atrilasciata, n. sp. 214 

" punctomacularia, n. sp. 214 
Clytanth.us albofasciatus 23 

" ruricola 8 

Cockroaches 88 
Cochliidae, Catalogue of Species not in 

Crote's List, 1882, 229 
Collecting Notes 60, 80, 156, 160, 171, 

189,^194, 199 
Coinstock, Prof. Address before A. A. 
A. S. 101 
" " Remarks in A. A. A. 

S. 106 
Cook, Prof. A. J., Remarks in A. A. A. 

S. 104, 105, 106 
Co>sidae, Species not in Grote's List 232 
Crambus BehrenselJus, n. sp. 37 
" Bolterellus, n. sp. 37 
" nuiltilinellus, n. sp. .37 
Cre>sonia, Antennal Structure 2, 20 
Cri'Ceris Asparagi 108 
Crocota diminutiva, n. sp. 42 
' " intermedia, n. sp. 42 
" opelloides, n. sp. 42 
Cryptop-i, Synopsis of Species 65 
Cryntorhyncus Lapathi 123, 159, 160, 
200 



Ctenucha imitata, n. sp. 91 

" Scepsiformis, n. sp. 91 
Cucujes clavipes 156 
Cybocephalus unicolor 13 
Cyllecoraria 29 
Cyrtophorns verrucosus 23 

Datana perspicua, Egg and Larva 171* 
Deilephila lineata 160^ 219 
Deilonche, New Genus Sphingidae 40 
Diathrausta octomaculalis, n. sp. 127 
Diludia, Notes on 154 

•' lanuginosa, n. sp. 89 
Diommatus, n. gen. 32 

" congrex, n. sp. 33 

Dioryctria bistriatella, n. sp. 136 

" minutulella, n. sp. 136 

Diphthera spissa, n. sp. 92 
Drepanulidae, Species not in Grote'^ 

List 231 
Dryinup, Species of 74 
Dytiscus hybridus 27 

Eccritotarsus elegans, n. sp. 149 
•Ecpantheria denudata, n. var. 212 

" reducta 14 

Ecpantheria Scribbonia 185 
Elaphidion parallelum 59 
Ellema coniferarum, Pupa of 167 
Embolemus nasutus, n. sp. 75 
Emerton, Mr. Remarks at A. A. A. S. 

122 
Emprepes novalis 140 
Encalus decipiens 14 
Endropia tiviaria 113 
Entilia sinuata 177 
Entomologica Americana 40 
Eois parvularia, n. sp. 213 

" scintillularia, n. s]5. 213 
Ephestia Ella, n. sp. 138 

" oj^alescella, n. sp. 138 
Epyris, .Species of 76 
Erastna pustulata 17 
Erebus odora 78 
Etiella villosella, n. sp. 133 
Eucericoris guttulatus, n. sp. 150 
Euchaetes immaculata, n. sp. 42 
" murina, n. sp. 42 
" Scepsiformis 42 
Eucharinae 186 
Euderces approximatus 44 
" paralellus 44 
" piciceps 24 

Pini 24 
" Reichei 44 
" spinicornis 44 
Euerythra trimaculata, n. sp. 17 

" phasma 20 

Euhalesidota lurida, n. sp. 91 
Euphanessa mendicata 176 
Eurvscelis suturalis 8 
Euscirrhopterus Gloverii, Life Hist. ITS 
Eusemia Schausii, n. sp. 90 
Exomias pellucidus 180, 188 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Fidonia alternaria 9 

" iimitaria 9 

" partilaiia 9 

" stalachtaria 9 
lot micidae of the U. S. 19 

(Jeometra inclusaria 113 

( leometridae, Food I'iaiits of 47 

(leophilus Salemcnsis, n. sp. 82 

" setigcr, n. sp. 82 
Glyptotcles rhypodella, n. sp. 137 
(Jona(opus, Species of 74 
(ionepteiyx Chlorinde, Chrysalis of 1()3 
("loniozus foveolatiis, n. sp. 76 

" tjrandis, ii. sp. 76 
(iorytodcs californiaria 10 

" dulcearia 11 

" incanaria 10 

" personalia 11 

" Irilinearia 11 

(Iraef, E. L., Remarks in A.A.A.S. 103 
(iymnusa variegata 13 

Ilalesidota si^nificans, n. sp. 182 

Haltica Aileili 122 

Hawk Moths of N. A. 39 

Helorus paiadoxiis 74 

Hemeiophila Packardiaria, n. sp. 217 

Hemileuca Nevadensis, Larva of 191 

" Yavapai, Larva of 167 

Hepialidae, Species not in Grote's List, 

1SS2, 232 
lleterocam]ia iinicolor. Larva of 168 
Heterolocha Snoviaria, n. sp. 213 
Hill, W. VV., Obituary 235 
Hister repletiis Ho 
Holopedina nubilipennis, n. sp. 97 
Hopliniis niullispinus, n. sp. 1.55 
Howard, Notes on Say's Works 200 
Hoy, Dr. liemarks in A. A. A. S. 122 
Hulst, Rev. Geo. D., Remarks in A. A. 

A. S. 103 
Hydrocampa nelndosalis, 11. s]i. 127 
Hydronotus Floridanus, n. sp. 118 

" Species ol 118 

Hydropsyche, Note on 60 
Hymenoptera, Synopsis by Cresson 80 
Hyjiarpax ,\uroia, Larva of 169 

Inguromorpha, n. gen. 182 

" Slobsoni, n. sp. 183 

Isobrachium, Species of 76 
Isognathus inclitus, n. sji. 90 
Ixodes Uovis 124 

Lib ■(), Species of 74 
Lachnosterna, Notes on S]iecies of 141 
LaL;oa Fioridana, n. s]). 187 
Lepiodes approximaria 11 

" escaria 11 

" interruptaria 11 

" scolopacinaria 11 
Lintner, Prof. ]. A., Remarks in A. A. 
A. S. 121," 122 



Liparidae, Species not in Grote's List, 

1882, 229 
Lithobius Holzingeri, n. sp. 83 
Lophyrocera Fioridana, n. sp. 187 
Lordotus, Synopsis of Species 115 

" apicula, n. sp. 110 

" canalis, n. sp. 1L5 

" miscellus, n. sp. 116 

" zona, n. sp. 116 
Lycomorpha Augusta, n. sp. 91 
Lygaeus Turciciis, Life History 53 
Lygocerus, Species of 98 

Magdalis armicoUis 86 
Marmopteryx gii)bocostata 9 

" stngularia 9 

Marx, Dr. Geo., Notes on Scorpionidae 

50 
Maury, Mr. Remarks in A.A.A.S. 107 
INLiyr, Dr.Giistav, Notice of work iiy 19 
Mecas inornata 86 
Megacoelum grossum, n. sp. 70 
" mundum, n. sp. 71 

" pusiilum, n. sp. 71 

Megaspilus hyalinipennis, n. sp. 98 

" Species of 98 

Melinna, n. gen. 68 
" fasciata 69 
" modesta, n. sp. 69 
" pumilla, n. sp 69 
Microclytus, Synojisis of Species 23 
Mordelli-tena s|ilendens 199 
Morris, Dr. J. G., Remarks in A. A. A. 

S. 105 
Museum Pests 200 
Myelois aliculella, n. sp. 185 
" Georgiella, n. sp. 136 
" zeiatella, n. sp. 136 
Myriopoda, Note on Spelling 120 
Mystiophorus Americanus, n. sp. 128 

Napuca orciferaria, 114 

National ALiseum Collection 148 

Nehris palli]3es 171 

Nematus Liichsonii 121 

Njoclytus, Species of 4 

Nephopteryx amatella, n. sj). 131 
" bifa>ciella n. sp. 132 

" caliL;inella, n. sp. 131 

" carneella, n. sp. 131 

" fiirlureila, n. sp. 131 

" hapsella, n. sp. 132 

" odiosella, n. sp. 132 

" subrufella, n. sp. 132 

" tembrosella, n, sp. 131 

Nola minuscula 120, 147 
" fuscula 120, 147 
" nigrofasciata 17 

Notodontidae, Species not in Grote's List. 
1882, 230 

Oedemasia concinna. Food Plants 157 
Oellopus tantalus, Pupa of 163 
Opisthemega, Synopsis of 64 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Orasema minuta, n. sp. 188 

" violacfa, n. sp. 187 
Orgyia leucostigma 55 

" nova, Larva of 146 
(Jtidocephalus Poeyi 199 

Pamillia, ii. gcii. 31 

Behrensii 31 

Pampliila Ethlius, Chrysalis of 1G3 

Parajulus rugosus, ii. sp. 81 

Parasa fraterna. Larva of 169 

Parorgyia parallela, Lift" History 93 

Pasimacliiis siiblaevis 156 

Pempelia albipenniella, n. sp. 133 
" niulleolella, ii. sp. 133 
" quantulella. ii. sp. 134 

Pericopidae. .Species not in Grote's List, 
1882, 227 

Periostichus Tartaricus 156 

Perisenius, Species of 76 

Phengodes, 9 of 107 

Philampelus Vitis, Pupa of 165 

PhlegetlionHus rusticiis, Pupa of 164 

Phragmatobia rubricosa, Larva of 168 

Pieris occidentalis, Chrysalis 162 

Pinipestis cacabella, n. sp, 133 

Pityophthorus minutissimus 199 

Platoeceticus Gloveri 51 

Platygasteiinae 73 

Pleocoma, Position o( the Genus 202, 233 
" tiRibriata 212 

Polydesmiis nitidus, n. sp. 45 

Prionus 85 

Proctotrupes melliventris, n. sp. 99 
'' Species of 98 

Proctotrupidae 73, 97 

Pronuba Yuccasella, Notes on 107, 108 

Prosacantha Americana, n. sp.- 100 
" fuscipennis, n. sp. 117 

" macrocera, n. sp. 117 

" mandibularis, n. sp. 117 

" minutissima, n. sp. 117 

Species of 100, 117 

Protoparce dilucida, n. sp. 89 

Psallus delicatus, n. sp. 34 

Pseudosphinx Tetrio, Pupa of 165 

Psyche carbonaria, n. sp. 51 

" confederata, Larva and Pupa 168 

Psychidae, Notes on 51 

'* Species not in Grote's List, 

1882, 230 

Pteroi^horidae, Notice of Classification 80 

Pyrahdae, Synonomy of some Species 21 
New Species 37, 127, 129 

Rand, E. C. M., Coleoptera exhibited in 

A. A. A. S. 105 
Repa cana 120 ^ 
Rhiiiocloa Citri. n. sp. 155 
Riley, Dr. C. V., Remarks in A. A. A. 

S. 102, 103, 104, 107, 121 

Saturnidae, Species not in Grote's List, 
1882, 231 



Saunders, Prot., Wm., Remarks in A. 

A. A. S. 105 
Scelio fuscipennis, n. sp. 119 
" hyalinipennis, n. sp. 119 
" Species of 119 
Scelionidae 73 

Scepsis Edwardsii, Larva of 167 
Schwartz, E. A. Note on Thos. Say (!0 
Scirpophaga fasciclla, n. sp. 158 

" ilavicostella, n. sp. 38 

Scelerochroa, Species of 75 
Scolopendra, Synopsis of 63 
Scolopendridae of U. S. 61 
Scolopocryptops, Synopsis of 62 
Scorpionidae, Morphology 199 
Scytonotus cavernarus, n. sp. 46 
Selenia aesionaiia 114 
" alciphearia 113 
Semiothisa aequiferaria 114 

" caesiaria, n. sp. 217 

Sierola, Species ot 75 
Silvanus planatus 171 

" Surnamensis 18 
Sisyrosea inoinata. Larva of 66 
Smith, John B., Notes by 20, 60 

" Report as Editor 40 

" Remarks in A. A. A. S. 

102, 103, 106, 122 
Sparasion, Species of 118 
Sphaerocysta Peckhami, n. sp. 156 
Spermatophthora bonifatella, n. sp. 13;> 
" gemmatella, n. sp. 134 

" Graciella, n. sp. 134 

'< montinatatella, n. sp. 

134 
" multihneella, n.sp. 134 

Sphingidae, Illustration of 173 

'"' Species not in Grote's List, 

1882, 223 
Sphinx Coloradus, n. sp. 153 
Spilosoma nigroflava, n. sp. 43 

" Virginica, Aberration of 140 
Stenaspilates Meskearia 9 
Stenoptycha pallulella, n. sp. 137 

" pneumatella, n. sp, 137 

Stenus, Notes on 85, 125, 176 
Strongylazoma Poeyi, n. sp. 82 
Synchloe Janais, Chrysalis of 161 
Syrphidae, Additions to Catalogue 27 
" Notice of Synopsis of 59 

Tachina, Ovi[)ositing of 126 
Talocera, n. gen. 152 

" Sinithii, n. sp. 153 
Tarache delecta 20 
Teleas, Species of 100 

" dolichocerus, n. sp. 100 
" infuscatipes, n. sp. KM) 
Telenomus, Species of 118 
Teratocoris discolor, n. sp. 68 

" herbaticus, n. sp. 67 

Tephrosia abraxaria 114 

" carnearia, n. sp. 216 

" celataria, n. sp. 216 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Tephrosia fautaria, n. sp. 210 
" Nevadaria, n. sp. 217 

" scitularia 114 

Tetralopha Baptisiella, ii. sp. 128 

Tliamnonoma marcessaria !) 

Thecla Halesus. Chrysalis 162 

'I'lielcteria costaemaculalis 140 

'I'liia, n. gei). 181 

" extranea, n. sp. 181 

Thoron, Species of 9!) 

" pailipcs, n. sp. 101) 

'I'liyridae, Species not in Grote's List, 
1882, 224 

'1 liyridopteryx ephemeriformis, Food 
plants 157 

'I'illomorpha, Synopsis of Species 24 

'I'omoxia bidentata 171 

Toripalpus adulatalis, n. sp. 129 
" lunulalis. n. sp. 130 

" incrustalis, n. sp. 130 

Trichosteresis, Species of 99 

Triprocris basalis, n. sp. 91 

Trisacantha, n. gen. 117 



Trisacantha Americana, n. sp. 117 
Tychicus linecllus 87 

Uniola paniculata, Insects living on 199 
Ulke, Notes on Exchanges 6f( 
Uxia albida 120 

Voice from the Wilderness 39 

Weeks, A. C, Note by 20 
Worm, A wicked 19(5 

Xcnomerus, Species of 100 

" rubicola, n. sp. lOO 

Xylotrechus, Synopsis of Species 4 

Yucca filimentosa. Fructification of 107. 
108 

Zophodia Bollii 140 

Zygaenidae, Species not in Crote's I-i>t, 
1882, 225 



ERRORS AND CORRECTIONS. 



Page 35, for A. G. Butler, I.. L. S., L. Z. S., read A. G. Butler, F. R. S., F. Z. S. 

" 107, bottom line, for trusts read thrusts. 

" 120, line II, for wither read whiter., 

" 134, line II, for gemmatilla read geniatella. 

" 136, line 2 trom bottom, for minutularia read minutulella. 

" 153, line 15, for Capada read Chapada. 

" 177, line I and elsewliere in article for Eutilia read Fntilia. 

" 198. All through Mr. Moeschler's article for liinearis read cuiicoris. 

" 218, for Gallileo read Galileo. 



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